Isolation and identification of the chemical composition of Salvia Species growing in Iraq by GC-MS
Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science,
2022, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 15-24
AbstractIn this research, the chemical composition of six species of Salvia were studied, wild grown (Salvia multicaulis, Salvia indica, Salvia spinosa, Salvia reuterana, and Salvia russellii) collected from different cities in the Kurdistan region, and cultured (Salvia officinalis) collected from Ramadi city. Study of the chemical components of the aerial parts (stem and leaves) was achieved by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS), the chemical study showed important variations in the content of chemical compounds and their concentration, the most quantitative chemical compounds in Salvia multicaulis were (9-Octadecenoic acid 20.15%, cis-Vaccenic acid 14.2% and Ethanone 9.24%), in Salvia indica (Methyl β-D-galactopyranoside 18.3%, 9-Octadecenoic acid 17.4%, and cis-Vaccenic acid 11.0%), in Salvia spinosa (Oleic acid 30.1%, 11-Octadecenoic acid 6.4% and β-Eudesmol 6.3%), in Salvia reuterana (9-Octadecenoic acid 19.1%, Oleic acid 13.2% and Hexadecanoic acid 6.41%) in Salvia russellii (N,N,N-Trimethyl-1,4- phenylenediamine 16.5%, Ethyl α-D-glucopyranoside 9.33% ، cis-Vaccenic acid 5.86% ،), and in Salvia officinalis (Camphor 22.84%, 1-Naphthalenepropanol 20.81% and 4-Amino-3-hydroxybenzoic acid 9.64%).
 Erdoğan, E.A. , Everest, A. and Kaplan, E. (2013). Antimicrobial activities of aqueous extracts and essential oils of two endemic species from Turkey. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 12(2): 221-224.
 The Plant List, Version 1. (2010). Retrieved June 1, 2015, from http://www.theplantlist.org/
 Kahraman, A. ; Doğan, M. and Celep, F. (2011). Salvia siirtica sp. nov. (Lamiaceae) from Turkey. Nordic Journal of Botany, 29: 397-401.
 Abbas, A. F. ; Al-Mousawi, A. H. and Al-Musawi, A. H. E. (2013). The Ecology and geographical distribution for the species of the genus Salvia L. of labiatae in Iraq. Baghdad Science Journal, 10(4):1082-1087.
 Ahmad, S. A. (2016). Salvia ali-askaryi (Lamiaceae), a new species from Kurdistan, Iraq. Harvard Papers in Botany, 21(2):227-229.
 Malen, D. ; Gaši, O. ; Popovi, M. and Boña, P. (2000). Screening for antioxidant properties of Salvia reflexa Hornem. Phytotherapy Res., 14: 546-548.
 Engels, G. (2011). Sage, Salvia officinalis, HerbalGram, The Journal of the American Botanical Council, 89: 1-4.
 Valant-Vestachera, K.M.; Roitman, J.N. and Wollenweber, E. (2003). Chemo-diversity of exudate flavonoids in some members of the Lamiaceae. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 31: 1279-1289.
 Wu, Y. B. ; Ni, Z. Y. ; Shi, Q. W. ; Dong, M. ; Kiyota, H. ; Gu, Y. C. and Cong, B. (2012b) Constituents from Salvia species and their biological activities. Chem Rev, 112:5967–6026.
 Nakibo‚ M. (1993). Türkiye´nin baz2 Salvia L. Türleri üzerinde karyologik araÕtirmalar yy. S. fruticosa Mill; S. tomentosa Mil. S. officinalis L. S. smyrnaea Boiss. (Lamiaceae) Do.a.Tr. J. Botany, 17: 21-25.
 Mika, V.; Kuban, V.; Keljdus, B.; Odstrcilova, V. and Nerusil, P. (2005). Phenolic compounds as chemical markers of low taxonomic levels in the Family Poaceae. Plant Soil Environment, 51: 506-512.
 Iordache, A. ; Culea, M. ; Gherman, C. and Cozar, O. (2009). Characterization of some plant extracts by GC–MS. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 267: 338–342.
 Reynolds, T. (2007). The evolution of chemosystematics. Phytochemistry, 68(22–24): 2887–2895.
 Singh, R. (2016). Chemotaxonomy: a tool for plant classification. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 4(2): 90–93.
 Liu, K., Abdullah, A. A., Huang, M., Nishioka, T., Altaf-Ul-Amin, M., and Kanaya, S. (2017). Novel Approach to Classify Plants Based on Metabolite-Content Similarity. BioMed Research International, 1-12.
 Ahmadi, L. and Mirza, M. (1999). A Study of Chemical Composition of Essential Oil from Salvia officinalis L. During Different Growth Stages. JWSS, 3(2): 93-100
 Tepe, B. ; Donmez, E. ; Unlu, M. ; Candan, F. ; Daferera, D. ; Vardar-Unlu, G. ; Polissiou, M. and Sokmen A. (2004). Antimicrobial and antioxidative activities of the essential oils and methanol extracts of Salvia cryptantha (Montbret et Aucher ex Benth.) and Salvia multicaulis (Vahl). Food Chem. 84: 519-525.
 Bozin, B. ; Mimica-Dukic, N. ; Samojlik, I. and Jovin, E. (2007). Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Properties of Rosemary and Sage (Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Salvia officinalis L., Lamiaceae) Essential Oils. J. Agric. Food Chem. 55(19): 7879–7885
 Khalil, R. and Li, Z. G. (2011). Antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Salvia officinalis L. collected in Syria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(42): 8397-8402.
- Article View: 31
- PDF Download: 34