2015, volume:9 issue:2


Effects of some demographic factors on the prevalence and contagion transmitting of scabies in Al-Anbar province / Iraq

Wijdan Rabeea Al-Shaha , Sabah Ibrahim Al-Dulaimi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

Scabies is one of the main contagious skin diseases which infect human skin epidermis and causes considerable damage all over the world, it is considered as a public health problem in Al-Anbar province population.This study depends on the analysis of recorder information in special document (questionnaire) prepared for this purpose and includes demographic factors such as gender, age , education, occupation , socioeconomic level , residence in prisons …. etc. Which affect disease prevalence and contagion transmitting from (413) scabies patient who were admitted to dermatology clinics in Al-Ramadi general hospital and Al-Falluja general hospital besides some private dermatological clinics in Falluja , Haditha and Rutba cities during the period ( October 2012 – up to the end of March 2013 ).Laboratory diagnosis were done in most scabies cases besides clinical diagnosis either by scraping method test or ink method test to isolate mite females and its eggs from mite burrows or lesions.The results of this study reveals that there is no significant difference between males and females in scabies infection which was (48.18 , 51.82)% respectively , the disease infects all body parts.The infection of disease occur in all months but there is considerable increasing in cold months ( December , October and November ) , the infection ratio was (21.79 , 18.64 , 15.25)% respectively.It reveals also that there is high infection in the age group (pre-school year) , (18-24) and (30-36) year which was (18.40 , 15.50 , 13.80)% respectively, it is found also that there is a decrease in disease infection with the increas of education level, the most ratio of infection is in low education levels ( primary school stage , uneducated level, kid stage) which is (37.29 , 20.10 , 18.40)% respectively.Significant differences are also found between scabies patients according to their occupation, there is a high infection in ( house wife , student , free jop ), the results are (31.23 , 22.76 , 19.61)% respectively.The person economic income is another important demographic factor that significantly affects persons according to their income, it is found that persons with low income are infected compared with those of high income.And it is found that the factor ( in the family arrested person ) is the most important factor for the transmission and prevalence of scabies between peoples, the ratio of infection is (27.12)% compared with another studied factor.

STUDYING SOME IMMUNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH THYROID GLAND PROBLEMS

Thikra M. Muhammed , Muhammad Q. Al-Ani , Salee

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

This study was carried out to determine some hormonal and immunological parameters in women who attended Maternity and Children teaching hospital in Ramadi city , from 1st of August 2014 to 1st of April 2015. Ages of patients ranged from 16 - 49 years . The study included 358 blood samples from pregnant and non-pregnant women . sixty five samples were found to be abnormal thyroid function . The remaining 293 samples from healthy pregnant and not pregnan-pregnant women were used as a controls . Women under study were divided into three groups: Pregnant Women with thyroid disorder( Group I ) , Pregnant Women without thyroid disorder (Group II ,control 1) , and non- Pregnant Women without thyroid disorder (Group III , control 2). The study showed that there was no significant differences in T3 ,T4and FTI levels in patient compared with control 1 ( p-value >0.05) while it showed significant difference between patient and control 2 with p-value (<0.05). the means of T3,T4 and FTI in patient were 4.08 ng/ml, 91.09 ?g/dl, 69.55 respectively. While there was no significant difference in level of TSH in cases and control 1 and control 2 with p-value >0.05. The mean level of TSH of patient was 18.65 ?IU/ml . A comparison in Immunological parameters between the three groups with each other showed that there was significant increase in levels of Anti thyroxin peroxidase abs and Anti thyroglobulin abs in cases compared with control 2 with p-value <0.05,but didn’t show significant difference between cases and control 1 with p-value >0.05.The mean levels of patients for Anti TPO abs was 302.10 IU/ml and for Anti TG abs was 143.21 IU/ml.

Study of Antibacterial Activity of Ocimumbasilicum Against Staphylococcus aureus in Vitro

Atheer A. Khashan , Amer H. Chyad , Moath A. Are

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

The investigation of inhibitory effect of the alcoholic extract of Ocimum basilicum on the growth of Staph. aureus that was isolated from the skin infected in vitro have been studied. Ocimum basilicum was isolated using 95% ethanol. Out of which the percentage of extraction of 45% of weight of dried powder was prepared in ascending gradient concentrations of the alcoholic extract (10-100 mg/ml) and the effective one was selected by agar diffusion method using Staphylococcus aureus. The diameters of the inhibition zones of the bacterial growth were increased parallel with the concentrations of the alcoholic extract concentrations. Low efficiency detected post using 10-20mg/ml concentrations, medium efficiency post using 40-60 mg / ml, whereas concentrations of 80- 100 mg/ ml were highly effective and influential against growth of the Staphylococcus aureus.

Study The Chemical Kinetics Properties for Adenosine Deaminase Enzyme (Aminohydrolase EC 3.5.4.4) ADA In Breast Cancer Patients

Muna M. Yaseen , Khalid F. Al Rawi , Mohammad Q.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

This study involved(50) women with newly diagnostic breast cancer and before any treatments, their ages ranges between (26-61) years old, the patients (women) subjected to different breast cancer investigations, at this study, we concerned on one of the biochemical tools that used as indicant to breast cancer disease which is Adenosine Deaminase Enzyme (ADA),and study their chemical kinetics properties and with factors that effect on enzyme activity which includes ,The optimal activity were in pH (7.2), as well as the optimal temperatures for activity were 35?C. and the optimal substrate and enzyme concentration were (0.034Mm) and (0.25µg/ml) respectively, and the incubation time was 30 min. The results of kinetics characterization for ADA results demonstrated Km ,Vmax, Activation energy (Ea) and Temperature coefficient Q10 values were 0.849 mM and 83mMol/l/min, 3927.17cal/mol , 2 respectively.

Exploitation of chloride ion selective electrode for determination of some chloro-oxygenated agents with iodide in the acidic medium.

Ismail K.Al_Hitti , Marwan A.A. Hassen

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

It was confirmed in this research that Cl¯ ISE was successfully used in the determination of chloro-oxygenated agents involving hypochlorite, chlorite, chlorate and perchlorate in their individual and mixture aqueous solutions. The results obtained are comparable to those obtained by Pt electrode since the reactions are oxidation-reduction reactions at which Pt electrode responds directly to potential change of these reactions. The response of Cl¯ ISE was slower than the response of Pt electrode, because with Cl¯ ISE the liberated Cl¯ was distributed in the solution toward the electrode membrane where the potential response takes place as a result of ion exchange with chloride electrode membrane. As a result the error percentages are positive with Cl¯ ISE. In case of Pt electrode it is directly responded to potential difference through potentiometric titration therefore, the response at equivalence point is clear. The potentiometric titration with both electrodes gave clear jump at equivalence point and the titration curves are in S forms. Good and encouraging results were obtained with concentrated solutions as well as with diluted solutions of these agents. While the first and second derivatives offered more accurate equivalence points. The results obtained with individuals and mixtures of the chloro-oxygenated agents were almost the same or close to each other and the variance was attributed to practical errors. Both electrodes were applied for determination of hypochlorite in commercial bleaching solution. The electrodes offered result lower than that on bottle label. These may be due to wasting of the compound by high temp., transferring and agitation of the solution.

Synthesis of organo-nanoclay from bentonite Iraqi

Mohammad A.Talaq , Ahmed S. Abdulhameed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

In this study, bentonite clay was modified to organo-nanoclay by interaction ofcetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). Organoclayhas been characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR) and solid state UV-Vis spectroscopy, while properties for clay characterized by microscopy (EFTEM),X-ray diffraction (XRD). The analysis confirmed the interaction and the nano properties of the synthesized material.

Effect of amygdalin and magnetic water to inhibition of colon cancer induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine in rats.

A. A. Thaker , Fadel M. Abid , Ahmad S. Farhan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

Objective: The present study was undertaken to investigate the chemopreventive efficacy of amygdalin and magnetic water during the initiation phase of 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) induced colon carcinogenesis in a rat model.Methods: Seven groups of ten rats each were selected for the study. Group I animals treated as control. Group II rats received for DMH (20 mg/kg body weight) injections subcutaneously once a week for 16 consecutive weeks and then kept without any treatment till the end of the experimental period. Group III rats received amygdalin (20mg/100mg) daily via Oro-gastric tube. Groups IV was given magnetic water freely. Group V was given DMH+Amg. Group VI was given DMH+M.W. Finally, group VII was given DMH+Amg+M.W. Histological changes in the colon were studied.Results: In the study of light microscope the following results were observed: In DMH group was observed hyperplastic aberrant crypt foci of colorectal mucosa and hyperchromatic nuclei. The larger gland are significantly more pleomorphic and hyperchromatic. A mucinous carcinoma with a wide infiltration of submucosa. While a normal appearance of histological structure of colon in other groups were observed.Conclusion: From these results we can conclude that the treatment 1,2-dimethylhydrazine has a negative effect, and the amygdalin and magnetic water reflects an important role in the inhibition of colon cancer.

Effect of Magnetic Field on Peroxidase Activity and Growth of Panicum miliaceum L. Seeds

Abdulhakeem D. Hussien , Gazi M. Aziz , Khalid

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

In latest years in agricultural sector, physical techniques based on magnetic field are being designed. The present work studied the impact of magnetic field on the germination of fresh and partially-aged Panicum miliaceum L. (PM) seeds. The germinated PM seeds were categorized into 6 groups. Groups 1,2 and 3 were fresh seeds, and Groups 4, 5 and 6 (LV30%) were left for 6 days to lose about 30% of their viabilityLV30% seeds. Groups 1 and 4 were normal unexposed seeds. Groups 2 and 5 were seeds exposed to magnetic field intensity of 100mT, while those of 3 and 6 to 200mT for 60 minutes. Germination was monitored on days 2, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14 and 16. The effect of magnetic field on the % germination, growth characteristics of radical and shoot, protein concentration and peroxidase activity in fresh and LV30%were studied. Both the exposed and unexposed seeds lost their viability by 16 days of ageing in fresh and 14 days in (LV30%). Exposed seeds to magnetic fields 100 and 200 mT revealed significant increase in the length of root and shoot compared to normal unexposed seeds. The magnetically exposed aged seeds had significantly higher protein than in the unexposed aged seeds. The peroxidase activity decreased with ageing and the magnetically exposed seeds showed higher activity than the corresponding aged unexposed normal seeds. The present study suggests the magnetic field could accelerate the germination of PM seeds, accelerate their growth characteristics and increase soluble protein content. In addition the peroxidase activity significantly improved.

Effect of Magnetic Field on Peroxidase Activity and Growth of Panicum miliaceum L. Seeds

Abdulhakeem D. Hussien , Gazi M. Aziz , Khalid

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

In latest years in agricultural sector, physical techniques based on magnetic field are being designed. The present work studied the impact of magnetic field on the germination of fresh and partially-aged Panicum miliaceum L. (PM) seeds. The germinated PM seeds were categorized into 6 groups. Groups 1,2 and 3 were fresh seeds, and Groups 4, 5 and 6 (LV30%) were left for 6 days to lose about 30% of their viabilityLV30% seeds. Groups 1 and 4 were normal unexposed seeds. Groups 2 and 5 were seeds exposed to magnetic field intensity of 100mT, while those of 3 and 6 to 200mT for 60 minutes. Germination was monitored on days 2, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14 and 16. The effect of magnetic field on the % germination, growth characteristics of radical and shoot, protein concentration and peroxidase activity in fresh and LV30%were studied. Both the exposed and unexposed seeds lost their viability by 16 days of ageing in fresh and 14 days in (LV30%). Exposed seeds to magnetic fields 100 and 200 mT revealed significant increase in the length of root and shoot compared to normal unexposed seeds. The magnetically exposed aged seeds had significantly higher protein than in the unexposed aged seeds. The peroxidase activity decreased with ageing and the magnetically exposed seeds showed higher activity than the corresponding aged unexposed normal seeds. The present study suggests the magnetic field could accelerate the germination of PM seeds, accelerate their growth characteristics and increase soluble protein content. In addition the peroxidase activity significantly improved.

Design and improvement high pass filters for microwave region

Suaad I. Awaad , Saeed N. Turkey

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

In the present work theoretically optimization design of wide and narrow band pass filters have been suggested over the range (8.5-11.5)×?10?^6 nm.) within Microwave region to use in modern optical laser system. These design based on quarterwave stack, for the numerical calculation, we used Sio2 as the substrate, Zinc oxide (Zno) and Silicon Si) as low and high refractive index respectively. For the normal incidence at the wavelength design 10×?10?^6 nm, the results shows that the transmittance for the suggested design, (A/(HL)ZHH(LH)Z/Sio2), was (99.99 %). Also the number of order and the effect of incidence angle were investigated. The results shows that the transmittance maximum value at Z=2 and the full width at half maximum decreases in the normal incident .while when the angle of incidence increase the transmittance of Electric polarization(TE) will decreases and the transmittance of Magntic polarization(TM) increase with shifting of wavelength design toward shorter wavelengths of electromagnetic spectrum.

Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy(SERS) of TMPyP on Ag Nanoparticles.

Nasrin N. Jmail --- Qassim M.J. AbdulAziz --- J.H

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

This work was aimed to study the role of interaction between silver nanoparticles, TMPyP and Graphen Oxide(GO) on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) signals. Silver nanoparticles(AgNPs) prepared by chemical reduction of AgNO3. SERS substrates show remarkable difference in spectral features due to the different enhancement contributions from the local chemical groups. Closely spaced NPs result in the enhancement of electromagnetic coupling between NPs leading to strong confinement of local electric field leading to large SERS enhancement. Graphene Oxide/TMPyP interaction nanostructures forming a composite with strong interaction, this came with identical results obtained in NanoPhotonics Research Group in UCD1. Depending on the quantum mechanics, this indicates match the energy levels between the reactants and increase the free electrons in the outer shells which enhances the surface plasmons signal.

STUDYING THE EFFECT OF LASER ON MICROLEAKAGE OF LIGHT CURE FILLING FOR ANTERIOR TEETH.

Mohammed G. Hamad --- Dina A. Mohammed --- Tahrir

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

To assess of the microleakage of anterior fillings after the application of laser dental treatment, eight samples of each group were taken .The first group samples are taken to examine the filling with the acid and bonding are used; while the second group samples, the laser and bonding are used; then the third group samples were taken where the laser, acid and bonding were in use.The adhesion resulted for the first group samples was not good because the depth of leakage was high which indicated dye penetration approximating the tooth cavity floor portion.It was noted that the adhesion quality of fillings measured of second group samples was good because the depth of leakage was medium in touching the enamel layer.Adhesion checked for the third group samples shows fillings of high strength since no leakage, penetration of dye

Physiological and Molecular Study for Uromodulin Gene Effect and its Relation with Recurrent UTI in Sample of Anbar Province Females

Hanan H. saleh , Samir M. Khalif , Ahmed A. Sulei

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

The current study Included (100) women suffering from recurrent infection of the urinary tract revisions for hospitals and civil laboratories in Anbar province, the category of age among women (10-50 years), in addition to (40) women do not have any history of infection in the same age group as a control sample for comparison. The study achieved in period between 03/09/2013 to 27/12/2014 .The highest recorded rate of infection in the age ranged between (21-35 years) (48%), also the high incidence observed were among married women (62%), and most infection were in women of villages and rural areas(67%). The current study involved measuring the level of concentration of Tamm horsfall protein (THP) the study showed a significant decrease at P?0.05 in (43%) and the rate of individuals (6.2 ± 38.3) Ng / ml compared with control sample, which was (7.4 ± 256.2) Ng / ml. The study also included molecular tests (for women suffering from UTI and THP concentration disorders) using Polymerase Chain Reaction technique and using three specific primers for the detection of any trouble in Uromodulin gene and its relationship to UTI. The results showed a significant increase P?0.05 for the study sample represents (24,19,18) absence time of primers bands in some cases to appear different bands from the expected size compared with the control sample that did not show any of the previous cases.

Studying of Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectrum of Ag nano thinfilm with Rhodamine6G and Graphen oxide.

Nasrin N. Jmail --- Qassim M.J. AbdulAziz , J.H R

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

Ag nano thinfilm with thickness 10 nm prepared on the clean coverslips glass, was done by using deposition vacuum system and the surface morphology done by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Nd-YAG (532 nm) green laser and a 50x objective was used as a excitation source. Composites of Rh6G, GO and silver nano thinfilm showed a good substrate for SERS signals. Strong SERS signals indicating match the energy levels of materials interacting with each other and increase the free electrons in external shells, depending on the quantum mechanics.

Study of the impact of the use of certain infertility medications on the functions of Kidney

Halah Mahdi Hamad , Muthana Mohammed Awad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

The present study work investigates the effect of infertility drugs, clomiphene citrate (CC) and humegon, on the function of vital body organs. This study has been accomplished using 60 albino rats (30 male, 30 female), which have been divided into three groups 20 animal (10 male, 10 female) for each group. The first group fed daily with 50mg of clomiphene citrate by intragastric gavage for 30 days. The second group fed daily with 50mg of clomiphene citrate for 30 days, and then injected with 75 IU of humegon for 10 days. The animals were killed after the scheduled time and the required tests have been conducted in the laboratories of college of science and Al-Ramady teaching Hospital. Many biochemical and histological changes were induced in these animals when treated with CC or CC with humegon. The biochemical tests included, Uric acid, Creatinine and Electrolytes. The treated animals showed a significant decrease in Uric acid, Creatinine and Electrolytes. The light microscopic examination of Kidney showed glomerular hypertrophy, tubular necrosis, inflammatory infiltration and dilated blood vessels.

Quasi Cancellation R-Modules

Nada Khalid Aldaban , Mahera Rabia Alnima

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

Let R be a commutative ring with identity, and let M be a unitary left R-module. In this work, we introduce quasi cancellation R-module (weakly quasi cancellation R-module) concept as a generalization of cancellation R-module (weakly cancellation R-module) concept we generalize some properties of cancellation (weakly cancellation) R-modules to quasi cancellation (weakly quasi cancellation) R-modules. Furthermore, we give some conditions under which R-module M is quasi cancellation R-module.

Using Multiplex PCR Technique for Detection of Some Pathogenic Gram Positive bacteria and Determination of Its Antibiotic Resistance

Ahmed M. Turkey , Ahmed A. Sulaiman

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

450 samples were collected from different pathological cases (urine, wounds, Burns, stool, and nasal and pharyngeal swabs) from November 2014 through February 2015. 60 samples were diagnosed as Staph. aureus and 35 samples were Strep. pyogenes using phenotypic, cultural and biochemical diagnosis features and definitely diagnosed with Vaitek test. Results of antibiotic resistance against different antibiotics showed variations in their resistance to these antibiotics, and 10 isolates were selected of each gender on the basis of variation in antibiotic resistance. A number of primers were designed to detect bacteria use distinct gene and also to detects resistance to antibiotics using multiplex PCR. Agarose gel electrophoresis for polymerization reaction showed that all Staph. aureus isolates had femA which might be used as detection marker where all Strep. pyogenes had Tu(tuf), in the same reaction of multiplex PCR ,detection of seven genes related with resistance to different antibiotic groups (Amp, tetR, Tri, Gen, Imp, Qnl and mecA) were done, all Staph. aureus contained Imp,Gen,mecA, tetR,Tri, and Qnl genes while its varied in their contain of Amp gene . Also all Strep. pyogenes had Tri,Gen,Amp and mecA genes while its varied in their contain of Qnl which not detected in all isolates. From this study it's easy to use multiplex PCR to detect pathogenic bacteria along with their antibiotic resistance without need to long routine work.

Mathematical Modeling of Determining the Average of Uranium Concentration in the Urine for the Radiation Workers According to the Number of Working Years.

Ghassan E. Arif , Zakariya A. Hussein , Nada F.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

In our work, we have used mathematical modeling to determine the uranium concentrations in the urine samples of workers in radiation field according to the number of working years. The work aims at constructing a mathematical model to determine the uranium concentrations in the urine of the radiation workers based on the number of working years. The obtained values, which have been determined by the constructed model, gave reasonable results and a good agreement with the other experimental results .

New Stenographic method to hiding information in digital image

Falath M.Mohammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:9 issue:2

Steganography is the art of hiding information in different cover media, then sending & displaying the hidden information especially in public places, Therefore, different methods have been proposed so far for hiding information. In this paper new method was proposed called keyboard method because it works in manner like the keyboard. It is insure that no change on image which must send to another side.