2009, volume:3 issue:2


Effect of Addition of Methionine to Rice Protein on the Cholesterol and Lipoproteins Concentrations in Rats

F.A. Al-Torahi --- Jaber S. Dhahir --- Jaefar F

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The effect of the addition of methionine to rice protein on the levels of plasma and lipoproteins cholesterol in relation to the casein were investigated in rats. Rats were fed diets containing casein (C), rice protein (RP), casein and colfibrate (CC), and rice protein with methionine (RPM). Serum total cholesterol concentrations were lower in rats fed RP, CC, and RPM diets than those fed C diet. The concentration of liver cholesterol was also lower in rats fed the RP diet. The serum high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level and fecal bile acids were higher in rats fed (RP) diet than in those fed (C) or RPM diets. These results indicated that increased fecal bile acids excretion may be responsible for the antihypercholesterolemic effect of rice protein compared with casein

STUDY OF PREVELANCE INTESTINAL PARASITE IN PATIENT VISIT SOME HOSPITAL OF BAGHDAD

ABDUL-WAHAB. B. HUSSEIN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The study aimed to detect prevalence of intestinal parasites in children and adults in the central hospital for children and AL- Yarmuk hospital in Baghdad throughout a year.In children, 3195 fecal samples were examined, which revealed that the percentage of infection was 21.62% and the higher rate of infection occurred due to E. histolylica (16.90%), then G. lamblia (3.78%). At level of months, the higher percentage was occurred due to E. histolytica during November, October and September (26.14, 24.72 and 20.72)% respectively, followed by G. lamblia in which (5.24, 5.19 and 4.93)% were recorded during February, October and August, respectively.In adult, 1649 fecal samples were examined and the infection percentage reached to (28.80)%. The infections occurred due to E. histolytica, G. lamblia and C. mesnili (22.01, 3.63 and 1.63)% respectively. In terms of months of E. histolytica, the higher percentage was recorded during November, August, September, December and October (39.87, 35. 93, 34.54, 30. 76 and 29.41)% respectively. According to sex of the children, the higher percentage of E. histolytica infection occurred in male during October and November (33.33 and 26. 80)% respectively while, the higher percentage of G. lamblia infection occurred in male during August and October (5.74 and 5.69)% respectively. In adults, the higher percentage of E. histolytica infection reached to (40.84%) during August, then (46.75%) during November in male and female, respectively, followed by C. mesnili (9.52 and 14.56)% in both male and female respectively, during October. The mixed infections reached to (1.33 and 1.43)% in both children and adults respectively and the higher percentage of mixed infection occurred due to E. histolytica and G. lamblia in both children and adults

Cooked Rice and Oat Meal Similarly Reduce Hypercholesterolemia in Rats

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

Five groups of rats were given five different diets for 4 weeks after one week adaptation with standard casein. These diets include: casein diet as a control group (C), cooked rice ( R), cooked rice with 1% exogenous cholesterol (RC), oat meal (O), and oat meal with 1% exogenous cholesterol (OC) (Different analysis was determined on animals of these groups at the end of the experiment). The rats weights at the end of experiment showed that weight gain of control group rats was significantly higher (p.0.01) than other groups but there were no differences among other groups. The concentration of serum total cholesterol for (O) group (64.6 mg/100 ml) and that of (R) group (67.7 mg/100 ml) were significantly lower (p.0.01) than those of other groups and the control group was the highest one in all groups (112.42 mg/100 ml). The results also showed significant differences among mean relative weights of Liver, spleen and heart of different groups. The highest and lowest values of mean relative weight of rat's liver, spleen and heart in experimental groups were : (O) group (3.87) and R group (3.29) for liver, (R) group (0.48) and (O) group (0.38) for spleen, both RC and R groups (0.37) and (O) group (0.33) for heart respectively. The (R) and (O) diets significantly lowered the total fat content (24.0, 26.16 mg/kg respectively) while (O) diet lowered the cholesterol content (1.36 mg/kg) of the liver compared to the control diet (51.9 and 2.47 mg/kg for total fat and cholesterol respectively). For bile acid content in the feces, there were significant differences (p.0.01) among the different groups; (OC) group showed the highest (10.4 mg/gm of feces) and the control group showed the lowest

Removal Kinetic of Fine lead Particles from Wastewater of Battery Manufacturing Plants

Ahmed Hasan Abdul-Jabbar

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

Removal of heavy metals from water and wastewater has received a great deal of attention. Froth flotation technique is one of the most technologies being used for treatment of polluted water, where it considered low cost process than others. This study records lab scale experiments to test efficiency of multistage froth flotation column in removing a heavy metal, (Pb fine particles less than 45 µm) from wastewater of battery industry. Solutions concentration of Pb (100ppm) was prepared and passed through flotation column. The removal efficiency was quite high for Pb ranging from 62.4-96.3% and maximum removal occurred at frother concentration (20 ppm) and superfacial gas velocity (4 cm/sec), where caprylic acid and hexanol are used as frother in this study. Attempts made to analyze the kinetic behavior of the process indicate that it follows the first-order classical rate equation for the kinetic of froth flotation process. In the proposed equation, values of the constants correlation coefficient (R) and kinetic flotation constant (k), evaluated from the experimental results then (k) related to the frother dosages and superfacial gas velocity.

LIPID PROFILE IN DETERMINATION OF PROSTATIC PATIENT

THANA ISMAIL MUSTAFA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

This study was included investigation the effects of prostate gland on lipid metabolism and other parameters Blood sample were collected from (37) male patient ( (20) cancer prostate ,(17) with benign prostate hypertrophy ) and (25) from control serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) was determined by Enzyme linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA method) ,C.R.Protein by agglutination test and lipid profile include (total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein(HDL), Low density lipoprotein(LDL), Very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and Risk factors were done.The result showed the value of TPSA,CRP,T.cholesterol,Triglycerides and risk factors increase significantly in patient group compard to control group , while HDL value decrease in patient group. The result of this study explain the relation ship between the incrase of TPSA and risk factor which lead to arterosclerosis in men

Preparation and Characterization of Cr(III) & Cu(II) Complexes With Mixed Ligand Containing Isatinazine and Semicarbazones

Fadia. J. A. Al-Moula --- Zohoor. F. Dawood

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

chromium(III) and copper(II) complexes with mixed ligands isatinazine-IAH2 and semicarbazone ligands {including benzoinsemicarbazone- B'SCH2 or isatinsemicarba- zone- ISCH2 or isatinbis(semicarbazone) -ISCH3} have been prepared in neutral (or slightly acidic) and basic medium. The resulted complexes have been characterized using elemental analysis by atomic absorption spectroscopy and by precipitation methods, relative molecular weight deter mination, molar conductance measurements, molar refraction, magnetic susceptibilities, infrared and electronic spectra. Accordingly, The study suggested that the above ligands form positive ionic complexes having general formula [M(IAH2)(LH2,3)(NO3)m](NO3)n-m or [Cr(IAH2)(B'SCH2)](NO3)3 in neutral (or slightly acidic) medium, whereas neural or negative ionic complexes of the general formula [M(IAH2-y?)(LH2,3-y?)] or Na[Cr(IA)(B'SC)] have been resulted in basic medium (where M= Cr+3 or Cu+2; y´=1 or 2; y?=1 or 2; n=2 or 3; m=1; LH2,3= the ligands B'SCH2 or ISCH2 or ISCH3). The ligands acted as neutral or anionic (-1) in neutral (or slightly acidic) or basic medium, respectively. Hexacoordinated mononuclear complexes have been investigated by this study and having octahedral geometries.

ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF MICROBIAL FLORA IN EYE AND STUDY THE EFFECT OF EYE LINER AND CONTACT LENSES USING ON THE MICROBIAL FLORA ON IT

MARWA J. MOHAMED , LAITH M. AL-ALANI --- SAMERA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

Our studying includes culturing of the conjunctival swabs on selective media and enrichment media (Nutrient agar, Machonky agar and blood agar) from for students of Anbar university. They are (19 – 26) years old, during the period from 2008 to Feb. 2009. The number of samples are 30 swabs divided taking 10 from female (using contact lens). 10 from female (using the eye liner) and (5 male, 5 female) they were a save as control into three groups (They had never worm contact lenses and eye liner). They are very deferent in microbial flora between the wearing contact lenses and who had never. The microbial flora isolated control group was Staphylococcus epidermidis, S. capitis, S. Xylosus, S. areus. They were 83.32% and Candida in 16.68%. But the microbial flora (Contamination) in contact lenses using group was the gram negative bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosain 16.62%. Aeromonas, Klebsiella, E.coli in 8.33 for each and gram posative bacteria (S. aureus, S. epidermidis) in 25% and B. heamolytic, Streptococcus in 8.33 and it is including fungi (Aspirigilus spp., Alternaria and Candida in 8.33 for each. In the eye liner using group the 60% were negative for laboratory culturing and 40% were positive for laboratory culturing. They were Staphylococcus Epidermidis and S. aureus. The second line of study include culture for sensitivity to same intibiotic for bacteria. They are appeared that is the antibiotic Erethromycin is more effect on gram positive and gram negative bacteria they are (69.5% sensitive) then Tetracycline in 47.8% and Gentumycin in 52% but the more antibiotic which was the bacteria Resisting was Penicillin G (just 4.7% sensitive) then Ampicillin in 26.9 and Cefalexin in 35.7% because the fals using of those drugs from the people

SUB-LETHAL EFFECT OF Melia azedarch L. FRUITS EXTRACT ON GONADS OF BEET ARMYWORM, Spodoptera exigua (NOCTUIDAE:LEPIDOPTERA)

ABDULLATIF TH.KHAZRAJI --- ATALLAH F. MEKHLIF

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The enrich methanolic extract of unripe fruit of Melia azedarch L. which was given with the food of larvae beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua Hunber.Concentrations of the extract which were ranged between 0.25 to 10.0 ppm were used to investigate the effect of M. azedarach extract on the gonads of adults derived from treated larvae. Histological bases of the extract application were investigated inovaries and testes sections. Low concentrations induced reduction of one ovary, or parts of the ovariole , or parts of the ovary were histolysed and disappeared. Application of male larvae with 0.25 ppm of the extract caused separation of scrotum from fat bodies. Gradual histological variation synchronized with the increasing extract concentration was as follows; reduction of epithelial layer of testicular follicles and scattering of spermatogonia. High concentrations led to histolyse parts of the scrotum, follicle envelop and fat bodies content

Synthesis ,Characterization and Identification of New Oxazepine,Oxazepane and Oxazinane Compounds from reaction of ٍ Some )Z)-2-((2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)methyl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol Derivatives with some cycloanhydrides.

HameedM. Al-Kubaisi , Waleed F. Hammadi --- Khali

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

:- Z)-2- ((2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)methyl -2 -(hydroxy)propane -1,3-diol,)E) -4- (3-hydroxy-2,2-bis (hydroxyl methyl) propylimino)pentan-2-one, -2- ((4-(hydrazonopentane -2-ylideneamino methyl)-2 -(hydroxyl methyl)propane-1,3-diol and (Z)-2-((4-amino-1,5-dimethyl-2-phenyl-1H –pyrazol-3(2H)-ylideneamino)methyl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol were prepared by condensation of 2-(aminomethyl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol with 2-hydroxy benzaldehyde, pentane-2,4-dione, (E)-4-hydrazonopentan-2-one and 4-amino-1,5-dimethyl-2-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-3(2H)-one .These Schiff- bases were reacted with Succinic, Maleic and Malonic anhydride in absolute ethanol to give 6,7-membered heterocyclic ring system Oxazepine,Oxazepane,Oxazinan.The Schiff-bases and the final products were identified by their melting points, elemental analysis, FT-IR and UV-Visible spectra.

ACCUMULATION OF TOXIC METALLIC ELEMENTS IN GROWING CITRUS AND OLIVES IN

KALID. S. TAWFIQ , ABDALAZIZ Y. T. ALSAFFAWI-- F.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

Mosul city is locate in the north of Iraq and distinguish with calm winds dominance(less than 5m.sec-1) as well as environmental lapse rate problems ,so, preventing air masses with its pollutants arising up for dispersing or transporting away vertically.However, the pollutants are concentrating in the atmosphere near the earth surface, for that increase of negative effects on the city environment, Citrus and olives fruits were collected (with three replications )from eleven station in Mosul city, also control samples collected from Ba, ashiqa town. Chemical analysis for the sample were done, and the determination of elements: Pb, Cd and Zn with Atomic absorption spectrophotometer.The results were indicated to increase of the concentration of the studied elements in the cortex and fleshy parts of the citrus (Citrus aurantima) and olive (Olea europaea) fruits at the high traffic transport in relation to quit sector in the city and control . Also, the study were introduced some suggestion and solution to eliminate the growing pollution problems of Mosul city.

Effect of Hydroxyapatite layer Coating on Corrosion Behavior for Ti-20%Co alloy.

bdalkreemM Ali, --- Thaeer L Al A-zubidy --- Mur

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

Abstract :Electrochemical corrosion of Ti-20%Co alloy coated with hydroxyapatite (HAP) performance depends on various parameters like applied potential, time, thickness and sintering temperature thus, the optimum parameters required for development of stable HAP coating was found by using electrophortic deposition (EPD) technique. This study discusses the result obtained from XRD and potentiodynamic polarisation, the measured corrosion potential in the synthetic blood plasma for the HAP coated specimens are more noble than the uncoated specimens. The specimen coated for (3) minutes was found to be the best corrosion resistance in comparison with the un coated specimens.

THE EFFECT OF LICORICE EXTRACT ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL TRAITS IN WHITE SWISS MICE

NIDHAL IBRAHIM LATEFF

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

This study was conducted to know the effect of licorice on physiological traits in mice This include the concentration of enzymes for the group, which included both the (GOT) and (GPT) for each of the liver, heart, kidney and spleen when given doses of the extract of different Licorice. In this study white Swiss mice of 30 days old were used. the animals were divided into four groups (6 animals each group) and by the concentration in addition to the abstract where the control group was given three different concentration of licorice extract (0.0002) g / day (0.0004) g / day (0.0006) g / day for four weeks while the control group was saline solution. The animals were weighted and dissected , after then the (liver, heart, spleen and kidney) were estimated their enzymatic concentration of( GOT and GPT) by spectrophotometer.The result of this study showed that there was a gradual increase in the body weight with the increase of the dosages of the extract of the licorice.The results of this study showed that there are on effective "non-moral" of the licorice extract on the enzyme GOT and GPT of the liver at the level of probability (P> 0.05), but this was a moral influence "clear" each of the total enzyme, heart and spleen and at the level of probability (P <0.05 ) and all of the doses given licorice extract, compared with a control

THE INHABATION ACTIVITY OF EXTRACT PUNICA GRANTUM CORTEX ON GROWTH SOME PATHOGENIC BACTERIA WHICH ISOLATE FROM HUMAN STOMACH AND INTESTINAL

AHMED M.TURKEY --- HAMAD N.FARHAN --- ASHWAQ T.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

:The aim of study was investigation about compound activity in the acid Pomegrante fruite cortex estimate amount it and testing antimicrobial activity from extract of this cortex on Enteropathogenic bacteria which found in stomach and intestinal and causing infection bacteria isolate from stool and vometing was E.coli ,Salmonella sp. , Shigella sp. And Kiebsella sp. Of family Enterobactericeae which cause high of digestive complicated. Results are statistic analysis by less signficant differences in level 0.05. The plant extract is prepared by soxlet system using three solvent was water, methel alcohol and chloroform these solvent divided to two concentration 10% and 15% per one extract. The investication appeare the cortex was contian compound of alkaloides, taninnis,phenols, flavonida and saponins, all thes compound gave postive test aginst bacteria. Result of estimate compounds activity in extract was followed taninnis high ratio(14.7%) Saponins (2.6%).The resuit are appear the alcoholic extract gave high signficants effect about 15% concentration on the all species of bacteria, second effect was chloroform extracted while water extracted was lower effect by inhibition diameter. Results of comparing activity of alcoholic extract 15% with two antibiotic (ampicillin and chloramphenicol) appear the activity of extract was very high and similar to activity of two antibiotics concentration.

Synthesis and Identification of New Amide and ThioUrease Compounds (II)

Abeer Obade wahab --- Waleed Faraj Al-Hiti

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The reaction of some new Schiff bases (2E,3Z)-3-hydrazonobutan-2-one oxime and 3-((Z)- (E))-3-(hydroxyimino)butan-2-ylidene)hydrazono)butan-2-one oxime with benzoyl chloride and acetyl chloride were carried out. Subsequent reactions of these products. N-[Chloro-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-N-(4,6-diamino-[1,3,5]triazin-2-yl)-acetamide and N-[Chloro-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-N-(4,6-diamino-[1,3,5]triazin-2-yl)-benzamide with thiourea afforded thioureas compounds.The synthesized compounds were confirmed by their , UV,FT- IR spectra and C.H.N. analysis .

UTILIZATION OF SOME ION-SELECTIVE ELECTRODES IN THE DETERMINATION OF SOME SULPHUR REDUCING AGENTS BY IODINE TECHNIQUE

NAGHAM KH. KAREEM --- ISMAIL KH. AL-HITTI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

:Cyanide and Sulphide ion – selective electrodes were successfully exploited in the determination of the : Thiosulphate , Sulphite , Sulphide , Dithionite and Disulphite individually and in their mixtures by direct titration with iodine prepared in glacial acetic acid .The potentials responded by these two electrodes were compared to those recorded by platinum electrode versus Calomel reference electrode at different temperatures . Optimistic and encouraging results were obtained with an accuracy of ±3.5% attributed to experimental errors . The three electrodes were successfully applied to the monitoring of sulphur in three sulphur springs in Heet City . High concentrations of sulphide were obtained which were matching the results obtained by other studies and assisting the high efficiency of the iodimetric technique using iodine in glacial acetic acid .The positive potential measurements of platinum electrode of the sulphur compounds and their negative free energy have clarified that the iodimetric reactions are irreversible and completely displaced to the products which were insured by positive entropy results .The negative potentials of cyanide and sulphide electrodes have rendered the free energy values to be positive and negative values of entropy which indicated that there is no passage of electrons through the cells and these two ion – selective electrodes do not respond to oxidation – reduction potentials because of the high impedence of their membranes

Study Reactions of acetylenic amine N-Oxidewith reactive Halides

Omar H. Shehab

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

new acetylenic amine derived from cyclic secondary amines such as piperidine were synthesized , these amine were oxidized with m-chloroper benzoic acid to the corresponding N-Oxides. The acetylenic amine and its oxide were investigated through the study of their physical and chemical properties ,spectral analysis (IR and UV) in addition to the micro analysis of the elements(C.H.N). Aqueous hydrochloric and hydrobromic acids ethanolic hydrogen chloride from the monomeric halides(II) of the amine oxide. dioxan solutions of hydrogen chloride, hydrogen bromide and hydrogen iodide or aqueous hydro iodic acid yield the dimiric hydrohalides(III).The monomeric hydrochloride and hydro bromide are converted to the dimiric hydro iodide (IV) by treated with sodium iodide. Reaction of the amine oxide which is readily split by picric acid. A mechanism for the formation of all complexes (II-V) as well as an explanation for the formation of all types of hydro halides were presented .

Adsorption of Herbicides on eight Agricultural Soils

RounakM. Shariff

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

A study was conducted to determine the differences in the adsorption behavior of three pesticides, nonionic atrazine [2-chloro-4-ethyl amino- 6-isopropylamino-1,3,5,-triazine], an ionic picloram [ 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid] and anilide group propanil [N-3,4-dichlorophenyl) propanaamide] on eight agricultural soil samples. Data from batch equilibrium method revealed that the adsorption of herbicides on the selected soil samples followed the first order rate law. Propanil exhibited the faster rate of accumulation with 24.82% adsorption on the soil solid matrix after 0.5h as compared to that for picloram and atrazine 18.98%, 13.9% respectively. The standard error (S.E) values were from 0.034 to 1.000, 0.007 to 0.983 and from 0.691 to 0.859 for atrazine, picloram and propanil respectively. Linear, Freundlich and Langmuir models were used to describe the adsorption of the three pesticides. Values of distribution coefficient (Kd) indicated moderate to low adsorption for atrazine (mean calculated Kd: 1.1597 mlg-1) while slightly higher for picloram (mean calculated Kd: 1.5779 mlg-1) and highest for propanil adsorption (mean calculated Kd: 12.662 mlg-1) and consequently there is no considerable risk of ground water contamination. Wide variation in adsorption affinities of the soils to the pesticides was observed, Kd values for atrazine varied between 0.951 and 1.53 mlg-1 while for picloram between 0.99 and 2.309 and for propanil between 9.044 and 16.56 mlg-1.

SPECTROPHOTOMATRIC & POTENTIOMETRIC STUDY OF AQUEOUS & ETHANOLIC EXTRACTS OF HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA L. FLOWERS (KUJARAT TEA)

SADDAMM. ABED --- ISMAEAL KH. IBRAHIM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The spectrophotomatric spectra in UV, Visible and IR regions have revealed the presence of many functional groups in the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. flowers .Paper, thin-layer and column chromatographic techniques have shown the presence of three pigments in both extracts ; Gossypetin, Anthocynin, and Querectin .Five organic acids were also separated and identified in both extracts .All these compounds were identified by UV, Visible and IR spectrophotomatry of electromagnetic radiation .Flame atomic absorption and emission technique haveoffered high levels of determination of calcium, barium, potassium and magnesium, while sodium, lithium, iron, manganese, copper, zinc and nickel were found in traces .pH and potential titrations of the extracts with standardized NaOH have shown high inflections at equivalence points which were exploited in the determination of total acids in the extract which was more than 28% .The sudden colour change from violet, red or pinkish of the extract into green has led us to exploit the extracts as an acid-base indicator . The data and results obtained have clarified that the extracts of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. flowers are matching the action of other indicators used in acid-base titrations

Synthesis compounds of Thiopyran Pyridinium Perchlorate and studing its Bioactivity: Part1.

Marwan Mohammed Farhan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

A synthesis Four Pyridinium perchlorate Compounds from reaction one mole pyrylium salt (product already) with one mole 2-Aminoethylenethiol in room temp. and diagnosing them by Spectrally (FTI.R., 1H.N.M.R.) in addition to the accurate quantitative elemental analysis. A synthesis sixteen Thiopyranpyridiniumperchlorate Compounds from reaction one mole from Pyridinium compounds Produced with one mole pyrylium salt (product already) in under zero temp. very good yields and diagnosing them by pectrally (FTI.R., 1H.N.M.R.) in addition to the accurate quantitative elemental analysis. A should Molecular Weight for Synthesis compounds By using down Freeze Degree apparition Molecular Weight for Synthesis compounds compared to Molecular Weight cast. Studying the antimicrobial activity of the synthesized compound was tested against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria and some fungi and have high good effect upon some becteria and fungi. This method provides several advantages such as very good yield, simple work-up procedure and environment friendly and compounds it more important in the field of medicinal and synthesis it.

STUDY OF HYDROCARBON CHAIN LENGTH ON VISCOSITY BEHAVIOR OF TETRA BUTYL AMMONIUM BROMIDE SOLUTIONS IN DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES

WALAA G. MAHMOOD --- MOHAMMAD J. ABDUL-GANI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

This research is concerned with viscosity and density measurements at concentration range (0.0042 – 0.1241) mol/l for the tetra butyl ammonium bromide ( TBABr) solution in ethanol at temperatures ( 298.15 , 303.15 and 308.15 ) K0 and for ( TBABr) in (1- butanal , 1- hexanol ) at 298.15 K0 . The viscosity ( B ) coefficient was calculated from Jones-Dole equation and found to have small value. While (B) values are increased with the increasing of chain length of hydrocarbon chain length for alcohols (1- butanal , 1- hexanol). From these results the tetra butyl ammonium bromide ion (C4H9)4N+ appear to be structure maker for the selfassociation alcohol structure.This reinforced phenomenon found to be related with the ability of alcohols to form hydrogen bonding clatharate around the ammonium ion

MAKING TRAFFIC SIGNS FROM REMNANTS OF LOCAL FACTORIES

QASAM N. HAMED --- MUHAMMED A. AWAAD

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The waste of environment are in cresing and varienting ,it depends on the humenty uses and factory waste. We make some expermentel to use these waste and make it be mone useful to our society .we study and checkes the standerds pieces to get its pnopenties therefore we mixtures the matio of cenamics factors waste as 60%while cement 5% kaolien day 10% and al_najaf sand contents of feldspar as 25% to give more powerful to structure of factor and ne_use them to making . Traffic Signs .

Estimation of Xanthine oxidase activity, related with Nitric oxide (NO) and lipid profile in serum of patients with atherosclerotic diseases

Muthanna O. Hussein

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

This research outlines the study of xanthine oxidase activity (XO) , nitric oxide (NO) ) and lipid profile with an atherosclerotic disease(angina and cerebral thrombus) . The study covers 46 atherosclerotic disease patients (26 males , 20 females ) and 29 healthy subjects (control group) .The two groups contain males and females whose ages ranged between (38-65) years .The parameters ; Xanthine oxidase activity (XO) , Nitric oxide (NO) and lipid profile were investigated . The results of these subjects studied (patient and control group) have significant increase in the activity of Xantine oxidase and concentration of Nitric oxide, triglyceride, cholesterol, low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein in the serum of atherosclerotic diseases (angina and cerebral thrombus) compared to control groups. The increase amounts are to 360%, 240%, 2.3%, 23.5%, 54.8% and 2.3% respectively as compared to control groups. The result indicates a significant decrease in the concentration of high density lipoprotein (HDL). The decrease amounts to 27% as compared to control groups. On the other hand, the results of these subjects studied show no significant different parameters in sex .

PREPARATION OF NEW COMPLEXES DERIVED FROM DIETHYLGLUTART AND STUDYING THEIR SPECTRUM PROPERTIES AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY

SHAKIR F TULEAB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

This research designed to be on four steps: The first step includes preparation of a group legends derived from glutaric acid, the second step which the research includes is converting the acid derivatives that being prepared into hydroxamic acids. The third step refers to turning the hydroxamic acids that being prepared into complexes of iron and copper . the prepared compounds were identified through infrared spectra ,ultraviolet, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. The last step includes the study of anti bacterial activity of prepared compounds on four types of pathogenic bacteria, we found that the compounds have a high anti bacterial activity against these bacterial strai

The effect of some Thiosemicarbazide derivatives and their complexes on Human Serum Cholinestrase Activity

Omar H. Shehab

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The inhibitory effect of some 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone thiosemicarbazone and 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone-4-phenyl thiosemicarbazone and their complexes with Cr(III),Mo(V) and W(VI) on the activity of human serum cholinesterase have been studied in vitro. Some of these compounds showed a remarkable activity even at low concentration . From the degree of inhibition obtained, the time of incubation and inhibitor concentration for the highest inhibition have been determined. The results obtained from (Linweaver –Burk) plot indicates that the inhibition is Non-Competitive. The inhibition percentages obtained confirmed that the complexes has a higher inhibition than ligands

STUDYING THE VALIDITY OF THE UNDERGROUND WATER FOR CIVIL USES (DRINKING AND HOSING) IN FALLUJAH CITY.

SADDAM HUSSAIEN FADIL--- SATTAR RAGAB MAJEED

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

This study deals with the quality of wells water in the region of Fallujah and its surrounding and comparing it with Euphrates river on the it besides the other agricultural and industrial activities.The sampiling process was carried out by taking twenty specimen all over the area under investigation specially the saline soils.The physical and the chemical test which included the electrical and conductivity , the pH-value and solid soluble material in edition to the cation such as calcium , sodium and potassium , move over the rare elements such as cupper and zinc.It has been noted the wells-water has eneutral pH-value , with slight tendency to be alkaline which can be attributed to the effect of the dam-located south western of Falajua on the Euphrats river on the underground water. The high values of electrical conductivity and the solid insoluble materials maybe do to the high concentration of cation besides the solid insoluble material also it has been found that the persons of rare elements was withen allowed range.All above mentioned conclusions could encourage to deduce that this water are inpotalbe water besides the other domestic uses are not valid, but it can be used for irrigation of saline-resistant plants

Evaluation of Water Quality Parameters in the Euphrates River within Ramadi City and Al-Dhiban Canal

Ayad S.Mustafa

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The main objective of this study is to evaluate the Euphrates river at Ramadi city and Al-Dhiban canal for different purposes, and to study the variation of cations, anions, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, total hardness, sodium adsorption ratio and percentage of sodium for the period (1992-1998). The results indicate that water in Euphrates river at Ramadi city and Al-Dhiban canal is suitable for drinking, irrigation and for different industrial purposes according to the world and Iraqi standard except the total hardness. This exceeded the permissible limits for some months during the study interval which causes additional limitation for domestic and industrial purposes. The results also revealed an increase in parameter values in Al-Dhiban canal in contrast to Al-Ramadi location due to the effect of Al-Warrar canal and Al-Habbaniyah lake. The study concluded that calcium is the cations which are the most available elements in both locations, followed by sodium, magnesium, and potassium. As for anions it was observed that sulfate concentrations are higher than chloride concentrations.

EFFECT OF SOME ANTIBIOTICS IN ACTIVITY OF ADENOSINE DEAMINASE IN SERUM

WESAM M. MOHAMMED ATEA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The aim of this study is to know the effect of same antibiotics such as tetracycline, benzyl pencillin and ampicillin on activity of adenosine deaminase (ADA) level in patients with brucellosis. Activity of adenosine deaminase increased in bacterial infection like brucella ,salmonella and in viral infection like viral hepatitis B .The ADA separation was done by chromatographic methods with sephacryl S300 from serum patients with brucellosis which has done by Rose Bengal test and 2-mercaptoethanol test .Benzyl pencillin ,ampicillin and tetracycline showed inhibition effect on adenosine deaminase enzyme

THE EFFECT OF DOPING BY CD AND PB ON THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THIN FILM (CU0.5AG0.5ALS2 )

HAMID S. ABTAN --- AHMED KH. IBRAHEEM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

:Cu0.5Ag0.5AlS2 thin film had been doped by (Cd) and (Pb) elements, with amount of (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)wt% and studied the effect of doping by Cd and Pb on the optical properties for this thin film which prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis at 360Co .When the thin film was doped by Cd ,from the absorption and transmission spectrum of the prepared thin films in the range (300 – 1000) nm, the optical constants were calculated. The absorption coefficient (?) was found greater than( 104)cm-1 for all films , this means that the electronic transitions of allowed direct type and the absorption edge was shifted toward the greater wavelength from (506.12)nm for the non-doped film and arrive to (551.11)nm at 5%wtCd and no change of the electronic transitions type . The values of energy gap were decreased from (2.45)eV for the non-doped film to (2.25)eV for the doped film at 5wt%(Cd) . Also the values of (K) were shifted toward the greater wavelengths with increases the doping ratio, the higher values of refractive index (n) were shifted toward the larger wavelength with increases in doping ratio. Also The values of (€1) and (€2) are behave in the shape with increases in doping ratio . When the thin film doped by (Pb) the energy gap values doesn't change and also the other constant for all doping ratios.

Study the tensile strength for epoxy composite reinforced with fibers and particles

Mohammed. Gh. Hamed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

: This research include the study of tensile strength for the polymer and the composite materials, we using the epoxy resin as matrix for the reinforced materials that consist of artificial fibers (Kevlar, glass and PVC fibers) also aluminum powder for reinforcing.The slates made of composite materials and hybrid composite materials for both volume fractions 20% and 40% from the reinforced materials, Twenty one slates were made from the composite materials, all these slates were cut into samples with measurement (10x 80mm) in order to execute the tensile strength test for both volume fractions 20% and 40%. The results and laboratory examinations for these samples shows increase in the tensile strength for composite materials when the volume fraction increase from 20% to 40% for reinforced material, the samples from type (EK) have tensile strength is higher than all samples for both volume fraction.

THE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF ANNEALING ON OPTICAL PROPERTIES TO CUALS2 THIN FILMS

SATTAR S. IBRAHIM, JASSIM M. SALEH--- UTHMAN S. I

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

In this research the study of optical properties for thin films of (CuAlS2) Compound , has been Carried out in sintered temperature (360)C0 . using heat spray method. The effect of substituted Sodium element and annealing at temperatures (250 , 300 , 350 , 400) C0 for two hours has bean studied, the effect of heat neutrons irradiation at doses (3.024*10 9, 4.752*109 , 6.48*109)n.cm-2 has also been shown.Optical constant have also been measured by the absorption and permeability spectrum in wavelength rang (300- 1000)nm .such a procedure will eables finding many parameters, such as Coefficient of optical absorption , which found to be grater then (105) for all films , allowed of electrons transation , Limit of absorbiption will be shift to highest long wave depending on substituted ,annealing or irradiation limt of optical absorpition found to full is the range between (540-590)nm . The value of energy gap for (CuAlS2) thin films found to be (3.2)eV . This value has been increased with annealing and irradiation by neutrons and become (3.25.2.3,3.4,3.5) eV, respectively according to the above values of energy gaps (3.28,3.4,3.48) eV substituted Sodium element in (CuAlS2) at (1-5)wt%. This causes reduction in energy gap, and that reduction was (3.2) eV for unsubstituted compound and (2.85) eV for substituted with (5)wt% ratio

The near infrared reflective materials surfaces : dimensions and angles.

Fisal.A. Al-Bassam

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The near infra-red signals reflected by different surfaces are studied. The transmitted signals are reflected by different surface obstacles for varied distances among the receiver, reflector and remote controller. The infra-red transmitter transmits the operating signals indirect to the remote sensor. This provides guidelines for another proper way. The proper adjustment and installation positions, of reflecting surfaces display the signal on the screen of user as a flash. The experimental results indicate that the limiting distances of the remote controller and the reflecting surfaces depending upon types, colors the reflecting surfaces ,besides incident angle on these surfaces. By using transmission indicator ,we can decide if the signal is bad or good. It was noted that the increasing distances above the limit interrupt with the reception. Also the sensing ranges of IR or invisible laser radiation are decreasing when the reflected areas & reflectivity of obstacles decrease, but the maximum incident angles decrease when the surface have high reflectivity. The research benefits for purposes of limitation of targets and types of directional reflectors to download, natural sites of user activator and guidance, to determine the sites of system like space channels or video image.

On the analytical part of harmonic univalent functions defined by generalized SALAGEAN Drivatives

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

In the present paper and by making use the generalized S.al.agean derivatives we have introduce and study a class of analytic function and prove the coefficient conditions, distortion bound, fractional integral operator, convex combination, and radius of convexity for the analytic part of the harmonic starlike functions of order

STUDYING THE EFFECT OF DOPING BY SILVER ON THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ZNIN2S4 THIN FILM

AHMED KH. IBRAHEEM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

In this research the optical properties of ternary ZnIn2S4 compound thin film of thickness (0.17 0.05)?m , which deposited on glass slides by chemical spray pyrolysis at 360oC were studied, Also studied the effect of doping by Ag element on the optical properties of the prepared thin films . From the absorption and transmission spectrum of the prepared thin films in the range (300 – 1000) nm, the optical constants were calculated. The absorption coefficient (?) was found to be greater than( 104)cm-1 for all films , this means that the electronic transitions of allowed direct type and the absorption edge is (442.85)nm for thin film ZnIn2S4 but when this thin film was doped by Ag element with amount of (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5)wt% the absorption edge was shifted toward the greater wavelength and arrive to (506.12)nm at 5%wt(Ag) without change in the electronic transitions type. The value of optical energy gap (Eg) for thin film ZnIn2S4 was (2.80)eV decreased non linearly with increases Ag element and arrive (2.45)eV at 5%wt(Ag).The higher value of extinction coefficient (K) were shifted toward the larger wavelength when the thin film ZnIn2S4 was doped by Ag .Also the higher values of refractive index (n) were shifted toward the larger wavelength with increases in doping ratio. The behavior of real dielectric constant (€1)and imaginary dielectric constant (€2) is similar to refractive index, and higher values shifted toward greater wavelength with increases in doping ratio . The tail width of the local states in the energy gap were calculated which was increased by adding the silver to the deposited film

Fluid Inclusions Usage for Assessing Oil Migration in Duhok, North of Iraq

Sahar Y. Jassim --- Thamer K. Al-Ameri --- Salih

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

Studies of primary and secondary fluid inclusions were done on epigenetic barite samples which collected from carbonates in Lower part of Sarmord Formation (Lower Cretaceous and Aqra-Bekhme Formations (Upper Cretaceous) in Duhok localities of North of Iraq. Lead isotopes composition in galena which associated barite that contained fluid inclusions helped the identification two events of fluid inclusions. These fluid inclusions contain brine water and hydrocarbons. Primary and secondary fluid inclusions in barite as well as lead isotopes composition in galena helped the interpretation of oil migration history and the pathway of oil migration. Ages of galena are syngronous with the events of oil and water trapping as inclusions within barite, and hence the interpreted galena generation could be assigned to the fluid inclusions age. Accordingly, the events are two phases of early and late generations that correspond to 120 m.y. and 30 m.y. respectively. Correlation with 10 PetroMod basin modeling of the generated oil from the Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous Formations fitted with the event of early galena generation, whereas the oil migration started before 70 m.y and continued to 30 m.y ago. Palynomorphs study confirms that the oil in source rocks is similar with the migrated oil.

A NEW FORMULA FOR THE PROBABILITY OF SIGHTING THE CRESCENT.

BATOOL E. BANDAR --- MAJEED M. JARAD

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

This research aims to examine the scientific criteria for the astronomical lunar months to see the crescent and to find the equation of probability of sighting the crescent. The study of factors linked to the vision of crescent with each other, through the calculation of the date and the age of the moon, and controls the probability of sighting the crescent by the naked eye (age, and the duration of his stay (Muckth), The angular height of the horizon, and the angular distance from the sun)

Microfacies interpretation related to tectonical concept inBekhme Formation

Mohammed Fahad Al-Ghreri --- Dhia Yousif Al-Rawi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The relationship between tectonic high element and the sediments of the Bekhme limestone formation had been discussed. The Bekhme deposits on such a paleohigh on the upper Cretaceous represent "swell facies". The identified microfacies types were discussed as a clue, for local crustal events.

EFFECT CAMA- RAYS OF PHYSICSL PROPERTIES TO SAME ISOLATES

WALEED BEDEAWY SALIH --- JASSIM MAHAMMED SALIH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The effect of ?–rays from CO60 at different doses (2000,3000,4000 rad) to the pure unsaturated polyester. Have been studied though the electric properties: impedance, dielectric constant, loss factor and a.|c. conductivity. The effects of ?- radiation of different doses increased the impedance and decreases the dielectric constant loss factor and the a.c. conductivity due to the degradation process

EVALUATION OF SOME GROUND WATER WELLS OF KHAFFIJIYAH VILLAGE IN AL-ANBAR GOVERNORATE.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

In The Southern Part of Haditha Constituency where ALKhaffijiyah Village, there are many wells, which wereding recently. Evaluation of (8) wells out of (35) wells, was concerned to the find out possibility of using wells water for agriculture or as drinking water. Physical and Chemical analysis of the (major cations , K+, Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+ ), an ions (major an ions CO2- 3, HCO- 3, Cl-, SO4 2-), total hardness, total dissolved salts, pH and electrical conductivity (EC), The study showed that this type of well-water can't be used for agriculture or domestic as drinking Water

MEASURING AND CALCULATING OF ULTRAVIOLET RAY INDEX REACHING A SECTION OF BAGHDAD CITY

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , volume:3 issue:2

The Ultra Violet ray (UV) less than 0.4 micron is apart of the electromagnetic spectrum that reach the earth from the sun light, this ray has dangerous effect on life in general and on humans in particular causing skin cancer if the UV index is more than the range of 6 to 7 degree.This research may measure the UV Index for first time and will find the relation between the temperature and the strength of UV reach Baghdad by dailymeasurement for period of 15 months, to define the possible changes of the ray on life. The index we found about 6.88 that mean in high level and the temperatures has very strong effect at the UV ray especially in summer at mid day.In the present work first a brief review of the absorption spectra is presented. Practically the interest was to daily measure the UV index in Baghdad for the first time and to find the relation between the temperature and the strength of reached UV for a period of 15 months. The index was found to be 6.88, this means it is within the high range for Baghdad and the temperature has a very strong effect on the UV ray especially in summer at mid day