2014, volume:8 issue:1


PREPARATION OF COMPOSITES FROM NANO ATUPAGATE WITH UNSATURATED POLY ESTER RESIN AND WOOD FLOUR & DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES.

KHALID M. KHALEEFA , SAADI KH. FAIHA--- TARIQ A.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

The current investigation includes the devolpment of atopagate clay to get nano structures composition and vising them as reinforced materials for un saturated polyesters resin with volume fractions (0.5%,1%and 2%) to increase the reinforcement and bonding wood flour powder had been added with dimaional less than 53 ? with volume fraction (0.5%,10%and 15%).the stadied specimence where prepared by manual molding method.Mechanical tests where carried out( Tensile,Impact ,Hardness,Compression and Bending ),besides physical properties (thermol conductivity ,Absorption and diffusion )the results showed notable improvements of the comsites properties specially that supported by nano particles.

Molecular diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia by using External PCR in immunocompromised patients .

Arkan A. Al-Qaisi , Hameed I. Al-Zagroot--- Alaa

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

Pneumocystis jirovecii is an opportunistic eukaryotic pathogen causing life threating pneumonia ( PJP) in immunosuppressed patients.Detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in immune suppressed patients like hematological cancer with or without chemotherapy, patients on corticosteroid therapy, other malignancy like bronchogenic cancer by using External Polymerase Chain Reaction (External PCR) and to compare the results with other control group (patients who are immunocompetent suffer from pneumonia).A total of 220 specimens were obtained from patients admitted to Al- Ramadi Teaching Hospital, Clinic excitability of respiratory disease in Al- Ramadi and Oncology Teaching Hospital in Baghdad during the period from February to July 2013. This number composed of 71(32%) specimens were from female while the male specimens were 149(68%). A total of 184 (84%) were immunocompromised patients, They were considered immunocompromised patients because they have ( hematological cancer with or without chemotherapy, patients on corticosteroid therapy, other malignancies like bronchogenic cancer). The other 36 (16%) patients with pneumonia were included as immunocompetent patients (No hematological cancer, No chemotherapy, No immunosuppressive drug like corticosteroid therapy and No malignancy like bronchogenic cancer). A total of 220 specimens which were collected, (consisting of 115 blood, 65 sputum, 40 BAL Specimens )the total 220 specimens (115 blood, 65 sputum and 40 BAL Specimens ) were examined PCR technique ( External and Nested PCR ) to identify Pneumocystis Jirovecii DNA based on the amplification of specific primers. The result of agarose gel electrophoresis revealed that small DNA diagnostic bands were detected at 346 bp for External PCR in all positive specimens. Out of 220 specimens 26 (11.8%) were detected by the mtLSU rRNA External PCR. Regarding the use of External PCR technique for sputum specimens 8 (12.3%) were positive, While BAL 8 (20%) and Blood 10 (8.7%) . PCR is more accurate and better indicative for the presence of Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia. In addition this technique can use specimens which were not stored properly and became non suitable for microscopy.

Antibacterial activity of Iraqi Honey against Staphylococcus aureus isolated from a wound in vitro and vivo

Atheer A. Khashan* --- Najim alddin A. Taha

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

Honey is among many of the natural products that have been used to treat various ailments such as burns and wound since ancient times. So this study was aimed to achieve to the effectiveness of various constration of Iraqi honey against the growth of Staphylococcus aureus by using of well agar diffusion technique in comparison with Gentamycin. Results showed a difference in the rate of zones inhibition by using Iraqi honey against staphylococcus where he scored concentration (60 mg / mm) (28±0.57) while the Gentamycin a concentration (60 microgram / ml) on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus (27.33±0.33). (15) rabbits were used, divided into 3 groups (n= 5 / group). All animals in all groups experimentally induced skin incision (30 mm) in the flank area of the body, and infected with S. aureus suspension, and treated after infected the wound (24 hrs.) according to the experimental design. The groups were treated with diluted honey at concentration (60 mg/ml), appear complete healing in 14 days of treatment and returning of hair in the wound area, in comparison with control group and the group when treated with Gentamicin ointment that required (21) days to recovery . So the honey is good as an anti -bacterial effectiveness against bacterial infections that infect wounds

DETERMINATION CONCENTRATIONS OF INHIBIN-B HORMONE AND SOME OTHER HORMONES AND LIPIDS PROFILE IN INFERTILE WOMEN IN SAMARRA

ASEEL M. H. ABDULWAHED , MUNEF S. A. AL-JANABI--

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

This study aimed to determine some physiological and hormonal factors cause women infertility in Samarra. Studying sample included 70 random women who effected infertility whom ages are (18-45)years old. These women go to the private clinics in Samarra. The blood samples taken during the period of (2-4) days of the menstrual cycle The studied samples is compared with control group of (20) healthy women. The age groups of infected women are specified as highest average within (27-36) years, then from (18-26) years, then from (37-45) years respectively. The study includes determination the concentration of: Inhibin B, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH),Luteinizing Hormone(LH), Testosterone (Testo.), lipid profile such as Cholesterol (Chol.), Triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein Cholesterol(LDL-C), and very low density lipo protein Cholesterol (VLDL-C), and body mass index (BMI).The results showed that there is significant increase at level (P?0.05), in the concentration of hormones FSH, LH, Testo., and also in the concentration of Chol., TG, LDL, VLDL, and BMI in the infertility women in comparison with control group, Respect to Inhibin B, showed significant decrease in infertility women when compared with control group, while HDL, showed non significant differences between two study groups. According to the age groups ,the study shows that there is significant increase in the concentration FSH, LH,Testo., Chol., TG, LDL, VLDL, and BMI in the infertility women in comparison with control group , However Inhibin B showed asignificant decrease in infertility women in comparison with control group.HDL showed non significant differences between two groups except the age group (27-36) which showed a significant decrease between groups.

Effects of Sub therapeutic Doses of ACE-I in Improving insulin sensitivity in Type II DM Patients

Nesren Sh. Mohammed , Isam Noori Ai-Karwi--- Saa

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex, multifactorial and heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by endogenous insulin deficiency and/or insulin resistance. Regardless of the etiology, the disease manifests itself as a state of chronic hyperglycemia with attendant small blood vessel (microvascular) and large blood vessel (macrovascular) complications, All individuals who have DM have derangement of normal blood glucose and insulin homeostasis. Insulin receptor defects (quantitative and/or qualitative) inhibit glucose uptake by cells as in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). While Beta cell failure results in inadequate circulating insulin levels as in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). 30 patients selected with uncontrolled non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) .Their average age was (44.34±7.15) years and their duration of diabetes was 8.48±8.27 years,examination and selection of patients done by the consultant physician ,assistant professor ,at the national center of treatment and research for diabetes .Essential kidney disease and hypertensive patients were excluded, we tested their blood pressure, fasting blood sugar (FBS),post postprandial glucose excursion (PPGE) and albuminuria before and after daily captopril intake for 2 months.The results showed a significant decrease (p<0.01) in PPGE (postprandial glucose excursion) , after taking angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril mean (185 ±28.75 mg/dl) when compared before captopril intake (230±45 mg/dl) , when calculating the area under the curve. In which these results indicated a positive effect of captopril on insulin sensitivity and blood glucose level.

STUDY OF SOME HAEMOGLOBIN DERIVATIVES LEVELS IN THE BLOOD OF WOMEN DURING DELIVERY, COMPARED WITH THOSE IN THE UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD OF THEIR NEWBORNS

SAFA'A K.AL-AMEEN , HUDA I. ZOGAIER --- MUTHANNA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

This research included the estimation the concentration hemoglobin and the levels of some its derivatives which include the Oxyhaemoglobin, Methamoglobin, Carboxyhaemoglobin and Sulfhaemoglobin in the blood of women during delivery (90 sample) and compared it with 90 samples of their levels in the umbilical cord blood of their newborns (43 female and 47 male). The samples of this research were collected from the newcomer women to the general hospitals of Al-Fallujah and Al-Ameria and their newborns ,women ranged in age from 18-40 years old and who are apparently healthy, and included both natural (vaginal) and caesarean delivery. The findings of this research reached to find high significantly differences (P?0.01) in haemoglobin levels for the group of women during delivery and newborn with average (11.676 ± 1.0) and (16.566 ± 1.8) g/dl at the succession.Also it finds high significantly diferences (P?0.01) between the levels of Hemoglobin in women blood during the delivery compared with those of their newborns. Their levels reached (0.611 ± 0.1 , 0.604 ± 0.1 , 0.557 ± 0.9 , 0.530 ± 0.9) for each derivative of Oxyhaemoglobin, Methmoglobin, Carboxyhaemoglobin and Sulfhaemoglobin at the succession in women blood during the childbirth. While their levels reached to (0.783 ± 0.13 , 0..768 ± 0.13 , 0.721 ± 0.11 , 0.677 ± 0.12) in the umbilical cord blood of their newborn for the same derivatives at the succession.It also found a simple positive correlation (r = 0.259) between each of the concentration of the haemoglobin of the mother and haemoglobin of their newborns and found that the weight of the mother influence the values of rates of the derivatives Carboxyhaemoglobin and Methmoglobin for the newborns, as values were significantly higher (P=0.05) in category gravimetric (60-50) kg , compared with other categories of these derivatives, while the derivative of the Oxyhaemoglobin arose significantly(P=0.05) in the age group (80 and over) kg. While the haemoglobin and its derivatives not affected both in the blood of newborns with the age of mother , type of delivery, and sex , weight of the newborns.

Hydrooligomerization of Acetylene from Electrocracking Gas over Ni/CNFs Catalyst

Ali. S. Ismail

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) supported nickel catalysts (Ni/CNFs) for hydrogenation of hydrocarbons were prepared by a slurry type impregnation procedure method for the reaction of electrocracking gas in the presence of acetylene and hydrogen in a flow system are investigated. Samples containing 5.0 wt% Ni are capable of complete acetylene conversion over a period of 5 h at 170 °C when using a 27-29% C2H2 and 61-64% H2 from the percentage of composition of electrocracking gas diesel fraction feedstocks. The amount of ethane and ethylene equivalent to approximately half of acetylene converted with propane, propylene and methane formation low, As well as the remaining percentages of acetylene converted into higher hydrocarbons through hydrooligomerization. Predominant product distributions are linear alkenes (C4+ - C5+) followed by branched alkenes (isobutene and isopentene), traces of dienes. Other products, that appear are liquid hydrocarbons or (green oils). Catalytic experiments were performed in a fixed bed reactor at atmospheric pressure, using gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) in 5920 h-1 (30 ml/min) of feedstock gas.

STUDY OF SOME HUMORAL IMMUNITY PARAMETERS POST MICE IMMUNIZATION MICE WITH KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIAE ATTENUATED WITH NATURAL PRODUCTS

M. J. MANSOUR , A. B. HUSSAIN --- L. M. NAJEEB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

Isolated and well identified K. pneumoniae, was included in this study the sensitivity to some antibiotics and the impact of certain natural products (honey and garlic) against these bacteria and Impact Statement synergistic action of these products with antibiotics, as the results showed that interference honey and garlic juice with antibiotics significant effect in increasing the sensitivity of the K. pneumoniae to antibiotics, and were grown K. pneumoniae in the nutrient broth containing different concentrations of honey and garlic juice, and tested the susceptibility for the same antibiotics mentioned. The isolation of K. pneumoniae is used in this study of humoral immune indicators. As a method is used Single Radial Immunodiffusion Test Kits to measure the levels of antibodies and complement proteins, the results showed a significant increase in the level antibodies types IgA, IgM, IgG and complement proteins C3, C4 for immunization groups compared with positive and negative control groups.

Relationship between Serum Estrogen, Magnesium and Body Mass Index in premature Ovarian Failure Women in Tikrit City/ Iraq .

Madlen Q. Abass --- Emad H. Abdulla

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

This study was conducted to evaluate serum estrogen, magnesium level and body mass index of 30 women with premature ovarian failure and 30 women as control group attended to emergency department/ Tikrit teaching hospital in Tikrit City Their ages ranged between 40-48 years. The samples collection started from October /2012 till January /2013. The results showed that serum estrogen level of premature ovarian failure women was statistically significantly P ?0.05 lower than in control group. Also the mean serum magnesium in premature ovarian failure women was significantly lower than in normal group p?0.01 .This study showed that body mass index in patient women was significantly higher when compared with control group p?0.05.

Interaction between Kaolin and DMSO: FTIR, XRD , thermodynamic and Nano studies

Sabri M. Hussein , Sattar S. Ibrahim --- Omar H. S

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

Intercalation of highly polar organic compound dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) with kaolinite and the formation of interlamellar complexes has been studied, and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Interaction was found to be dependent on the particle size of kaolin raw material. Nature of interaction achieved through the formation of hydrogen bonds between DMSO and both AlOH and Si – O surface of kaolinite. Effect of temperature on equilibrium adsorption of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution using kaolin and kaolin – DMSO complexes also studied, the results were analyzed by Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Thermodynamic parameters such as ?G, ?H and ?S were calculated. Results suggested that the MB adsorption on kaolin was spontaneous and exothermic process.

HEMATOLOGICAL VARIABLES STUDY ON EMPLOYEES BLOOD IN PETROL STATIONS IN RAMADI CITY

MOHAMMED Q. ABD --- IBRAHIM A. SHEBEEB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

The purpose of the present study is to find the impact of benzene and its components on some aspects of physiological parameters in the blood of workers in the filling stations as samples were collected study and synthesized from (60) a sample of the blood of people working in filling stations and in direct contact with gasoline and (60) a sample of the blood of people who do not work in gas stations and considered as a control group. The laboratory tests was conducted and included: blood tests include a Complete Blood Count , WBC , RBC , Hb , PCV , ESR and Plat. count. The results of the study showed the following :The results showed a significant effect at the level of probability (P <0.05) in the Red blood cell count and packed cell volume and platelet count, white blood cells count and (DLC) as neutral , lymphoma ,acidophilic and basophilic as well as in the indicators of red blood cell (MCV, MCHC) in the blood of workers, compared with the control group. Non-significant differences in the values of white blood cell counts erythrocyte sedimentation rate and hemoglubin and monocyte .

Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Some Tetrahydroquinoline Compounds Derived from 4- Aminobenzenesulfonamid

Mohammed A. Kadhim - Sameaa J. .Khammas

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

In the present study, five compounds of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolines derivatives of 4- Aminobenzenesulfonamid were prepared through Imines – Diels – Alder reaction by reacting Schiff bases with cinnamic acid and Bf3 Et2O in ethanol. The Schiff bases were synthesized by treating various aromatic aldehydes with 4-Aminobenzenesulfonamid. The structures of the synthesized compounds were determined on the basis of their FTIR, UV and C.H.N spectral data. The in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities of the compounds were evaluated by paper disc diffusion method. The synthesized compounds were determined by using the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC).Significant antimicrobial activities were observed for some compounds of the series

INVESTIGATING RHIZOBIUM BACTERIA AND OBTAINING SALINITY TOLRANCE ISOLATES USING GENETIC TRANSFORMATION METHOD

SHAIMA’A KH. OTHMAN --- DHAFER F. ABD-AL-KADER

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

This study was conducted to isolate Rhizobium from the roots of wild and field cereal plants (Trifollium spp. , Medicago sativa , Ficia vaba , Pisum sativum , Medicago polymorpha L. , Melilotus indica (L.) ALL , Sesbania spp. , (Trigonella coerulescens M.Bieb ) ,30 isolates strains from plants roots were obtained , 15 from wild cereal and 15 from field cereal, The most efficient nitrogen fixing 8 isolates have been selected on the basis of the diameter of the colony and that of the change of the blue color of the medium of the promothymol blue indicator YEMA-BTB .The optimal conditions for the development of the selected isolates have been studied in terms of temperature, pH and their endurance of the salinity of the medium. Consequently, the best wild isolate,PW7 is taken from wild Sesbania the best field isolate designated PF12 isolated from Medicago sativa , the genetic content of these selected strains were studied, the results showed that the two strains contain small plasmide bands, PF12 strains contains an additional large plasmide band, in order to study the role of these plasmids in the genetic experiment was conducted to neutralize these plasmids by using salsalic acid, results showed that the neutralize cells lost their salinity resistance when tested on a YEMA medium with varying concentrations , genetic transformation was conducted by carrying the DNA extracted from strain PW7 into strain PF12.results showed the transference of the plasmids from PW7 to PF12 which transferred the salinity resistance trait . This has been confirmed by re-culturing the transformed isolate onto the YEMA medium with different salinity concentrations. The modified isolate could grow in a salinity concentration of 8% NaCL.

STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THIN FILMS.

Waleed B. Salih , Omar B. Salih , Othman Salem -

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

Thin film of tin sulfide (SnS) is deposited on to glass substrates using chemical spry pyorlysis thin films. The solution prepared by 0.2 M and used temperature at 350 and the distance between the nozzle and glasses substrate 35cm . obtained The optical constant such as (refractive index n and Extinction coefficient ?) of the deposition films were obtained from the analysis of the experimental recorded transmittance spectral data. The optical band gap of SnS films calculate from . photon energy curve. The energy gap was found to be in the range 1.4eV to 1.85 eV.

DETERMINING THE GENETIC FINGERPRINT FOR NUMBER OF (Triticum aestivum ) AGRICULTURAL SPECIES DISTRIBUTE IN AL-ANBAR PROVINCE USING THE ISSR TECHNIQUES MARKER

ABDUL-MAJEED A. HUMMADI , ODAY H. NOORI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

In this study, We used the ISSR Technique, Its one of the PCR Technique, On the nine local type of Triticum aestivum in AL-anbar Province, to determination of genetic variation relationship between them and Find the Fingerprinting for some types. The DNA Extraction Results From young leaves by using CTAB method showed that purity of DNA was 1.5 – 1.82 and the concentration was 55 – 142.5 ngµl. The ISSR Results revealed 8 of the 10 primers using this study were binding. The 8 primers recorded 404 binding sites ( 126 General bands and 278 various bands ), The highest number for binding was in L1 primer ( 78 band ) while B1 primer was the lowest number ( 30 band ), The high molecular Wight was 2000 bp for H14 primer, On the other band the lowest molecular Wight was 500 bp in E3 primer. The type Latifya ( 1 ) has highest number for binding site with 55 bands 13.613% the type Iraq Shown lowest number of binding site with 39 bands 9.563 % For the unique and absent band , the type ( Tertikely ( 2 ) and Abo Graib ( 4 ) ) and ( latifya ( 1 ) and Hashimya ( 3 ) ) Recording highest and lowest number of band ( 5 and 3 ) respectively, Whereas the type Tamooz 3 ( 7 ) and Ibaa 95 ( 8 ) had no unique and absent bands. For the genetic variation for ISSR, we found the highest value between Tertikely ( 2 ) and Tamooz 2 ( 6 ) was ( 0.4753 ) and the lowest value was ( 0.1707 ) between latifya ( 1 ) and Hashimya ( 3 ) depending for our Results we divided. The Studying to 3 groups, and the Tertikely ( 2 ) type presents the main group between among other type.

Classification and description of Dolomitization textures in Lower-Middle Miocene Cycle at Kirkuk Wells. (Jambur-26 and Humren-41)

Salam O. Ibraheem

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

The understanding of diagenetic processes and their products has height economic importance because diagenetic criteria a count for many of ptrophysical properties of carbonate rocks and use in industry.To be complete study of dolomitization textures that have been importance which lies within wells Jambur-26 and Humren-41 in addition there are difficulty to limited environments and formed of mechanical dolomitization where there are many mechanic define one process dolomitization. In this study there are five types of dolomitization textures is recognized dependent Randazze and Zakkhos classification which are included micro textured sutured, Suture mosic texture, Sieve-mosic fabric and micro texture sieve fabric, Floating- Rhomb Fabric and Contact-Rhomb Fabric

BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM SEWAGE SLUDGE BY ANAEROBIC DIGESTION

OMAR M. HASSAN --- HAMEED S. KHAMIS

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

In this research was studied the possibility of producing biogas from sewage sludge by anaerobic digestion and assess the efficiency of the anaerobic treatment of sludge through the measurement of a number of physical and chemical properties of the sludge before and after treatment and calculate the respective removal rates. Primary sewage sludge was used for biogas production at 35o C, and a retention time of 30 days; has been shown that possibility of producing biogas from primary sludge, with daily production rate average of 52.27 cm3 biogas.day-1, and the average yield production was 47.41 cm3 biogas per g volatile solids added. And that the results of the gas chromatography analysis, show the presence of a low percentage of methane within the contents of biogas amounted to 37.11%, in addition to low removal rates recorded 16.34% for total solids, and 26.96% for the volatile solids; 28.05% for COD; 32.48% for BOD, and higher proportion of organic carbon amounted to 42.13%, with a very low removal rate for total nitrogen 3.4%, and 8.7% for phosphorus, as well as remove most of Coliform bacteria with removing rate 94.68%. Recording with a rise in pH to 7.9 at the end of the digestion.

Laplace Operator In Irregular Domain

Ali A. Mhassin

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

The aim of this paper is to prove that Laplace operator depending on nine points in irregular domains is of order two in addition, some examples as an applications for this operator are given.

PHOTODEGRADATION OF GAS OIL USING NANO CLAY(BENTONITE) AS SUPPORTED SURFACE OF TITANIUM DIOXIDE (TIO2)

ALAA ABD AL-KAREEM--- TAIRQ ABD AL-JALEEL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

This research was conducted for photodegradation of gas oil using nano clays (bentonite) by 30% of TiO2 loaded on the clay , for the purpose of fragmentation chains hydrocarbon long polluting the environment and converted to short chains and gas, and carried out operations cracking through the design of a photocell according to the specifications laboratory, using xenon lamp wave length (200-800 nm) and by passing the air for a specific time periods (4,6,10) hours, after which the components of the models were measured by a gas chromatography (GC), as well as the use of a radiation infrared (FT-IR) to identify groups effective of gas oil before and after degradation , The results obtained from the analysis (GC) that there is a change in the percentage of some compounds hydrocarbon paraffin such as(Nonan, Dodecane, Hexadecane) that is to know the time of Retention solutions( standard compounds), as was observed decrease ratio compound Hexadecane and increasing the percentage Alnonan gradually in the gas oil over time of irradiation and this shows the transformation of long chains in gas oil into shorter chains ,As for analysis by (FT-IR) the appearance of the carbonyl group (C=O) which indicates the occurrence of oxidation process of some organic compounds during degradation .

Removing the effect light from image and human face detection

Abd I. Moslih

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

Recent years have attention commencement in the most of the facial animation applications therefore the proposed technic of the way to remove the effect of light from the image by a series of steps in accordance with the algorithm and human face detection.In this paper, a new method is displaying the removing effective light for human face detection. It contains two parts: lighting compensation and skin color model. First we offset the high light existing in human face images and removing high light and shadow, second depending on the mechanism of Skin color classification and the morphological segmentation is used to detect face(s) after removing the effect light. This part consists of face detection from during face segmentation and facial feature extraction.

ISOTHERM ADSORPTION STUDY OF THE SOME DICARBOXYLIC ACID BY MANGANESE DIOXIDE

KHALEL I. AL-NIEMI, SAFWAN AL-DOBONI--- IBRAHIM Y

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

The adsorption process for Aliphatic and Aromatic dicarboxylic acid on manganese dioxide was studied briefly as a polluted material which produced in nature. The result showed that the anions of acid molecules were adsorbed on the surface of MnO2 depending on the pH of the solution and the shape of molecule. The aliphatic acids were partially enforcement with Langmuir isotherm and completely with Freundlech isotherm, but phthalic acid agreed with Langmuir only. The kinetic studies of pseudo first and second order were applied on this system. The adsorption process was endothermic except succinic acid, non- spontaneous and the nature of forces between the acid molecules and surface were physical in nature ,where the molecules in continues motion on surface and unsystematic except for succinic acid.

INDUCED PHOTO-DEGRADATION OF POLYSTYRENE FILMS FOR PLASTIC WASTE TREATMENT WHICH CAUSE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

AHMED M. MOHAMMED --- IBRAHEEM J. IBRAHEEM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

This study had been carried out on the photo-degradation of polystyrene films accelerated by new photosensers from Nickel (II); the complex was identified by its FT-IR and U.V spectra, melting point and other physical properties. Polymeric films of polystyrene were made by using a constant thickness of (5 ± 70) microns with different weight percentages (0.025%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.4%) of Nickel (II) complex, using chloroform as a solvent. Then, it was irradiated by accelerated U.V light (356 nm) at 40 Co for different time intervals, and the degree of degradation was estimated by calculating both (IOH) and (ICO) and the rate constants of photo degradation (Kd). The obtained results are in a good agreement with those of polymers surfaces responded for degradation agents; yet reported. The best degradation results were given by the (0.4%) system while (0.025%) gave the lowest result as indicated by both FT-IR and U.V Spectra.

PRODUCTION OF CALCIUM SILICIDE ALLOY FROM IRAQI RAW MATERIALS USING ELECTRIC-ARC FURNACE

JASIM H HASSEN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:8 issue:1

This work includes a method for production of Calcium Silicide alloy from reduction of calcium oxide and silicon oxide by coal. This raw material is available in Iraq in good quality enough to produce the alloy instead of importing. The work also includes the design and manufacturing of electric-arc furnace locally, and the use of the graphite electrodes that made from graphite scrap. The main use of this alloy is to reduce the oxides that formed during the production of steel, and produce steel of high quality.