2013, volume:7 issue:1


HISTOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF THE PARASITE Trichomonas vaginalis ON SOME ORGANS OF THE WHITE SWISS MICE STRAIN BALB/C

AYSIR S. MOHAMMAD أ, ABDULLAH H.ABDULLAH--- TAWFE

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study showed that the effect of experimental Trichomonasis caused histological change to some of organs under investigation (prostate and testes and penis) in albino rats .In our study, albino rats were divided into three groups [Group I (Single infected within Albritton –Intrapereationial by use the concentration 106), group II (Single infected under the skin – Subcutaneous by use 106 as concentration for the infected solution ),and group III (double infected for Intrapereationial and Subcutaneous by use 106 as concentration for the infected solution)].The result showed that the prostate and penis more effect by the infection than testes , In which the histological changes were appears as congestion , necrosis , vaculation , infiltration of inflammatory cells and deposition of fibrin in some locations in addition to an increase in these changes bleeding with tearing of the tissue of a member of the penis while shown testes less impact of these changes was to happen necrosis with vaculation and fibrin deposition in some locations tissue.

Morphological Study of the Centaurium pulchelum and C.erythraea (Gentianaceae) in Kurdistan region of Iraq

Jawhar Fatah Saeed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In this study a survey for the species of Centaurium Hill (Gentianaceae) in Kurdistan of Iraq was presented along with survey and identification of samples preserved in some Iraqi herbaria Several scientific excursions were made to different regions in Kurdistan, and a comparative study was conducted on the vegetative and reproductive parts. These have been reinforced by graphs and figuers. The present study dealt with the ecology and geographical distribution, and a map was designed for this purpose.The present study specified the real number of the Centaurium Hill species within the studied area by two species as follow: Centaurium erythraea Rafn (which was found as C. erythraea subsp. turcicum (Velen.) Meldris & C. pulchellum (Swartz) Druce .

Study the Levels of oxidative stressin Normal Pregnant Women in Ramadi City

BakaaHaziemEsmaeel

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The present study aimed at examining the levels of antioxidants in pregnant women (in their 3rd trimester) in Ramadi city. It included collecting blood samples after a 12 hours fasting period from 25 pregnant women in week 36 of their pregnancy at Ramadi Hospital for Maternity and Childhood for the period extending from the 1st of December, 2010 to the 1st of May, 2011. The levels of Malondialdehyde (MDA), Glutathione (GSH), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Vitamins A and C were measured.Results have shown a significant increase in the levels of Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Body mass index (BMI), which were 3.376(µmol/l)and 29.504(Kg/m2), respectively in the experiment group in comparison with the control group which were 1.795(µmol/l) and 24.68(Kg/m2), respectively. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) show significant decrease 0.013 in the experiment group in comparison with the control group which was 0.082. Nonenzymic antioxidants namely; Glutathione and vitamins A and C, on the other hand, revealed a significant decrease, 3.616(µmol ), 0.361(mg/l) and 0.457(mg/l), respectively in the experiment group in comparison with the control group, which were 10.591(µmol), 0.668(mg/l) and 1.283(mg/l), respectively

COMPARISON THE INHIBITORY EFFECTIVENESS OFSalvia officinalisEXTRACTS AND CHLORHEXIDINE MOUTH WASHER ON SOME BACTERIAL GENUS OF MOUTH

ZINA H. SHEHAB --- DHIFAF M. SALEH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This research aimed to study the effect of the methanolic , water & oil extracts of sage (Salvia officinalis) examined against species of pathogenic bacteria isolated from mouth( Streptococcus mutans ,Strep. gas, Strep. feacalis,Staphylococcusaureus, Escherichia coli , Klebsiella sp. & Pseudomonas sp.) using agar –well diffusion method and compared the results of herbal extracts with the chemical mouth washer Chlorhexidine .the results showed that the gram positive bacteria was more sensitive than gram negative bacteria and the pure oil of sage had the the high inhibitory effect on bacteria more than inhibitory effectiveness of mouth washer and methanolic extracts , while the water sage extracts did not effective against any species of bacteria.

Treatment of CandidaalbicansBiofilms – Associated with Dry Socket orDenture Stomatitis by PropolisPaste

Sara I. Hajwal , Ibrahim H AL-Fahdawi--- Abbas O.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Degradation of oral health is often assumed to progress with aging. However, significantly higher total counts and greater varieties of Candida species can be detected in wearers of removable dentures compared with nondenture wearers.Poorly fitting or unhygienic dentures leads to the presence of yeast like fungi (Candidaalbicans ) attached to it, and cause inflammation. Although candidiasis is highly resistant to antifungal agents, systemic drugs usage are necessary. But the systemic use of these drugs can cause side effects like liver toxicity, drug interactions etc.Usingpropolseasantifungal by localapplication, found that it suppresses the Candida associated dry socket and denture stomatitis. The Propolispast was used in the following manner. It was applied to the fitting surface of denture, twice a day for 2 weeks. The Propolisputty was putted in dry socket after complete removal of inflammatory tissuesfrom it.The results showed pain, redness area and inflammation related stomatitis were disappear gradually after 48 hours until 2 weeks that the denture stomatitis is healing by using a Propolispast.Propolisputty treat the fungal inflammation of dry socket that gradual decreases of the pain and inflammation.After the treatment, all patientswith denture stomatitis were subjected to examination of the palatal mucosa and socket and quantitative culture of Candida from the palatal mucosa and denture fitting surface and diagnosed by three method :Germ tube.GramStain.andChromAgar media

Production of Lettuce Edible Vaccine for Cholera Disease Using Chloroplast Genetic Engineering.

Ahmed A. Suleiman , Abdulwahid B. Al-Shaibani --

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Lettuce is one of the most important edible plant worldwide. At the timethat lettuce isthe candidate plant to carry the foreign vaccine gene forhuman. The B subunits of toxin of Vibrio cholerae(CTB) are candidatevaccine antigens. This research was conduct to express CTB gene in lettucechloroplast. Genesrequired in this study were obtained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)technique using specific forward and reverse primers, and these genes wereCTB, BADH, prrnpromoter and many other regulatory genes. Some ofthese genes were isolated from their hosts and some were obtained fromprevious work available at Daniell laboratory. All these genes beside manytechniques for ligation, extension, sequencing, orientation confirmationwere used to construct the cassette vector pLS-BADH-LS-CTB whichcarries the gene of interest. In this work the CTB gene with BADH genewere transferred to the chloroplast of lettuce plant and selection oftransgenic plant was performed on the MS medium containing BA andNaCl without any antibiotic selectable marker. Integration of an unmodifiedCTB-coding sequence into chloroplast genomes (up to 1000 copies per cell)resulted in the accumulation of up to 6.2% of total soluble lettuce leavesprotein as functional oligomers (620-fold higher expression levels than thatof the unmodified CTB gene expressed via the nuclear genome). PCR andSouthern blot analyses confirmed stable integration of the CTB gene andBADH gene into the chloroplast genome in addition to the integration in theright orientation and in specific region between trnaI rnA.Western blotanalysis showed that the chloroplast synthesized CTB assembled intooligomers and were antigenically identical with purified native CTB

STUDY THE EFFECT OF SOME NITROGEN SOURCE AND TWO ELEMENTS CADMIUM AND LEAD ON SOME MORPHOLOGICAL AND PRODUCTIVITY FEATURES OF WHEAT TriticumaestivumVar.Ipa 99

SAADY S. KHAMIS --- ENAS F. NAJI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The research carried out as a laboratory experiment in the laboratories of Biology Department / College of Science / University of Anbar during the winter season 2010 – 2011 by using pots contained 9Kg of sand washed with distilled water for several times to ensure it is free of all nutrient elements and the heavy metal. The aim of this experiment is to study the impact of environmental pollution by two elements (cadmium , lead) and it's interaction with four sources of nitrogen nutrients on some morphological and productivity features of wheat ( Triticumaestivum Var. Ipa 99) and to study the impact of these nitrogenous sources on accumulation of those heavy metals in different plant parts (Roots , Shoots , Grains) The experiment was designed as Completely Randomized Block Design , factorial experiment with three replications , included a study of three factors :The first factor, Type of the heavy metal (cadmium , lead) The second factor, Concentration of heavy metals, The third factor , Type of the nitrogenous source [ Nitrate Ca(NO3)2 , Ammonium (NH4)2SO4 , Ammonium nitrate NH4NO3 , Urea CO(NH2)2]. The plants The plants had been irrigated with Hougland complete nutrient solution for the four nitrogenous sources without adding the heavy metals and 14 days later different concentration of cadmium and lead were added to the nutrient solutions above . During plant growth were calculated leaf area , before the harvest , plant height measures had been taken , after harvest calculated the dry weight for the roots and weight of 100 grain of plant yield. Statically analysis was performed to find out the differences at probability level( P? 0.05) between the different nitrogenous sources and type , concentration of the heavy metals . The result showed : ammonium source have the higher value of leaf area , plant height , nitrate source have the higher value of dry weight of 100 grain , ammonium nitrate source have the higher value of dry weight of root . the heavy metals negatively effected on all studied features , cadmium more effected on plant height , root dry weight , 100 grain weight , while lead more effected on leaf area

STUDY OF PHENOTYPIC AND GENOTYPIC PATTERNS OF Escherichia coli ISOLATED FROM EUPHRATES RIVER IN RAMADI CITY

AHMED M. TURKEY

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The present study was preformed in period between October 2011 to July 2012, isolated were isolated from Euphrates river in Ramadi city . samples were cultured on several culture media microscopical, cultural, biochemical,serotypical (by use of serotype Diagnosis kit of bacteria ) and genotypical (eae , stx , bfp ) diagnosis of bacteria were done . The results showed that 278 from Euphrates samples were E.Coli ( 68.137 %) also the results indicated that (28) isolates belong to EPEC and the dominant serotype were type1 multisampling equivalent. with ratio of (39.28%) followed by the multi-samples equivalent type4 (25%) and the multisampling equivalent type2 and type2 with a ratio of (17.85%) for each one .In addition the mono sample equivalent serotype ratio was O55 ( 21.42%) followed by 0142 with a ratio of (14.28%). Then , the sample typing 088 and 0126 come with a ratio of (10.7 %) . All serotype patterns were tested to check the content of virulence determinant and the results showed that 19 isolates contained the gene eae ratio( 67.85%) ,when as there is no any isolates contained bfp , stx genes EPEC bacteria also disinfected to typical EPEC and Atypical EPEC , where the typical EPEC were found in 28 isolates and Atypical EPEC identified in 19 isolates with the ratio (67.85%) .

Comparison between Recombinant Immunoblot assay 3rd generation and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for detection hepatitis C virus .

Hanaa Naji Abdullah, Khalid J. Khaleel--- Mohamme

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This study was carried out to compare between recombinant immunoblot assay 3rd generation and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for identify hepatitis C virus. Seventy six Iraqi patients undergo hepatitis C were involved in this study. The study was carried out from July 2010 to April 2011 were followed up in public health center- Baghdad. These patients included 54 males and 22 females as well as their ages ranged between (8-68) year with a mean age of 47.1±13.79, besides, the majority of patients are at the age between 31-60 year (54 %), while children elicit less frequency of infection (2 %). Additionally the ratio between male to female was 2.45:1. There are two methods which are used for HCV diagnosis. The first method by using ELISA technique for detection of anti HCV antibody. 61 out of 76 sera samples of hepatitis patients (i.e. 80.2%) were found to be positive for this test. Another advanced method such as recombinant immunoblot assay 3rd generation (RIBA) has been applied, all these specimens gave positive results (100 %) with significant difference was noticed between them (P<0.05), therefore the current results confirm that a RIBA 3rd generation is more sensitive manner to detect hepatitis C virus than ELISA.

Improvement of Lactuca sativa slat Tolerance by Plastid Transformation with BADH Gene

Ahmed A. Suleiman , Kadhim M. Ibrahim --- Abdulw

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Salinity is one of the major factors that limits geographical distribution of plants and adversely affects crop productivity and quality.Here high-level expression of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) was reported in cultured explantsof lettuce via plastid genetic engineering. Lettuce (Lactucasativa) plant was primarilyexperimented for tolerance of betaine aldehyde (BA) and soudium chloride(NaCl) by tissue culture technique and it was found that the wild typelettuce tolerated 10 and 75 mM from each substance respectively. Genesrequired in this study were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)technique using specific forward and reverse primers, and these genes wereBADH, prrn promoter and many other regulatory genes. Some ofthese genes were isolated from their hosts and some were obtained fromprevious work available at Daniell laboratory. All these genes beside manytechniques for ligation, extension, sequencing, orientation confirmationwere used to construct the cassette vector pLS-BADH-LS whichcarries the gene of interest. Homoplasmic transgenic plants exhibiting high levels of salt tolerance were regenerated from bombarded cell cultures via somatic embryogenesis. Transgenic lettuce plants expressing BADH grew in the presence of high concentrations of NaCl (up to 150mM), the highest level of salt tolerance reported so far among genetically modified lettuce, and the tolerance to betaine aldehyde was 30 mM.

THE EFFECT OF MAGNETICALLY TREATED WATER ON THE TOTAL PROTEINS AND SOME ENZYMES IN THE LIVER OF THE CYPRINUS CARPIO FISH

ABID A. THAKER , MOHAMMEDQ. ALANI , FEHAM J. MOHM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Fish Cyprinus carpio were exposed to magnetized water for 8 days. Magnetic intensities of 750,1500 and 3000 gauss were used to magnetize water. The activities of enzymes alkaline phosphatase , acid phosphatase, ALT and AST were estimated in the liver of fish . Activities of all enzymes increased in the liver of exposed animals to magnetized water .

Molecular genetic study of Pseudomonas aeruginosa DNA repair system

Waleed Khalid Mohammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Bacteria Pseudomonas aurginosa, E coli and Stapthylococcus aureus were exposure to different doses of ultraviolet radiation and survival curves drawn for each type, the results show that the bacteria Pseudomonas aurginosa more resistant by UV radiation than Ecoli and Stapthylococcus aureus bacteria. The bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa was irradiated with different doses of U.V light via wave length( 254 nm ) for different periods ( 50 , 100 , 150 , and 200 sec ) .It appear that part of irradiated bacterial culture was exposed to sun light and the other part was kept in the dark . The survivors of the cells exposed to the sun light was more than the dark and this ensure possessing the bacterium photoreactivating repair system investigate the excision repair system, the minimal inhibitory concentration ( MIC) of caffeine against bacteria was studied by exposing the bacterium to different concentrations of caffeine (10 , 15 , 20 and 25 mg/ml ) and the MIC was 20 mg/ml , Furthermore the bacterium was exposed to different times of U.V. light in the presence of caffeine and the studying ensure that the survivors of the cells in the medium with caffeine was less than the medium with absence of caffeine and this leads to possess the bacterium excision repair system. To detect the recombination repair system , the bacterium was exposed to the concentrations( 0.1 ,0.2 , 0.3 , 0.4 ?g / ml) of acrivlavine and the MIC was 0.3 ?g / ml , then the bacterium was exposed to different times of U.V. light in the presence of acrivlavine . The survivors of the cells in the medium with acrivlavine was less compared with the absence of acrivlavine. It would seem that possessing bacterium recombination repair system . sensitivity test of the bacterium against antibiotics was established and the results appeare that it was to the antibiotics Chloramphenicol, Carpencillin, Trimethoprim, Rifampicin The diameters of inhibition were (16,20,17,18) mm respectively and resistant to the antibiotics Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Clindomycin, Cloxacillin , Nalidixic acid , Cephaloxin , Tetracyclin and Tobromycin. To study SOS repair system the bacterium was mutated with direct mutagens represented with nitrous acid and indirect mutagens represented with U.V. light to isolate Rifampicin and Chloramphenicol mutants. It is quite likely that the sensitivity of bacterium for mutagenesis then possessing SOS repair system

Detection ofH.pyloricagAgene in patients with gastroduodenal disease

Mohammad. J. Mohammed --- Essam M. Abdullah

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Helicobacter pylori infection is common in the developing countries. The cagAgene is a marker of pathogenicity island (PAI) in H. pylori. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cagAamong gastroduodenal disease (peptic ulcer and non-ulcer dyspepsia) in patients of Ramadi-city. A total of 81 gastric biopsy samples, gastric ulcer 10 (12.30% ) ,duodenal ulcer 18 (22.20% ) and non-ulcer dyspepsia 53 (65.40% ) by endoscopic examination . cagAgene of H. pylori was assessed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The cagAgene was detected by PCR technique in 3 from 10 biopsy specimens culture positive, urease test was showed 7(8.64%) patients, 2(2.5%) patients and 48(59.26%)patients after (2 hr, 6hr and 20 hr) respectively, ELISA positive result was showed 12(14.8%) patients.Urease test is easy test , inexpensive and can be use in endoscopy unit, but non-specific, culture is gold stander for detection of H.pylori, ELISA technique use for detection of anti-H.pyloriIgG , ELISA technique widly used for epidemiology studies. PCR assay used for detection of cagA gene.Using PCR to detect cagAgene from culture colony.The potential advantages of PCR include high specificity, quick results and the ability to type bacteria without the requirement for special transport conditions.

STUDY OF INTESTINAL PARASITES AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOME BLOOD COMPONENTS LEVELS IN RAMADI CITY

EMAN M. KHALIL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This study was conducted concerning the intestinal protozoa and their effect on the peripheral blood content in ( 194) stool and blood sample ( 113) sample from persons infected with intestinal parasites and ( 81) sample from non infected persons Routine microscopic examination for stool samples was done using normal saline to detect the range of distribution of intestinal protozoan s and the relation of the infection with patients age and sex .The results of the present investigation revealed the occurrence of four intestinal protozoan's in the following percentage of incidence for patients Entamoebahistolytica ( 51.3 % ) . Giardia lambelia ( 29,2%) . Enterobiusvermiclaris ( 11.9%) and Hymenolepis nana ( 7.96%) and all the infections were single the percentage of males infection was higher than that of females infection ( 58.62%) , 55.5% ) with Entamoebahistolytica . Hymenolepis nana respectively . while the percentage of female infection was higher than that of male ( 61.53%, 51.5% ) with Enterobiusvermicularis . Giardia lambelia respectively .The prevalence rate of infection among the first 10 years age was higher than other groups of age . The percentage of infection ( 51.72% ) ,(80.55), ( 69.25%) and ( 77.77%) for the parasites Entamoebahistolytica giardia lambeliaEnterobiusvermicularis and Hymenolepis nana respectively Statistical analysis by F test and LSD for blood testing ( Hb , RBC count WBC count and total count esmophiles the result appear decrease in the percentage of HB and WBC in the infected groups and significant effect of sex on the rate of HB in infected groups with Entamoebahistolytica and Hymenolepis nana ( P<0.05)The result appear decrease in the rates of RBC count and significant effects were noted in the rate of Esinophiles count in infected groups with Hymenolepis nana and Enterobiusvermicularis

Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of new leucine acid derivative with their metal complexes.

Muhammed.A.Awaad , Abdul Sattar Z.Khalaf --- Basi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

A new ligand N-[(acetyl amino)-thioxo methyl]leucine(ATL) are synthesized by reaction of acetyl-isothio cyanate with leucine acid. The ligand is characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and NMR spectra, some transition metal complex of this ligand were prepared and characterized by FT-IR, UV-visible spectra, conductively measurements, magnatic suscpility, atomic absorption and determination of molar ration(M:L). from results obtained, the following formaula [M(ATL)2] where M+2 =(Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Hg) and the proposed molecular structure for these complexes as tetrahedral geometry.

THE EFFECT OF BLOOD GROUP ABO SYSTEM ON HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION IN VARIOUS STAGES OF AGE AND SEX.

SUADOD OSAMA AL-KHATEEB --- OMER KAHTAN YASEEN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study included 300 blood samples collected during the period between Jan. , 2007 to May 15 , 2008 in order to study blood anemia resulted from certain factors in Heet , Ramadi and Fuloja . Hb measure is used to indicate anemia .Results indicated significant difference in having anemia especially in men in various ages . High anemia was observed ages between 20 and 30 years. As compared to the lower ages less than 20 and above than 30 . For women , the highest anemia was recorded at ages 18 up to 40 years as compared to young old ages . High percentage of anemia was recorded in women rather than men and had increased in pregnant women than non-pregnant and in married than in single women. High anemia was found for blood type O as compared to other, and significant differences as compared to AB , A and B whereas no significant differences between A and B and still less in AB .

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Oxazolidinones Via Schiff Base Reactions

Obaid H.Abid --- Aws K. Mohamed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

A number of new novel 2,3-disubstituted-1,3-oxazolidine-5-one derivatives were synthesized by the reaction of Schiff‘s bases with chloroacetic acid in dry banzene with high yields. Schiff bases were synthesized by the reaction of heteroaromatic aldehydes or ketones with primary heterocyclic amines. The products were identified by their melting points and spectral features ( FT-IR and UV-Vis-spectra and 1HNMR spectra )

ROLEEscherichia coliPLASMIDSHALOTOLERANCE TO RESISTANT OF ANTIBIOTICS

ANWAR Y. ZAAEN, SAFA K. AMIN--- LEITH M. NAJEEB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study included the neutralization of bacterial plasmids E.coli and the role plasmids bacteria in response to some antibiotics . Growth of bacteria was carried out in different temperatures (40-60)0c and for different time periods (5-30) minutes to reach the 93% rate of killing and deportation in Agaros Gel Electrophoresis was detected over the losses of bacteria E.coli for plasmids compard with the original isolation .Tthe sensitivity of the bacteria was tested by discks method to antibiotics for the isolates curing compard with the original isolation . the rasults showed variation in the response of isolates to antibiotics curringcomparde with the original isolates as an antibiotic Erythromycin which become sensitive isolates by the largest rate of 31.00 mm of isolation 65 the curringwhile 0.00 mm for original isolate, and these curring isolates have retained their resistance to sodium chloride NaCl.

Synthesis of some New 1,2,4-Triazole derivatives

Ibtehal Kahtan Abdullah

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In the present work, compound 3-arylidene amino-5-methyl-1,2,4-triazole (IIIa-c), required as starting material obtained in one-pot reaction by condensing 5-methyl-3-amino-1,2,4-triazole with different aromatic aldehydes. The required 5-methyl-3-amino-1,2,4-triazole was prepared from treatment of acetyl urea (I) with hydrazine hydrate, the compounds (IIIa-c) were converted to the corresponding [3-[5-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-2-yl]-2-arylthiazolidine-4-one (Va1-a3) and imidazoleine-4-one (Vb1-b3) by reacted it with thioglycolic acid and Glycine in absolute ethanol. The compounds (IIa-c) were converted also to 2-methyl-5-arylamino-5,6,-dihydroimidozo[2,1-b]-1,2,4-triazole (VIIIa-VIIIc) reacted with TCA then with aniline derivatives. The linear pathway strategy of all these synthesized compounds can be summarized in scheme (1).

EFFECT OF MOISTER TENSION, MAGNESIUM AND SOIL TEXTURE ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERS OF CORN. (ZEA MAYS L .)

SAMIR S. KH. AL-RAWI , FAUZI M. ALI-- ABDULLAH A.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

A Factorial experiment has been carried out in the Random Complete Branch Design (RCBD) with three replication. Plasticpots with a capacity of (8 kg ) of soil have been prepared and filled with dry soil that was sifted using 2 mm sifter. Fertilizers have been added to Corn (Zea mays L.) according to recommendation. Corn seed was sowing on the 15th jolly 2011. Irrigation processes were done depending on gravimetric method to maintain soil moisture with the limits of moisture tension extent that represent depletion rates of water ; 25%, 50% and 75% until 15102011. Some physiological characters (chlorophyll content a, chlorophyll content b, total chlorophyll content, carbohydrates content, protein content and proline content) were calculated during flowering stage. Below are the most important results.The increase in moisture depletion has significantly affected most of the studied physiological characteristics. The moisture depletion of 25% got excellence over that of 50% and 75%, the values were (3.124 mg.g-1, 2.593 mg. g-1, 5.693 mg. g-1, 7.438 g.100 g-1 and 8.016 g.100 g-1) , respectively, except the prolin content whose highest value of moisture consumption was 75% reaching to 3.492µg. g-1. Also, the addition of magnesium has a significant effect; the addition of 2.25 g. Plasticpot of magnesium got excellence over (0, 0.75, 1.50) g. Plasticpot, the values were (3.59 mg.g-1 , 2.85 mg.g-1, 6.36 mg.g-1, 6.7 g.100g-1, 8.21 g.100g-1), respectively, except prolin content whose highest value was when not adding magnesium 2.93 µg.g-1. Soil texture has significant effects; clay loam got excellence over the sandy loam. The values were (3.0 mg.g-1, 2.45 mg.g-1, 5.45 mg.g-1, 6.916 g.100g-1and 7.950 g.100g-1), respectively, except the prolin content whose highest value in the sandy loam was 3.185 µg .

Hypocholesterolemic effect of Cymbopogon citratus in Rabbits.

Wajeeh Y. AL-Ani

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The current study was designed to examine the effect of an aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus leaves on the level of total serum cholesterol for normal and hypercholesterolemic rabbits. The results showed that the treatment of rabbits with an aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus leaves in concentration of 100 mg / ml and therapeutic dose of 5 ml/ kg / day via oral administration and for ten days , reduced significantly (P ‹ 0.05) the total serum cholesterol ( TC) level in induced hypercholesterolemic rabbits ( group D ) from (501.67±28.81) mg/100ml to ( 441.59±29.78 ) mg/100ml ,While no significant reduction was observed in the level of total serum cholesterol for treated healthy( normal ) rabbits ( group B ) were about from ( 127. 33 ± 9.44 ) mg/100ml befor treated to(130.09±0.23 ) mg/100ml after treated with the aqueous extract for ten days.

Microwave-assisted Degradation of Polystyrene Induced by 8-hydroxy quinoline Nickel (II) complex.

Tariq A. Mendeel, Ahmad O. Farhan --- Hameed Kh. A

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The most serious problems encountered in polystyrene (PS) processing is due to a poisoning and pollution of environment because of the PS structure containing aromatic ring. This study suggests a clean and ecofriendly of (PS) degradation. To the PS film prepared [8-hydroxyquinoline nickel(II) complex added as inducing agent for degradation (PS) film exposed to the microwave radiation . A hand molding casting has been used for preparing specimens of the (PS) in percentages ( 0.0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 % ) of the complex. The Degradation were carried out using commercial microwave oven at constant power of 400 W for all experiments. Specimens were exposed to microwave radiation with multiple time ( 0.0, 15, 30, 60 minute), A degradation were followed via of the decrease in molecular weights averages ( Mw-, Mn-) and the increase of absorbancy of the carbonyl index ICO and hydroxyl index IOH at the total time of 60 minutes with microwave radiation .

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND ZINC ON SOME MORPHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERS OF WHEAT PLANT Triticum aestivum L.

SAADI S. KHAMEES , SAEID A. FAIATH--- RAJAA F. HA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

An experiment was carried out in plastic pots of 4 Kg soil capacity in Al-Anbar university – College of Science – Department of Biology during Winter season of 2010 - 2011, to study the effect of different concentration of sodium chloride (0, 75, 150 )mM and zinc (0, 9, 18 ) ppm as sulfate (or chloride) on some morphological and physiological characteristic of wheat plant var Ipa 99. Factorial experiment implemented according to completely randomized Design with three replicates. The experiment results showed that the treatment of grains with different concentration of sodium chloride caused a decrease of all studied morphological characteristics (plant height, leaf area, no. of leaves/ plant, fresh and dry weight of shoot and root system of plant). The results of effect of sodium chloride on physiological characteristic showed a significant increase in carbohydrate content of the leaves with increasing of salt concentration, while the treatment of 75 mM gave non significant increase of chlorophyll content and significant decrease of chlorophyll content with 150 mM of sodium chloride compared with control.The treatment of the grains with 9 ppm of zinc caused significant increase of plant height and significant decrease with 18 ppm of zinc treatment compared with the control, also leaf area decrease significantly when zinc concentration increased, while 18 ppm gave highest average of plant leaves numbers 7.840 leaf/ plant compared with control that gave 7.587 leaf/plant. 9 ppm zinc concentration gave non significant increase of fresh and dry weight of shoot and root system with average of 9.365, 2.979, 15.77 and 2.13 gm/ plant respectively compared with control treatment. 18 ppm zinc concentration caused non significant decrease of fresh and dry weight average. 9 ppm zinc concentration gave non significant decrease of total chlorophyll content with the average of 2.499 mg/gm compared with control which gave 2.819 mg/gm, while 18 ppm caused significant increase in chlorophyll content. There is non significant decrease of carbohydrate content with increasing of zinc concentration.The effect of interference between sodium chloride and zinc showed significant increase of physiological and morphological characteristics in treatment of 75 mM NaCl and 9 ppm zinc except leaf area which decreased significantly.The conclusion of this study reveal that the soaking of wheat grains in zinc solution reduce the negative effect of sodium chloride on some morphological and physiological characteristis

Wave Propagation in Dielectric Slab Waveguide with two Different Cladding Materials.

Ahmad Hameed --- Nabeil, I. Fawaz

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In this study the Ku ــband microwave with a frequencies of (12- 18) GHz propagation in dielectric materials InGaAsP( refractive index n1=3.39) with two different claddings, air(n2=1) and polyacrylate(n2=1.5) , was investigated. Using the cladding polyacrylate gives better results.The graphical and numerical results of the behavior of electromagnetic wave propagation along Z - direction in dielectric slab waveguide in the two cases of cladding were investigated with the aid of MATLAB program. The graphical and numerical results coincide. The modes of propagation have been analyzed and all parameters have been given. The values of different parameters as cutoff wave number, cutoff frequency, cutoff thickness , propagation constant, and transmission of electromagnetic wave have been calculated. The transmission of the microwave depends on the slab thickness and the frequencies applied and it has been found to varied from 75% to 100%. The reflection amplitude inside the slab is not effected when the angle of the incident wave is less than the critical angle, while it increased rapidly as the angle increased higher than the critical angle.

EFFECT OF IRRIGATION WATER SALINITY ON GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS WITHIN ARID REGIONS WEST OF IRAQI

ALI H. IBRAHIM , SAADA K. M.ALI--- ABDULKAREM A.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Two factorial experiments were conducted the first in the laboratory and the second in the green house according to complete randomized block design with three replicates, to study the effect of five levels of irrigation water varying in the electrical conductivity there are 1.4, 2.7, 4.1, 5.2 and 6.8 dS.m-1(W1, W2, W3, W4 and W5) respectively, on the germination and growth of three species of medicinal plants are coriander Coriandrum sativum L., cumin Nigella sativa L. and anise Pimpinella anisum L.(C, N and P) respectively, K+/Na+ ratio in plant tissue and salinity sensitivity rate index(Is) after three months from sowing plus to following soil salinity development as result to studied irrigation water used. The results showed highly significant differences were observed in germination degree, also the increasing in salinity of irrigation water was reduced the germination speed for all studied plant species, with superiority the anise and coriander in resistance to irrigation water salinity increasing in comparison with cumin which showed less salt tolerance. The results of greenhouse experiment showed same effected for irrigation water salinity on germination, also plants growth in the soil but with less degree on the studied species in comparison with laboratory experiment. W5 treatment showed the irrigation water salinity threshold for coriander associated with lower value for K+/Na+ ratio if we used this type of water to plants irrigation, with significant increasing in soil salinity.

Effect pH on Structural and Optical Properties of Nanostructure CdS Films Prepared by Chemical Bath Deposition Technique

Hani H. Ahmed, Faris S. Atallah --- Abdullah. S. K

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Nanostructures CdS films were prepared by chemical bath deposition technique on glass substrates, where the cadmium nitrate salt was used as a source of cadmium ions and thiourea (SC(NH2)2) as a source of sulphide ions(S-2). The deposition were carried out at different pH values. Structure of these films was characterized by X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscope (AFM). CdS films deposited have cubic(zinc blende) structure and the grain size of nanoclusters decreases with increasing pH value in solution. The optical properties study by transmission spectra and the films have highly transmittance in visible region of spectrum and reach to more than 86%. The CdS films have band gap increase from 2.42 to 2.58 eV with increasing pH value in solution

EFFECT OF WATER SEED-EXTRACTS OF ALLIIUM PLANT (Allium sativum) & CELERY PLANT(Apium gravealens)IN THE ADULT HOUS FLY (Musca domestica L. )

IMTITHAL I. JALOOT

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The Study aimed to determine the impact of aqueous extract of plant bulbs of garlic seeds Allium sativum and scelery Apium gravealens measuring the biological effect on the adult house fly Musca domestica L. Different concentrations (1000, 2000, 3000ppm) of iequeous extract of both plants with time periods(6, 12, 24) hours in order to assess the likely impact of both at plants through insect exposure to aqueous extracts of nutrition Feeding method.The results showed that the rate of mortality of adult in aqueous extract of bulbs plant garlic is higher than in the extract of the seeds celery, reaching the highest percentage in plant extract of garlic 67.5 %, while the highest rate was in the plant celery 38.75% at 3000 ppm .The study showed that the adult mortality percentege at (24) hors period is higher compared with the period of (6 , 12) hours for both plants and all concentration .

SYNTHESIS AND IDENTIFICATION FOR SOME FERRIC COMPLEXES OF HYDROXAMIC ACID.

ISMAEEL KH. AL-KATEEB , SADAA A. ABDULLAH--- SALM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The aim of this research is to prepare and identification of the hydroxamic acid derivatives of diethyl succinate which are considered as selective ligands of the Iron (III) . The synthesis of hydroxamic acid derivatives was performed as described in the preparation of the complex of ferric ion( Fe3+) with hydroxamic acid compound and other compounds through the interaction of hydroxamic acid compound with ferric chloride FeCl3 in the presence of basic medium. Identification of the prepared compounds through determination of molecular weights and melting points as will as I.R and U.V spectroscopic absorption. .Also, determination stoichiometric ratio between the derivatives of hydroxamic acids compounds and ferric ion( Fe3+ ) by using the mole – ratio method showed that the ratio between metal and ligand is (1:3) (metal : ligand) .

The Effect of Thermal Annealing on the Structural and Optical Properties of CdS Thin Films Deposited by Vacuum Evaporation Method

Faris S. Atallah

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

: Cadmium Sulphide (CdS) thin films were grown on glass substrates by the vacuum evaporation technique. The effect of thermal annealing on the structural and optical properties of the as deposited samples was analyzed. Structure of these films was characterized by X-ray diffraction . CdS films deposited have polycrystalline structure cubic(zinc blende) and hexagonal (demand) .The grain size increases with increasing annealing temperature. The optical properties of CdS films have highly transmittance in visible region of spectrum and reach to more than 84% . Band gap decreases from 2.55 to 2.33 eV with the increasing annealing temperature from 473K to 623 K.

Spectroscopic Study Of Light Curve And Physical Properties For SN2010jl

Adil N. Ayyash --- Zeyad A. Saleh

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Abstract:In this work, The physical properties were studies for ( supernova 2010jl) - which discovered on 2010 Nov. 3 - depending on (Oort Model ), optical spectrum curve and by applying special mathematical equations. The physical properties represented by explosion energy, initial velocity of ejecta, mass of ejecta, mass of 56Ni, distance from the earth, radius of ejecta, the momentum, expansion velocity and the age. Also, temperature of black body of SN2010jl during photospheric phase were calculated depending on data taken from optical spectrum curve and by applying special mathematical equation. The curve between temperature of black body and time in days were plotted, rang of temperature between (7300 °k – 9700 °k ) noticed.

EVALUATION THE LEVEL OF SEROTONIN AND THE ACTIVITY OF ACETYLCHOLINE ESTERASE IN SERA OF SOMEFEMALE WITH TYPE I DIABETES

AmmarG.Kuhaitm Allahhalid W.Hammod --- Perry H. Sa

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This research included the study of the level of serotonin concentration and the activity of Acetylcholine esterase and their relationship with diabetes type I compared with healthy people (control group). Some other biological variations has been studied accompanying such as the concentration of glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL,LDL,VLDL in women with type I diabetes compared to healthy..Blood samples have been taken from to women with type I diabetes (IDDM) who are diagnosed by doctors, specialists, ages ranged between 17-37 years. Included in the study (60) model of the blood serum of women with type I diabetes as well as the control group, which included (40) model of the blood serum of healthy women.The study showed a significant increase in the activity of Acetylcholine esterase and the not significant increase in the level of serotonin in women with diabetes type I, as well as a significant increase in the level of concentration of glucose, HbA1C, cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL,VLDL with diabetes compared with control.It also examined the correlation between the level of serotonin andAcetylcholine esterase and Biological Variations of patients with diabetes type I and the control group it was found a positive coloration between the activity of Acetylcholine esterase and the value of the BMI and the level of glucose, HbA1C, the level of triglycerides,andVLDL. While there was anegativecoloration between the level of serotonin, BMI, blood pressure, HDL, and there was a positive coloration between the level of serotonin and the concentration of cholesterol, triglycerides andVLDL

Study the partial substitution of Tl and Ba on Structure and Electrical Properties of Bi2-xTlxSr2-yBayCa2Cu3O10+? High Temperature Superconductor

Nihad Ali Shafeek ,--- Mohhamed Hassan Derwish

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Polycrystalline samples of high temperature superconductivity of the type 2223, Bi2-xTlxSr2-yBayCa2Cu3O10+? have been prepared by using solid state reaction process. The influence of the substitution of Tl for Bi and Ba for Sr have been studed with different rates (x=0.1-0.4) and (y= 0.1-0.4) at variable sintering temperature, sinterinr time and annealing at 850?C for 24 h, at average heating 2?C/min. The best Tc value obtained for the compound is x=0.3,y=0.3 . The x-ray data of all superconductor samples showed a tetragonal structure with a high ratio of Bi-2223 superconducting phase and the resistivity measurements were done using the electrical resistively instruments.The substitution of Tl by Bi and Ba by Sr increases the grain size of the superconductingphase and the density of the pellets. Also give a best value of Tc =133 K respectively

SYNTHESIS DERIVATIVES 1(6)-MONO ESTER -D- DULCITOL AND STUDY THEIR USED CAPABILITY AS DETERGENTS AND EMULSIONS

NABEEL Y. JUMAA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This work includes synthesis of new ester compounds for D – dulcitol on the primary hydroxyl group ( C1 or C6 ) in the dulcitol molecule by the reaction of dulcitol with pure fatty acid esters as ( Methyl stearate , Methyl laurate , Methyl hexanoate , Methyl palmitate ) to obtain 1 (6) – Mono ester -D- dulcitol ( A – D ) respectively, and with crude oil ( tri glyceride ) as (Castor oil , Sun flower oil , Cotton oil , Olive oil , Flax seed oil , Corn oil ) to obtain mixture ester compounds 1 (6) –Mono ester –D- dulcitol ( E – J ) respectively. These compounds prepared by transesterification method in basic medium also detected the reaction flow of or by ( TLC ) technique and these compounds were characterized by ( FT – IR ) , (1H-NMR ) and elemental analysis (C.H.N.S) . Also this work includes studying some physical properties of the prepard ester compounds like foam test , surface tension to know their used capability as Detergents and emulsions. This study shows that the prepared compounds having good detergent and emulsion properties

Design Feed Forward Neural Network To Solve Boundary Value Problems

Luma. N. M. Tawfiq , Muna. H. Ali

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The aim of this paper is to design fast feed forward neural network to present a method to solve second order boundary value problem for ordinary differential equations. That is to develop an algorithm which can speedup the solution times, reduce solver failures, and increase possibility of obtaining the globally optimal solution and we use several different training algorithms many of them having a very fast convergence rate for reasonable size networks.Finally, we illustrate the method by solving model problem and present comparison with solutions obtained using other different method .

EVALUATION STUDY OF WATER TREATMENT AT TAZA KHORMATO WATER ASSEMBLY

SAHIRA AHMAD MAHMOOD

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study offers a description for the water treatment at Taza water assembly .The study aimed to evaluate the water treatment through comparing the characteristics with WHO and the Iraqi drinking water standards and detection the changes wich occur in raw treated water characteristics throuough the seasons and compartion between them .The study show that Taza water assembly has good efficiency for turbidity removal but not with dissolved salt removals because there are no units for removal these materials.The increase in sulphate value was due to treatment with Aluminum sulphate as coagulant for turbidity. The results showed that some characteristics for raw water were within standard levels.

INDUCED PHOTO-DEGRADATION OF POLYSTYRENE BY USING NICKEL (II) - COMPLEX (NI-BAP)

HAMEED. K. ALI --- SAMAR A. ABDULRAZAQ

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This study dealt with the photo degradation of polystyrene films after exposing them to light using Schiff's bases of nickel-complex, the films were made after mixing with the polymer solution at different weight percentages in the range (0.025%-0.4%) with thickness (60 ± 5) micron using chloroform. The specimens were irradiated for different times using the same light intensity (1.5x10-8 ein.dm3s-1) at wavelength (356nm) at 40?C. The photo degradation of the prepared films with and without additives were followed by FT.I.R technique for evaluating both ICO and IOH . U.V-vis was used to calculate the rate of degradation. The results indicated that the synthesized complex has induced the degradation which increases as the concentration of the additives increase which coincides the results of Kd increase which followed in presence and without of 0.05% of the added Nickel- complex by measuring of the number-average molecular weight and the degree of decomposition, the chain mean scission and the quantum yield. it was found that in the presence of the metal complex the decrement in the molecular weight M.W) increased and chain scission as well in parallel with other results

BIOCHEMICAL STUDY OF LIVER FUNCTION IN SERA OF PATIENTS WITH TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS AND HYPERTENSION .

HAMEED, R.R.; HAMEED, N.M. AND ABD-AL-RAZAQ--- O.R

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Cross-sectional study was carried out at 105 specimen of serum divided to (70) specimen for patients with type II diabetes mellitus (40) male and (30) female, and (35) specimen for healthy (18) male and (17) female individuals in order to study the effect of disease to the liver functions.The results showed that significantly elevated the activity of Enzymes, total protein and uric acid in sera of patients with type II diabetes mellitus as compared with healthy Individuals as control group. The effect of hypertension was also studies to the levels of liver function parameters of patients with diabetes mellitus. The results showed increased in the levels of GOT, GPT and decreased in the levels of GGT in sera of patients with hypertension and D.M. as compared with the patient of D.M. only, while the levels of albumin, total protein and uric acid were slightly elevated in sera of patients with hypertension and D.M. as compared with patient with D.M. only.

DETERMINATION THE CONCENTRATIONS OF SOME HEAVY METALS AND STUDYING THE BLOOD VARIABLES FOR THE DIESEL GENERATORS WORKERS BLOOD IN RAMADI CITY.

SADDAM H. FADHIL, ALI F. ALMEHEMDI--- KHALID F.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study was performed at Al-Ramadi City. It was aimed to investigate the effect of some heavy metals which release from diesel generator exhausts on workers health by measuring the concentrations of heavy metals (Cadmium, Lead, and Zinc), and their effects on blood variables and lipids profile in serum. The study included two groups: the first control group consisted of 25 normal male (non workers), and the second generator exposed workers consisted of 40 male (generator workers). Blood samples were collected from each two groups where each sample was divided in two parts, the first part tested variables while estimated blood concentrations of heavy metals and lipids profile. Data were treated statistically using Genstat program, and the averages of the studied values were compared by least significant difference (LSD) at the P? 0.05 level of probability. The results showed that the impact of exposure workers diesel generators for vapors emitted from generator exhausts (generators factor) have significantly affected in some blood variables under study. The concentrations of heavy metals recorded are significantly increased compared with the controlled group at probability of P? 0.05, which have significant effect on other variables under study.

STUDY OF WEAR RESISTANCE AND HARDNESS PROPERTY FOR POLYMERIC BLENDS

FAIK H. ANTER --- AHMED H. MAHMOOD

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This work includes preparation binary and ternary polymeric blends by Hand lay-up molding from Epoxy resin, Unsaturated polyester and polyvinyl chloride ( PVC) with different weight ratios. The wear resistance (which includes change in applied load and hardness (shore)) were study before and after immersion in (HCL) solution with (0.3) normality. The experimental results show that the wear rate was increased with increasing applied load and immersion time. Also the results show that shore hardness was decreased after immersion in (HCL) solution.

FABRICAT & STUDY CU0.5IN0.5S2 THIN FILMS COMPOSITE PREPARED BYPYLORYSIS SPRAY METHOD.

ASMIET RAMIZY , ISSAM M.IBRAHIM , ADEAL S. MAT

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Thin film of Cu0.5In0.5S2 has been prepared by spray pyrolysis on different substrate of silicon and glass slides (25mm ×25mm) substrate at temperature (Ts) of 300 ±10oC . The thickness of thin films is 500 ±20nm. The morphology of the prepared film showed asmooth formationwith small grain sizes overall the entire surface.This indicates that the formation of crystalline compounds. The optical characteristics of thin film have been investigated by UV-VIS spectrophotometer in the wavelength range (300 -1000nm ) . The film has a direct allows electronic transition with the optical energy gap ( Eg ) of 2.9 eV . The broadening of the band gap energy occurs with the decrease in the crystallite size. The papered film revealed a good light trapping of wide wavelength spectrum. This means the film is promising in optoelectronic applications. The electrical properties were investigated using Hall measurements techniques; the result provides an evidence of p-type

THE EFFECT OF SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURES ON THE STRUCTURAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES FOR (CDS) THIN FILMS

KALIMAT A. JASIM, OTHMAN S. IBRAHEEM --- JASIM M.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In this research work optical and structural properties for (CdS) thin films werestudied .The (CdS) thin films were prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis with different substrate temperatures (250,300,350,400) C0 . Such a film was deposited on glass slides substrate of (350) nm thickness . The absorption coefficient was found to be greater than (104)cm-1 for all films and hence allowed for electrons transation . The value of the energy gap for (CdS) thin films prepared by the previous mentioned substrate temperatures became (2.3, 2.45, 2.55, 2.6) eV, respectively.The absorption coefficient ,transmittance ,refractive index and extinction coefficient) found to be dependent on the substrate temperatures . The structure of the (CdS) thin films have been diagnosed by the use of X-ray diffraction (XRD) . This technology was applied to the poly crystalline and Hexagonal structure . The results of the X-ray diffraction showed that grain-size increases with substrate temperature increasing.

STUDY OF SOME SURFACE DEFECTS FOR SINGLE CRYSTAL SILICON WAFER

SARYA D. MOHAMED , ARREJ R.SAEED--- HATEM A. TAH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The single crystal of semiconductor no longer be perfect, but contains some defect in the structure and surface of twining, lineage structure, grain boundaries. Search included the adoption of technical betting that chemical and microscopic tests to determine defects on the surface of silicon wafer for the planes (111), (110) after the transactions mechanical and fluids through showing my favorites.Use this search chromium oxide solution in acid to show lineage structure on single silicon wafer with the planes (111), (110) showed microscopic examinations on the bodies of the geometric form of a matrix triangles in a row, a row matrix of rectangles in one direction and running. Shows the lineage structure by the movement of dislocations leading to the displacement of the crystal lattice toward Berger vector. Has been the adoption of CP-4 solution in a show on the twin single silicon chip with the levels (111), (110). Where tests showed microscopic differences in the reflectivity of light to the surface because of the difference in per vector for the same crystal plane, and classify the types of forms to surface twinning and contact twinning so as to form a two-way symmetrical in the same plane. While the CP-4 solution genitive copper ions show polycrystalline silicon crystals on the surface, where tests show the implications of different optical microscopy and multiple segments of the crystal.

FABRICATION AND STUDY CHARACTERISTICS OF CDO/SI HETEROJUNCTIONDETECTOR BY CBD TECHNIQUE

ABDUL-MAJEED E. AL-SAMAR , SABRE J.MOHMED --- H

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In this work CdO/Si heterojunction detector were fabricated by depositing CdO thin film on p-type single crystal silicon wafers by chemical bath deposition technique(CBD) . The effect of cadmium ion concentration on the structural properties of deposited film and optoelectronic characteristics of fabricated detector has been considered in this work . From the x-ray diffraction result, it is shown that the CdO film has a single crystalline in cubic structure with preferential orientation along the (311) crystal plane. The -voltage characteristics under dark result, it is shown that ideality factor of heterojunction has higher value(n?1).From current-voltage characteristics under illuminations result, it is shown that photocurrent increase with increasing cadmium ion concentration in solution. The capacitance–voltage characteristic shows a typical abrupt heterojunction. The optoelectronic characteristics shows the CdO/Si detector has good spectral responsivity in visible and NIR with higher peak responsivity at 900 nm were found 0.38 A/W.

ENHANCING TRANSPOSITION CIPHER METHODS USING DNA ENCRYPTION ت

YASEEN H. ASNAEEL --- NAJLA B. IBRAHEAM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Recent studies have shown the Deoxyribo nucleic acid (DNA) have several important features including the indiscriminate nature of the sequence of nitrogenous bases consisting the acid and large storage capability of the information that led to its adoption in the field of encryption where the appearance of a new branch which is encryption of DNA . The research aims to use the concept of DNA encryption to improve and increase the security of transposition cipher methods

HISTOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF THE PARASITE Trichomonas vaginalis ON SOME ORGANS OF THE WHITE SWISS MICE STRAIN BALB/C

AYSIR S. MOHAMMAD , ABDULLAH H.ABDULLAH--- TAWFE

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study showed that the effect of experimental Trichomonasis caused histological change to some of organs under investigation (prostate and testes and penis) in albino rats .In our study, albino rats were divided into three groups [Group I (Single infected within Albritton –Intrapereationial by use the concentration 106), group II (Single infected under the skin – Subcutaneous by use 106 as concentration for the infected solution ),and group III (double infected for Intrapereationial and Subcutaneous by use 106 as concentration for the infected solution)].The result showed that the prostate and penis more effect by the infection than testes , In which the histological changes were appears as congestion , necrosis , vaculation , infiltration of inflammatory cells and deposition of fibrin in some locations in addition to an increase in these changes bleeding with tearing of the tissue of a member of the penis while shown testes less impact of these changes was to happen necrosis with vaculation and fibrin deposition in some locations tissue.

Morphological Study of the Centaurium pulchelum and C.erythraea (Gentianaceae) in Kurdistan region of Iraq

Jawhar Fatah Saeed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In this study a survey for the species of Centaurium Hill (Gentianaceae) in Kurdistan of Iraq was presented along with survey and identification of samples preserved in some Iraqi herbaria Several scientific excursions were made to different regions in Kurdistan, and a comparative study was conducted on the vegetative and reproductive parts. These have been reinforced by graphs and figuers. The present study dealt with the ecology and geographical distribution, and a map was designed for this purpose.The present study specified the real number of the Centaurium Hill species within the studied area by two species as follow: Centaurium erythraea Rafn (which was found as C. erythraea subsp. turcicum (Velen.) Meldris & C. pulchellum (Swartz) Druce .

Study the Levels of oxidative stressin Normal Pregnant Women in Ramadi City

BakaaHaziemEsmaeel

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The present study aimed at examining the levels of antioxidants in pregnant women (in their 3rd trimester) in Ramadi city. It included collecting blood samples after a 12 hours fasting period from 25 pregnant women in week 36 of their pregnancy at Ramadi Hospital for Maternity and Childhood for the period extending from the 1st of December, 2010 to the 1st of May, 2011. The levels of Malondialdehyde (MDA), Glutathione (GSH), Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) and Vitamins A and C were measured.Results have shown a significant increase in the levels of Malondialdehyde (MDA) and Body mass index (BMI), which were 3.376(µmol/l)and 29.504(Kg/m2), respectively in the experiment group in comparison with the control group which were 1.795(µmol/l) and 24.68(Kg/m2), respectively. Superoxide Dismutase (SOD) show significant decrease 0.013 in the experiment group in comparison with the control group which was 0.082. Nonenzymic antioxidants namely; Glutathione and vitamins A and C, on the other hand, revealed a significant decrease, 3.616(µmol ), 0.361(mg/l) and 0.457(mg/l), respectively in the experiment group in comparison with the control group, which were 10.591(µmol), 0.668(mg/l) and 1.283(mg/l), respectively

COMPARISON THE INHIBITORY EFFECTIVENESS OFSalvia officinalisEXTRACTS AND CHLORHEXIDINE MOUTH WASHER ON SOME BACTERIAL GENUS OF MOUTH

ZINA H. SHEHAB --- DHIFAF M. SALEH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This research aimed to study the effect of the methanolic , water & oil extracts of sage (Salvia officinalis) examined against species of pathogenic bacteria isolated from mouth( Streptococcus mutans ,Strep. gas, Strep. feacalis,Staphylococcusaureus, Escherichia coli , Klebsiella sp. & Pseudomonas sp.) using agar –well diffusion method and compared the results of herbal extracts with the chemical mouth washer Chlorhexidine .the results showed that the gram positive bacteria was more sensitive than gram negative bacteria and the pure oil of sage had the the high inhibitory effect on bacteria more than inhibitory effectiveness of mouth washer and methanolic extracts , while the water sage extracts did not effective against any species of bacteria

Treatment of CandidaalbicansBiofilms – Associated with Dry Socket orDenture Stomatitis by PropolisPaste

Sara I. Hajwal , Ibrahim H AL-Fahdawi --- Abbas O.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Degradation of oral health is often assumed to progress with aging. However, significantly higher total counts and greater varieties of Candida species can be detected in wearers of removable dentures compared with nondenture wearers.Poorly fitting or unhygienic dentures leads to the presence of yeast like fungi (Candidaalbicans ) attached to it, and cause inflammation. Although candidiasis is highly resistant to antifungal agents, systemic drugs usage are necessary. But the systemic use of these drugs can cause side effects like liver toxicity, drug interactions etc.Usingpropolseasantifungal by localapplication, found that it suppresses the Candida associated dry socket and denture stomatitis. The Propolispast was used in the following manner. It was applied to the fitting surface of denture, twice a day for 2 weeks. The Propolisputty was putted in dry socket after complete removal of inflammatory tissuesfrom it.The results showed pain, redness area and inflammation related stomatitis were disappear gradually after 48 hours until 2 weeks that the denture stomatitis is healing by using a Propolispast.Propolisputty treat the fungal inflammation of dry socket that gradual decreases of the pain and inflammation.After the treatment, all patientswith denture stomatitis were subjected to examination of the palatal mucosa and socket and quantitative culture of Candida from the palatal mucosa and denture fitting surface and diagnosed by three method :Germ tube.GramStain.andChromAgar media

Production of Lettuce Edible Vaccine for Cholera Disease Using Chloroplast Genetic Engineering.

Ahmed A. Suleiman . Abdulwahid B. Al-Shaibani--- K

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Lettuce is one of the most important edible plant worldwide. At the timethat lettuce isthe candidate plant to carry the foreign vaccine gene forhuman. The B subunits of toxin of Vibrio cholerae(CTB) are candidatevaccine antigens. This research was conduct to express CTB gene in lettucechloroplast. Genesrequired in this study were obtained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)technique using specific forward and reverse primers, and these genes wereCTB, BADH, prrnpromoter and many other regulatory genes. Some ofthese genes were isolated from their hosts and some were obtained fromprevious work available at Daniell laboratory. All these genes beside manytechniques for ligation, extension, sequencing, orientation confirmationwere used to construct the cassette vector pLS-BADH-LS-CTB whichcarries the gene of interest. In this work the CTB gene with BADH genewere transferred to the chloroplast of lettuce plant and selection oftransgenic plant was performed on the MS medium containing BA andNaCl without any antibiotic selectable marker. Integration of an unmodifiedCTB-coding sequence into chloroplast genomes (up to 1000 copies per cell)resulted in the accumulation of up to 6.2% of total soluble lettuce leavesprotein as functional oligomers (620-fold higher expression levels than thatof the unmodified CTB gene expressed via the nuclear genome). PCR andSouthern blot analyses confirmed stable integration of the CTB gene andBADH gene into the chloroplast genome in addition to the integration in theright orientation and in specific region between trnaI rnA.Western blotanalysis showed that the chloroplast synthesized CTB assembled intooligomers and were antigenically identical with purified native CTB

STUDY THE EFFECT OF SOME NITROGEN SOURCE AND TWO ELEMENTS CADMIUM AND LEAD ON SOME MORPHOLOGICAL AND PRODUCTIVITY FEATURES OF WHEAT TriticumaestivumVar.Ipa 99

SAADY S. KHAMIS --- ENAS F. NAJI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The research carried out as a laboratory experiment in the laboratories of Biology Department / College of Science / University of Anbar during the winter season 2010 – 2011 by using pots contained 9Kg of sand washed with distilled water for several times to ensure it is free of all nutrient elements and the heavy metal. The aim of this experiment is to study the impact of environmental pollution by two elements (cadmium , lead) and it's interaction with four sources of nitrogen nutrients on some morphological and productivity features of wheat ( Triticumaestivum Var. Ipa 99) and to study the impact of these nitrogenous sources on accumulation of those heavy metals in different plant parts (Roots , Shoots , Grains) The experiment was designed as Completely Randomized Block Design , factorial experiment with three replications , included a study of three factors :The first factor, Type of the heavy metal (cadmium , lead) The second factor, Concentration of heavy metals, The third factor , Type of the nitrogenous source [ Nitrate Ca(NO3)2 , Ammonium (NH4)2SO4 , Ammonium nitrate NH4NO3 , Urea CO(NH2)2]. The plants The plants had been irrigated with Hougland complete nutrient solution for the four nitrogenous sources without adding the heavy metals and 14 days later different concentration of cadmium and lead were added to the nutrient solutions above . During plant growth were calculated leaf area , before the harvest , plant height measures had been taken , after harvest calculated the dry weight for the roots and weight of 100 grain of plant yield. Statically analysis was performed to find out the differences at probability level( P? 0.05) between the different nitrogenous sources and type , concentration of the heavy metals . The result showed : ammonium source have the higher value of leaf area , plant height , nitrate source have the higher value of dry weight of 100 grain , ammonium nitrate source have the higher value of dry weight of root . the heavy metals negatively effected on all studied features , cadmium more effected on plant height , root dry weight , 100 grain weight , while lead more effected on leaf area

STUDY OF PHENOTYPIC AND GENOTYPIC PATTERNS OF Escherichia coli ISOLATED FROM EUPHRATES RIVER IN RAMADI CITY

AHMED M. TURKEY

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The present study was preformed in period between October 2011 to July 2012, isolated were isolated from Euphrates river in Ramadi city . samples were cultured on several culture media microscopical, cultural, biochemical,serotypical (by use of serotype Diagnosis kit of bacteria ) and genotypical (eae , stx , bfp ) diagnosis of bacteria were done . The results showed that 278 from Euphrates samples were E.Coli ( 68.137 %) also the results indicated that (28) isolates belong to EPEC and the dominant serotype were type1 multisampling equivalent. with ratio of (39.28%) followed by the multi-samples equivalent type4 (25%) and the multisampling equivalent type2 and type2 with a ratio of (17.85%) for each one .In addition the mono sample equivalent serotype ratio was O55 ( 21.42%) followed by 0142 with a ratio of (14.28%). Then , the sample typing 088 and 0126 come with a ratio of (10.7 %) . All serotype patterns were tested to check the content of virulence determinant and the results showed that 19 isolates contained the gene eae ratio( 67.85%) ,when as there is no any isolates contained bfp , stx genes EPEC bacteria also disinfected to typical EPEC and Atypical EPEC , where the typical EPEC were found in 28 isolates and Atypical EPEC identified in 19 isolates with the ratio (67.85%)

Comparison between Recombinant Immunoblot assay 3rd generation and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for detection hepatitis C virus .

Hanaa Naji Abdullah , Khalid J. Khaleel --- Moha

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This study was carried out to compare between recombinant immunoblot assay 3rd generation and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay for identify hepatitis C virus. Seventy six Iraqi patients undergo hepatitis C were involved in this study. The study was carried out from July 2010 to April 2011 were followed up in public health center- Baghdad. These patients included 54 males and 22 females as well as their ages ranged between (8-68) year with a mean age of 47.1±13.79, besides, the majority of patients are at the age between 31-60 year (54 %), while children elicit less frequency of infection (2 %). Additionally the ratio between male to female was 2.45:1. There are two methods which are used for HCV diagnosis. The first method by using ELISA technique for detection of anti HCV antibody. 61 out of 76 sera samples of hepatitis patients (i.e. 80.2%) were found to be positive for this test. Another advanced method such as recombinant immunoblot assay 3rd generation (RIBA) has been applied, all these specimens gave positive results (100 %) with significant difference was noticed between them (P<0.05), therefore the current results confirm that a RIBA 3rd generation is more sensitive manner to detect hepatitis C virus than ELISA.

Improvement of Lactuca sativa slat Tolerance by Plastid Transformation with BADH Gene

Ahmed A. Suleiman, Kadhim M. Ibrahim --- Abdulwahi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Salinity is one of the major factors that limits geographical distribution of plants and adversely affects crop productivity and quality.Here high-level expression of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) was reported in cultured explantsof lettuce via plastid genetic engineering. Lettuce (Lactucasativa) plant was primarilyexperimented for tolerance of betaine aldehyde (BA) and soudium chloride(NaCl) by tissue culture technique and it was found that the wild typelettuce tolerated 10 and 75 mM from each substance respectively. Genesrequired in this study were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)technique using specific forward and reverse primers, and these genes wereBADH, prrn promoter and many other regulatory genes. Some ofthese genes were isolated from their hosts and some were obtained fromprevious work available at Daniell laboratory. All these genes beside manytechniques for ligation, extension, sequencing, orientation confirmationwere used to construct the cassette vector pLS-BADH-LS whichcarries the gene of interest. Homoplasmic transgenic plants exhibiting high levels of salt tolerance were regenerated from bombarded cell cultures via somatic embryogenesis. Transgenic lettuce plants expressing BADH grew in the presence of high concentrations of NaCl (up to 150mM), the highest level of salt tolerance reported so far among genetically modified lettuce, and the tolerance to betaine aldehyde was 30 mM.

THE EFFECT OF MAGNETICALLY TREATED WATER ON THE TOTAL PROTEINS AND SOME ENZYMES IN THE LIVER OF THE CYPRINUS CARPIO FISH

ABID A. THAKER , MOHAMMEDQ. ALANI , -- FEHAM J. M

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Fish Cyprinus carpio were exposed to magnetized water for 8 days. Magnetic intensities of 750,1500 and 3000 gauss were used to magnetize water. The activities of enzymes alkaline phosphatase , acid phosphatase, ALT and AST were estimated in the liver of fish . Activities of all enzymes increased in the liver of exposed animals to magnetized water .

Molecular genetic study of Pseudomonas aeruginosa DNA repair system

Waleed Khalid Mohammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Bacteria Pseudomonas aurginosa, E coli and Stapthylococcus aureus were exposure to different doses of ultraviolet radiation and survival curves drawn for each type, the results show that the bacteria Pseudomonas aurginosa more resistant by UV radiation than Ecoli and Stapthylococcus aureus bacteria. The bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa was irradiated with different doses of U.V light via wave length( 254 nm ) for different periods ( 50 , 100 , 150 , and 200 sec ) .It appear that part of irradiated bacterial culture was exposed to sun light and the other part was kept in the dark . The survivors of the cells exposed to the sun light was more than the dark and this ensure possessing the bacterium photoreactivating repair system investigate the excision repair system, the minimal inhibitory concentration ( MIC) of caffeine against bacteria was studied by exposing the bacterium to different concentrations of caffeine (10 , 15 , 20 and 25 mg/ml ) and the MIC was 20 mg/ml , Furthermore the bacterium was exposed to different times of U.V. light in the presence of caffeine and the studying ensure that the survivors of the cells in the medium with caffeine was less than the medium with absence of caffeine and this leads to possess the bacterium excision repair system. To detect the recombination repair system , the bacterium was exposed to the concentrations( 0.1 ,0.2 , 0.3 , 0.4 ?g / ml) of acrivlavine and the MIC was 0.3 ?g / ml , then the bacterium was exposed to different times of U.V. light in the presence of acrivlavine . The survivors of the cells in the medium with acrivlavine was less compared with the absence of acrivlavine. It would seem that possessing bacterium recombination repair system . sensitivity test of the bacterium against antibiotics was established and the results appeare that it was to the antibiotics Chloramphenicol, Carpencillin, Trimethoprim, Rifampicin The diameters of inhibition were (16,20,17,18) mm respectively and resistant to the antibiotics Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Clindomycin, Cloxacillin , Nalidixic acid , Cephaloxin , Tetracyclin and Tobromycin. To study SOS repair system the bacterium was mutated with direct mutagens represented with nitrous acid and indirect mutagens represented with U.V. light to isolate Rifampicin and Chloramphenicol mutants. It is quite likely that the sensitivity of bacterium for mutagenesis then possessing SOS repair system .

Detection ofH.pyloricagAgene in patients with gastroduodenal disease

Mohammad. J. Mohammed -- Essam M. Abdullah

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Helicobacter pylori infection is common in the developing countries. The cagAgene is a marker of pathogenicity island (PAI) in H. pylori. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cagAamong gastroduodenal disease (peptic ulcer and non-ulcer dyspepsia) in patients of Ramadi-city. A total of 81 gastric biopsy samples, gastric ulcer 10 (12.30% ) ,duodenal ulcer 18 (22.20% ) and non-ulcer dyspepsia 53 (65.40% ) by endoscopic examination . cagAgene of H. pylori was assessed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The cagAgene was detected by PCR technique in 3 from 10 biopsy specimens culture positive, urease test was showed 7(8.64%) patients, 2(2.5%) patients and 48(59.26%)patients after (2 hr, 6hr and 20 hr) respectively, ELISA positive result was showed 12(14.8%) patients.Urease test is easy test , inexpensive and can be use in endoscopy unit, but non-specific, culture is gold stander for detection of H.pylori, ELISA technique use for detection of anti-H.pyloriIgG , ELISA technique widly used for epidemiology studies. PCR assay used for detection of cagA gene.Using PCR to detect cagAgene from culture colony.The potential advantages of PCR include high specificity, quick results and the ability to type bacteria without the requirement for special transport conditions.

STUDY OF INTESTINAL PARASITES AND ITS EFFECTS ON SOME BLOOD COMPONENTS LEVELS IN RAMADI CITY

EMAN M. KHALIL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This study was conducted concerning the intestinal protozoa and their effect on the peripheral blood content in ( 194) stool and blood sample ( 113) sample from persons infected with intestinal parasites and ( 81) sample from non infected persons Routine microscopic examination for stool samples was done using normal saline to detect the range of distribution of intestinal protozoan s and the relation of the infection with patients age and sex .The results of the present investigation revealed the occurrence of four intestinal protozoan's in the following percentage of incidence for patients Entamoebahistolytica ( 51.3 % ) . Giardia lambelia ( 29,2%) . Enterobiusvermiclaris ( 11.9%) and Hymenolepis nana ( 7.96%) and all the infections were single the percentage of males infection was higher than that of females infection ( 58.62%) , 55.5% ) with Entamoebahistolytica . Hymenolepis nana respectively . while the percentage of female infection was higher than that of male ( 61.53%, 51.5% ) with Enterobiusvermicularis . Giardia lambelia respectively .The prevalence rate of infection among the first 10 years age was higher than other groups of age . The percentage of infection ( 51.72% ) ,(80.55), ( 69.25%) and ( 77.77%) for the parasites Entamoebahistolytica giardia lambeliaEnterobiusvermicularis and Hymenolepis nana respectively Statistical analysis by F test and LSD for blood testing ( Hb , RBC count WBC count and total count esmophiles the result appear decrease in the percentage of HB and WBC in the infected groups and significant effect of sex on the rate of HB in infected groups with Entamoebahistolytica and Hymenolepis nana ( P<0.05)The result appear decrease in the rates of RBC count and significant effects were noted in the rate of Esinophiles count in infected groups with Hymenolepis nana and Enterobiusvermicularis

Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of new leucine acid derivative with their metal complexes.

Muhammed.A.Awaad , Abdul Sattar Z.Khalaf--- Basi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

A new ligand N-[(acetyl amino)-thioxo methyl]leucine(ATL) are synthesized by reaction of acetyl-isothio cyanate with leucine acid. The ligand is characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and NMR spectra, some transition metal complex of this ligand were prepared and characterized by FT-IR, UV-visible spectra, conductively measurements, magnatic suscpility, atomic absorption and determination of molar ration(M:L). from results obtained, the following formaula [M(ATL)2] where M+2 =(Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Hg) and the proposed molecular structure for these complexes as tetrahedral geometry.

THE EFFECT OF BLOOD GROUP ABO SYSTEM ON HEMOGLOBIN CONCENTRATION IN VARIOUS STAGES OF AGE AND SEX.

SU’ADOD OSAMA AL-KHATEEB--- OMER KAHTAN YASEEN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study included 300 blood samples collected during the period between Jan. , 2007 to May 15 , 2008 in order to study blood anemia resulted from certain factors in Heet , Ramadi and Fuloja . Hb measure is used to indicate anemia .Results indicated significant difference in having anemia especially in men in various ages . High anemia was observed ages between 20 and 30 years. As compared to the lower ages less than 20 and above than 30 . For women , the highest anemia was recorded at ages 18 up to 40 years as compared to young old ages . High percentage of anemia was recorded in women rather than men and had increased in pregnant women than non-pregnant and in married than in single women. High anemia was found for blood type O as compared to other, and significant differences as compared to AB , A and B whereas no significant differences between A and B and still less in AB .

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Oxazolidinones Via Schiff Base Reactions

Obaid H.Abid --- Aws K. Mohamed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

A number of new novel 2,3-disubstituted-1,3-oxazolidine-5-one derivatives were synthesized by the reaction of Schiff‘s bases with chloroacetic acid in dry banzene with high yields. Schiff bases were synthesized by the reaction of heteroaromatic aldehydes or ketones with primary heterocyclic amines. The products were identified by their melting points and spectral features ( FT-IR and UV-Vis-spectra and 1HNMR spectra )

ROLEEscherichia coliPLASMIDSHALOTOLERANCE TO RESISTANT OF ANTIBIOTICS

ANWAR Y. ZAAEN , SAFA K. AMIN-- LEITH M. NAJEEB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study included the neutralization of bacterial plasmids E.coli and the role plasmids bacteria in response to some antibiotics . Growth of bacteria was carried out in different temperatures (40-60)0c and for different time periods (5-30) minutes to reach the 93% rate of killing and deportation in Agaros Gel Electrophoresis was detected over the losses of bacteria E.coli for plasmids compard with the original isolation .Tthe sensitivity of the bacteria was tested by discks method to antibiotics for the isolates curing compard with the original isolation . the rasults showed variation in the response of isolates to antibiotics curringcomparde with the original isolates as an antibiotic Erythromycin which become sensitive isolates by the largest rate of 31.00 mm of isolation 65 the curringwhile 0.00 mm for original isolate, and these curring isolates have retained their resistance to sodium chloride NaCl.

Synthesis of some New 1,2,4-Triazole derivatives

Ibtehal Kahtan Abdullah

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In the present work, compound 3-arylidene amino-5-methyl-1,2,4-triazole (IIIa-c), required as starting material obtained in one-pot reaction by condensing 5-methyl-3-amino-1,2,4-triazole with different aromatic aldehydes. The required 5-methyl-3-amino-1,2,4-triazole was prepared from treatment of acetyl urea (I) with hydrazine hydrate, the compounds (IIIa-c) were converted to the corresponding [3-[5-methyl-1,2,4-triazol-2-yl]-2-arylthiazolidine-4-one (Va1-a3) and imidazoleine-4-one (Vb1-b3) by reacted it with thioglycolic acid and Glycine in absolute ethanol. The compounds (IIa-c) were converted also to 2-methyl-5-arylamino-5,6,-dihydroimidozo[2,1-b]-1,2,4-triazole (VIIIa-VIIIc) reacted with TCA then with aniline derivatives. The linear pathway strategy of all these synthesized compounds can be summarized in scheme (1).

EFFECT OF MOISTER TENSION, MAGNESIUM AND SOIL TEXTURE ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERS OF CORN. (ZEA MAYS L .)

SAMIR S. KH. AL-RAWI, FAUZI M. ALI ABDULLAH A. Y

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

A Factorial experiment has been carried out in the Random Complete Branch Design (RCBD) with three replication. Plasticpots with a capacity of (8 kg ) of soil have been prepared and filled with dry soil that was sifted using 2 mm sifter. Fertilizers have been added to Corn (Zea mays L.) according to recommendation. Corn seed was sowing on the 15th jolly 2011. Irrigation processes were done depending on gravimetric method to maintain soil moisture with the limits of moisture tension extent that represent depletion rates of water ; 25%, 50% and 75% until 15102011. Some physiological characters (chlorophyll content a, chlorophyll content b, total chlorophyll content, carbohydrates content, protein content and proline content) were calculated during flowering stage. Below are the most important results.The increase in moisture depletion has significantly affected most of the studied physiological characteristics. The moisture depletion of 25% got excellence over that of 50% and 75%, the values were (3.124 mg.g-1, 2.593 mg. g-1, 5.693 mg. g-1, 7.438 g.100 g-1 and 8.016 g.100 g-1) , respectively, except the prolin content whose highest value of moisture consumption was 75% reaching to 3.492µg. g-1. Also, the addition of magnesium has a significant effect; the addition of 2.25 g. Plasticpot of magnesium got excellence over (0, 0.75, 1.50) g. Plasticpot, the values were (3.59 mg.g-1 , 2.85 mg.g-1, 6.36 mg.g-1, 6.7 g.100g-1, 8.21 g.100g-1), respectively, except prolin content whose highest value was when not adding magnesium 2.93 µg.g-1. Soil texture has significant effects; clay loam got excellence over the sandy loam. The values were (3.0 mg.g-1, 2.45 mg.g-1, 5.45 mg.g-1, 6.916 g.100g-1and 7.950 g.100g-1), respectively, except the prolin content whose highest value in the sandy loam was 3.185 µg .g-1.

Hypocholesterolemic effect of Cymbopogon citratus in Rabbits.

Wajeeh Y. AL-Ani

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The current study was designed to examine the effect of an aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus leaves on the level of total serum cholesterol for normal and hypercholesterolemic rabbits. The results showed that the treatment of rabbits with an aqueous extract of Cymbopogon citratus leaves in concentration of 100 mg / ml and therapeutic dose of 5 ml/ kg / day via oral administration and for ten days , reduced significantly (P ‹ 0.05) the total serum cholesterol ( TC) level in induced hypercholesterolemic rabbits ( group D ) from (501.67±28.81) mg/100ml to ( 441.59±29.78 ) mg/100ml ,While no significant reduction was observed in the level of total serum cholesterol for treated healthy( normal ) rabbits ( group B ) were about from ( 127. 33 ± 9.44 ) mg/100ml befor treated to(130.09±0.23 ) mg/100ml after treated with the aqueous extract for ten days.

Microwave-assisted Degradation of Polystyrene Induced by 8-hydroxy quinoline Nickel (II) complex.

Tariq A. Mendeel , Ahmad O. Farhan--- Hameed Kh. A

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The most serious problems encountered in polystyrene (PS) processing is due to a poisoning and pollution of environment because of the PS structure containing aromatic ring. This study suggests a clean and ecofriendly of (PS) degradation. To the PS film prepared [8-hydroxyquinoline nickel(II) complex added as inducing agent for degradation (PS) film exposed to the microwave radiation . A hand molding casting has been used for preparing specimens of the (PS) in percentages ( 0.0, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 % ) of the complex. The Degradation were carried out using commercial microwave oven at constant power of 400 W for all experiments. Specimens were exposed to microwave radiation with multiple time ( 0.0, 15, 30, 60 minute), A degradation were followed via of the decrease in molecular weights averages ( Mw-, Mn-) and the increase of absorbancy of the carbonyl index ICO and hydroxyl index IOH at the total time of 60 minutes with microwave radiation .

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF SODIUM CHLORIDE AND ZINC ON SOME MORPHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERS OF WHEAT PLANT Triticum aestivum L.

SAADI S. KHAMEES, SAEID A. FAIATH --- RAJAA F. HA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

An experiment was carried out in plastic pots of 4 Kg soil capacity in Al-Anbar university – College of Science – Department of Biology during Winter season of 2010 - 2011, to study the effect of different concentration of sodium chloride (0, 75, 150 )mM and zinc (0, 9, 18 ) ppm as sulfate (or chloride) on some morphological and physiological characteristic of wheat plant var Ipa 99. Factorial experiment implemented according to completely randomized Design with three replicates. The experiment results showed that the treatment of grains with different concentration of sodium chloride caused a decrease of all studied morphological characteristics (plant height, leaf area, no. of leaves/ plant, fresh and dry weight of shoot and root system of plant). The results of effect of sodium chloride on physiological characteristic showed a significant increase in carbohydrate content of the leaves with increasing of salt concentration, while the treatment of 75 mM gave non significant increase of chlorophyll content and significant decrease of chlorophyll content with 150 mM of sodium chloride compared with control.The treatment of the grains with 9 ppm of zinc caused significant increase of plant height and significant decrease with 18 ppm of zinc treatment compared with the control, also leaf area decrease significantly when zinc concentration increased, while 18 ppm gave highest average of plant leaves numbers 7.840 leaf/ plant compared with control that gave 7.587 leaf/plant. 9 ppm zinc concentration gave non significant increase of fresh and dry weight of shoot and root system with average of 9.365, 2.979, 15.77 and 2.13 gm/ plant respectively compared with control treatment. 18 ppm zinc concentration caused non significant decrease of fresh and dry weight average. 9 ppm zinc concentration gave non significant decrease of total chlorophyll content with the average of 2.499 mg/gm compared with control which gave 2.819 mg/gm, while 18 ppm caused significant increase in chlorophyll content. There is non significant decrease of carbohydrate content with increasing of zinc concentration.The effect of interference between sodium chloride and zinc showed significant increase of physiological and morphological characteristics in treatment of 75 mM NaCl and 9 ppm zinc except leaf area which decreased significantly.The conclusion of this study reveal that the soaking of wheat grains in zinc solution reduce the negative effect of sodium chloride on some morphological and physiological characteristis

Wave Propagation in Dielectric Slab Waveguide with two Different Cladding Materials.

Ahmad Hameed , Nabeil, I. Fawaz

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In this study the Ku ــband microwave with a frequencies of (12- 18) GHz propagation in dielectric materials InGaAsP( refractive index n1=3.39) with two different claddings, air(n2=1) and polyacrylate(n2=1.5) , was investigated. Using the cladding polyacrylate gives better results.The graphical and numerical results of the behavior of electromagnetic wave propagation along Z - direction in dielectric slab waveguide in the two cases of cladding were investigated with the aid of MATLAB program. The graphical and numerical results coincide. The modes of propagation have been analyzed and all parameters have been given. The values of different parameters as cutoff wave number, cutoff frequency, cutoff thickness , propagation constant, and transmission of electromagnetic wave have been calculated. The transmission of the microwave depends on the slab thickness and the frequencies applied and it has been found to varied from 75% to 100%. The reflection amplitude inside the slab is not effected when the angle of the incident wave is less than the critical angle, while it increased rapidly as the angle increased higher than the critical angle.

EFFECT OF IRRIGATION WATER SALINITY ON GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS WITHIN ARID REGIONS WEST OF IRAQI

ALI H. IBRAHIM , SAADA K. M.ALI--- ABDULKAREM A.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Two factorial experiments were conducted the first in the laboratory and the second in the green house according to complete randomized block design with three replicates, to study the effect of five levels of irrigation water varying in the electrical conductivity there are 1.4, 2.7, 4.1, 5.2 and 6.8 dS.m-1(W1, W2, W3, W4 and W5) respectively, on the germination and growth of three species of medicinal plants are coriander Coriandrum sativum L., cumin Nigella sativa L. and anise Pimpinella anisum L.(C, N and P) respectively, K+/Na+ ratio in plant tissue and salinity sensitivity rate index(Is) after three months from sowing plus to following soil salinity development as result to studied irrigation water used. The results showed highly significant differences were observed in germination degree, also the increasing in salinity of irrigation water was reduced the germination speed for all studied plant species, with superiority the anise and coriander in resistance to irrigation water salinity increasing in comparison with cumin which showed less salt tolerance. The results of greenhouse experiment showed same effected for irrigation water salinity on germination, also plants growth in the soil but with less degree on the studied species in comparison with laboratory experiment. W5 treatment showed the irrigation water salinity threshold for coriander associated with lower value for K+/Na+ ratio if we used this type of water to plants irrigation, with significant increasing in soil salinity.

Effect pH on Structural and Optical Properties of Nanostructure CdS Films Prepared by Chemical Bath Deposition Technique

Hani H. Ahmed , Faris S. Atallah--- Abdullah. S.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Nanostructures CdS films were prepared by chemical bath deposition technique on glass substrates, where the cadmium nitrate salt was used as a source of cadmium ions and thiourea (SC(NH2)2) as a source of sulphide ions(S-2). The deposition were carried out at different pH values. Structure of these films was characterized by X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscope (AFM). CdS films deposited have cubic(zinc blende) structure and the grain size of nanoclusters decreases with increasing pH value in solution. The optical properties study by transmission spectra and the films have highly transmittance in visible region of spectrum and reach to more than 86%. The CdS films have band gap increase from 2.42 to 2.58 eV with increasing pH value in solution .

EFFECT OF WATER SEED-EXTRACTS OF ALLIIUM PLANT (Allium sativum) & CELERY PLANT(Apium gravealens)IN THE ADULT HOUS FLY (Musca domestica L. )

IMTITHAL I. JALOOT

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The Study aimed to determine the impact of aqueous extract of plant bulbs of garlic seeds Allium sativum and scelery Apium gravealens measuring the biological effect on the adult house fly Musca domestica L. Different concentrations (1000, 2000, 3000ppm) of iequeous extract of both plants with time periods(6, 12, 24) hours in order to assess the likely impact of both at plants through insect exposure to aqueous extracts of nutrition Feeding method.The results showed that the rate of mortality of adult in aqueous extract of bulbs plant garlic is higher than in the extract of the seeds celery, reaching the highest percentage in plant extract of garlic 67.5 %, while the highest rate was in the plant celery 38.75% at 3000 ppm .The study showed that the adult mortality percentege at (24) hors period is higher compared with the period of (6 , 12) hours for both plants and all concentration .

SYNTHESIS AND IDENTIFICATION FOR SOME FERRIC COMPLEXES OF HYDROXAMIC ACID.

ISMAEEL KH. AL-KATEEB , SADAA A. ABDULLAH --- SAL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The aim of this research is to prepare and identification of the hydroxamic acid derivatives of diethyl succinate which are considered as selective ligands of the Iron (III) . The synthesis of hydroxamic acid derivatives was performed as described in the preparation of the complex of ferric ion( Fe3+) with hydroxamic acid compound and other compounds through the interaction of hydroxamic acid compound with ferric chloride FeCl3 in the presence of basic medium. Identification of the prepared compounds through determination of molecular weights and melting points as will as I.R and U.V spectroscopic absorption. .Also, determination stoichiometric ratio between the derivatives of hydroxamic acids compounds and ferric ion( Fe3+ ) by using the mole – ratio method showed that the ratio between metal and ligand is (1:3) (metal : ligand)

The Effect of Thermal Annealing on the Structural and Optical Properties of CdS Thin Films Deposited by Vacuum Evaporation Method

Faris S. Atallah

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

: Cadmium Sulphide (CdS) thin films were grown on glass substrates by the vacuum evaporation technique. The effect of thermal annealing on the structural and optical properties of the as deposited samples was analyzed. Structure of these films was characterized by X-ray diffraction . CdS films deposited have polycrystalline structure cubic(zinc blende) and hexagonal (demand) .The grain size increases with increasing annealing temperature. The optical properties of CdS films have highly transmittance in visible region of spectrum and reach to more than 84% . Band gap decreases from 2.55 to 2.33 eV with the increasing annealing temperature from 473K to 623 K.

Spectroscopic Study Of Light Curve And Physical Properties For SN2010jl

Adil N. Ayyash --- Zeyad A. Saleh

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Abstract:In this work, The physical properties were studies for ( supernova 2010jl) - which discovered on 2010 Nov. 3 - depending on (Oort Model ), optical spectrum curve and by applying special mathematical equations. The physical properties represented by explosion energy, initial velocity of ejecta, mass of ejecta, mass of 56Ni, distance from the earth, radius of ejecta, the momentum, expansion velocity and the age. Also, temperature of black body of SN2010jl during photospheric phase were calculated depending on data taken from optical spectrum curve and by applying special mathematical equation. The curve between temperature of black body and time in days were plotted, rang of temperature between (7300 °k – 9700 °k ) noticed.

EVALUATION THE LEVEL OF SEROTONIN AND THE ACTIVITY OF ACETYLCHOLINE ESTERASE IN SERA OF SOMEFEMALE WITH TYPE I DIABETES

AmmarG.Kuhait , Allahhalid W.Hammod-- Perry H. Sai

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This research included the study of the level of serotonin concentration and the activity of Acetylcholine esterase and their relationship with diabetes type I compared with healthy people (control group). Some other biological variations has been studied accompanying such as the concentration of glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL,LDL,VLDL in women with type I diabetes compared to healthy..Blood samples have been taken from to women with type I diabetes (IDDM) who are diagnosed by doctors, specialists, ages ranged between 17-37 years. Included in the study (60) model of the blood serum of women with type I diabetes as well as the control group, which included (40) model of the blood serum of healthy women.The study showed a significant increase in the activity of Acetylcholine esterase and the not significant increase in the level of serotonin in women with diabetes type I, as well as a significant increase in the level of concentration of glucose, HbA1C, cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL,VLDL with diabetes compared with control.It also examined the correlation between the level of serotonin andAcetylcholine esterase and Biological Variations of patients with diabetes type I and the control group it was found a positive coloration between the activity of Acetylcholine esterase and the value of the BMI and the level of glucose, HbA1C, the level of triglycerides,andVLDL. While there was anegativecoloration between the level of serotonin, BMI, blood pressure, HDL, and there was a positive coloration between the level of serotonin and the concentration of cholesterol, triglycerides andVLDL

Study the partial substitution of Tl and Ba on Structure and Electrical Properties of Bi2-xTlxSr2-yBayCa2Cu3O10+? High Temperature Superconductor

Nihad Ali Shafeek --- Mohhamed Hassan Derwish

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Polycrystalline samples of high temperature superconductivity of the type 2223, Bi2-xTlxSr2-yBayCa2Cu3O10+? have been prepared by using solid state reaction process. The influence of the substitution of Tl for Bi and Ba for Sr have been studed with different rates (x=0.1-0.4) and (y= 0.1-0.4) at variable sintering temperature, sinterinr time and annealing at 850?C for 24 h, at average heating 2?C/min. The best Tc value obtained for the compound is x=0.3,y=0.3 . The x-ray data of all superconductor samples showed a tetragonal structure with a high ratio of Bi-2223 superconducting phase and the resistivity measurements were done using the electrical resistively instruments.The substitution of Tl by Bi and Ba by Sr increases the grain size of the superconductingphase and the density of the pellets. Also give a best value of Tc =133 K respectively

SYNTHESIS DERIVATIVES 1(6)-MONO ESTER -D- DULCITOL AND STUDY THEIR USED CAPABILITY AS DETERGENTS AND EMULSIONS

NABEEL Y. JUMAA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This work includes synthesis of new ester compounds for D – dulcitol on the primary hydroxyl group ( C1 or C6 ) in the dulcitol molecule by the reaction of dulcitol with pure fatty acid esters as ( Methyl stearate , Methyl laurate , Methyl hexanoate , Methyl palmitate ) to obtain 1 (6) – Mono ester -D- dulcitol ( A – D ) respectively, and with crude oil ( tri glyceride ) as (Castor oil , Sun flower oil , Cotton oil , Olive oil , Flax seed oil , Corn oil ) to obtain mixture ester compounds 1 (6) –Mono ester –D- dulcitol ( E – J ) respectively. These compounds prepared by transesterification method in basic medium also detected the reaction flow of or by ( TLC ) technique and these compounds were characterized by ( FT – IR ) , (1H-NMR ) and elemental analysis (C.H.N.S) . Also this work includes studying some physical properties of the prepard ester compounds like foam test , surface tension to know their used capability as Detergents and emulsions. This study shows that the prepared compounds having good detergent and emulsion properties

Design Feed Forward Neural Network To Solve Boundary Value Problems

Luma. N. M. Tawfiq --- Muna. H. Ali

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The aim of this paper is to design fast feed forward neural network to present a method to solve second order boundary value problem for ordinary differential equations. That is to develop an algorithm which can speedup the solution times, reduce solver failures, and increase possibility of obtaining the globally optimal solution and we use several different training algorithms many of them having a very fast convergence rate for reasonable size networks.Finally, we illustrate the method by solving model problem and present comparison with solutions obtained using other different method .

EVALUATION STUDY OF WATER TREATMENT AT TAZA KHORMATO WATER ASSEMBLY

SAHIRA AHMAD MAHMOOD

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study offers a description for the water treatment at Taza water assembly .The study aimed to evaluate the water treatment through comparing the characteristics with WHO and the Iraqi drinking water standards and detection the changes wich occur in raw treated water characteristics throuough the seasons and compartion between them .The study show that Taza water assembly has good efficiency for turbidity removal but not with dissolved salt removals because there are no units for removal these materials.The increase in sulphate value was due to treatment with Aluminum sulphate as coagulant for turbidity. The results showed that some characteristics for raw water were within standard levels

INDUCED PHOTO-DEGRADATION OF POLYSTYRENE BY USING NICKEL (II) - COMPLEX (NI-BAP)

HAMEED. K. ALI --- SAMAR A. ABDULRAZAQ

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This study dealt with the photo degradation of polystyrene films after exposing them to light using Schiff's bases of nickel-complex, the films were made after mixing with the polymer solution at different weight percentages in the range (0.025%-0.4%) with thickness (60 ± 5) micron using chloroform. The specimens were irradiated for different times using the same light intensity (1.5x10-8 ein.dm3s-1) at wavelength (356nm) at 40?C. The photo degradation of the prepared films with and without additives were followed by FT.I.R technique for evaluating both ICO and IOH . U.V-vis was used to calculate the rate of degradation. The results indicated that the synthesized complex has induced the degradation which increases as the concentration of the additives increase which coincides the results of Kd increase which followed in presence and without of 0.05% of the added Nickel- complex by measuring of the number-average molecular weight and the degree of decomposition, the chain mean scission and the quantum yield. it was found that in the presence of the metal complex the decrement in the molecular weight M.W) increased and chain scission as well in parallel with other result

BIOCHEMICAL STUDY OF LIVER FUNCTION IN SERA OF PATIENTS WITH TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS AND HYPERTENSION .

HAMEED, R.R.; HAMEED , - N.E--- O.R.; THABIT ,---

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Cross-sectional study was carried out at 105 specimen of serum divided to (70) specimen for patients with type II diabetes mellitus (40) male and (30) female, and (35) specimen for healthy (18) male and (17) female individuals in order to study the effect of disease to the liver functions.The results showed that significantly elevated the activity of Enzymes, total protein and uric acid in sera of patients with type II diabetes mellitus as compared with healthy Individuals as control group. The effect of hypertension was also studies to the levels of liver function parameters of patients with diabetes mellitus. The results showed increased in the levels of GOT, GPT and decreased in the levels of GGT in sera of patients with hypertension and D.M. as compared with the patient of D.M. only, while the levels of albumin, total protein and uric acid were slightly elevated in sera of patients with hypertension and D.M. as compared with patient with D.M. only.

DETERMINATION THE CONCENTRATIONS OF SOME HEAVY METALS AND STUDYING THE BLOOD VARIABLES FOR THE DIESEL GENERATORS WORKERS BLOOD IN RAMADI CITY.

SADDAM H. FADHIL , ALI F. ALMEHEMDI--- KHALID F.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The study was performed at Al-Ramadi City. It was aimed to investigate the effect of some heavy metals which release from diesel generator exhausts on workers health by measuring the concentrations of heavy metals (Cadmium, Lead, and Zinc), and their effects on blood variables and lipids profile in serum. The study included two groups: the first control group consisted of 25 normal male (non workers), and the second generator exposed workers consisted of 40 male (generator workers). Blood samples were collected from each two groups where each sample was divided in two parts, the first part tested variables while estimated blood concentrations of heavy metals and lipids profile. Data were treated statistically using Genstat program, and the averages of the studied values were compared by least significant difference (LSD) at the P? 0.05 level of probability. The results showed that the impact of exposure workers diesel generators for vapors emitted from generator exhausts (generators factor) have significantly affected in some blood variables under study. The concentrations of heavy metals recorded are significantly increased compared with the controlled group at probability of P? 0.05, which have significant effect on other variables under study.

STUDY OF WEAR RESISTANCE AND HARDNESS PROPERTY FOR POLYMERIC BLENDS

FAIK H. ANTER --- AHMED H. MAHMOOD

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

This work includes preparation binary and ternary polymeric blends by Hand lay-up molding from Epoxy resin, Unsaturated polyester and polyvinyl chloride ( PVC) with different weight ratios. The wear resistance (which includes change in applied load and hardness (shore)) were study before and after immersion in (HCL) solution with (0.3) normality. The experimental results show that the wear rate was increased with increasing applied load and immersion time. Also the results show that shore hardness was decreased after immersion in (HCL) solution.

FABRICAT & STUDY CU0.5IN0.5S2 THIN FILMS COMPOSITE PREPARED BYPYLORYSIS SPRAY METHOD.

ASMIET RAMIZY , ISSAM M.IBRAHIM--- ADEAL S. MATO

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Thin film of Cu0.5In0.5S2 has been prepared by spray pyrolysis on different substrate of silicon and glass slides (25mm ×25mm) substrate at temperature (Ts) of 300 ±10oC . The thickness of thin films is 500 ±20nm. The morphology of the prepared film showed asmooth formationwith small grain sizes overall the entire surface.This indicates that the formation of crystalline compounds. The optical characteristics of thin film have been investigated by UV-VIS spectrophotometer in the wavelength range (300 -1000nm ) . The film has a direct allows electronic transition with the optical energy gap ( Eg ) of 2.9 eV . The broadening of the band gap energy occurs with the decrease in the crystallite size. The papered film revealed a good light trapping of wide wavelength spectrum. This means the film is promising in optoelectronic applications. The electrical properties were investigated using Hall measurements techniques; the result provides an evidence of p-type .

THE EFFECT OF SUBSTRATE TEMPERATURES ON THE STRUCTURAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES FOR (CDS) THIN FILMS

KALIMAT A. JASIM , OTHMAN S. IBRAHEEM--- JASIM M.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In this research work optical and structural properties for (CdS) thin films werestudied .The (CdS) thin films were prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis with different substrate temperatures (250,300,350,400) C0 . Such a film was deposited on glass slides substrate of (350) nm thickness . The absorption coefficient was found to be greater than (104)cm-1 for all films and hence allowed for electrons transation . The value of the energy gap for (CdS) thin films prepared by the previous mentioned substrate temperatures became (2.3, 2.45, 2.55, 2.6) eV, respectively.The absorption coefficient ,transmittance ,refractive index and extinction coefficient) found to be dependent on the substrate temperatures . The structure of the (CdS) thin films have been diagnosed by the use of X-ray diffraction (XRD) . This technology was applied to the poly crystalline and Hexagonal structure . The results of the X-ray diffraction showed that grain-size increases with substrate temperature increasing.

STUDY OF SOME SURFACE DEFECTS FOR SINGLE CRYSTAL SILICON WAFER

SARYA D. MOHAMED , ARREJ R.SAEED --- HATEM A. TA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

The single crystal of semiconductor no longer be perfect, but contains some defect in the structure and surface of twining, lineage structure, grain boundaries. Search included the adoption of technical betting that chemical and microscopic tests to determine defects on the surface of silicon wafer for the planes (111), (110) after the transactions mechanical and fluids through showing my favorites.Use this search chromium oxide solution in acid to show lineage structure on single silicon wafer with the planes (111), (110) showed microscopic examinations on the bodies of the geometric form of a matrix triangles in a row, a row matrix of rectangles in one direction and running. Shows the lineage structure by the movement of dislocations leading to the displacement of the crystal lattice toward Berger vector. Has been the adoption of CP-4 solution in a show on the twin single silicon chip with the levels (111), (110). Where tests showed microscopic differences in the reflectivity of light to the surface because of the difference in per vector for the same crystal plane, and classify the types of forms to surface twinning and contact twinning so as to form a two-way symmetrical in the same plane. While the CP-4 solution genitive copper ions show polycrystalline silicon crystals on the surface, where tests show the implications of different optical microscopy and multiple segments of the crystal.

FABRICATION AND STUDY CHARACTERISTICS OF CDO/SI HETEROJUNCTIONDETECTOR BY CBD TECHNIQUE

ABDUL-MAJEED E. AL-SAMAR , SABRE J.MOHMED --- H

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

In this work CdO/Si heterojunction detector were fabricated by depositing CdO thin film on p-type single crystal silicon wafers by chemical bath deposition technique(CBD) . The effect of cadmium ion concentration on the structural properties of deposited film and optoelectronic characteristics of fabricated detector has been considered in this work . From the x-ray diffraction result, it is shown that the CdO film has a single crystalline in cubic structure with preferential orientation along the (311) crystal plane. The -voltage characteristics under dark result, it is shown that ideality factor of heterojunction has higher value(n?1).From current-voltage characteristics under illuminations result, it is shown that photocurrent increase with increasing cadmium ion concentration in solution. The capacitance–voltage characteristic shows a typical abrupt heterojunction. The optoelectronic characteristics shows the CdO/Si detector has good spectral responsivity in visible and NIR with higher peak responsivity at 900 nm were found 0.38 A/W.

ENHANCING TRANSPOSITION CIPHER METHODS USING DNA ENCRYPTION ت

YASEEN H. ASNAEEL --- NAJLA B. IBRAHEAM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:7 issue:1

Recent studies have shown the Deoxyribo nucleic acid (DNA) have several important features including the indiscriminate nature of the sequence of nitrogenous bases consisting the acid and large storage capability of the information that led to its adoption in the field of encryption where the appearance of a new branch which is encryption of DNA . The research aims to use the concept of DNA encryption to improve and increase the security of transposition cipher methods .