2012, volume:6 issue:3


DETECTION UIDA AND UREA GENES OF ESCHERICHIA COLI AND KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIA ISOLATED FROM GALLSTONE , URINE STONE AND GASTROINTESTINAL CANAL BY POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (PCR)

AYAD MOHMUTHANA BADEEA FARHANAMED ALI , ALI SALIH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Bacterial isolated were collected from Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital from total samples 65 of gallstone , 42 of urine stone and 8 samples of stoole. Twenty six isolates of Escherichia coli were collected (12 from gallstones , 10 from urine stones and 4 from gastrointestinal canal) and 14 isolates of Klebsiella pneumonia (4 from gallstones , 6 from urine stones and 4 from gastrointestinal canal). The result showed all isolates of E. coli have uidA gene which are responsible for coding to production B-glucuronidase enzyme, but doesn,t have ureA gene which are responsible for coding to broduction urease enzyme . while it showed all isolates of K. pneumonia have ureA gene, but doesn,t have uidA gene

Diagnostic value of Anti-CCP antibodies compared with Rheumatoid factor in Rheumatoid arthritis patients.

Hanaa N. Abdullah* , Mohamed I. Nadi --- Khudhai

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Citrullinated proteins have been discovered in the joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis but not in other forms of joint disease. The citrullinated proteins in the joints correspond to the presence of the citrulline antibodies in the blood and suggest a possible role for these antibodies in the development of rheumatoid arthritis. The present study assessed the recent diagnostic value of anti-cyclic citrullinated antibodies (CCP) compared with rheumatoid factor (RF) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. One hundred blood samples were collected from RA patients and thirty from apparently healthy group. Sera from each subject were tested for anti- CCP and RF by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The majority of patients were females (84%), with a female: male ratio 5.2:1. The results indicated that anti-CCP postivity for RA patients was (69%) when compared with the healthy group (0.0%), which was highly significant in RA in comparison with control groups (P<0.001). The current study revealed that the sensitivity and specificity of Anti-CCP appeared the highest (69%) in comparison with low (47%) sensitivity for RF. Moreover, the specificity of Anti-CCP was very high (100%), while the specificity of RF was high (90%).

Antimicrobial activity of black seed oil & water extracts On multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeroginosa

Muna S. Al-Delaimi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is most common cause of nosocomial infections in burn centers. This opportunistic and multidrug resistant bacterium causes severe problems for hospitalized burn patients. Samples were collected from patients attending Burn& Plastic Surgery Hospital in Duhok / Iraq, between September 2011 and March 2012, for preliminary identification of P. aeroginosa using conventional methods, then confirmed with the use of BD -PhoenixTM Automated Microbiology System. Isolates were considered Multi Drug Resistant Pseudomonas aeroginosa (MDRPa) if they showed resistance to the three or more classes of antipseudomonal agents. Accordingly thirty isolates were found MDRPa. The pattern of resistance revealed that the highest resistance was for Gentamicin 96.7%, Cefepime 96.7%, Ceftazidime 90% and Aztreonam 83.3%,while lowest resistance was detected against Amikacin 36.7% and Colistin 3.3% .The results of disc diffusion assay demonstrated that antibacterial activities of black seed oil acetone extract at 1:1,1:10,1:25 concentrations were found effective against all tested MDRPa isolates, which were statistically significant (P < 0.05),while at highest dilution 1:75 . All MDRPa isolates showed lowest activity of oil extract . The antimicrobial effects of water extract showed lowest and poor activity against all tested bacteria.

RESPONSE OF SOME BREAD WHEAT GENOTYPES TRITICUM AESTIVUM L . TO SEED PRIMING BY MANGANESE

BAYDAA- A- ALALWANI --- SAIEED - A – FAIATH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Afield experiment was carried out in Education college for women AL-Anbar University during the winter season 2009 – 2010 . the objective was to study the response of three wheat genotypes ( Austuraly S.D.30 , Abu grab3 , Sham6 ) for priming by three concentration of Mn (0 , 5,10) ppm – Mn and its effects on Germination , Growth , chlorophyll a and b concentration . Genotype wheat seeds were soaked in water and in different concentration of Mn (0 , 5 , 10) ppm for 12 hours then dried back and storage in dark at small plastic pots in the incubator at 40 for week. Afield experiment was carrid out according to split / plot system with randomized complete block design (R.C.B.D) . A total of 27 treatment with three replication , the area of each experiment unite was (2 x 2.5) m2. seeds was sown in rows in ten rows for unit treatment.A statistical analysis was done for data and treatment means were compared by least significant different (L.S.D) at 0.05 significants level. The Abu Graib3 genotype was showed asignificant effect in speed germination and leaf area 91.66 % and 25.84 cm2 respectivlly .The Sham6 genotype showed asignificant effect in Spike wight and chlorophyll a 3.66 gm 2.05 mg / gm respectivlly The genotypes had no significant effect on Spike length , chlorophyll b and biological yield . The concentration of Mn-seed Priming had asignificant effect on some studies characters .the concentration 10 ppm-Mn was the superior in speed germination , leaf area, chlorophyll a and biological yield83.22 %, 28.51 cm2 , 2.40 ml / gm, 1222 kg / h respectivlly. The priming treatment was showed no significant effect of spike length , spike weight , chlorophyll b . The interaction effect of Abu graib3 genotype and concentration 10 ppm- Mn was superior in spreed germination 93.67 %.The interaction effect austuraly S.D.30 and concentration 10 ppm-Mn was showed asignificant effect in leaf area 29.18 cm2. There was asignificant interaction between Sham6 and concentration 10 ppm-mn on spike weight , chlorophyll a , chlorophyll b and biological yield 3.80gm, 2.50 ml/gm, 1.55 ml/gm, 1300 kg / h.There was no significant interaction between wheat genotype and seed priming concentration on spike length.

The in vivo effect of some medicinal plant extracts on Cryptosporidium parasite.

Abdulla H. Al-Jboori, Hiro M. Obiad --- Tawfiq I.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Cryptosporidium is known as a parasite of humans especially children of both those who are immunodeficient and immunocompetent. The effect of prolonged diarrhea and dehydration can be dangerous, especially for young and immunodeficient persons. This study was designed to find out the watery and alcoholic effect of some medicinal plant extracts against the parasite. No significant differences between the watery and alcoholic extracts of the three medicinal plant used (Corindrum sativum, Curcuma longa, Viscum album) were noted. All the plants were dose related, Curcuma longa had the highest effect on Cryptosporidium oocysts shedding in laboratory infected Balb/c mice. With rate of 100% on the 7th day of treatment at 750 mg/kg and on the 5th day at 1000mg/kg in the watery extracts. And a rate of 100% on the 4th day at 1000mg/kg in alcoholic extracts, followed by Viscum album with rate of 48, 54% on the 7th day at 750, 1000mg/kg respectively for watery extract and 73, 76% on the 7th day at 750, 1000mg/kg respectively for alcoholic extract. The Coriondrum sativum had the lowest effect at all concentrations used in both watery and alcoholic extracts. No significant differences were seen with folic acid and potassium chloride adding to the watery and alcoholic plant extracts. Except with the antibiotic (azithromycin) in which its activity was increased to 100% on the 4th day of treatment whereas its effect was only 68% without them

EFFECT OF SOME PLANTS EXTRACT ON SOME BACTERIAL ISOLATED CAUSING URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI)

Rajaa Fadeel Hamdii

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

This study was conducted at the Biology Department at college of science in Al-Anbar university according to complete randomize block design(C.R.B.D) to know the effect of cold water extract, hot water extract and alcoholic extract of the plants (Myrtus communis, Linum usitatissimum, Trigonella foenum, Zingiber officinal, Glycyrriza globra) with concentration (10, 25, 50) mg/ ml of each plant on four pathogenic bacteria (E. coli , Klebsella pneumoniae , Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis) which caused urinary tract infection being isolated from patients in Al-Ramadii hospital. The results showed that alcoholic and hot water extract are more suitable than cold water extracts for all study plant. The concentration 50 mg/ml supplies high inhibition for all plants compared with the other concentrations. The inhibition increased with increase of concentration. The alcoholic, cold and hot extracts for myrtus plant supplies the high inhibition for pathogenic bacteria used in the study, then the Glycyrriza glabra come at second step, and the other plants give different effects according to the extract type.

DETECTION OF SK GENE ENCODING STREPTOKINASE IN DIFFERENT PATHOGENIC BACTERIAL ISOLATES

HARITH K. BUNIYA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

The aim of this study is detection of present sk gene in the different pathogenic bacteria isolates. We collected 22 bacterial isolates from different patients, by ceasinolytic assay we checked the ability of these isolates to produced the streptokinase protein, 12 isolates given positive result in this assay. The plasmid DNA isolated from that strains and used as a template in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplified sk gene by using gene specific primers. From only two E. coli isolates we obtained the 1.3 kb DNA fragment and by agarose gel electrophoresis we determined the DNA fragments size compare with DNA Ladder.

Molecular characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolates Isolated from Clinical Patients by Using RAPD-PCR Technique.

Akeel H. AL-Assie , Wakas S. Al-Dori --- Adnan F

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

The aim of the present study was the molecular characterization and the evaluation of variability and genetic relationship of six Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates using PCR-based Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique. A total number of 86 samples were collected from patients that hospitalized in Tikrit Teaching Hospital in Tikrit city. These samples were taken from patients basing on the sources of infections, the isolates were taken from: wounds, ear, burns, urine, sputum, and eyes infections. Using enrichment, selective media, and biochemical tests, that characterized and identified as P. aeruginosa. Genomic DNA was extracted from six P. aeruginosa isolates isolated from these different sources. These genomic DNA samples were found to have a suitable concentration and purity for RAPD-PCR analysis. RAPD-PCR technique was performed using 15 different Operon random primers. Eleven primers gave successful amplification results in repeated experiments. As a result, the total number of amplified bands was 270 and the total number of polymorphic bands was 234. The highest number of polymorphic bands (39 bands) was produced by primer OPX-01. The primer efficiency ranged from 3.70 (primer OPA-11) to 14.44 (primer OPX-01) and the discriminatory value ranged from 1.70% (primer OPA-11) to 16.66% (primer OPX-01). In addition, genetic distance and cluster analysis among different P. aeruginosa isolates were estimated by using UPGMA computer program basing on RAPD-PCR banding patterns that obtained in this study. These results suggesting that possible and frequent occurrence of mutations in DNA sequencing P. aeruginosa bacteria from different sources and locations. This study has proved existence genetic differences (DNA polymorphism) among the six P. aeruginosa isolates isolated from different sources. Therefore, we can say that RAPD technique could be an efficient technique for studying the molecular characterization and the epidemiology of P. aeruginosa bacteria.

CLINICAL AND DIAGNOSTIC STUDIES OF TRICHOMONIASIS OF MENS PATIENTS WHOSE ATTENEDED PRIVATE CLINICAL OF GENITO-URINARY TRACT DISEASES AND RELATION WITH SOME INDECATORS

SHEHAB A. MOHAMMED

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

During the period of this study (January till Noveber/2009),110 samples of males in private Clinics for genito-urinary tract infections have examined in the private Labratories of Tikrit and Baiji . Researth has been carried out on the existence and diagnosis of trichomonasis parasite . It has been found that the infection rate by trichomoniasis was 13.6% using the microscopic examination of urine and seminar fluid. The rate of diagnosis was 4.5 % & 9.1 % respectively among the total number of infections . There were sigificant differences between the levels of immunoglobulins and the relation-ships of infections with many categories ( age , habitates , educational level , microscopic examination of the urine , colour of secretions and the rate of white blood cells . It was also shown that there were no significant differences for Hb concentration & P.C.V between the infected samples and those of the controle group ( 50 men,s ) .

Prostate Specific Antigen Levels Among Men With Prostate Cancer in Ramadi City

Jalil Ibrahim Salih , Yasin Taha Sarhan --- Ehab

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Prostate cancer is the most common non skin cancer in men. Screening for prostate cancer with prostate specific antigen (PSA) may help in decreasing morbidity and mortality of men.to assess the PSA level among Iraqi men in Al-Anbar governorate.Hundred and sixty two patients with prostate cancer as a study group and fifty apparently healthy subjects as a control group were included in this study from the period of 1st of June, 2007 to 1st of October, 2010. All the patients were well diagnosed clinically and by laboratory investigations by their physicians and they were on therapy. Blood samples were taken from both the study and control groups and tested for detection of PSA levels. All PSA measurements were performed in the laboratory using ELISA test. A significantly higher percentages of patients with prostate cancer had a PSA level of more than 4.0 ng/ml (79.6%) than those among apparently healthy subjects (16%)(p<0.05). Men from older age groups had higher percentage of PSA level of ? 4.0 ng/ml than in younger age groups. Men with older age group are more exposed to risk of prostate cancer and should be encouraged to participate in early detection studies to define personalized PSA screening that may diagnose prostate cancer at a curable point.

Studying the antiactivity for some types of polluted fungi of waters by essential oil extracted from garlic plant Allium sativum L.

Inaam, N. Ali , Khalid, F. Hassan --- Ganiya, A.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

In this study, essential oil of plant Allium sativum (garlic) which belongs, to the Liliaceae family was used at concentration 0, 1%, 5% and 10% to know their effect on the growth of fungi poisonous and polluted for waters Aspergillus flavus and Rhizopus oligosporium that isolated from Tigris river 2010. These species were purified and culturing in the laboratory for using in this study. Essential oil of garlic exhibited highly efficiency percent in the inhibition growth of the A. flavus at 100% in the concentration of 10% and growth of the same species at the same concentration was delayed to the fourth day from treatment. However, the growth of R. oligosporium was decrease by using these three concentrations of essential oil. These results were agreed with the results dry weight of fungi that measured decreasing in it with the increasing of concentration of oil at significant difference. To test the effect concentrations of oil on the growth of tested fungi by reading of optical density (OD) which showed that all the concentration caused significant difference (P<0.05( for two species fungi as compared with the control. Reading of OD was depending on the spores concentration in the broth culture, 5%, 10% of oil concentration were caused highly significant differences in the spores concentration as compared with the control. The results pointed on the complete inhibition of fungal growth by garlic in the sample of wastewater inoculated by tested essential oil as compared with the control group (57.33± 2.08) colony/ml.

A Study of Antibacterial Activity of Fatty Acids Extracted from Pseudomonas sp. LP1 by using Chromatography technique

Kutayba F. Dawood

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

A bacterium that was capable of metabolizing C1- compounds was isolated and identified in Moscow State Academy of Fine Chemical Technology (Russia), as Pseudomonas sp. LP1 based on detailed taxonomic studies. This organism is a new strain of obligate methylotrophic bacteria, which was cultured on the methanol-containing medium (1%) as its sole carbon source. This study included culture of Pseudomonas sp. LP1 in M9 modified medium. The lipids were extracted from biomass of bacteria by organic solvents where a mixture of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) was obtained. Antibacterial activity of total fatty acids was tested against some standard strains of both gram positive and gram negative bacteria by using wells in agar plates. Fatty acids mixture were found to have antibacterial effects. Thin-layer chromatography was used to tentatively identified the mixture components of fatty acids. A gas-liquid chromatographic system referred that Palmitic (16:0), Palmitoleic (16:1) and Oleic (18:1) acids were present.

ESTIMATION OF COMBINING ABILITY AND SOME GENETIC PARAMETERS FOR ZEA MAYS L. USING HALF DIALLEL CROSS UNDER EFFECT OF ORGANIC LIQUID FERTILIZATION

ENAS AYAD ABED-ALLA --- ABED-ALMAJEED ABED-ALAZEEZ

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Afield trial was carried out on the Field Crops Research Station of General Board of Agricultural Research Abu_ Ghraib in spring and autumn seasons in (2011) , Sex inbreds lines of maize (Zea mays L.) were used in this study gotten it from same station) DL – A1 , DL – B5 , DL – C45 , DL – C3 , DL – B , DL – B6) , These inbreds lines of maize were entered in half diallel cross in spring season (2011) to produce (15) F1crosses , Seeds of crosses were grown by using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replicates in autumn season (2011) in order to evaluate the genetic behavior for single crosses hybrids through estimation general and specific combining ability and some genetic parameters according to Griffing method - 4 and design _ 1 under effect organic liquid fertilization for the following characters (number days of sowing to (50%) (day), plant height (cm) , leaf area (cm2) , rows number per ear , kernels number per row and (1000) kernel weight (gm) and grain yield (gm) (. Statistics analysis showed that there were found highly significant differences among diallel crosses for all studied characters , The genetic analysis showed that mean square of general combining ability and mean square of specific combining ability were high significant in most studied characters , Value of mean square of general combining ability were bigger than value of mean square of specific combining ability in all studied characters except number days of sowing to (50%) silking in organic liquid fertilization treating and plant height in not fertilization treating . The values of the variance component specific combining ability were more than that the variance component of general combining ability for most studied characters in both treating , The values of the Additive Genetic Variance more than that the Dominance Genetic Variance for all studied characters except number days of sowing to (50%) silking and plant height in both treating and leaf area in organic liquid fertilization treating . Broad sense heritability was high for all studied characters in both treating , While narrow sense heritability was high for most of studied characters , The value of average dominance degree was more than one for all studied characters in both treating except rows number per ear in not fertilization treating

Phenol Adsorption from Aqueous Solutions onto Activated Carbon Produced from Iraqi Date-Stones.

May F. Abdulrahman

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

This study is conducted to synthesize an activated carbon from date-stones using different concentration (20%,35%,50%) of phosphoric acid as activater. The carbon was soaked for 72 hours followed by carbonization at (500°C) for two hours. Specific surface area and pH were measured. The adsorption of phenol at different temperatures (283 K , 293 K , 313 K , 333 K ) from aqueous solutions onto activated carbon was investigated .The determination of phenol concentration at equilibrium solution was measured using U.V. spectrophotometer with an adsorbance wavelength of (211nm). The activated carbon exhibited high ability to adsorbe phenol from aqueous solutions. The maximum adsorption rates were 98.76% , 98.9% and 97.5% at an initial concentration of ( 240 mg/l ) of phenol and at 333K for activated carbon , (20% ,35% and 50%) , respectively. Adsorption isotherm was studied using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models .The characteristic parameters for each isotherm and related correlation coefficient have been determind .The results showed that the adsorption process of the synthetic activated carbon fits very well with the Freundlich isotherm model and in a lesser degree with Langmuir isotherm model . Thermodynamic parameters such as ?G°, ?H° and ?S° have also been evaluated and it has been found that the sorption process was feasible, spontaneous and endothermic.

DETECTION FIMH AND PAPG GENES OF ESCHERICHIA COLI AND KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIA ISOLATED FROM GALLSTONE , URINE STONE AND GASTROINTESTINAL CANAL BY POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION (PCR) .

MUTHANA BADEEA FARHAN , AYAD MOHAMED ALI-- ALI S

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

During this work twenty six isolates of Escherichia coli were collected (12 from gallstones , 10 from urin stones and 4 from gastrointestinal canal) and 14 isolates of Klebsiella pneumonia (4 from gallstones , 6 from urine stones and 4 from gastrointestinal canal) from Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital. The resulte about Detection of fimH gene which are responsible for coding to Mannose sensitive fimbriae and three types of papG genes which are responsible for coding to Mannose resistance fimbriae showed (50-60)% of E. coli and (83.33%) of K. pneumoniae both of bacteria were isolated from urine stones only have fimH gene. E. coli isolates from gallston have papGI gene (16.67%) , papGII (50%) and papGIII gene (100%), While E. coli isolates from urine stone have papGII (20%) and papGIII (70%), While E. coli isolates from gastrointestinal canal have papGII (50%) and papGIII (25%), but K. pneumonia isolates didn,t possess any of three papG genes

Microwave Synthesis of some new compounds 1,3 – Oxazepine – 4 , 7 - dione,derivatives from Schiff bases

Abed M. Daher

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

The Microwave technique is a new method for synthesis of organic compounds, which take a pure and high percent of products and completed with short time, compared with conventional method (heating method). The prepared Schiff bases allowed to react by Microwave technique which is a new apparatus for synthesis the organic compounds, reacts with Malic anhydride to yield (1, 3, 6, 7) 1,3 – Oxazepine compounds and reacted with phthalic anhydrides to yield (2, 4, 5, 8) 1,3 – Oxazepine compounds. The useful thing in Microwave technique is using without solvent there for it called (dry method). The synthesized compounds were identified using Melting point apparatus, Infrared Spectroscopy.

Synthesis and Characterization of Acetaminophen (paracetamol)® from Acetanilide by Diazotization Reaction and Comparing with Crude.

Manaf .A. Guma

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

This study describes the synthesis of acetaminophen is quite easy by new method via diazotization reaction. The prepared compound that is initiated from acetanilide as the first step of the reaction followed by nitration reaction of acetanilide to form p-nitroacetanilide , reduction of the final product to form p-aminoacetanilide, and creating a diazonium salt that is then reacted with solution of (10%,2.5M) sodium hydroxide . The prepared product was matched with the crude of paracetamol and the bands of FT.IR spectra of the product also was matched with FT.IR characterization of paracetamol tablets and the melting point too. The product which was carried out successfully by new path was very largely familiar in the chemical processes .The final produced yield 70 % as possible

STUDY THE EFFECT OF PH ,TEMPERATURE AND PHENOL ON THE ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA FOR SUBSTUITED ORTHO,META AND PARA BENZILNYLEDENE ANILINE

KHALEEL IBRAHIM ABDULLAH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

The addition of phenol and effect of temperature and pH on the U.V. spectra of ortho, meta and para benzilnyledene aniline in ethanol as a solvent was studied. The thermodynamic parameters (?G, ?H, ?S) were calculated in which the values of (?G, ?H) are positive while the (?S) is negative these support that the change in tautomerism shift to spontaneous and endothermic with systematic in (keto) form than (enol) form.

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Polyacetylene and Poly Diacetylene Substituted with Thiosaccharin

Tariq A. Mandeel , Athra Q. Saker--- Wajeeh Y. M

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

novel polyacetylene & Polydiacetylene Substituted with thio Saccharin were Synthesized by two routes , first polymerization of terminal propargyl Saccharin ( laboratory prepared ) to produce polyacetylene PAS , under nitrogen gas, in presence of PdCl2 in DMF. The Polymerization reaction was carried on for 4hrs. at 30c0 (Yield 78%). Second procedure was used to product PAS using Microwave Radations under the same conditions at 400 W, for 10 minutes , (Yield 70% ). Another route was polymerization diacetylene (laboratory prepared) to produce Polydiacetylene PDAS ,The Synthesis approach to PDAS is based on Oxidative Coupling polymerization under oxygen gas and THF, In basic medium (pyridine) and present CuCl , PdCl2 as Catalytic , The polymer Yield 82% at reaction temperature 40 C0 in 5 hrs. Instrumental analyses such HNMR , FR-IR ,Spectroscopies. These Indicated that the new materials have Conjugated polymers within designed Substituents Saccharin

A NOVEL ECONOMICAL METHOD FOR SULPHIDE REMOVAL FOR SULPHUR SPRING WATER USING ACTIVATED CARBON PREPARED FROM PALM TREES BASE FROND

TAHSEEN A. ZEDAN , MOHAMMED W. WAHEED--- EMAD A.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

A water treatment technique are highly expensive and has great pressure on the economy of the countries .It is the time to find out economic and effective methods for water treatment specially natural spring water of high physical and chemical properties. The aim of study was depends on exploitation of activated carbon prepared from palm trees fronds in the treatment of the water of sulfur spring to get rid of the major polluting materials for public use. The treatment process was applied on samples taken from the spring in the center of Heet , a town situated on Abu jir crater paralleling the Euphrates across the cracking area in the lime formation. The study showed high efficiency of the activated carbon prepared from palm trees base fronds in eliminating sulfide from the water sulfur spring. The elimination efficiency was about 99%. A study was conducted to assess the efficiency of sulfide elimination and its relation with the sulfide concentration and the retention time.The interference effect of some common anions and cations and heavy metals (Cr,Mn,Fe,Ni,Cu and Zn) was investigated . There were also excellent results in the treatment of some physical and chemical properties and there was also a noticeable decrease in the concentration of the trace elements in the treated water below the standard limits. A rise in the concentration of zinc and chloride concentration accompanied with the treatment process of with the activated carbon pillar. Keywords: sulphide ion, spring waters, activated carbon, water treatment, palm trees fronds activated carbon.

Study of photolysis on the active material Phenylbutazone in veterinarian drug Isophen

Hanan H. Flaeh, Authman S. Ibrahim --- Sattar S.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

The veterinary medicine isophen was used in this study. Isophen contains phenylbutazone as active material .Numbers of samples of isophen were prepared and were determined absorbance were determined and comparison subjected to radiation for different periods (1 ,2, 3, 4, 5) hrs. the Maximum absorbance were determined and compression Maximum absorbance's Study are performed. And ensure that the impact of irradiation on the active ingredient in the medication. The results reveal that has been reached that there is significant impact of irradiation as well as the time of irradiation on the decomposition of the active ingredient in the medication was found that with the continuation of the time of irradiation increases decomposition.

Study of Optoelectronic Properties CdS-Si Heterojunction Prepared by Chemical Bath Deposition Method

Hani H. Ahmed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

CdS-Si heterojunction detector has been prepared by chemical bath deposition method . Structure properties of these films was characterized by X-ray diffraction .CdS films deposited have polycrystalline structure cubic(zinc blende) and hexagonal. The average grain size is 45 nm .The optical properties of the CdS films have highly transmittance in visible region of spectrum and reach to more than 80 % with a wide band gap of 2.44 eV .Electrical properties of CdS-Si heterojunction have been investigated. The I-V characteristics under dark condition depict that good rectification behavior and exponential relationship for forward current biasing. The C-V measurements have shown that the heterojunction were of abrupt type and the build-in potential equal to 1.75V. The optoelectronic characteristics shows that CdS-Si detector has good spectral responsivity in the visible and the near infrared and show high sensitivity, in comparison with the conventional p-n silicon detectors

Measurement of radioactive pollution in the dust storms of the city of Tikrit by using the nuclear track detectors CN-85

Huda Sadee Ali

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

This research was a study of radioactive pollution of the dust storms of the city of Tikrit, where samples they were collected for two consecutive years (2010-2011) and by eight samples were identified as concentrations of radon( Rn-222) using nuclear track detector (CN-85) The results of the study showed an increase in radon concentrations ranged from (0.8-1.05ppm)and compared with the amount of background radiation (0.05ppm) This refers to the presence of radioactive pollution , as well as the dust storms are frequent and frequently led to increased concentrations of radon Any increase in concentration of mobile molecules by any air increases the likelihood of the arrival of these molecules to the lung

QUANTUM MECHANICAL CALCULATIONS OF IR SPECTRA; REACTION ENERGIES OF C-O (R-O) THERMAL BOND RUPTURE FOR CEFUROXIME PRODRUGS

REHAB MAJED KUBBA --- THANA MAHDEE AL. MOUAMIN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

PM3 calculations were carried out for the estimation vibration frequencies, IR absorption intensities, normal coordinates and some physical properties as heat of formation, dipole moment, and ?EHOMO-LUMO ---etc. for Cefuroxime prodrugs at its calculated equilibrium geometries. Assignment of the vibrations was done depending on the picture of their modes obtained from Gaussian-03 program. Also reaction path for the breakage of the (R-O) C-O bond for all of the derivatives were calculated (in the gas phase). Comparisons were done between the total energies of their reactants, products, activation energies and transition states. The results show impossible use for some substituted organic groups as prodrugs for acidic Cefuroxime drug, whereas others show possible use as prodrugs on breakage the (R-O) C-O bond. اSemi-empirical method (parameter model 3 (PM3))

Structural and optical properties of CdIn2S4:Cu thin film prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis

Alaa A. Al-jubory

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Cadmium indium sulfide (CdIn2S4) thin films were deposited by chemical spray pyrolysis technique on the glass substrate ,and doping by Cu= 1%,3%.5% . The films structure were analyzed by XRD . All the patterns of thin films prepared are polycrystalline .The optical properties are studied by UV-VIS spectrophotometer ,the absorption coefficient was calculated ,its value was more than 104 that supports the direct transition ,the energy gap found between 2.6 eV to 2.85 eV dependent on the ratio of Cu in the thin film. And finally the optical constants such as refractive index ,extinction coefficient, real and imaginary dielectrics were investigated.

Regular and Weak Regular in intuitionistic topological spaces

Younus J. Yaseen --- Rand A. Mohammad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

In this paper ,we introduce and study the concept of Regular and Weak Regular in intuitionistic topological spaces ,we find the relations among of the kinds of Regular space in intuitionistic topological spaces and the relation between of kinds of Weak Regular and the last , the relation between of themselves

POLYMERIZATION OF STYRENE USING ZIEGLER – NATTA CATALYST TYPE TICL4/MGCL2 – EB /ALET3

AYAD A. UTTAR --- ALI S. ABED

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

In this study Ziegler – Natta catalyst was prepared which is a multi component catalytic system composed of, titaniumtetrachloride (TiCl4) as a active material, anhydrous magnesium chloride MgCl2 as support (carrier) which distribute the active material, ethyl benzoate EB as electron donor compound, and triethylaluminum (AlEt3) as co-catalyst ( promoter ). This catalyst used to product stereoregular polystyrene with high percent of isotactic isomer. The effect of triethylaluminum concentration on polymer yield was also studied and found that optimum concentration of AlEt3 in the polymerization mixture is 0.257 M, The kinetic study showed that the rate of polymerization decay with time because of decrease in catalyst activity. The values of isotacticity index showed that the isotacticity decrease with increase triethylaluminum concentration

THERMODYNAMIC STUDY OF CADMIUM ADSORPTION ON SYNTHETIC ACTIVATED CARBON FROM IRAQI DATE PIT

ISTABRAQ W. GYAATH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

In this work an activated carbon was prepared from Iraqi dates pit by chemical activation with zinc chloride ( 20%) in present of air the resultant charcoal was54.1 % and the measured of specific surface area was 560.35 m2/mg then studied the adsorption of cadmium at variable concentration on activated carbon and measured the concentration and of cadmium was measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy .studied Langmur and Frendlich equations to find Langmur and Frendlich constants . The results indicated that the adsorption were fitted with Langmur and Frendtich models with highly correlation coefficient and the removal of cadmium by activated carbon from aqueous solutions was more effective process. Mean while the use of Temkim models showed less effective role in cadmium adsorption with low correlation coefficient

THE DEVELOPING OF THE CONSTANT OF PROBABILITY EQUATION OF CRESCENT.

MAJEED M. JARAD--- THA’AIR M. SLEEBY

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

The aim of this study is to improve the value of the Constant of probability Equation for sighting the crescent. The factors {age of the moon, moon altitude, anomaly of the sun, the duration of stay Crescent (mukth)} for many years has been calculated and used to improve the constant of the equation of the probability of sighting the crescent. The relation between these factors were found to be Linear. We found through the analysis of these factors that the best value of the constant is ( 0.95 ) and these value give a very good results of the probability of seeing the new moon with naked eye. The results were more accurate and in a good agreement with other criteria

STUDY THE EFFECT OF DOPPING , ANNEALING AND THICKNESS ON OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF CDS THIN FILMS

ABDUL-MAJEED E. IBRAHIM , TAHSEEN A. ASWAD--- SAB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

Include this research studied the effect some Physics Properties as dopping [by C0 perhaps(3%)] , annealing [at temperature (300C0) for an half hour] and change thickness [(160 , 300) nm] on the some optical properties of CdS thin film which was prepared by thermal chemical phyrolysis method .We prepared many modul of (CdS)Thin film (pure , doping , before annealing , after annealing and different thickness). We notice the effect of each from increase thickness and annealing lead to decrease in forbidden energy gap value , while we notice the effect of dopping lead to increase in forbidden energy gap value. Results showed that energy gap value after annealing for thickness(300 nm) for pure film (2.39)eV and dopping film (2.43)eV , so energy gap value before annealing for pure film and same thickness(300 nm) (2.42)eV , while energy gap value after annealing for thickness (160 nm) (2.58) eV . We notice that over properties had apronoced effect on the few optical properties (Absorptance , Absorption Coefficient , Extinction Coefficient ).

SENSITIVITY AND SENSING OF SOIL GAS RADON POLLUTION IN CERTAIN AREAS OF THE PROVINCE OF SALAHIDIN USING CR-39 DETECTOR

AHMED MOHAMMED OBAID

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

In this search Four samples have been selected for determine [Radon gas] concentration . these samples distributed to Four regions known as ( Baiji District – communication station, Derbonat Algezo–Dholoiya region [-] Balad District, Tikrit District [-] Hammad Shihab communication station, Samarra District – Qadisiaya branch). The aim of this study is to determine the concentration of Radon gas in these samples, by using CR-39 detector as a remote sensing technique .The results showing that we are fined there is increasing in Radon gas level within the values (17.86 x103 – 24.14 x103) Bq.m-3 above of the natural level (7.2 x103 ) Bq.m-3. This increasing may be due to using of penetrating ammunition containing depleted uranium

STUDY THE EFFECT OF THICKNESS ON STRUCTURAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ZNO THIN FILMS DOPED WITH 7% CADMIUM PREPARED BY CHEMICAL SPRAY PYROLYSIS METHOD

JUBAIER A. NAJEEM --- JAMAL M. IRZEAJ

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

ZnO thin films, pure and doped with cadmium in rate of (7%) and with thickness equal to (300,500,700) nm, have been prepared by using chemical spray pyrolysis technique on glass substrates with temperature about (375 ± 5 C?). Using the solution of zinc acetate with (0.2 M), the ZnO films doped with Cd have been obtained from the addition of cadmium acetate to zinc acetate with (0.2M) too. Structural and optical properties of the thin films above have been studied; XRD measurements demonstrated that the pure ZnO and (ZnO:Cd) films are polycrystalline with (100) orientation and with Hexagonal Wurtzite structure. Furthermore ,crystallized of films increasing with increase of thickness. The optical properties were studied using the spectral of the absorbance and transmission of films in wavelength ranging (300-800) nm. The study showed that the films have high transmission within the range of the visible spectrum and decrease with increase thickness and doping with cadmium, In addition changing in edge of absorbance to high wavelengths, which confirms the decrease in the values for the energy gap. Also absorption coefficient and coefficient of extinction was calculated and found to be changed with thickness changing

STUDY THE EFFECT OF THICKNESS ON STRUCTURAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ZNO THIN FILMS DOPED WITH 7% CADMIUM PREPARED BY CHEMICAL SPRAY PYROLYSIS METHOD

JUBAIER A. NAJEEM --- JAMAL M. IRZEAJ

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

ZnO thin films, pure and doped with cadmium in rate of (7%) and with thickness equal to (300,500,700) nm, have been prepared by using chemical spray pyrolysis technique on glass substrates with temperature about (375 ± 5 C?). Using the solution of zinc acetate with (0.2 M), the ZnO films doped with Cd have been obtained from the addition of cadmium acetate to zinc acetate with (0.2M) too. Structural and optical properties of the thin films above have been studied; XRD measurements demonstrated that the pure ZnO and (ZnO:Cd) films are polycrystalline with (100) orientation and with Hexagonal Wurtzite structure. Furthermore ,crystallized of films increasing with increase of thickness. The optical properties were studied using the spectral of the absorbance and transmission of films in wavelength ranging (300-800) nm. The study showed that the films have high transmission within the range of the visible spectrum and decrease with increase thickness and doping with cadmium, In addition changing in edge of absorbance to high wavelengths, which confirms the decrease in the values for the energy gap. Also absorption coefficient and coefficient of extinction was calculated and found to be changed with thickness changing

THE SUITABILITY OF LIMESTONE OF FATHA FORMATION FOR BUILDING AND ROAD AGGREGATES IN NINEVEH GOVERNORATE / NORTH IRAQ

DHYIAA GHAWI SALEH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:6 issue:3

This study includes several sample were taken from different quarries located in Nineveh Governorate. The microscopic study of thin sections ( sample for each quarry) reveled existing a high ratio of voids in (weakly samples) that were formed due to the dissolution .This certainly effects the strength of rocks and eventually leads to not using in certain parts of building. Depending on the uniaxial compressive strength of the rocks is studied area, it is shown that it has week to medium strong. This is the same conclusion. With the previous studies of the calcareous rocks in Governorate. The Flexural test and slake-durability test have also converted that the using of theis rocks as decoration and covering of the outer walls as well as. While the abrasion resistance test (loss angles test) according to the Iraqi and international standers are reveled to the instability of these rocks in road pavements as aggregates, but it can be used as concrete aggregate.Generally, the wide widespread abandons of calcareous rocks in Nineveh Governorate, also the different discrepancy in it has led to wildly used in different construction purposes.