Print ISSN: 1991-8941

Online ISSN: 2706-6703

Volume 1, Issue 2

Volume 1, Issue 2, Summer and Autumn 2007, Page 1-173


RESISTANCE OF ENTEROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI (EPEC) ISOLATED FROM DIARRHEAL INFANTS TO DISINFECTANTS AND HEAVY METALS

SAGGED S. SALEEM; IBRAHIM A. ABDOUL-RAHMAN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 1-7

This study was determined to check the frequency of resistance of
enteropathogenic Escherichia coli to some disinfectants and heavy metals.
The specimens were collected from 386 infants cases suffering from diarrheal under
three years old. Rectal swabs and stool specimens were cultured. Serological investigations
were done via specific kit.
Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) were done for four types of disinfactants and
heavy metals.
EPEC were found in 79 case (20.46%) the most prevalence serotype are 0119k69 and
0111k58 with a ratio of 22.78% and 15.18% respectively, 79% of EPEC strains were sensitive
to 16 ىg/ml of chlorhexidine, while 100% of strains were resistant to providine Iodine (1024
ىg/ml). High ratio of strains were inhibited by Hg++ while 94% of strains showed high
sensitivity to Hg++ (16ىg/ml), all strains were resistant to Pb++, Zn++ and Cd++.

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ORAL AND TOPICAL KETOCONAZOLE IN THE TREATMENT OF PITYRIASIS VERSICOLOR

ABDULLAH S. HESSEN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 1-9

: Objective:-The first purpose of the present work is in vivo (clinical study): A comparative study of oral and topical Ketoconazole in the treatments of P V and (second) in vitro (laboratory study): To determine the activity of Ketoconazole against M Furfur by (MIC) test. Study patients:- In vivo or clinical study included only one hundred and seventy eight outpatients. Each patient was examined clinically before treatment as well as by laboratory examination.. After treatment, cure was confirmed by wood’s light examination , 95 % of cases were no fluorescence while direct microscopic examination showed cure of first degree 64 % , 44 % , 40 % , 12 % in groups A , B , C , D respectively for yeast and for hyphae cure was100% ,100% , 100 % , 84 % in groups A , B , C , D respectively. Results: - With regard antifungal susceptibility test (MIC), our results showed that Ketoconazole was highly effective against 40 isolates of the fungus with MIC ranging from 0.03 – 0.5 µg/ml. MIC50 was 0.06 µg/ml and MIC90 was 0.25 µg/ml. However drug acts as fungicidal action (MFC) in 19 (47.5 %) of isolates and fungistatic action (MIC) in 21 (52.5 %) of isolates. The study concluded that ketoconazole was highly effective in vivo and in vitro., clinical trial reported the great cure in group A (200mg) followed by group B (400mg), then group C (2% cream) and group D (2% shampoo) was the less cure. Also, great side effect in group A followed by C, D then B.

PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES DURING MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.1.COMPLETE BLOOD PICTURE , BLOOD PRESSURE AND ECG.

MOHAMMED QAIS AL-ANI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 8-13

:The aim for this study determine the physiological change in blood of
myocardial infarction patients include complete blood picture (CBP), differential count of
WBCs (DLC) , Blood pressure (BP) , and Electrocardiogram (ECG) .
The results show increased in platelets (Plts) & ESR and decreased in RBCs , WBCs , Hb ,
and PCV. The MCV , MCHC, and MCH don’t effected . In DLC test noted the percentage
of lymphocytes , Monocytes , acidophile and neutrophile are decreased but basophile don't
effected. The BP is decreased and increased in S-T wave level but decreased in Q wave level
are shown.

EFFECT OF SUBMINIMAL INHIBITORY CONCENTRATION OF GENTAMICIN ON THE PATHOGENICITY OF ESCHERICHIA COLI CAUSING INFANTILE DIARRHOEA

ABDULRAHMAN M.G. AL-FAHDAWI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 10-15

One hundred patient infant complaining from infantile diarrhoea were studied, the percentage of E. coli infection was 24%. The in vitro adherence test was done to determine the adhesion capacity of bacteria to Human Buccal Epithelial Cells (HBECs). The result shows, increasing in the mean adhesion of E. coli as compared with the control group. Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and sub Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (subMIC) of gentamicin was done to study the effect of subMIC of this antibiotic on the adhesion , the result shows that the using of gentamicin in lower doses (subMIC) decreases the adhesion capacity of bacteria .EPEC still mediclly important as a danger pathogen especially in poorly hyagiene communities such as Iraqi community.

BACTERIOCIN ISOLATION FROM SELECTED BACTERIAL ISOLATES AND STUDY 4 ITS INHIBITION ZONE AGAINST SOME PATHOGENIC BACTERIA SPECIES.

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 14-22

استهدفت هذه الدراسة عزل و تشخیص بکتیریا حامض اللاکتیک من 30 عینة اشتملت على اللبن و المخللات و اختبرت هذه العزلات فی قدرتها على إنتاج البکتریوسین و فعالیته فی تثبیط نمو بعض أنواع البکتیریا المرضیة . کما اشتملت الدراسة اختبار مدى ثباتیة البکتریوسین تجاه المعاملات الحراریة . أظهرت نتائج دراستنا الحالیة قدرة ثلاث عزلات من البکتیریا المستخدمة فی الدراسة على إنتاج البکتریوسین . و أثبتت الاختبارات التشخیصیة المزرعیة و المجهریة و الکیموحیویة التی أخضعت لها هذه العزلات أن عزلتین منها تعود إلى بکتیریا حامض اللاکتیک تحمل الارقام 2 , 14 . أظهرت نتائج الاختبار وجود تباین واضح فی قدرة راشح هذه البکتیریا على تثبیط نمو عزلات البکتیریا المرضیة . أظهرت العزلات الثلاثة فعالیة واضحة فی تثبیط نمو بکتیریا Staphylococcus بینما أظهرت العزلتین رقم 11 و 14 فعالیة تثبیطیة تجاه بکتیریا Streptococcus تتراوح أقطار التثبیط بفعل البکتریوسین لراشح العزلات الثلاثة من بکتیریا الاختبار (بعد استبعاد المواد المثبطة الأخرى بطریقة التسخین) على بکتیریا Staphylococcus قید الدراسة من تثبیط بشکل محدود (العزلتان 3 و 14) إلى تثبیط بقطر 12 ملم (العزلة 5) . یتمیز البکتریوسین المنتج بهذه الدراسة بثباته للفعالیة التثبیطیة عند معاملته بـ 60 °م و لمدة نصف ساعة. عند زیادة فترة التحضین للمزرعة السائلة للبکتیریا نلاحظ زیادة الفعالیة التثبیطیة للمواد المثبطة للنمو بشکل عام.

THE COMPOSITION AND POTENTIAL USES OF PNOSPHOGYPSUM.

ISMAIL K. AL-HITTI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 16-26

A comprehensive analysis has been made to find out the exact composition of phosphogypsum. Results indicate a high percentage of gypsum (94.75 _ 1.51) which can be utilized for different purposes after removal of fluoride and phosphorus. Phosphogypsum, a by-product of the phosphate industry, therefore can be used as a raw material for the production of ammonium sulphate, sulphuric acid, plaster and expansive cement. Its evidence of low levels of heavy and poisonous metals allows its use for these purposes. It can also be used in the manufacture of building materials on account of its reasonably high content of silica. The trace levels of alkali metals allow its use in the reclamation of saline soils.

EFFECT OF ZINC ON SPLEENIC CELLS: ELECTRONIC MICROSCOPE EVALUATION

HAMDY .A; KAWKAB .S .N; KHALIFA .A K; HASSAN .A.M

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 23-34

أجریت هذه الدراسة للتحری عن احتمال تأثیر عنصر الزنک فی طحال خنازیر غینیا ممنعه بلقاح التیفوئید .استعمل 18 خنزیر غینیا ,قسمت إلى ثلاث مجامیع (6 حیوانات لکل مجموعه ).أعطیت المجموعة الأولى الزنک (0.08 ملی غرام), والثانیة (0.16 ملی غرام ). أعطیت المجموعة الأخیرة الماء المقطر للمقارنة.(استمر العلاج یومیاً باستعمال انبون الإرضاع المعدی لمدة شهرین قبل التمنیع).استجابت الحیوانات المختبریه للقاح المعطى . وقد لوحظ ( کما هو مثبت من هذه الدراسة ) بان هناک تأثیرا متباینا لعنصر الزنک على الصورة النسیجیة لخلایا الطحال تحت المجهر الضوئی وکذلک المجهر الالکترونی. ظهرت فروق حقیقیة باستعمال المجهر الالکترونی بشکل واضح, لوحظ وجود ترسبات لعنصر الزنک فی الخلایا بدرجات متفاوتة. فی مجموعة Zn1 ظهرت بعض الخلایا قریبه للشکل الطبیعی فی حین أظهرت الخلایا الأخرى ارتشاح قطیرات دهنیه وخلایا التهابیه وتوسع الجیبانیات . ظهر تغایر أکثر شده فی مجموعة Zn2 . إذ ظهرت الخلایا فاقده للنسق الخلوی الطبیعی واحتوائها على متقدرات عملاقه, کذلک ظهرت خلایا فی طور الموت المبرمج .

SYNTHESIS & CHARACTERIZATION OF OXAZEPINE AND PYRROLIDIDES FROM REACTION OF N, Ń, Ň-TRIS-(4-DIMETHYLAMINO-BENZYLIDENE)-[1, 3,5]TRIAZENE-2,4,6-TRIAMINE WITH MALEIC,SUCCINIC ANHYDRIDE AND 1H- PYRROLIDENE.

T.M; BUSHRA; H.K; ABDULLAH

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 27-46

N,Ń,Nً-Tris-(4-dimethylamino-benzylidene)-[1,3,5]triazene-2,4,6-triamine were prepared by condensation of [1,3,5]Triazene-2,4,6-triamine (Melamine) with o-4-dimethylamino- benzaldehyde. These Schiff-bases were reacted with one equivalent of Maleic,Succinic anhydride in absolute ethanol to give 7-membered heterocyclic ring system of 3-{4,6-Bis-[(4-dimethylamino-benzlidene)-amino]-[1,3,5]triazin-2-yl}-2-(4-dimethylamino-phenyl)-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepine-4,7-dione.Addition of two equivalents of Maleic,Succinic anhydride gave of 8-{4-[(4-dimethylamino-benzylidene)-amino]-6-[4-dimethylamino-phenyl)-4,7-dioxo-4,7-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepine-3-yl]-[1,3,5]triazin-2-yl}-7-(4-dimethylamino -phenyl)-7,8-dihydro-6-oxa-8-aza-benzocycloheptene-5,9-dione.i.e, two distant 7-membered rings. Which were reacted with pyrrolidine to give anilid-pyrrolidine derivatives of maleic and Succinic. The synthesized compounds were confirmed by their IR, 1H NMR, UV, spectra and C.H.N. analysis.

PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITES INFECTION IN SOME AREAS OF AL-QUIM / AL-ANBAR GOVERNORATE

SUAD SHALLAL AL-FAHDAWI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 35-42

Smples of 896 patients visited Al –Q uim general hospital and also ,
four different random of soil samples were taken from outside and inside doors
to examine the presence of gastric parasites during the year .
Results showed a total percent of % 53.2 and 9 species of intestinal
parasites were specified in accordance with their percentages ; they are as
follows :-
Entamoeba histolytica %26.4 , Giardia lamblia %9.5 , Chilomastix mesnili
%6.5 , Enterobius vermicularis %3.7 , Endolimax nana %2.3 , Ascaris
lumbricoides %1.6 , Hymenolepis nana %1.2 , Balantidium coli %0.8 ,
Trichuris trichiura %0.6 .
However , the total percent of in festation was 46.4% and 23.2% for the
outside and inside doors respectively . parasites specified with their percentages
in the soil samples were classified as follows respectively :-
Ascaris lumbricoides ( % 37.5 , % 44.6 ) , Enterobius vermicularis ( %
31.2 , % 33.8 ) , Hymenolepis nana ( % 14.5 , % 12.3 ) , Trichuris trichiura ( %
16.6 , % 9.2

EFFECT OF SULFUR AND ORGANIC MATTER LEVELS ON ABUNDANCE AND ACTIVITY OF PHOTOAUTOTROPIC SULFUR AND THIOSULFATE BACTERIA IN SOIL UNDER DIFFERENT INCUBATION TIME

ALI A.A. AL-MAMERIA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 43-52

The study was conducted to specify the effect of three levels 0, 1,
2 S/Kg soil (S0, S1, S2)respectively of agricultural sulfur and two types of organic
substance (Manures) without adding CO and the dry powder of alfalfa C1 and
manures C2, added within the average of 6 grams C/Kg soil on the presence and
activity of minute photo autotrophic sulfur oxidation by an experience conducted
under laboratory conditions by utilizing silty soil achived under factorial
experiments of CRD design. All samples were incubated at 280 C for different
periods 15, 30, 45 days (T1, T2, T3) respectively. Activity and diversity of bacteria
related to types Thiobacillus of T. thioparus was estimated through measuring the
quantity of thiosulphate oxidation and the differences of values related pH at the
media specified for this bacteria.
The results showed that increasing the addition of agricultural sulfur has a great
effect (P<0.05) on increasing the density and activity of photo-autotrophic sulfur
oxidizing bacteria its number is 0.98*102 cfu/g and 1.31*102 cfu/g when adding
alfaalfa and cow manures respectively compared with 1.96*102 cfu/g on the control
treatment. Differences in incubation periods showed that 30 days is the highest level
of density 0.73*102 cfu/g. Interferences among levels of sulfur, organic substance
and incubation period showed that the highest level of (P<0.05) is 3.071*102 cfu/g
with treatment S1-CO T3. It was obvious that the soil utilized in the study was
containing oxidizing thiosulphate T. thioparus photo-autotrophic bacteria in wich its
activity increased with the treatment S1-CO T3. The amount of oxidation of
thiosulphate was 377 mg/100 ml, and the Ph at the media was 5.71. the soil utilized
was void of sulfur oxidizing bacteria.

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF SOME OXAZEPINE AND OXAZINANE DERIVATIVES FROM REACTION OF SCHIFF BASES WITH SOME CYCLO ANHYDRIDE .

AND WALEED F. AL-HITY; MOHAMMED A.AL-HADITHI; KAISS R.IBRAHEEM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 47-61

Schiff bases [2-(1,5-Dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylimino)-5,5-diethyl-dihydro-pyrimidine-4,6-dione and 2,6-Bis-(1,5 Dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylimino)-5,5-diethyl-tetrahydro-pyrimidin-4-one] were prepared by condensation of 5,5-Diethyl-pyrimidine-2,4,6-trione with one equivalent and tow equivalent of 4-Amino-1,5-dimethyl-2-phenyl-1,2-dihydro-pyrazol-3-one in ethanol (as solvent). These Schiff-base were reacted with one equivalent of maleic , succinic and malonic anhydride in absolute ethanol to give 7-membered heterocyclic ring system 12(1,5-Dimethyl -3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-3,3-diethyl-7-oxa-1,5,12-triaza-spiro[5.6]dodecane-2,4,8,11-tetraone. and 6- membered heterocyclic ring system of 5-(1,5-Dimethyl -3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9,9-diethyl-1-oxa-5,7,11-triaza-spiro[5.5] undecane-2,4,8,10-tetraone.Than , the product were reacted with tow equivalent of maleic , succinic and malonic anhydride in same solvent give 2 (7-membered) heterocyclic ring system of 8,15-Bis-(1,5-dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-18,18-diethyl-1,10-dioxa-6,8,15,16-tetraza-dispiro[6.1.6.3]octadeca-3,12-diene-2,5,11,14,17-pentaone.(9) and 2 (6-membered) heterocyclic ring system of 7,13-Bis-(1,5-dimethyl-3-oxo-2-phenyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-16,16-diethyl-1,9-dioxa-5,7,13,14-tetraza-dispiro[5.1.5.3]hexadecane-2,4,12,15-pentaone. The final organic products were identified by there m.ps, elemental analyses,IR, and UV-Visible spectra.

ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF AMYLASEPRODUCING BACTERIA FROM SOILS USING LOCAL MEDIA

RAWI; DHAFER F. ABDUL KADER AL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 53-63

The study aimed at isolation starch hydrolyses bacteria and amylaseproducing
bacteria from Ramadi soils to get efficient local isolates that produce the
enzyme .30 bacteria isolates that produce the enzyme could be obtained; the (10) most
efficient of which were selected. Cultural media containing plant wastes prevailing in the
local environment were used. There are considered pollutants that are very cheap in the
production of the enzyme. They are corn cap, clover hay Trifolium alexandrinum L., and
shamblan Ceratophyllum demersum L. . The results have shown that the best production
of the enzyme using starch agar was at pH7 and 35c temperature after 24 hours of
incubation with the use of corn cap then shamblan as a source of carbon where the
diameter of the clear zone area was 8cm from the local isolate (PR10). The local isolate
(PR10) showed high ability to produce amylase enzyme using liquid cultures. The best
production was at pH7 and 40c temperature using corn cap of2% concentration and
incubation with the shaking incubator at 150 rpm and 1.5% inoculums concentration.
The activity of the enzyme was 24.731 unit/ml using peptone as a source of nitrogen after
incubation for 24 hours. Identification results of (PR10) isolate showed that it is B.subtilis
bacteria.

THE EFFECT OF Mn AND Ti SUBSTITUTED BARIUM FERRITE ON THE ELECTROMAGNETIC MICROWAVE ABSORBER IN THE X-BAND RANGE

SAEED N.AL-RASHED; KHALID T. RASOUL; HAMID S.AL-JUMAILI; A . A..Sabee; Alrawi; D. F; A.A. Assaffii; S.N.T. AL-RASHID; KAWKAB .S .N; KHALIFA .A K; HASSAN .A.M; HAMDY .A; NAAMA H. AL-HEETI; HAMDI A. AL-HADITHI; AHMED; KHALID M. A. HAMAD; ASHWAQ TALIB HAMEED AL-RAJAB; A. M. ASHIJ; MUTHNA HAMID; THAER ABDUL KADER; EMAD A. AL-HEETY; ABDEL HADI R.AL-HITI; OMAR H. SHEHAB AL- OBAIDI; SUFYAN T. FARAJ; Sattar R. Majeed; Mahmood M atea; Tahseen A.Zedan; TARAQ ABDUL JALAL; Murtadha M Hamad; AHMED M.MOHAMMED; HAMEED K. ALI; TARIK A. AL-JALEEL; Y. K. Jabur; G. A. Naeem; S. K. Fehan; FIRAS SHAKER FINDY

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 62-74

The compositional dependence of the electromagnetic wave absorption properties of barium ferrite (BaFe12 O19) in which Ti and Mn were substituted for Fe, was investigated .Single phase M-type structure was obtained for BaFe12-x(Ti0.5Mn0.5)xO19 sintered samples with composition 0≤x≤4.5 . The frequency dependence of reflection loss (R.L) obtained a minimum value of -21dB for the x-band frequency range (8-12GHz), and give a band width greater than 1GHz in the same frequency range . The grain size of the prepared powder were between ( 7.05-12.06 µm) .Barium ferrite-resin composites with 30,40,and 50 mass% ferrite exhipted a wide band width with R.L Keywords

Ba-ferrites
---
Substitutions
---
Titanium
---
Manganese
---
Electromagnetic wave absorber
---
reflection loss
---
bandwidth

PREPARATION AND ROLE OF BIOPHOS IN NUTRINT AND RESISTANCE Citrullus vulgaris L. TO THE INFECTION OF Fusarium wilt d.

A . A..Sabee; Alrawi; D. F; A.A. Assaffii

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 64-74

Lab. Experiments to prepare Biophos has been carried out. The experiments was
based on a field observation for three seasons at the area Zankoria west Ramadi city 25 km
Anbar governorate, Iraq. From field observation and Lab analysis, we have F.oxysporum that
infected plant and cause fusarium wilt disease, and two isolate Streptomycets sp.f3-y3 ,
Streptomycets sp.f3-y3.that had ability to inhibitor F.oxysporum . A clay soil and plants powder
(Cyperus rotundus Linn., Phragites austrialis ,Eucalyptus microtheca ) were used in percentage
20,10,40,30% respectively. The prepare compos were mixed up with powder of rock phosphate
–appetite with compos in ratio 1:1,0.5:1, 0:1.The mixture was wet with sterilization whey and
then it was inoculated with St.ts sp.f3-y3., P. fluorescence f1-y1, that has been isolated from the
observation aria (as to be at the highest total density microbes on the roots of un affected
plants). The treatments was incubated in 28± 2 c؛ for 20,40,60 days. Some of lab. Test were
carried out analysis had been carried out on the results of the lab. test. The results indicated
that prepared material for the Biophos - St sp.f3-y3 for an incubated period 60 days, was
recorded the highest contents of phosphorus, nitrogen, humic and falvic acids in additions
biomass, the rafter the treatment of the prepare material with inoculated P. fluorescence f1-y1
for an incubated period 40 days. The ability of the prepared material and their extract 5:1 w.d.
Ratio. Were tested in the inhibition of the F.oxysporum. The result indicated the activity of the
extracted the mixture of two materials Biophos and the material mixture as the give the highest
ability for completely inhibition F.oxysporum. Both characterizing material were used to
prepare treatment from Biophos St. sp.f3-y3, Biophos-P. fluorescence f1-y1 with a ratio of 1:1.
The treatment were adding in an amount of 20 g. / plant by using two different methods-with
seeds 2-partitioning the quantity on two share, first gave with seeds, while the other after a
month of plantation-adding after one month of plantation. Another treatment was carried out
by used mixture from two isolates inoculums were added with like method. Inoculums of
F.oxysporum uses with treatments or without it (control treatment). The treatments were
carried out in the same field area which planted with watermelon (Charleston Negara Citrullus
vulgaris L) the percentage of infected and average productions were recorded. The result
revealed the superiority of the mixture that parting in two shares, to given the lowered infection
percentage 8.5% and highest productivity 40 ton/ha

STUDY BROWNIAN MOTION AND SHOWING THE TRAJECTORIES OF PARTICLES USING FRACTAL GEOMETRY.

S.N.T. AL-RASHID

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 75-89

In the present work, trajectories of particle in an infinite square well, finite square well, with simple harmonic oscillators and double well potentials are shown and fractal dimension of these trajectories is calculated. The fractal dimension to theses trajectories is found close to 1.5 which is fractal dimension of fractional Brownian motion. Here, to show that, one can modify Hermann and Al-Rashid approaches in direct applications of Scale Relativity Theory.

 hא}מh%7א%،y}7אfא،1%אffא2007 EFFECT OF SELENIUM AND ZINC ON THE HISTOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF ILEUM IN GUINEAS PIGS IMMUNIZED WITH TYPHOID VACCINE

KAWKAB .S .N; KHALIFA .A K; HASSAN .A.M; HAMDY .A

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 75-83

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of the two minerals zinc ,
and selenium the histological structure of intestine. thirty guinea pigs were divided in to five
Groups(6 animals for each Group).the 1st group (S1) supplied with a selenium (0.02
milligram) ,the 2nd group(S2) supplied with (0.04 milligram). 3rd group (Zn1) supplied with a
zinc (0.08 milligram), while the 4th group (Zn2) supplied with (0.16 milligram).the last group
served as a control group received distill water instead. (Animals were treated daily with
these minerals using stomach tube for two months).
Infiltration of lymphocytes and phagocytes in particular polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs)
was noticed in ileum sections. Dilation of blood vessels was seen in all treated groups.
Presence of some spherical unidentified bodies with out nucleus was also detected. Epithelial
cells were hypertrophied.
As a conclusion, it was seen that zinc and selenium affect cellular and humeral immunity
positively or negatively depending on the dose given. The ultra structure of certain organs
was dearly affected.

A STUDY ON URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN AL-RAMADI GENERAL HOSPITAL INAL-ANBAR GOVERNORATE

NAAMA H. AL-HEETI; HAMDI A. AL-HADITHI; AHMED

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 84-92

Results of culturing 160 urine specimen taken from 160 patients
suffering from symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) in Al-Ramadi general
hospital in Al-Anbar governorate that actual percentage of UTI in patients were
29.37% , and that the above mention infection was more in females 30% than in
males 29% , and the most who affected were the age group above 60 year.
Eight microorganisms were isolated, the commonest microorganisms were
Staphylococcus epidermidis (34.04%), E. coli (21,27%), Proteus mirabilis (17.02%),
Klebsiella pneumoniae (14.89%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (6.83%), and finally
Enterococcus faecalis (2.12%), Citrobacter freudii (2.12%) and Candida albicanis
(2.12%).

TOTAL CROSS SECTION FOR PHOTON- PHOTON INTERACTIONS

KHALID M. A. HAMAD

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 90-94

Regge model has been used to calculate photon – photon total cross section. The couplings of the exchanged soft pomeron, hard pomeron and Reggeons with photons have been calculated. It has been assumed that soft and hard pomerons couple to photons in away similar to that of the pseudo scalar mesons. A comparison with data on photon-photon total cross section shows a good agreement

EFFECT OF SOME ANTHEMIS FLOWER EXTRACTS ON PATHOGENIC BACTERIA OFHUMAN SKIN INFECTION

ASHWAQ TALIB HAMEED AL-RAJAB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 93-100

The study shown the that effects of different Anthemis noblis flower extracts on
bacteria isolated from skin . Swabs were taken from different skin infection like rush or simple
ulcers, cultured bacteria on special media.The identification depending upon the
morphological, cultural and biochemical tests. The identification isolates were Pseudomonas
raeruginosa , Corynobacterium, Staphlycoccus aureus .
The extracts of plant prepared by soxhlet with three solvents water, alcohol and chloroform,
we used three concentration were used (10mgml, 50mgml,75mgml) upon bacteria isolates,
the results shown that the extracts of Anthemis noblis effect on bacteria isolates by inhibition
almost bacteria species. The best extract which gave greater inhibition activity was alcohol
extracts . the concentration 50mgml , 74mgml had effects better from 10mgml against the
bacteria which were studied .
The Chemical tests of alcohol exracts show that's its consist of many effective materials
importance in inhibition the differents pathogenic bacteria like Tannis, Saponin, Glycosides,
Flavonoids and Resins .

M1 TRANSITIONS IN ER ISOTOPES

A. M. ASHIJ

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 95-101

We presented the results of schematic calculations of Magnetic dipole transitions in Erbium isotopes from 158 to 168 by considering the Hamiltonian of the neutron- proton Interacting Boson Model (IBM-2). New idea for counting bosons number at N=64 has been used. A comparison with available M1 experimental data is presented.

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF AZADIRACHTIN COMPOUND AND HEXANE EXTRACT OF MELIA AZEDARACH FRUITS AGAINST SOME BACTERIAL ISOLATIONS

MUTHNA HAMID; THAER ABDUL KADER

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 101-109

An activity of azadirachtin compound after separating it from
Melia azedarach fruits powder and purification as well as diagnosing it by
IR,CC,TLC, against some pathogenic bacterial isolations which are
Staphylococcus aureus , Proteus , Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli ,
has been studied .This compound has proved its high activity to influence against
these bacterial isolations and inhibated the diameter of inhibation it was
23,18,17,22mm with concentration 50mg/ml respectively . An activity of hexane
extract of Melia azedarach fruits powder also has been studied to prove its good
activity against same bacterial isolations but in diverse rates between it and
azadirachtin compound extract since diameters of inhibition zone have reached
13,19,21,12 mm with concentration 50 mg/ml respectively

THE QUANTITATIVE SEISMICITY MAPS OF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA AND ADJOINING AREAS

EMAD A. AL-HEETY

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 102-110

Three quantitative seismicity maps, the a-value map, the b-value map and the estimated maximum magnitude map, have been prepared for the Arabian Peninsula and surroundings. For preparation of these maps, the frequency- magnitude relation has been used where the constants a and b were estimated using maximum likelihood method. These maps are superimposed on the modified seismotectonic map of Arabian peninsula. These quantitative seismicity maps reveal that the Arabian peninsula consists of four high seismic activity zones: Zagros high, Dead sea rift system high, southern Red sea high and Gulf of Aden and Arab sea high. The b-values determined by this study are compared with those determined by other workers for various regions in the Arabian peninsula. They show a good agreement .The maximum magnitude map reveals a Mmax highs comparable with the a and b highs .

STUDY THE EFFECT OF SOME ACETYLIC AMINE COMPLEXES ON ACETYLCHOLINE esterase Inhibited by ORGAN PHOSPHOROUS COMPOUND IN BLOOD SERUM

ABDEL HADI R.AL-HITI; OMAR H. SHEHAB AL- OBAIDI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 110-117

In this research , the biological activity for some of new
prepared Acetlynic Amine complexes have been study through effect of these
complexes to used as activation and reactivation AChE enzyme inhibited by
organophosphorous compound which used in herbicide or chemical war in
blood serum.The inhibition of AChE by some organophosphorous compounds:
TEP=TriethoxyPhosphinoxide,
TDMAP=Tris(DiMethylAmine)Phosphenoxide
has been studied for the first time.
From the degree of inhibition obtained, the time of incubation and inhibitor
concentration for the highest inhibition have been determined.
The results obtained from (Linweaver –Burk) plot indicates that the inhibition is
Non-Competitive.The inhibition percentages obtained confirmed that TEP has a
higher inhibition than TDMAP. The fect of (zinc, cadmium and mercury) (II) of
acetlynic amine (N-Propargyl pipredine) complexes on the activity of the
inhibited enzyme has been studied.The resuls obtained from the incubation time
and concentration experiments of the above complexes with inhibited enzyme,
showed that all the complexes behave as re-activators

A NEW BLOCK CIPHER (NAHRAINFISH)BASED ON SOME AES FINALISTS

SUFYAN T. FARAJ

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 111-125

In this work, we present some deeper insights in the state-of-the-art in block cipher design. This is mainly achieved by assessment of the evaluation process of the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard). We conclude (with may be a little bit surprising result) that the required security level, for a block cipher to be used for the present and foreseeable future, may be underestimated during AES evaluation. In accordance, we propose a new block cipher that we call Nahrainfish, which we believe that it offers the required security level without a big sacrifice in efficiency and other related criteria. Instead of building Nahrainfish totally from scratch, we have made a benefit mainly from some AES finalists to develop the new cipher by an over-engineering approach leading to the required higher security level. Nahrainfish is a classical Feistel network based on a novel combination of both key-dependent S-boxes and data-dependent rotations. It operates on 128-bit blocks and accepts a variable key length up to 1024 bits. The paper also includes some important notes on the security and performance of the cipher.

STUDY OF BIOCHEMICAL EFFECT THE LEVEL OF SOME TRANSITION ELEMENT MEASURED BY FLAME ATOMIC ABSOROTION TECHNIQUE ON THE HEALTH OF EXPOSED WORKER

Sattar R. Majeed; Mahmood M atea; Tahseen A.Zedan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 118-125

This research is a trial to study the exposed effect of some trace elements
{Chromium , Iron , Nickel , Cupper and Zinc} which have been used in painting on the
biological functions of liver , Heart and Kidney of workers in contact with their vapors , in
addition to their levels in the body.
Flame atomic absorption technique had been used for the measurements of trace elements as
well as Cu / Zn ratio level in serum . The trace elements level increased significantly ( P < 0.05
) while the Cu/ Zn ration decreased
The Biochemical test was carried on technicians and administrators for the interior control
and volunteers as external control.
Blood Bio-test was carried out including the concentration of total Cholesterol, Triglyceride,
High density lipo protein {HDL} ,Low density lipo protein {LDP} and very Low density lipo
protein {VLDL}.
The results of this study showed that: Cholesterol , Triglyceride and Low density lipoprotein
increased significantly ( P < 0.01 ) , while high density lipoprotein decreased significantly ( P <
0.05 )
Serum Enzymes including GOT, GPT, Alk. phosphate, and urea activity were also done. The
results showed that Enzyme activity: GOT, GPT, Urea increased significantly (P< 0.05 ) , Alk
phosphate show insignificant increase ( P < 0.05 ).,

DATA MINING AND STATISTICAL METHODS USED FOR SCANNING CATEGORICAL DATA

Murtadha M Hamad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 126-134

It has been shown that data mining uncovers patterns in data using predictive techniques. These patterns play a critical role in decision making because they reveal areas for process improvement. Statistical techniques such as Chi-square test for association are widely used in the medical field. Yet, the interpretation of some of the results approached by the use of this statistical techniques is seems to be a very difficult task. The type of association is often non-linear and hence will mask the important part of the use of this technique. In this research work a new approach is adopted by scanning the raw data for any possible association (linear or non-linear). More data mining methods and statistical inference were the base tools of this research work.

LINKED UNSATURATED POLYESTER BLENDED WITH POLYOL (HTPBO)

TARAQ ABDUL JALAL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 126-139

This study was carried out to improve resistance to weathering
Conditions especially ultra energy rays through physical blending with polyol
monomer of 10%,20%,and30% ratios.The molding casting method was used to
manufacture the samples which were exposed to high tempreture (110c) for
(85)hours. The morphological study showed the nature of the distribution of
polyol molecules and their miscibility with unsaturated polyester, as well as, the
polymer mixtures surface..Also The photo graphs after radiation revealed that
the surface showed aclear difference according to mixing ratios and the extent of
degradation factors. The samples were continuosly exposed to uv-rays after
radiation for 300 hours wavelength 245 nm, the photographs showed clear
difference in the synthesized sample surface due to photodegradation which
observed by uv-spectra. The percentages 20% and 30% showed a great
sensitivity towards light . These samples gave swelling as a result of disohants
indicating their degradation was faster than other samples.( if compared with
the results of the virgin sample). It was proved that polyol with flexible
properties can give improvement to the properties of unsaturated polyester of
Hard properties via blending by 10% and lower ratios that give stabilization to
the studied samples .

A STUDY ON GENERAL KINETIC BEHAVIOR OF CORROSION FOR SOME ALLOYS IN ACID MEDIUM

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 140-144

Lead alloys including pure pb, pb – Sn, pb – Se and pb – Sn – Se
were prepared which confirmed by X – Ray. Corrosion potential and corrosion
current density and then the general kinetic behavior for corrosion were studied in
the temperature range 293 – 313 K in 5M sulfuric acid solution. The results
indicated that the rate of corrosion for all alloys increased with the rise of
temperature. The general kinetic behavior of the alloys followed the well known
Arrhenius equation. The values of log A and Ea effected by adding Tin and
Selenium, thus decreasing or increasing the rate of corrosion for alloys. A linear
relationship was found to exist between the values of Arrhenius equation log A and
Ea which is found to describe the corrosion activity of the alloys.

MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF PHOTODEGRADATION AND PHOTOSTABILIZATION FOR POLYSTYRENE INDUCED BY ANHYDROUS FERRIC CHLORIDE

AHMED M.MOHAMMED; HAMEED K. ALI; TARIK A. AL-JALEEL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 145-157

تم فی هذا البحث دراسة مورفولوجیة لسطح رقائق متعدد ستایرین النقی والمعجل بأملاح فلزیة لاحد العناصر الانتقالیه ) کلورید الحدیدیک اللامائی( والمضاف بنسب وزنیه 0.05%, 0.025%) 0.1%, 0.2%,, 0.4% ( فأظهرت الدراسه أن سطح البولیمر یعطی تغیرا" واضحا" فی اللون وتشققات وندبات للسطح ناتجه من التفاعل مع طاقة الاشعه العالیه فوق البنفسجیة ( ) وبشکل یتناسب مع التراکیز أعلاه من المعجل . ومع ساعات التشعیع والبالغة 250 ساعة وعلى عدة مراحل.نتائج الدراسات الطیفیه بالاشعه تحت الحمراء (I.R) والاشعه فوق البنفسجیه (U.V) متطابقه مع مایظهره سطح البولیمر من استجابه للمؤثرات الضوئیه ذات الطاقه العالیه. ومن خلال شکل الاطیاف وقمم الحزم حیث أعطیت التراکیز الواطئه (0.05, 0.025) تسریع للتفکک فیما اعطیت التراکیز العالیه (0.4, 0.2,0.1) تثبیت للبولیمرات.ومن خلال حساب معدل تکوین معامل الکاربونیل (ICO) ومعدل تکوین معامل الهیدروکسیل (IOH) واللذان کان نموهما متناسبان مع عدد ساعات التشعیع ومؤشرا" واضحا" کاحد عوامل التثبیت والتفکک الناتجه من اضافة ملح کلورید الحدیدیک اللامائی وحسب النسب المضافه لغرض معرفة مقدار تأثر البولی ستایرین بالأشعة العالیة الطاقة وکیفیة حصول حالات التفکک والتثبیت.

STUDYING THE INFLUENCE OF FAST NEUTRONS & GAMMA-RAY ON THE ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PN

Y. K. Jabur; G. A. Naeem; S. K. Fehan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 158-167

In this paper the effect engenders by fast neutrons and gamma
rays on the electrical properties of some silicon diodes was in vestigated. The
neutron generator (T-400) was used to induce fast neutrons with energy (En=14
MeV) and the standard source (60Co) was used to induce gamma ray with
energy range (1.33-1.17 MeV). The measurements of the samples included
studying the characteristics Current–Voltage (I-V characteristics) before and
after irradiation taking into account that these samples were exposed to
different successive periods of irradiation from the neutron source and to
different doses of gamma rays. The results indicate that there are some changes
in the properties of the samples that were exposed to fast neutrons, that is, the
current increases at low-levels fluency. And with the increase in the neutron
fluency the current decreases, this decrease continues with the increase in the
neutron fluency till it goes back to a level near to its original one. The results of
the samples, which were exposed to gamma rays, indicate a slight change in
their properties. The current decreases with increase in the doses and the
continuity of providing gamma doses leads to a nil current.

THE DEVELOPED TABULATED METHED FOR EVALUATING INTEGRALS

FIRAS SHAKER FINDY

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2007, Volume 1, Issue 2, Pages 168-173

:In this search we had made a developed table to solve all
integrals which can be solved by parts as well as other integrals which solved by
anther methoed ,this table is ashort method to solve such integrals with less
effort and time as well as reduction the percentage of error in the results.the 1st
chapter of the search contain explain the ordinary method of integration by
parts & how to evaluate the integrals. The 2nd chapter explain the tabulated
method & the evaluation of integrals for function consist of “ two functions
multiplaction” one of them polynomial the 3rd chapter contian the developed
tabulated method & how to applicate it an all integrals which soved by parts by
using the developed table . the table is simple and have a ccurate results. The
foarth chapter contain using the developed table to evaluate the driangnometric
functions integral which easier and faster from the ordinary integration method