Print ISSN: 1991-8941

Online ISSN: 2706-6703

Volume 2, Issue 3

Volume 2, Issue 3, Summer and Autumn 2008, Page 1-164


Hematological Changes in adolescents, pregnant women in third trimester, women during delivery and their newborn.

Mahmood M. Atia; MuthanaM. Awad; Abdulsalam A. Mohammed; Abed A. Thaker

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 1-11

The study included 360 samples collected during the period between
October 2005 to March 2006. They were divided into four main groups namely;
adolescents, pregnant women in third trimester, women during delivery and
their newborn. Each group consisted of 90 subjects. It was carried out to
determine the hematological variables using the routine examination methods
The following results were obtained :
There was a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in pregnant women
and delivery women but increased in newborn .
There was a decrease in the total white blood cells among adolescents
and delivery women .The neutrophils level was the highest but it was at the
lowest level in pregnant women and delivery women .
The highest ratios of reticulocytes counts were among newborn while
the lowest ratios were among adolescents.
Platelets rates significantly decreased in the two groups of pregnant
women in comparison with adolescents and new born.
We conclude that the hematological examinations results were varies
according to the physiological conditions of each group.

THE USES OF GARLIC AS ANTIBACTERIAL IN VITRO

Abeer Yousif Abdul-Kareem

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 1-15

The aim of this study was to determined the inhibitory effect of different concentrations of garlic extract in vitro. Thirty clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus were obtained from patients suffering from different skin infections in Ramadi General Hospital During the period between October 2007 to February 2008 , as well as the control strain of S. aureus (ATCC 25923) . Antimicrobial effects of garlic was detected by three different methods, disc diffusion method, well diffusion method, minimumal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimumal bactericidal concentration (MBC) .Out of Thirty clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, 20 (66.6%) and control strain were identified as highly susceptible with 100mg/ml of garlic juice, 8 isolates (26.6%) showed intermediate susceptible and no detectable activity with the lower concentrations of garlic juice as well as 2 isolates (6.6%) were resistante (no zone of inhibition )was observed with concentrated garlic juice. 3.2 mg/ml of garlic juice was the minimumal inhibitory concentration and minimumal bactericidal concentration for all tested isolates. It is concluded that the higher concentrated of garlic juice which had a strong inhibitory activity on Staphylococcus aureus .Further in vivo studies are necessary.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE ASSAYS OF BACTERIAL BIOFILM PRODUCED BY Pseudomonas aeruginosa AND Klebsiella spp.

Shaymaa H. Moteeb

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 6-13

The aim of this study was to detect biofilm formation by study isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella spp. qualitatively and quantitatively. Twenty-five isolates were taken from patients admitted to Ramadi General Hospital were included in this study. Qualitative biofilm formation assays (tube method and Foley-catheter assay) and quantitative assay by spectrophotometric method with ELISA reader were achieved under two experimental conditions. In tube method, the result showed that out of 8 (32%) isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 17 (68%) isolates of Klebsiella species, the biofilm were produced in 7 (87.5%), and 14(82.35%) respectively. while, in foley catheter method, the biofilm were produced on the surfaces of the catheters in all pseudomonal isolates (100%), and 15(88.23%)of klebsiella isolates respectively. In the spectrophotometric method, the results showed that out of 17 isolates of Klebsiella spp., all isolates were produced biofilm strongly in the glucose supplemented media while 15 (88.23%) of them were produced biofilm strongly in the glucose non-supplemented media and 2 (11.76%) isolates were weak biofilm producers in the glucose non-supplemented media. With regard to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the results showed that all pseudomonal isolates, which submitted to this study, were produced biofilm strongly in the glucose supplemented and non-supplemented brain heart infusion broth. The study concluded that all isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella spp. were produced biofilm qualitatively by both techniques. Further, the spectrophotometric method was an accurate method for detection the bacterial adherence to the surface of Microtiter plates. Further more, biofilm production was not affected by this factor in both of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella spp.

Production of single cell protein from carbon sources and local compos Candida isolates and it’s role in Cyprinus carpio L. feeding.

Abed.A.Thaker; Idham.A.Abed; Mohammed Q.Abed; Ali H.Abdul-Kareem

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 12-22

Sudy was conducted for producing a single-cell protein from Whey and remnants of
dates, using local yeast Isolated from the environments of Whey and remnants of dates of
Isolates. The study also tackled the impact of the use of selected mixed culture isolates on
producing single-cell protein. The production of single cell protein was performed in accordance
use of Batch Fermenter. The validity of the produced single cell protein to ensure that it is free
from toxins and using to feed the fish Cyprinus carpio L instead of various percents of normal
protein. Six Isolates obtained from natural sources, which included 3 Isolates of the whey
environment and 3 Isolates of remnants of dates.The use of the Fermenter production rate of
the single-cell protein that was 23.35 grams / liter.The results of diagnostic tests showed that
isolates returning to Genus of Candida, as diagnosed as Candida utilisWt2 and C.
tropicalisDr1.The analysis of results showed that the components of single-cell protein product
that the proportion of crude protein ranged between 52.55 - 57.01%, and percentage of
carbohydrates 23.74 - 26.9%, and the proportion of ether extracted fat ranged 2.74 - 2.98%,
The percentage of ash about 11.03 - 11.38%, the percentage of nucleic acid (3.40-3.96%), while
it contains many amino acids, including sulfur amino acids.and Toxicology results showed that
the produced was free from toxins.
The study showed the possibility of replacing 25% of the animal protein in feed fish
feeding by single-cell and used to feed fish Cyprinus carpio L. without significant changes in the
final weight of the fish during the experiment period of 70 days.

TAUTOMERIC TRANSITIONS WITH PHOTO-INDUCED EFFECTS USING LASER BEAM OBSERVED IN ANTIBIOTIC ERYTHROMYCIN - ESTOLATE

Hussien Ali; Yusra M. Al-Obadi; Ismail K. Al-Khateeb

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 14-23

:The photo transitions of Erythromycin 2-propionate dodecyl sulphate (C40H71NO14, C12H26O4S) using Nitrogen Laser beam have been studied at different periods of time. Different techniques have been used to analyze and identify final products. The results showed that photo transitions of Erythromycin - Estolate which measured by conductivity initially increased and then decreased with time especially at high pulse rate. While pH showed a different behavior and initially there was reduction in pH values by increasing the pulse rate. The kinetic study indicated that the rate of reaction is of the second-order type . The qualitative identification showed that the final products were; • First: 6-(4-Dimethylamino-3-O-propionyl –6-methyl- tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-14-ethyl-4-(5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-4,6-dimethy-tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-3,5,7,9,11,13-hexamethyl-oxacyclotetradeca-2,10-dione-7,12,13-propaniol dodecyl sulphate.• Second: 6-(4-Dimethylamino-3-O-propionyl –6-methyl- tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-14-ethyl-4-(5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-4,6-dimethy-tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-3,5,7,9,11,13-hexamethyl-oxacyclotetradeca-2,9-diene-2,7,10,12,13-pentaol dodecyl sulphate. The final products showed an existaence of enol group through a tautomerism reaction of keto enol.

Studying the Possibility of using Industrial Waste Water from AL-Ramadi Glass Factory in Growth of tow Kinds of Cruciferae Plant .

Mohammed F.Aboud; Sedeak A. Qaseem; Samir S. Khalil

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 23-29

The Presnt study is designed to study the Possibility of using Industrial Waste
Water from AL-Ramadi Glass factory in the growth of tow Kinds of Cruciferae Plant namely
;Brassica rapa and B.capitat .Tow kinds of industrial wastes before and after chemical
processing in the factory hav been used .Hydrological culture technology has been used with
samples of industrial waste water .Results indicate a success of B.rapa in plantation and
growth whereas B.capitat dose not show such a response .

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND KINETIC STUDIES OF SOME OXAZEPINE AND OXAZEPANE FROM REACTION OF ETHYLIMINO AND DIETHYLIMINO WITH MALEIC, SUCCINIC AND PHTHALIC ANHYDRIDE

A.Al-Hadithi; Mohamed; Aeed S. Mohamed; Waleed.F. Al-Hity

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 24-37

ABSTRACT: Ethylimino and Di Ethylimino were prepared by condensation of Ethylene diamine with one equivalent and tow equivalent of substituted benzaldehyde. These ethylimino were reacted with one equivalent of maleic , succinic and phthalic anhydride in absolute ethanol to give 7-membered heterocyclic ring system of 3-(2-amino-ethyl)-2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-[1,3] oxazepine and 3-(2-amino-ethyl)-2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-[1,3] oxazepane. Diethylimino were reacted with tow equivalent of maleic and succinic anhydride in same condition to give 2(7-membered) heterocyclic ring system of 2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-3-{2-[2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl) -4,7-dioxo -[1,3] oxazepine-3-yl]-ethyl}-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepine-4,7-dione and 2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl)-3-{2-[2-(2-hydroxy-phenyl) -4,7 -dioxo -[1,3] oxazepane-3-yl]-ethyl}-2,3-dihydro-[1,3]oxazepane-4,7-dione. Kinetic Studies of reaction of Ethylimino and DiEthylimino with maleic , Succinic and phthalic anhydride proved to A first-class equation was applied to the reaction.

Production of single cell protein from growth local Candida utilis, Candida tropicalis tropicalis Isolates on Whey and remnants of dates

A. H.Mansour; A.A. Thaker; Sharif Sadek; Idham A. Abed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 30-44

This study was conducted for producing a single-cell protein from Whey and
remnants of dates, using local yeast Isolated.The efficient Isolates were selected for
utilization of the used carbon sources and production of single-cell protein.The limitation
of the appropriate incubation period for growth and production as trial to improving the
nutrient media components which was performed by the increment of the prepared of
carbon source by focusing Whey or mixing it with the remnants of dates at different
rates. The addition of supports to the media included food powder plant Northblan and
remnants of culture of mushrooms and shellfish waste of bloody massacres meat and
crude oil.The study also tackled the impact of the use of selected mixed culture isolates
and impact of shaking and aeration processes on producing single-cell protein.The
production of single cell protein was performed in shaking incubator and by using
Fermenter.
The most important findings are :
Sexes Isolates obtained from natural sources, which included 3 Isolates of the
whey environment and 3 Isolates of remnants of dates.Test results showed the efficiency
of isolates selected in the production of single cell protein fermentation process for four
days, the concentrated whey media gave the best production rate 4.60 g / liter. The study
showed that mixing 50% of remnants of dates with 50% of concentrated whey led to
significant increase in the production was 6.56 g / liter. The use of the improved
materials for the media led to significant increase in the results, achieving higher
productivity 8.35 g / liter when using remnants of the bloody massacres of meat. The use
of mixed cultures led to significant increase in the production compared with pure
cultures of Isolates that gave mixed isolates Wt2Dr1Fl higher productivity amounted to
14.79 grams / liter. The study showed that the process of agitation and aeration had
significant role in raising production to hit 17.61 grams / liter when using aeration rate of
0.5 liter / minutes with shaking speed of 150 cycle / minutes.. The use of the Fermenter
instead of the shaking incubator had significant increased production rate of the singlecell
protein that was 23.35 grams / liter. The results of diagnostic tests showed that
isolates returning to Ascomycetes, Genus of Candida, as Candida utilisWt2 and C.
tropicalisDr1.The analysis of results showed that the components of single-cell protein
product that the proportion of crude protein ranged between 52.55 - 57.01%, and
carbohydrates 23.74 - 26.9%, and the proportion of ether extracted fat ranged 2.74 -
2.98%, the percentage of nucleic acid (3.40-3.96%). The study showed a decline in the
value of BOD for the used mediato 480 mg / liter at the development mix isolates
Wt2Dr1Fl .

SYNTHESIS A NUMBER OF AZO COMPOUNDS DERIVED FROM GUANINE AND STUDYING THEIR BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY ON PATHOGENIC BACTERIA

Yousif H. Khalaf

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 38-45

ABSTRACT: A series of compounds were prepared by coupling dizonium salts with guanine. The structures of the prepared compounds were identified by ultra violet ,infra red spectra and Elemental (C.H.N) analysis .The biological activity of these compounds was investigated on five genera of pathogenic bacteria: S. aureus , Str. viridans , Ps. aeruginosa , E. coli and Sh. dysenteriae using Disc diffusion method. Also the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was calculated .It was found that these compounds have medium biological effect against these genera of bacteri Key words : Synthesis , Azo Compounds , Guanine and , Biological Activity , Bacteria

The role of plasmid in the virulence of Staphylococcus aureus and its resistance of antibiotics

Khalaf JasimMohammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 45-53

The bacterium staphylococcus aures was isolated from subcutaneous abcess by
using staphylococcal medium No-110 and diagnosed according to its cultural and micro
scopic characters , biochemical reactions and coagulase production . Sensitivity test of the
bacterium against antimicrobial agents was performed and the result appeared that the
bacterium was sensitive to cephlothin , ampicillin , ampiclox , tetracyclin , rifampicin ,
cloxamcillin ,fusidic acid , chloramphenicol and nitrofurontion , and resistant to cefotaxin ,
bacitracin neomycin, gentamycin , nalidixic aceid , penicllin , erythromycin and cloxacillin .
Curing experiment was accom plished using elevated growth temperature , to study
the role of plasmids in coding for the virulence factors , coagulase and hemolysin and
antibiotics resis tance , Result showed the partial loss of coogulase production through the
effect on RNA polymerase responsible of transcription of cluster structural genes with single
promoter and terminator produce coagulase and the method was not suitable for curing
hemolysin plasmid . Results of curing of plasmids responsible of antibiotics resistance
ensured the role of plasmids in resistance of the antibiotics penicillin , Erythromycin and
cloxacillin after physical loss of plasmid as proofed by gel electrophoresis .
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SYNTHESIS AND SPECTRA STUDIES ON CHROMIUM COPPER AND CADMIUM COMPLEXES OF(TETRA METHYLDIBENZOTETRA AZA {16}ANNULENE [L])

Aeed salihMohammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 46-56

ABSTRACT: In high dilution method and in ethanol solution has been reacted two moles (o – phenylendiamin ) with tow moles (2,5 – Hexandion) to yield Macrocyelic Ligand type N4 . This Ligand ( L ) has been reacted with some metal ion to product metal complexes (M L ) where M = Cr+3, Cu+2and Cd+2. The metal complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, (C.H.N), molar conductivities, I.R spectra, UV-Vis., HPLC, and atomic absorption. From the above data the proposed molecular structure for (ML) is octahedral, and Trigonal bipyrimed

Regular ideal over endomorphisms ring

Muthana A. Mahmood

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 53-45

In this work we review a number of, well-know results which deal
with conditions that make (homomorphism ring of commutative Ideal which is
the aim at this work .
Prof. S.H. Cox JR has studied these results in addition to Prof.
Wezlman , first of all. We introduce an explanation of there results to arrive to
our goal which we could arrive at through the proof of the theorem in the result
of this paper.
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The Biological Activity of Cellulose Decomposition Streptomyces Isolated from Soil

Thaer A. Saleh; Mayada A. Sheehan; Huda M. Mahmood; Ezedin A. Albayar

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 54-58

This study was conducted to obtaining different isolated of Actinomycetes
from various region of Alanbar government and study its ability to produce
antibiotics. According to morphological, cultural and biochemical tests , four
isolated of Streptomyces were isolated and test for its ability to inhibit other
bacteria ( protus , E coli Staphylococcus , Streptococcus) and its sensitivity to
different antibaiotics.Study showed that Streptomyces were highly sensitive to
Naldizic acid and have the ability to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus more
than gram negative bacteria.

INTERACTING BOSON MODEL CALCULATIONS FOR EVEN-EVEN NUCLEUS

Ibrahim Jasim Abdullah

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 57-64

ABSTRACT:In the present work, the interacting boson model(IBM-1)has been used in the calculation of the energy levels as a function of angular momentum E(L) for even-even deformed nuclei. The calculated results are compared with the available experimental data and found to be in a good agreement, specially at low-lying states, while at high angular momentum, some theoretical values are somehow larger than the experimental values

Isolation and Identification for antibiotics producing bacteria from Ramadi soils.

Muthna hamid hassan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 59-68

Study included the selection of bacteria isolated from local is the most
efficient among the seven isolates have been isolated from the soil of the city of
Ramadi by collecting 20 sample soil from 6 different locations, based on
possession of the effectiveness of inhibition a broad spectrum of bacteria toward
the test was diagnosed with several tests and the appearance, biochemical
It was diagnosed as isolating Bacillus subtilius and was labeled M1,
Bacillus polymyxa was labeled as M3 owned inhibition highly effective against
Staphylococcus aureus, pseudomonas aeruginosa and the Limits of 23 -30 mm
and less against Escherichia coli, Klebsiella ssp isolated and characterized the
M1 more effectively inhibition further examined the effect of temperature The
growth of isolates that grow well in 40 degree heat, both 45 and isolating and
isolation alone can M1 growth in the 50 degree Celsius heat either at low
temperatures can not isolate both Selected from the growth in the degree of heat
5c.ْ and studying the impact of salinity on the growth of isolates Shows that it
grows well in focus 3% NaCl The focus was able only 7% of M1 growth and
sustainability of this focus, while the focus of 10% was not able to isolate both of
growth in .

A STUDY OF EFFECT OF REINFORCING FIBERS DIRECTION FOR THE POLYMER COMPOSITES ON THE THERMAL CHARACTERIZATION USING COMPUTER MODELING

id. Khidr. Selman

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 65-75

ABSTRACT:The study was created using "ANSYS 5.4" the Physical CAD tool to find out the effect of fiber direction on thermal characterization for tow types of the polymer composites. One was the epoxy reinforced with Glass fibers composite (EGF), the other was the Polyester reinforced by the same type of fibers (PGF). The fibers angled with tow angles 00 and 450 with pivot of each type of the composites. The loads and boundary conditions (B.C) was applied as different temperatures. The study included temperature distribution, thermal flux and thermal gradient in which obtained directly from the package. The thermal conductivity withal was calculated from the results. The analysis showed that the temperature distribution is almost constant for all models, the thermal flux was 1743 (J/S.m2) for the EGF composites with 00 and 1494 (J/S.m2) for the 450, thermal gradient was 3134 (K0/m) for 0 0 and 4187 (K0/m) for 45 0. For PGF composites the values of thermal flux was 1799 (J/S.m2) for 00 and 1505 (J/S.m2) for 450, the thermal gradient was 3112 (K0/m) for the 00 and 4187 (K0/m) for 450. Thermal conductivity obtained from the previous results and the highest value was 0.578 (W/K0.m) for PGF 00, followed by 0.556 (W/K0.m) for EGF with the same angle of fibers. Other hand the other composites EGF and PGF with 45 0 had a lower values for thermal conductivity which were both about 0.36 (W/K0.m), for that reason we conclude that the last tow types (with 450 angle) were preferred to use in applications as water tanks or other thermal insulation systems.

Test the inhibition activity of two local Streptomyces isolates by used sawdust as a carbone source

Thamer Yousif Motr

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 69-81

Two local Streptomyces (Streptomyces O3 & Streptomyces TS36 ) was used
in this study. The isolate Str. O3 has been isolated from one of Ramadi city soil,
the isolate has been selected based on it's ability of producing cellulase through
it's ability of digesting sawdust as culture medium to test inhibition activity
against some pathogenic bacteria. The isolate Stre.TS36 prediagnosed in college
of science-University of Al-Anbar has also been used. The isolate Str.O3 was
described phenotypically and physiologically by many cultures media, also has
been diagnosed by different temperatures, and it's ability of growth in different
salt concentrations and different pH was also tested, in which selected optimum
conditions to producing inhibition activity against tested pathogenic bacteria
Staphylococcus aureus& E. coli..
Result showed the ability of the two selected streptomyces used in studying it's
utilization of sawdust as a carbon source for growth and production of inhibition
activity against pathogenic bacteria, in which the solid culture and liquid culture
methods were used to grow the two local isolates to produce the inhibition
activity in presence of sawdust, both isolates were able to produce the inhibition
activity in both solid and liquid cultures, the isolates Str.O3 and Str.TS36 were
able to produce inhibition activity in test cultures 2,3 and 4 containing 0.3, 0.7
and 1.5 g/ml of sawdust respectively against Staphylococcus aureus similar to or
little better than control culture that does not contain sawdust, also the isolates
Str.O3 was able of producing inhibition activity in the same previous test cultures
against E. coli, the isolate Str. O3 showed high stability in high temperature in
which it was able to grow and produce inhibition activity in temperature 40C0
comparing with isolate Str.TS36 that was able to grow and produce inhibition
activity in 28 C0.

DIFFERENT CORE INTERACTING BOSON-FERMION MODELAND SPECTROSCOPIC FACTOR ANALYSIS

Nabeil Ibrahim Fawaz

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 76-80

ABSTRACT:The level structure of 125Te by considering 124Te as a core for positive parity low-lying states has been investigated. Spectroscopic factor for both pick-up and stripping reactions were deduced according to the Interacting Boson-Fermion Model(IBFM) and compared with experimental results. Considering 126Te as a core gives best description to the 125Te nucleus.

ERROR CORRECTING CODE USING LATIN SQUARE

Abdul-Jabbar; Makarim Abdul-Waheed; Ali Makki Sagheer

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 81-91

ABSTRACT:Digital data stored in computers or transmitted over computer networks are constantly subject to error due to the physical medium in which they are stored or transmitted. Error-correction codes are means of introducing redundancy in the data so that even if part of it is corrupted or completely lost, the original data can be recovered. Error correcting codes are used in modern technology to protect information from errors. Burst error correcting codes are needed in virtually uncountable applications. Such codes will be called complete burst error correcting codes. There are quite a few constructions for complete burst error correcting codes. This paper presents an error correcting code based on the concept and the theory of the Latin Squares, where it employ the characteristics of the orthogonal Latin Squares to correct the errors. That is not complete burst error correcting codes, since it can correct most burst pattern of length i „T n, but not all of them. However, if the number of uncorrectable patterns is sufficiently small, this code can be used in practice as a burst error correcting code.

STUDY OF AMYLASE ENZYME AND AMYLASE CREATININE CLEARACE RATE IN NON INSULIN DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS

BAKAA H. ISMAIL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 82-87

The aim of this study was determined to check the effect of NIDDM on
Amylase Enzyme and amylase creatinine clearance rate.
The specimens were collected from 48 patients suffering from Non Insulin
Dependant Diabetes Mellitus (23 females,25 males). Amylase tests, creatinine test
in serum and urine were done. The results show increased of amylase level in
serum, urine amylase and amylase ceratinine clearance rates were (262, 520,7.8)
respectively when compared with the control were (140, 313,3.19) respectively.

A qualitative Study of Digital Dermatoglyphices In Relation With ABO Blood Groups

Omer Kahtan Yaseen

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 88-98

This study addressed the breakdown of the three main models for
fingerprints and its subsidiaries and their relationship by blood collections system
(ABO) - Students of Life Sciences Department - Faculty of Education - University of
Anbar, including the ten fingers of both hands. The models show that more common
among members of the sample is a Alaruyat rate Percentage (56.67%), followed by
Almstdiratt and percentage (36.83%) and least bows and a percentage (6.33%),
while the fingers of one hand, it was noted that the middle finger right Walid is
pregnant for the bulk of the Alaruyat and percentage (72.5%) and least ring finger
and by (40%) As for the finger Pinkie is pregnant for the bulk of the Alaruyat for
labor and the left percentage (74.166%) and least finger Central by (48.333%), and
for Mstdiratt ring finger was the right of the labor is pregnant for the bulk of the
Almstdiratt and percentage (54.166 %) And least finger Central and Pinky and the
percentage respectively (25.833%) (25%) as well as labor left ring finger is pregnant
for the bulk of the Almstdiratt and percentage (54.833%) and least Pinkie finger
percentage (17.5%). As for the brackets were The index finger is the most hesitant
and percentage (10%) of the labor right and left Walid (12.5%). To investigate the
relationship of blood groups as the (ABO) of the fingers. Alaruyat found that
individuals living with blood groups (A, B, O, AB) were more numerous in Central
finger for labor and the right percentage (76.324%), while individuals living with
blood groups (A, B, AB) was the index finger is a less number of Alaruyat and
percentage (32.903%), while for the group Blood (O) found that the ring finger is
carrying the least number of Alaruyat rate (28.571%). As for labor, the left-positive
individuals blood groups (AB, O, B, A) was Pinkie finger with a greater number of
Alaruyat and percentage (82.755%) The individuals living with blood groups (O, B),
the index finger a lower number of Alaruyat and percentage (20.027%), but for
individuals living with blood groups (A, AB,), the ring finger with fewer Alaruyat
and percentage (41.089%). For Mstdiratt found that individuals living with blood
group (A) For Walid right thumb was that a larger number of Almstdiratt and
percentage (16.091%) The individuals living with blood groups (O, AB), the ring
finger is a larger number of Almstdiratt and percentage (22.499%), while
individuals living with blood groups (O, A) was pointing Central is a less number of
Almstdiratt, and individuals living with blood group (AB) found that finger Pinkie
was a less number of Almstdiratt percentage ( 8.333%), while for the left hand,
found that individuals living with the blood groups (AB, O, A), the ring is a larger
number of Almstdiratt and percentage (17.165%), while people living with blood
group (B) was the index finger is , Which holds the largest number of Almstdiratt
percentage (17.360%), while for individuals living with blood groups (B, AB) found
that a lower number of Pinky and the percentage (5.343%). As for the brackets
found that the index finger of both hands and is the largest number of pregnant and
all Blood groups (AB, O, B, A). There was a convergence of some difference in the
qualities and other attributes when comparing the results with the results of other
research areas of genetic different.

Correlation Between Glucose – 6 – Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency Level and Some Haematological Parameters on Newborn Blood in Al-Anbar Governorate-Ramadi

Sabri M. Hussain; Mohammed Q.Al-Ani; Khalid F.Al-Rawi; Mahmood. M.Atia

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 99-116

This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Glucose-6-Phosphate
Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in Al-Anbar Governorate-Ramadi and to
study the different relationships between these cases and different
haematological parameters values. In addition to that this study aimed to
investigate the degree of G6PD deficiency in both sever and moderate status and
to find the ratio of this enzyme deficiency in both sexes .One hundred sixty six
(166) samples from both sexes (80) males and (86) females(neonates) were
collected.
Results showed that the overall frequency among neonates of G6PD
deficiency was 10.84% (13.75% males and 8.13% females.Significant difference
in G6PD deficiency was found between both sexes, males showed more
frequency than females (P< 0.01.) Males showed high ratio of acute G6PD
deficiency than females (P< 0.01), vise versa for the moderate G6PD deficiency.
The normal G6PD activity level, mean ± standard deviation among neonates was
(10.85±0.88) IU/gm.Hb.,this mean activity value was
(9.77±0.82)IU/gm.Hb.for males and (11.93±0.95)IU/gm.Hb.for females, while this
value among neonates with G6PD deficiency was (1.59±0.120)IU/gm.Hb.,for
males (0.98±0.063)IU/gm.Hb.and (2.21±0.187)IU/gm.Hb. for females
respectively.Patients with G6PD deficiency neonates showed significantly lower
(P< 0.01) haemoglobin (Hb), packed-cell volume (PCV), red blood cell count
(RBC) and enzymatic activity values than G6PD normal subjects.While
Reticulocyte count was higher in the samples of neonates with G6PD deficiency
but this increase was not significant in comparison to the normal neonates. (P>
0.05)Also non significant differences (P> 0.05) were found between samples of
normal individuals and those of G6PD deficiency regarding white blood cell
count (WBC) .

Use of some industrial wastes in production of surface thermoisolator tials

Kassem N. Hameed; Mohammed A. Awad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 117-121

processing of non-conducting mosaic( from glass waste , ceramic and white cement ) for
roofing which includes coating the building roofs . It is non- conducting for heat , humidity
and sound . It functions as a substitute for processed cement coats and tiles which are used
in coating building roofs . The most important point is to get rid of environment pollutions
cullet glass, ceramic and cement , and re-use them

Astudy of thermal degradation kinetics on the biological activity of actellic in controlling of aphids ( Myzus persicae) on cucumber

F.Ali; Firas; H. Khalf; Yousif; M. Mohmmad; Ahmed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 122-131

Several experiments were conducted at Al – Ramadi distinct / Al – Anbar
province, Iraq in 2007 to investigate effect of thermal degradation kinetics of actellic
(2-Diethylamino-6-methylprimidin-4-yl-dimethyl phosphorothionate) on the biological
activity in controlling of aphids ( Myzus persicae) on cucumber . The insecticide was
exposed to six tempertures levels in the laboratory ( 0 , 5 , 10 , 20 , 40 and 60 C˚ ) for five
exposal periods ( 1 , 2 , 4 , 6 and 8 h ) before field application in infestation % of aphids
and productivity of cucumber were estimated .
Resulte showed that actellic activity was decreased at ( 0 C˚) with increasing
exposing tempertures where as infestation % was ( 27 % ) at ( 60 C˚) , up to ( 10 % ) at
( 0 C˚ ) lead to decrease productivity of plant with increasing temperatures . The higher
average obtained under ( 5 C˚ ) was ( 3347kg / D ) , While it decreased at ( 60 C˚ ) of (
2815 kg / D ) .
The results showed that thermal degradation of actellic which measured by
ion phosphorus increased while pH reduced by increasing temperature. The kinetic
studies indicated that the rate of reaction is of the first order by drawing the relation
between Ln ( Po / Pt ) with time of temperature which showed a linear relation,
Dissociation pesticide actellic. Thermodynamic functions actellic degradation calculated
such as ( Activation Energy, Enthalpy , Entropy , Gibbs function ) Which is highly effect
by temperature .

Study of Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexeswith Schiff base octadented

Mohammed A. Awad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 132-136

The reaction between 3,3-,4,4– tetraaminobiphenyl and o-hydroxy
benzaldehyde in 1:4 molar ratio affords a novel tetrabasic octadentate Schiff
base (Fig(1) ) . Its reaction with Ni(OAc)2 in 1:2 molar ratio. Leads to the
formation of dinuclear complexes of the general formula [Ni2L] and the latter.
reacts with the metal halide MX2 ( M= , Ni, Cu, X=Cl or Br ) in 1:2 molar ratio
to form tetranuclear complexes of the general formula [ Ni2LM2X4], M=Ni,Cu .
The coordination of the Schiff base in the dinuclear complexes seems to occur via
N- azomethine and the deprotonated OH groups , while the further coordination
in the tetranuclear complexes seems to take place via the lone pair of electrons
available on the oxygen atoms . The structural features of the chelates have been
confirmed by elemental analysis , IR ,Uv –vis and magnetic measurement .The
compounds have been prepared at the room lab Temperature.

Synthesis and characterization of mixed ligands complexes of Bipyridayl and 2, 3-Dimethyl-1-phenyl-4-salicylidene-3-pyrazolin-5-one with MnII, FeII, CoII, NiII and CuII

Sargol.Abd-Al.Ghani; Abbas Ali Salih

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 137-147

The mixed ligands complexes of Bipyridayl and 2, 3-Dimethyl-1-
phenyl-4-salicylidene-3-pyrazolin-5-one (HL) with Mn (II),Fe(II),Co(II),and Ni
(II) and Cu (II) .were prepared. They were characterized by using (FT-IR)
spectroscopy, (UV-Vis) spectrophotometry and chlorine amount test, flame
atomic spectroscopy absorption also using in addition magnetic measurement of
the susceptibility and molar conductance. This study showed that the ligand
(HL) behaves as a bidentate chelating ligand and the complexes are octahedral
geometrical.

Scientific Astronomical Criteria for the Crescent Visibility and Actual sighting.

Majeed M. Jarad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 148-152

The main goal to which we aspire is to reach a unified scientific astronomical
criteria in order to determine the possibility of a sighting of the crescent newborn which
support by the majority of astronomers and scholars of religion in order to work on the
standardization of our events Islamic religious sites, as is the case in determining the
beginning of the holy month of Dhul Hijjah, which does not differ by two in the Islamic
world. To reach such criteria requires cooperation between the scientific astronomers and
the religious scholars in order to narrow the differences and inequalities that often
happening. The differences could be two days and in some cases three days. In this study
we offer some observations and recommendations on this subject.

Using Simulation In Teaching Simple Linear Regression

AL BRIA A; ISAM K. ALANI; AHMED H. ALANI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2008, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 156-164

This paper aims to use simulation in teaching simple linear regression,
computer stimulation can be used to teach complicated statistical concepts in
linear regression more quickly and effectively than traditional lecture alone. In
this paper we present example which simulates the linear regression model in
order to verify the probabilistic behavior of resulting least square estimators.