2019, Volume:13 Issue:1


Isolation and Identification of Klebsiella pneumoniae from Infants with Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Luma Abdalhady Zwain , Abdulkareem Anad Hmood

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

Sixty four clinical isolates were collected from children with Necrotizing Enterocolitis admitted to the Children's Protection Hospital at the Medical City in Baghdad. These isolates included (41) stool samples, (14) blood samples and (9) urine samples for the period from 29/1/2018 to 4/4/2018. All the samples were cultured on MacConkey agar and Blood agar for diagnosis. All isolates were identified depending on macroscopic, microscopic, and biochemical tests, with Vitek-2 compact system. Forty three isolates were obtained from all samples; (26) isolates as Klebsiella pneumoniae (60.46%), 8 isolates as Escherichia coli (18.60 %), 4 isolates as Pseudomonas aeruginosa (9.30%), 2 isolates as Klebsiella oxytoca (4.65%), 2 isolates as Enterobacter cloacae (4.65%) and 1 isolate as Proteus hauseri (2.32%). The results showed that K. pneumoniae was the predominant in the samples taken from infants infected with Necrotizing Enterocolitis .

Effect of plant growth regulator, gibberellic acid( GA3) and antibiotic, pencillin in the multiplication of tomato mosaic virus (ToMV)

Basheer Mohsen Ali , Ebtsam Noman Karkash , Hiba

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

This experiment was conducted in Biology Department, Science College, University of Al- Anbar in 2018 season, to test the inhibition activity of gibberillic acid and antibiotic, pencillin against tomato mosaic virus.Two compounds were used to investigate resistance induction in tomato plants against the tomato mosaic virus (ToMV). In this study 50 ppm and 100 ppm of gibberillic acid and pencillin respectively were used to identify the activity in the inhibition of virus replicating or inducing the resistance in tomato plants against this virus. The results showed that the concentration 100 ppm of gibberillic acid is the best in the inhibition ratio ( in the experiment of mixture tomato mosaic virus inoculum and gibberillic acid or pencillin). It gave inhibition ratio 67.44 % (lesions number, 0.8133 lesion.cm-2), while the concentration 50 ppm gave inhibition ratio 54.92 % ( lesions number 1.126 lesion.cm-2), Moreover, the concentration 100 ppm of pencillin gave inhibition ratio 79 % ( lesions number, 0.580 lesion.cm-2) in comparison with the concentration 50 ppm which gave 74 % ( lesions number 0.712 lesion.cm-2). The results also showed, when treating tomato plants with the concentration 100 ppm of gibberillic acid by spray on plant, gave inhibition ratio 56.44 % compared with the concentration 50 ppm which give inhibition ratio 33.85 %. Also, the pencillin treatment gave better activity in the concentration 100 ppm which give inhibition ratio 70.494 % , while the concentration 50 ppm gave inhibition ratio 20.038 %. Based on the results of the experiment of immersion tomato roots with gibberellic acid at the concentration 100 ppm was the best, giving inhibition ratio 52.03 % while the 50 ppm of gibberellic acid gave inhibition ratio 26.89 %. Furthermore, when treating the tomato plant with pencillin the resistance against virus was higher at the concentration 100 ppm than at the concentration 50 ppm, which resulted in the inhibition ratios 63.60 % , 41.59 % respectively. The experiment of immersion Datura roots with gibberellic acid and pencillin showed no differences between the concentration 50 ppm of gibberellic acid and control. However, the 100 ppm of gibberellic acid gave inhibition ratio 53.76 %. This experiment did not identify any differences between the antibiotic pencillin concentrations, where the concentration 100 ppm of pencillin gave the highest resistance in plant against the virus with the lowest local lesions on Datura plant (inhibition ratio, 66.267% ) compared with the concentration 50 ppm which gave inhibition ratio, 21.881% and control.

Spectrophotometric determination of bismuth (III) via pyrocatecol violet dye as chromogenic reagent

Enas S.Thanoon , Khalida M.Omer

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

Direct, rapid, simple, precise and an accurate spectrophotometric method for the estimation of bismuth (III) ion was proposed. The reaction of bismuth (III) ion with pyrocatecol violet in aqueous solution in the presence of cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide) CTAB)to form at pH 3.4 a colored complex which was showing maximum absorption at 648 nm. The linearity of the proposed method was obeyed Beer's law over the concentration range of 5-200 µg /25 ml i.e (0.2-8.0) ppm. The molar absorptivity factor found to be 1.72×104 l/mol.cm and, Sandall's sensitivity index was 0.01215 µg/cm. The proposed method was successfully applied for the determination of bismuth (III) in water and pharmaceutical preperation (Tablet).

Estimation of Selected Essential Metals in Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa)

Wahran M. Saod , Tahseen A. Zaidan , Ahmed S. Al-

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

Zingiber officinale and Hibiscus sabdariffa are common medical plants used in traditional medicine. The mineral elements (Se, Zn, Cu, Fe, Ca,K, Mg and Na) have played a major part in the health and battling sicknesses in the human body. The aim of this study is to estimate the mineral composing, Zingier officinal, Zingier officinal and Hibiscus sabdariffa which would be an important promotion vantage in human health, despite the fact that the characterization of the components is somewhat difficult. The analysis of mineral composition of these plants is carried out by using inductively Coupled Plasma- Mass spectrometry. The finding of this study shows that the level of the elements in, Zingier officinal are 345.7, 7012.7, 2444.7, 685, 8283, 67722, 12260 and 2520 ?gkg for Se, Z, Cu, Fe, Ca, K, Mg and Na, respectively. The level of Se, Zn, Cu, Fe, Ca, K, Mg and Nain Hibisus sabdariffa are 55.7, 3052, 2288, 120, 112071, 88690, 27822 and 2229 ?gkg, respectively. Moreover, the results of this study suggest that Ginger and Roselle could be utilized as enhancement nourishment or diet improvement particularly in the lower protein diets.

Microfacies Analysis the Lower-middle Miocene Succession, Kirkuk area

Salam O. Ibraheem , Ali D. Gayara

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

The Lower-Middle Miocene succession in kirkuk area include the Serikagni, Euphrates, Dhiben, Jeribe and Fatha formations in addition to Govanda and Ghar formation. The Euphrates, Dhiban, and Jeribe formations for study in Ja-26 and Hr-41 wells at Kirkuk area have similar facies and difficult recognized in order to Dhiban Formation separated with them. Therefore Euphrates ,Dhiban, and Jeribe formations are favored one group where to be similar in paleoenvironment depositonal and facies analyses. Which most them are formed from restricted marine and shallow open marine environments that consisting of lime mud stone, wakestone and packstone which consist skeletal grains of fossils especially milolid and nonskeletal grains of pellits and peloids in addition to dolomite and dolomitic mud and wackestone. The sabkha environment is recognized to Dhiban Formation and at the Jeribe Formation there are fixed occurrence of blue marl facies which represent the deep marine environment and fossilifrous peloidal packestone-grainestone facies represent shoal environments. The Fatha Formation and Serikagni Formation are considered resigning formations where Serikagni Formation is recognized by planiktonic deep marine environment while Fatha Formation is recognized dependence on location of sequence stratigraphy that is characterized high thick of salt, gypsum, anhydrate rocks in addition thin interbeded carbonates rocks.

Some new types connectedness in topological space

Rana Bahjat yaseen , Elaf Sabah Abdulwahid

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

The main purpose of this paper is to introduce new definitions of separation, connectedness in topological spaces namely ( S^* g-separation , (S^* g-?)separation , S^* g-connected , (S^* g-?)connected ) by using the definitions S^* g-(S^* g-?)- open sets and study the relations among them . Also we study hereditary, topological property and show that S^* g-(S^* g-?)connectedness is not - hereditary property but topological property.

Apriori Method of Mining Secure Data in Social Media

Zahraa Raji Mohi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

As can be seen all around us, social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Flickr and other became more importance grow rapidly in the last few years. This growth in social media sites has led to increase of information generated and circulated between individuals, this information significance in the companies and institutions works and also for individuals, for this it is important to analyze and classify data by determining keywords and main sentences which lead companies to manage their works more better with present and possibly clients. However, social media data may be contain various types of unwanted and maleficent spammer or hacker actions. So, there is a critical need in the social media network and society, industry for social media security. In this paper, we choose Apriori method for mining and classifying social media data and take a Facebook to be a case study for social media data then after classifying and mining data applying RSA algorithm which is most popular and easer to implement secure data and use it usefully in the company’s work.

A Technique for Discovering Similarities between Texts Based on Extracting Features from the Text

Mortadha M. Hamad , Alaa Abdalqahar Jihad ,

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

The discovery of the similarity between two texts is very important and useful in many applications. The similarity between texts is the core research area of dataset, data warehouse, and data mining. This paper provides a framework that gives a similarity between two input texts based on pattern recognition and the use of approximate string matching; there is a weight that affects the proportion of similarity. The search compares the similarity of two texts without adherence to the grammar or the use of synonyms or meanings of words. Preliminary results showed the benefit of extracting some of the features in the discovery of the similarity between the texts.

A Technique for Discovering Similarities between Texts Based on Extracting Features from the Text

Mortadha M. Hamad , Alaa Abdalqahar Jihad ,

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

The discovery of the similarity between two texts is very important and useful in many applications. The similarity between texts is the core research area of dataset, data warehouse, and data mining. This paper provides a framework that gives a similarity between two input texts based on pattern recognition and the use of approximate string matching; there is a weight that affects the proportion of similarity. The search compares the similarity of two texts without adherence to the grammar or the use of synonyms or meanings of words. Preliminary results showed the benefit of extracting some of the features in the discovery of the similarity between the texts.

Effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus on Escherichia coli causing Urinary tract infections in Vitro and in Vivo

Alaa Muyassar Ahmed --- Harith J. Fahad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

One hundred and sixty five mid stream urine specimens were collected from outpatients presented with urinary tract infections (UTI). The results showed the dominance of Escherichia coli over other causative agents. Antibiotic sensitivity test was carried out to E. coli isolates. Thence, the isolate that developed the highest multidrug resistance was chosen for further studies. Moreover, five Lactobacillus isolates comprising L. acidophilus L1 and L. acidophilus L2 were isolated from yogurt and vinegar, respectively, L. plantarum L3 and L. plantarum L5 from saliva and raw milk, respectively, while L. fermentum L4 was isolated from vagina. Cup assay method was employed to investigate the inhibitory (antagonistic) activity of lactobacilli isolates against E. coli A99 on MRS agar. Results showed that L. acidophilus L1 developed the highest activity. The cell free supernatant of lactobacilli developed the same activity. L. acidophilus L1 supernatant showed the highest inhibition activity. The present study also revealed this activity in vivo by injecting a group of mice with L. acidophilus L1 suspension or its infiltrate 30 min after injecting the E. coli A99 intraurethrally and the histopathological sections revealed the disappearance of inflammation signs caused by E. coli A99 when it was injected alone

Effectiveness of Selection Mechanisms on the efficiency of Multi Parent Crossover Operator

Esam Taha Yassen

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

Multi-parent crossover has been proven its ability to address many of combinatorial optimization problems such as the traveling salesman problem and the vehicle routing problem with time windows. The successful use of multi-parent crossover arises from its abilities to enhance the search performance via utilizing information exchanged by more than two parents and inheriting by offspring. These parents are selected according to one of the selection mechanisms. Selecting the most appropriate parents for a crossover process might leads to improving the effectiveness of genetic algorithm. Therefore, this work investigates the effect of selection mechanism on the efficiency of multi-parent crossover. To test this, seven selection mechanisms have been used; random selection mechanism, roulette wheel mechanism, stochastic universal sampling mechanism, tournament selection mechanism, best selection mechanism, single best-couple random selection mechanism and couple best- single random selection mechanism. The performance of the proposed algorithm is tested using Solomon VRPTW benchmark. The experimental results show the superiority of multi-parent crossover that employs the selection mechanism which selects the outstanding individuals to form most of parents over multi-parent crossover that employ other selection mechanisms. This demonstrates the efficiency of employing best parents in a crossover process that can assist the search process to attain a better solution.

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND KINETIC STUDIES OF SOME OXAZEPINE AND OXAZEPANE FROM REACTION OF ETHYLIMINO AND DIETHYLIMINO WITH MALEIC, SUCCINIC AND PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE

Mohamed, Waleed.F. Al-Hity, A.Al-Hadithi --- Aee

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

ABSTRACT: Ethylimino and Di Ethylimino were prepared by condensation of Ethylene diamine with one equivalent and tow equivalent of substituted benzaldehyde. These ethylimino were reacted with one equivalent of maleic , succinic and phthalic anhydride in absolute ethanol to give 7-membered heterocyclic ring system of 3-(2-amino-ethyl)-2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-[1,3] oxazepine and 3-(2-amino-ethyl)-2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-[1,3] oxazepane. Diethylimino were reacted with tow equivalent of maleic and succinic anhydride in same condition to give 2(7-membered) heterocyclic ring system of 2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-3-{2-[2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl) -4,7-dioxo -[1,3] oxazepine-3-yl]-ethyl}-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepine-4,7-dione and 2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-3-{2-[2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl) -4,7 -dioxo -[1,3] oxazepane-3-yl]-ethyl}-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepane-4,7-dione. Kinetic Studies of reaction of Ethylimino and DiEthylimino with maleic , Succinic and phthalic anhydride proved to A first-class equation was applied to the reaction.

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ORAL AND TOPICAL KETOCONAZOLE IN THE TREATMENT OF PITYRIASIS VERSICOLOR

ABDULLAH S. HESSEN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

: Objective:-The first purpose of the present work is in vivo (clinical study): A comparative study of oral and topical Ketoconazole in the treatments of P V and (second) in vitro (laboratory study): To determine the activity of Ketoconazole against M Furfur by (MIC) test. Study patients:- In vivo or clinical study included only one hundred and seventy eight outpatients. Each patient was examined clinically before treatment as well as by laboratory examination.. After treatment, cure was confirmed by wood’s light examination , 95 % of cases were no fluorescence while direct microscopic examination showed cure of first degree 64 % , 44 % , 40 % , 12 % in groups A , B , C , D respectively for yeast and for hyphae cure was100% ,100% , 100 % , 84 % in groups A , B , C , D respectively. Results: - With regard antifungal susceptibility test (MIC), our results showed that Ketoconazole was highly effective against 40 isolates of the fungus with MIC ranging from 0.03 – 0.5 µg/ml. MIC50 was 0.06 µg/ml and MIC90 was 0.25 µg/ml. However drug acts as fungicidal action (MFC) in 19 (47.5 %) of isolates and fungistatic action (MIC) in 21 (52.5 %) of isolates. The study concluded that ketoconazole was highly effective in vivo and in vitro., clinical trial reported the great cure in group A (200mg) followed by group B (400mg), then group C (2% cream) and group D (2% shampoo) was the less cure. Also, great side effect in group A followed by C, D then B.

Study The Transition Of Benzoic Acid And Some Subsituted Ions By Adsorption On MnO2 Surface To Formation Surface Complexition Model From Electrical Conductivity & pH And Anew Constant ( )

Khaleel .I.A. Al-Niemi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

This is a new study about using the measurements of electrical conductivity and changes in some electrical properties of adsorbed acids solution (Benzoic acid and some derivatives) to promoting the mechanisms and the nature of surface complexation models at the hydroxyl surface sites by the local charge on the surface ion pairs of MnO2 and the factors affecting on it as well as calculated, the coverage on the surface at different concentration weight of MnO2, Contact time, adsorption capacity, distribution coefficient and relation with the percentage of adsorption and study the effect of temperature, acidity on the transition of the cations and anions for organic molecule from their solutions to surface, the novel constant(Kn*) used a first time which modified from arrhenius equation to distinguish the favority of acidity and activation energy for ionic transmition in different temperature, the constant (S*) determined which refere to potential stiching probability of molecules on surface, this study indicated that the use of electrical conductivity and acidity to explain the mechanism of transition of ions, kinetics and thermodynamic study applied to obtained the rate constant and thermodynamic parameters ?G, ?H, ?S for adsorption processes.

Study The Transition Of Benzoic Acid And Some Subsituted Ions By Adsorption On MnO2 Surface To Formation Surface Complexition Model From Electrical Conductivity & pH And Anew Constant ( )

Khaleel .I.A. Al-Niemi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:1

This is a new study about using the measurements of electrical conductivity and changes in some electrical properties of adsorbed acids solution (Benzoic acid and some derivatives) to promoting the mechanisms and the nature of surface complexation models at the hydroxyl surface sites by the local charge on the surface ion pairs of MnO2 and the factors affecting on it as well as calculated, the coverage on the surface at different concentration weight of MnO2, Contact time, adsorption capacity, distribution coefficient and relation with the percentage of adsorption and study the effect of temperature, acidity on the transition of the cations and anions for organic molecule from their solutions to surface, the novel constant(Kn*) used a first time which modified from arrhenius equation to distinguish the favority of acidity and activation energy for ionic transmition in different temperature, the constant (S*) determined which refere to potential stiching probability of molecules on surface, this study indicated that the use of electrical conductivity and acidity to explain the mechanism of transition of ions, kinetics and thermodynamic study applied to obtained the rate constant and thermodynamic parameters ?G, ?H, ?S for adsorption processes.