Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of Anbar, College of Sciences, Department of Biology.Rmadi,Iraq.

2 University of Baghdad, College of Sciences, Department of Biology

3 University of Anbar, College of Agriculture, Department of plant protection


In this research, the chemical composition of six species of Salvia were studied, wild grown (Salvia multicaulis, Salvia indica, Salvia spinosa, Salvia reuterana, and Salvia russellii) collected from different cities in the Kurdistan region, and cultured (Salvia officinalis) collected from Ramadi city. Study of the chemical components of the aerial parts (stem and leaves) was achieved by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS), the chemical study showed important variations in the content of chemical compounds and their concentration, the most quantitative chemical compounds in Salvia multicaulis were (9-Octadecenoic acid 20.15%, cis-Vaccenic acid 14.2% and Ethanone 9.24%), in Salvia indica (Methyl β-D-galactopyranoside 18.3%, 9-Octadecenoic acid 17.4%, and cis-Vaccenic acid 11.0%), in Salvia spinosa (Oleic acid 30.1%, 11-Octadecenoic acid 6.4% and β-Eudesmol 6.3%), in Salvia reuterana (9-Octadecenoic acid 19.1%, Oleic acid 13.2% and Hexadecanoic acid 6.41%) in Salvia russellii (N,N,N-Trimethyl-1,4- phenylenediamine 16.5%, Ethyl α-D-glucopyranoside 9.33% ، cis-Vaccenic acid 5.86% ،), and in Salvia officinalis (Camphor 22.84%, 1-Naphthalenepropanol 20.81% and 4-Amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid 9.64%).


Main Subjects

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