2019, Volume:13 Issue:2


Hematological and Immunological Parameters Associated with Vitamin D Deficiency in Pregnant Women

Daua Jameel Hilal* Mohammed Qais Al-Ani** Nuhad Mo

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:2

The aim of the study is to follow up a number of biochemical, immunological and physiological changes associated with vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women. 50 samples were collected from pregnant women, 50 from control group and 50 from non-pregnant women. A number of laboratory tests were carried out on the withdrawn blood samples. These tests examined the ELISA to measure vitamin D concentration. The concentration of vitamin D in the pregnant women group, control group and the non-pregnant women group (26.31,43.97,50.9) were found to be Nano mole / L respectively, indicating a decrease in vitamin D concentration in pregnant women compared to the control group. The results of the present study showed a significant decrease in the volume of the red blood cells in the three studied groups at the probability level P <0.05 where the average ratio of the volume of the red blood cells in the group of pregnant women and control group and the group of non-pregnant women was (40.0, 39.7,37.3 ) % respectively. The results of the comparison between the two groups showed no significant differences in the size of the size of the red blood cells in the three studied groups at the probability level P <0.05. The results of the statistical analysis showed significant differences in the blood platelet counts in the three studied groups at the P <0.05 level. The mean number of the blood platelet counts in the pregnant women group, control group and the non-pregnant women group were ( 222, 237,208) X1000/mm3 respectively. Comparison between the two groups showed no significant differences in the number of thrombocytes in the three studied groups at the probability level P <0.05.The results of the statistical analysis showed a significant increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood of pregnant women and non-pregnant women at the probability level P <0.05 compared to the control group and the average number of white blood cells in the pregnant women group, control group and the group of non-pregnant women (35.0, 9.08, 10.6 ) cell/mm3 respectively. A significant decrease in the IgE concentrations in the three studied groups at the level of probability P <0.05 and the average IgE concentration in pregnant women's blood and control and non-pregnant women (82.20,90.6, 79.8) U / L respectively, where no significant differences between the three studied groups at the probability level P <0.05. In the case of CRP, the results of the effective C test in the serum of the three studied groups showed that all samples had a negative result. As for the results of the blood components, there was a significant decrease in the concentration of hemoglobin in the blood of pregnant women and non-pregnant women compared to control group at the level of probability P <0.05 where the concentration of hemoglobin in the group of pregnant women and control group and the group of non-pregnant women (11.6,12.8,8.4) mm / 1hour, respectively, where the results of the comparison between the two averages showed significant differences between the group of non-pregnant women and the control group and the absence of the significant differences between group of the women's control group t pregnant at the level of probability P <0.05. The results showed a significant difference between the non-pregnant women group and the control group at P <0.05.

Alcohol extract of Tribulus terrestris ameliorates liver of mice exposed to cadmium acetate

Ahmed Sami Farhan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:2

Background: Tribulus terrestris is known as food supplements and therapeutic agent. Objective: This study was presented to evaluate antitoxicity of fruit alcohol extracted from Tribulus terrestris to be used against heavy metal (cadmium) in female of albino mice. Methods: Twenty mice were examined in this experiment, and they were divided into three groups. The first group was a control group, while the second group was quaffed cadmium 6mg/kg, and third group was quaffed cadmium 6mg/kg and fruit alcohol extract of Tribulus terrestris 200mg/kg for ten days. Histological change was studied in the livers of these mice. Results: The histological sections of the liver in the mice exposed to cadmium have shown inflammation and necrosis in hepatocytes around central vein. Moreover, the liver was also hypertrophy, karyomegaly and increases glycogenesis. The results of the cadmium-exposed mice treated with the extract of Tribulus terrestris showed that the damage in the liver was slight. It showed normal cell shape and hepatic plate. It also showed simple inflammation and hypertrophy in a small space. Conclusion: The fruits of Tribulus terrestris can remove toxicity, protect our bodies (especially liver) against heavy metal such as cadmium.

Assessment of Possible Radioactive Contamination of Fruits and Vegetables Consumed in Iraq.

Muthana Shanshal, Prof. emer.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:2

Both Solid State Nuclear Track Detector (SSNTD), CR-39, and Geiger-Muller detector were used to estimate possible nuclear radioactive contamination in plant food consumed in Baghdad and its surrounding cities . The results indicate the absence of such contamination, with the exception of two samples in the Districts of Abughraib (Spinach) and Zaafraniya (Potato). However, in both these cases the detected dose was lower than the tolerated dose limit as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Assessment of CO2 with Weather Factors and its Percentage for Indoor and Outdoor

Khalid. A. Abbas, Abdulrahman. KH. Suliman, Adam.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:2

In this paper, measurements of CO2 rate and its relation to temperature, humidity and wind speed were carried out at 13 different locations in Erbil city during March [ 2017 to 2018], it was found that CO2 rate is the same as global level (418ppm) for outdoor. Measurements of CO2 rates for indoor environment showed that using kerosene heaters (during winter season) caused a rapid increase of CO2 rate in a short time, which has harmful side effect on human health.

Fe2O3-GaSb Synthesis as coaxial Nanowires for Optical Applications

Sameer O. Nawaf

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:2

A theoretical study shows the effect of the Gallium antimonide (GaSb) shell on several visual properties of the Iron (III) oxide (ferric oxide) Fe2O3 core as a nanowire using the Mie-Lorentz Scattering theory. The thickness of GaSb shell was fixed at around 20 nm with Fe2O3 core diameter of 20 nm. The study indicated that the nanowires of the Iron (III) oxide core have transmittance approximately 95% in the visible spectrum. Absorbance and low absorption coefficient in the Infrared (IR) are observed. Electronic transitions of the allowed direct type by the coaxial nanowire and reducing in the energy gap after adding the shell around the Fe2O3 to energy gap about 1.7 eV are also seen.

Fabrication of Highly Sensitive NH3 Sensor Based on Mixed In2O3 – AgxO Nanostructural Thin Films deposited on porous silicon

Hajar H. Nayel, Hamid S. AL-Jumaili

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:2

A highly sensitive NH3 gas sensor of mixed In2O3 – AgxO nanostructure thin films deposited on porous silicon were synthesized by chemical spray pyrolysis technique. The structure of the sensor thin films is analyzed by XRD, AFM and FE-SEM techniques. The nanostructure polycrystalline thin films with average grain size between (93.56 and 57.75) nm, from AFM results. The sensitivity of the synthesized gas sensors toward 400 ppm NH3 is obtained a high value in the low operating temperature, which ranged between (77.57%-98.66%) with low response and recovery times, ranged between (11.9-15.19) s and (8.6-25.22) s respectively. These high sensor properties are due to the porous silicon substrate.

NH3 gas sensor, Mixed In2O3 – AgxO, Thin Films, Porous Silicon, Nanostructure.

Abdulrahman. KH. Suliman, Shida. A. Kaki l, Lary.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:2

This study consists of two parts; the first part is measuring the temperature and relative humidity of twenty pharmacy shops and pharmacy refrigerators in Erbil city. The temperature inside nine types of different drug bottles is also measured. The results show that temperature and humidity inside pharmacy places and refrigerators are higher than the standard temperature (25C?) and relative humidity (35%) of drugs. The temperature inside the drug bottles would be higher if compared with environment temperature. Second parts, the optical properties of the drug bottles are studied by using UV-VIS spectrophotometer, where they are used to analyze the optical properties of the drug bottles. The result shows a maximum value of transmittance ranging from 0% to 88% depending on the types of the drug bottles. Optical transmittance of 25–88% in the visible range has been observed in all samples, high UV transmittance (5%-70%) in %77 samples and infrared (up to 38%-88 % are observed in %88 samples.).

IMPLEMENTING SKETCH-BASED IMAGE RETRIEVAL SYSTEM USING EDGE DETECTION AND SIFT ALGORITHM

AHMED SHIHAB AHMED

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science , Volume:13 Issue:2

Throughout the past few years, several researchers have introduced various methods and various algorithms for a precise and dependable sketch-based image retrieval system. In this paper, a proposed sketch-based image retrieval system is introduced. The framework goes over two phases: creating the sketch dataset phase and implementing SIFT (scale invariant feature transform) algorithm. The sketch dataset was created by selecting 100 colored image passed through canny edge detection operator. The system tends to enter a line-based/hand-drawing sketch and applies the SIFT algorithm to match between the input sketch and all sketches in the dataset. SIFT is one of the main efficient algorithms that are used to make description and matching, since it works on large keypoints. This system retrieves images depending on sketch image, and the result of matching will retrieve images that are approximate the entered sketch. The proposed system is assessed according to the measures that are utilized in detection, description and matching grounds, which are precision, recall and accuracy measures. The system showed (96 %) accuracy for line based sketches and (84%) for hand drawing where the detection was identical.