Print ISSN: 1991-8941

Online ISSN: 2706-6703

Volume 4, Issue 1

Volume 4, Issue 1, Winter and Spring 2010, Page 1-155


A Microbiological Study On PatientsWith Fixed Orthodontic Appliance In Ramadi City.

Sahar Kh. AL-Ani; Saleem O. AL-Mawla; Zena Hekmat AL-Taee

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1-3

:The present study aimed to isolate and identify the microorganisms associated with
causing problems to patient in all period of wearing fixed orthodontic appliance ( FOA) in Ramadi city.
Sixty-six patients treated with FOA for a period ranged from 14 – 35 years included in this study wabs
were collected from gingival area around fixed orthodontic appliance to be cultured aerobically. Many
important pathogens were isolated and identified in all age groups and in all duration include candida
albicans, E.coli, Klebsiella spp., Staphylococci and many α.Hemolytic and β.Hemolytic
Streptococci.The study recommended the use of antibiotic and antifungal drugs during wearing
appliance in addition to the maintenance of a good oral hygiene.Further study is also recommended to
cover the role of anaerobic bacteri

THE EFFICIENCY OF IMMUNIZATION WITH SERUM AND SPLEEN CELL OF MICE WITH ANTIGENS SENSITIZED OF TOXOCARA CANIS AND TOXASCARIS LEONINA AGAINST INFECTION WITH TOXOCARA CATI AND TOXASCARIS LEONINA LARVAE

ABDUL-WAHAB B. HUSSAIEN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 1-8

The study reveals the effect of immunization of white mice (Balb/ c) with sensitized
serum and spleen cell of mice with of whole eggs extract and excratory secretory products of larvae of T.
canis, T. leonina to protect mice from the larvae of T. cati, T. leonina infestation.Results showed that the
highest percentages of protection mice from T. leoniua 61.46%, 59.55% and 52.86% when mice
immunized with egg, Whole extract and were excretory secretory products of T. canis respectively. The
highest percentages of protection from T. leonina larvae were 51.83%, 51.04% when immunized with
egg, excretory secretory product of T. leonina antigen. Immunized mice with spleen cell .The highest of
percentages of protection were 65.10%, 60.06%, 54.36% against T. cati larvae when immunized with
eggs, whole extract, excretory and secretory products of T. canis respectively the highest percentage of
protection from T. leonina larvae 54.07%, 52.34% when immunized mice with egg and whole exctract of
T. leonina and 53.33%, 50.12% when immunized mice with whole

Evaluation of laboratory examination of Bronchial Wash Versus Sputum Examination in Diagnosing Lung Diseases

Suzan Abdul Karim; Belal M. Taha; Essam M. Abdullah; Saad M. Mehaidi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 9-4

Sputum study and bronchial wash study are considered two of the most common well known classic diagnostic tools in detecting various lung diseases among the wide and continuously expanding diagnostic procedures for detection of lung pathology.Sputum study still play a rule in diagnosis of lung diseases but the sensitivity of the sample is highly depended on the procedure of collection and the co-operation of the patient, the type and the site of lung lesion.Fiber optic bronchoscopy is another option providing both direct visualization of the trachea-bronchial tree and the bronchial wash collected by the fiber optic bronchoscopy provides important information for detection of various lung diseases. the study was conducted in ramadi teaching general hospital. This is a comparison prospective study of 45 consecutive patients whom underwent both sputum collection and bronchoscopy for bronchial wash collection and comparing the results of the patients which showed that among the 45 patients 33 patients had inconclusive or negative sputum studies while 12 patients had positive sputum study in comparison with bronchial wash which give positive results in 41 patients. This study confirms that the sensitivity of bronchial wash is much higher than bronchial wash is much higher than the sputum study in diagnosing lung diseases and the higher sensitivity usually associated with abnormal chest x-ray.the study confirms the importance of these tools for rapid diagnosis of a disease with starting immediate therapy, economic value in reducing time-admission period in the hospital with high necessity to support a staff well trained on bronchoscopy to ensure rapid and accurate diagnoses of chest diseases

PRODUCTION INDOLE ACETIC ACID ( IAA ) BY BACTERIA USING LOCAL MEDIA

T. T. KALAF; H. N. FRAHAN; J. S. AL- KUBAIS; A. A. AL- ASSAFFII

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 9-12

ABSTRACT:This study was included isolation and identification of bacterial isolates for growth
promoter production (Indol Acetic Acid) by application of local culture and evaluate its efficiency.
According to this perpoute bacterial isolates were and examined for their ability to indol production, and
then serial labrotory experiments were converted to examine ability of selective isolates for indol
production. The local culture used included dry powder of legume, bean, soybean, seed and milk powder.
Its also was tested the effect of edition of supplements to the culture such as treptophan, N. broth,
glucose, N and P on indol production optimum condition was included such as pH speed of shaking,
Inoculums volume, incubation time, temperature, periods of storage to increase production
efficiency.This study have the following results: 18 isolates were obtain capable for them indol
production (30 from total isolates) 14 isolates were nodulan bacteria .8 isolates which have high efficancy
in indol production were tested six isolates tended to Rhizopium and two isolate to Pseudomonus in next
screening used culture with special condition, two isolates Pssp2S, Rsp8RA were selected to be used in
the following epperinets. When we used 10% of local culture prepared from dry powder of legumes,
bean, soybean seed, milk powder led to increased of indol production significantly ranged from (30-
50%). Local culture supplements with peptone, NB, glucose, N and P increased the ability of isolates to
indol production (40-65%) significantly.The results of optimum condition study showed the best indol
production a chaired with R. sp8RA isolat with pH 7.0 ( 39.41 mg IAA / ml and the best shaking speed
at 200/ min without aeration of media 42.2 mg IAA/ ml, the best interaction between the inoculation
volume with incubation time with 3 ml/ 100 ml of media at 24 hr of incubation (42.8 mg IAA/ ml) in
microbial population 8.41 Log cfu/ ml. Effect of temperature and period of filtrated isolates storage on
speed of seed germination increased efficacy filtrated isolates that stored at 4C and 25C for one day and
that stored at 4 ◌ْC for 45 days. When it compared with treatment filtrated storage at 25 ◌ْC for 45 days and
treatment of industrial indol.The filtrated isolates achieved in commonly increase in speed and percentage
of germination was reached 10 – 20 % in temporal differences 3 – 5 day respectively when compare with
control treatment.

Indirect Fluorescent antibody test for serodiagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis: An epidemiological study in Iraq.

Y. Al-Djaily; Khitam; Khawla; H. Zghair; Souhaila; M. Ali

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 10-14

Fourteen thousand, five hundred and two sera of patients from sixteen governorates in Iraq ,suspected to be parasitized by Leishmania donovani, have been tested during the period January 2000 to December 2002, by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) using a leptomonad antigen. A total of 5558(38.5%) cases of them were found positive for IFAT for visceral leishmaniasis (VL). The most common age group infected with VL was between 1- 5 years; they represented 5390 (96.97 %). The highest ratio of VL infections was in February and January; they represented 510 positive cases in February 2000, 417 in January 2001 and 513 in February 2002. It was seems that Wasit governorate had the highest percentage of infections; it was 35 %, 29.6 % and 33 % in 2000, 2001 and 2002 respectively, then it follows by Diala, Babil and Baghdad governorates

Study the effect of Antibiotics on pyocyanin production from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and pyocyanin as Antibiotic against different pathogenic bacteria

Enass G. Sweedan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 15-18

aeruginosa was cultured on nutrient agar containing different antibiotics,the growth and pigment of
bacterial colonies were treated. Azithromycin killed the bacteria on low concentration,colonies of P. aeruginosa
treated with Ampicillin,Amoxycillin,and Cefixime appeared light green .Cephalexin and Azithromycin led to
formation of light green-yellow colonies,while Doxycillin ,and Clindamycin appeared green ,but there was slight
change in colonies color.
The pigment(pyocyanin) was extracted from the untreated cells of bacteria and its effect as antibiotic used against
many different pathogenic bacteria have been studied,the pigment inhibited E. coli, Acinetobacter,Staphylococcus
auraus ,and Streptococcus pneumoniae but not Klebsiella pneumoniae ,and Proteus vulgaris

Synthesis ,Characterization and biological activity study of new Schiff's bases containing 3,4-dimethyl maleimide moiety

Ahlam MaroufAl-Azzawi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 19-26

A series of new Schiff's bases containing 3,4-dimethyl maleimide moiety have been synthesized via multisteps synthesis including reaction of 3,4-dimethyl maleic anhydride with aniline producing N-phenyl-3,4-dimethyl maleimide which react with chlorosulfonicacid producing 4-(N-3,4- dimethyl maleimidyl )phenyl sulfonyl chloride which on amination with hydrazine hydrate yielded in turn 4- ( N-3 ,4 -dimethyl maleimidyl) phenyl sulfonyl hydrazine and this when condensed with various aromatic aldehydes and ketones afforded the desirable Schiff bases. Structures of the prepared compounds were confirmed by spectroscopic methods including FTIR, 1HNMR,C13NMR spectroscopy and C.H.N analysis.The synthesized Schiff's bases were screened for their antibacterial activity against three microorganisms:Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia Coli, and Psedomonas aeruginosa. They were found to exhibit high antibacterial activity.

A GENETIC PHYSIOLOGICAL STUDY IN THE VIABILITY OF ((AGEUSISA)) TO THE AGE GROUPS CLOSE TO THE MALE SEX IN THE DISTRICT OF HEET.

SOUDADE OSAMA KHATIB; OMAR QAHTAN YASSIN

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 22-27

The research completed on random sample for number from males in Anbar province
Hit city from convergent ages between 20-30 years and by average 25 years, to known the spread of
ageusisa ability in normally human populations groups for four ageusisa major natural: syrupy ageusisa ,
oxalis ageusisa , salty ageusisa , bitterness ageusisa. And used standard concentrations from solutions of
the following material: sucrose, citric acid and quinine and salt sodium chloride for four previous
ageusisa respectively. Test showed existence ageusisa decreasing by ratio for four ageusisa according to
the ratios: 31.25% sucrose and salt sodium chloride, 30.46% quinine, for oxalis ageusisa may be nonexistent
ageusisa decreasing and by very small ratio 3.12% . Sample which we executed research was
ratio ageusisa proportion in it very high with standard concentration (alotbah) world, ratio of ageusisa
proportion was 68.75% sucrose and sodium chloride and 96.87% for citric acid and 69.53% for quinine.
For concentrations higher than the standard focus back Allatdhuq rates very low for all tastes and as
follows: 2.34% glucose, 4.68% quinine, while Subscribe Mmakin the same percentage of salt, the acid is
0.78%. This study showed that (ageusisa) exists between the sample in a clear focus when the standard of
materials especially for Mmaqat sweet, salty, bitter to the taste of acid, the ageusisa appeared limited
proliferation, for the spread of ageusisa at concentrations supreme taste solutions show that there is a lack
of clear Aldhuki uncle and all the flavors, but for the sensitivity was clear dramatically in Kllnoain of
concentrations and for all tastes .

Determination of Aliminium, Chrominium, Iron and Selenium Chelates in Drinking Water at Tikreet City by Gas Liquid Chromatography Technique with Electron Capture Detector

Hussian Hassan Kharnoob

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 27-34

Aluminum (III) ,and chromium (III) were chelated with trifluoroacetylacetonate (TFA),
determined by gas liquid chromatography (GLC) with electron capture detector (ECD), while iron (III)
was treated similarly ; but their chromatography suffered from number of practical difficulties . The
technique was reliable for aluminum; although very sensitive was quite time consuming. Selenium was
converted to the 4-chloropiazselenol and extracted into toluene for analysis. The Se (VI) was first
reduced to Se (IV) by adding HCl and HBr with heating for more than 2 hours at 100 Cº. Estimation of
selenium by gas liquid chromatography with ECD considers very sensitive technique allowing
pictogram (10¯¹²gm) amount of selenium can be determined. The analysis of the sample (Drinking
water at Tikreet city) was shown that the level of Al, Cr, Fe, Se in water below the detection limit of
GLC with ECD.

STUDY OF CADMIUM EFFECT ON GOBLET CELLS IN THE EARTH WORM APORECTODEA CALIGENOSA

SHYMAA H.SAYER

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 28-31

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of cadmium on the secretion of goblet cell of the
epidermis in earth worm Aporrectodea caliginosa under laboratory conditions. Thirty active adult worms were used in
the study which were divided in to four groups in addition control group each with 150g of soil.The following
concentrations of cadmium in the soil were (100,200,300,400 and 500) ppm .The experiment lasted for thirty days
.The results showed that there is reverse relationship between the cadmium concentrations and cells response degree .It
is found that the EC50 effective concentration is 500ppm.The results also showed that the cadmium has a direct effect
on the goblet cell in the epidermis .The study demonstrated that there is a decrease in the cells dimension and the
appearance of the empty spaces inside them as a result of the emergence of mucus materials on the body surface of the

STUDY EFFECT OF SOME CONTAMINATION SOURCES IN THE INFECTION TRANSPORT OF THE INTESTINAL PARASITES AMONG CHILDREN IN SOME VILLAGES OF MOSUL CITY

BUSHRA HASSAN SAEED AL-NIAEMI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 32-37

The paper aims to perform study to investigate the types and percentage of intestinal protozoa
and worms parasites spread among the children in different countryside located around Mosul city. The study
involved different samples of children whom uses water and foods from different supply sources and lived
indoors made of different establishing materials. The study has carried out during the interval extended from
March 2007 to Aprial 2008 and involved 1317 an investigated samples of children at ages (1-14) years. The
obtained results have showed an existence of different types of parasites and worms in different types of
protozoa and worms in the used samples. The protozoa groups showed presence of Entamoeba coli, Gairdia
lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica and Iodomoeba butschlii types, while the worms types were Ascaris
lumbricoides, Enterobius vermicularis, Hymenolypis nana and Taenia saginata as well. Moreover, the study has
also showed that the maximum infections were (62.3% ) between children engage indoors of mad made, 73.2%
Jaetween children use shared water: tap water plus well's water, whereas the maximum percentage infection was
98.5%) between children depending on agriculture and animals in their living

Simultaneous determination of tryptophan and tyrosine in binary mixture by zero-crossing second derivative spectrophotometry.

Riyadh Mohammed Jihad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 35-39

Rapid and accurate binary mixture resolution of tryptophan and tyrosine was performed. Differential-derivative spectrophotometry with a zero-crossing measurement technique was used for the quantitative determination of tryptophan and tyrosine in laboratory-prepared mixtures. Neither sample pretreatment nor separation were required. Linear calibration graphs of differential second derivative values were (at 222.4 and 217.9 nm for tryptophan and tyrosine , respectively) versus concentration in the ranges 0.1–20.0 and 1.0– 50.0 µg ml_1, and the linearity was satisfactory (r = 0.9987 and r = 0.9997), for tryptophan and tyrosine , respectively) were obtained .The relative standard deviations were found to be less than 1.03%, indicating reasonable repeatibility of method.The results obtained by the proposed method has been statistically compared by means of Student t-test and by the variance ratio F-test where shows a good agreement .

EFFECT OF HYDROGEN ION AND OXYGEN CONCENTRATIONON RESPIRATION PHYSIOLOGY ON SEAWATER SNAILPLANAXIS SULCATUS

JASSIM M. ALI; ADOD O. AL-KHATEEB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 38-43

The effect of some exogenous factors such as oxygen concentration and hydrogen ions
concentration on the rate of oxygen consumption of seawater snail Planaxis sulcatus . This study was
designed in Marine Sciences station (Aqaba) during the period September 2000 to October 2001 . High
weight specific oxygen consumption rate was observed at pH range 7 to 8 (135.245_ 119.717μl. gˉ¹ . hrˉ
¹) respectively. The results showed that Any deviation from this range toward more acidic or alkaline pH
reduced the oxygen consumption rate. The intertidal snail were oxygen conformers since their oxygen
consumption rate was oxygen concentration dependent at least at high oxygen concentration thus, the
weight specific oxygen consumption rate was increasing from as a result of increasing the oxygen
concentration from 20 to 100% oxygen saturation .

Spectrophotometric Determination of Nitrazepam in Pharmaceutical Tablets Using Flow Injection Analysis

Raghad Sinan Abdulsattar

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 40-45

Nitrazepam (NZP) was determined spectrophotometrically in the pure form and in the
pharmaceutical tablets using flow injection analysis (FIA). The method was based on oxidative coupling organic
reaction of reduced NZP with promethazine hydrochloride in the presence of sodium periodate to give a green
solution having an absorbance maximum at 613 nm. The various chemical and physical variables were optimized.
The calibration graph of NZP is linear from 1 to 50 μg mL-1 with detection limit (S/N = 3) was 0.9284 μg mL-1.
The method was successfully applied to the analysis of NZP in pharmaceutical tablets. The results obtained by
applying the proposed FIA method were in good agreement with those obtained by British Pharmacopoeia method
at the 95% confidence.

EFFECT OF SOME ANTIBIOTIC ON SOME SPECIES OF SALMONELLA AND SHIGELLA ISOLATED FROM DIARRHEA CASES.

AFAF A. YOUSIF; ASAAD K.TALAL

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 44-50

This study included (50) Stool specimens which were collected from various age groups
from (4 months to 50 years) of patients suffering from acute diarrhea (bloody and watery), from hospitals
in Baghdad, These specimens were collected and cultured on enrichment, selective and differential media
to detect the genera Shigella and Salmonella. Different biochemical tests were used to differentiate the
isolates from other enteric bacteria. Results showed that 13 (59.09%) isolates out of (22) isolates were
found belong to the genus Salmonella.(6) isolates S.typhimurium (27.27%), (4) isolates
S.mesthamputum(18.18%) ,(2) isolates S.typhi(9.09%) and one isolate S.emek(4.55%).while the results
showed that 9(40.91%)isolates were belong to Shigella Flexner. Different antimicrobial agents were
used for antibiotic sensitivity and results showed that. All Shigella isolates (100%) were sensitive to
(Ciprofloxacin, Nalidixic acid, Neomycin and Cephotaxime). And resistant (100%) to (Rifampicin,
Ampicillin, and Amoxicillin). All Salmonella isolates (100%) were sensitive to (Ciprofloxacin).And
resistant (100%) to(Chloramphenicol

Synthesis and Characterization of Some Schiff Base Complexes Containing Heterocyclic Compounds With Cobalt(II) , Nickel(II), Copper(II) and Zinc(II)

Saleh A.Ahmed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 46-49

Abstract :The Synthesis of Complexes for Cobalt(II) , Nickel(II), Copper(II) and Zinc(II) with New ligands Schiff base ; N-[5-(phenyl)2-(amino)1,3,4-thiadiazolebenzylidene] (L1) and N-[5-(phenyl)2-(amino)1,3,4-thiadiazole-4-N-dimethylbenzylidene] (L2) have been prepared and Characterized by, Atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS),Infrared spectra , Electronic spectra, Molar conductivity measurements and Magnetic moment measurements ; It has been found that the ligands behaves as a neutral bidentate , Ligands forming chalets with 1:2 (metal : ligand), Octahedral structure is suggested for metal Complexes according to the analytical results. Key words ; Schiff base, Transition metal Complexes, 1,3,4-Thiadiazol .

Synthesis and Characterization of some Oxadiazolesand Thiadiazoles derivatives

Ali Omairi Mohammad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 50-53

Abstract: A number of heterocyclic compounds was synthesized from the reaction of methyl benzoate (1) with hydrazine hydrate in the presence of alcohol to give phenyl hydrazide (2).The phenyl hydrazide (2) had been treated with various aromatic aldehydes in absolute ethanol yield corresponding Schiff bases (4a – g), and these compounds were treated with acetic anhydride to give (5a – g).Phenyl hydrazide (2) was treated with Carbon disulfide in alcoholic Potassium hydroxide solution to give (3) and the reaction of (3) with hydrazine hydrate give substituted -1, 2, 4- triazole (6). Finally the reaction of (3) with various Aryl halides in the presence of alcoholic Potassium hydroxide solution gave substituted -1, 3, 4- Oxadiazole -2- Aryl thioether (7a – g).The synthesized compounds were identified by physical, chemical and spectroscopic data.

DETERMINATION OF MICROBIAL POLLUTION INDICATOR OF SUPPLYING DRINKING WATER OF SOME DISTRICTS IN RAMADI CITY

ALI ABD SHARAD

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 51-59

In This study we investigated of microbial pollution of drinking water which is processed by Chlorine and supplied through water distribution net for some districts in Ramadi City. The samples are collected from three points in the main pipe line, from starting, middle and end of it. with an average of three samples per month. from January to July 2009.
We determined the microbial pollution of drinking water by finding the Total Coliform (TC), fecal Coliform (FC), and the Total Plate Count (TPC).
The results of this study referred to the averages of counts of FC,TC, and TPC at the first point are minimal counts Which are consecutively 3.2 c/ml,1.9 c/100ml, and 0.45 c/100ml respectively. while the average of Chlorine concentration was 3.4 mg/l at these points of water dragnets. Also the results referred to maximal counts of FC,TC, and TPC at the end of dragnets which are consecutively 33.6 c/ml, 15.4 c/100ml, and 5.5 c/100ml, and the chlorine concentration is lessening inside the systems of water distribution. So the average of chlorine concentration was 0.61 mg/l.
Our concluded, the supplied water from clarification station (The main project of water in Ramadi) for people is according to the Iraqi and world qualities which are occurred in samples taken from the starting of dragnets, but these samples are not according to the identified qualities when they are passing through distribution dragnets, because the most of dragnets are old and no maintenance would be done and these dragnets are exposed to oxidation and creaks. Also the trespass of people on these dragnets would influence on validity of drinking water.

Study the Effect of Thermal Treatment and Variation of CdS Thickness on Structural Properties of CdS/CdTe Heterojunction

Kadhim A.A.Al-Hamdani; Ghuson H.Mohamed; Enas S.Y. Al-Mizban

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 54-59

A polycrystalline CdS/CdTe heterojunction prepared by thermal evaporation technique at
substrate temperature of 373 K and heat treatment for annealing temperature 573 K for different duration
times of annealing (ta) 60 and 120 min. under vacuum of (10-5) mbar and different thicknesses of CdS
layer of about 1000Å, 1500Å and 2000Å. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique shows polycrystalline
structure and had a mixture of cubic and hexagonal structure.The recrystallization of films enhanced
thermally represented by increasing the grain size. The CdS/CdTe heterojunction with the higher thickness
of CdS layer shows better crystal structure

Study of Radon Concentration and Lung Cancer Risk in The Right Area of Shirkatt District

Hana I Hussein; Ammar A Abdullah

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 60-64

During the summer season, in Shirkatt District and by using time integrated passive radon dosimeters containing (CR-39) plastic radon detectors, indoor radon concentration level and lung cancer risks have been measured in 16 sites. The radon concentration ranged between 50.38 and 212.35 Bq/m3 with an average value 103.98 Bq/m3, which lies within the acceptable radon levels (50-150 Bq/m3) recommended by ICRP. Potential alpha energy concentration was varying from 5.4×10-3 to 22.9×10-3 WLM with average value 17.2×10-3 WLM which corresponds to absorption effective dose equivalent 2.4713 mSvy-1in human, It is observed that this value lies within the recommended levels (3-10 mSvy-1) reported by ICRP. The average lung cancer cases per year per 106person were found to be 44.49, there were no inductions of existence of radon problems in this survey

BIOLOGICAL EFFECTIVY OF THE COMPOUND VASICINE EXTRACTED FROM THE PLANT MEDICAL ADHATODA VASICA AND COMPARED WITH EIGHT MEDICAL PLANT EXTRACTS

THAMER Y. MOTR; AHMED M. TURKY; THAER . S.AL-ALOOSI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 60-68

ABSTRACT:Extraction and purification Vasicine was a composite of plant Adhatoda vasica by some
diagnostic methods IR, UV , TLC, Melting point and examined some of the chemical study of the effect
has been effective against some bacterial isolates satisfactory positive and negative nature of the mark of
these isolates were Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli and
compared its effect with eight water extracts of some extraction medicinal plants:
It Citrus limon, Piper nigrum, Mentha peprinta, Ficus carica, Alium sativum, Echinops spinosissimus,
Datura innoxia, Datura stramunium, the compound has proved superior to the rest of plant extracts in the
effectiveness of biological , Gave the highest composite inhipation ability to concentrate 50 mg / ml and
33 mm in diameter for the Pseudomonas bacteria, while the 26 mm, 24 mm for the bacteria E. coli and
Staphylococcus, respectively, followed by extraction water in the seeds of its Mentha disincentive

Study the Effect of Some Solutions on Epoxy Resin & Calculate Diffusion Coefficient of Solution.

Khalil T. Hassan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 65-71

Abstract: Specimen of Epoxy resin have surface area (1cm*1cm) immersed in several individual solvent (0.5% NaoH), (1% NaOH),(2.5% H2SO4), (5%H2SO4),(2.5%HCl), (5% HCl). For long time (three years). The specimen's masses were measured before and after immersion in solutions. Diffusivity and diffusion coefficient of solutions in epoxy resin measured from the relation of the change of specimen weight and the square rout of time.Photograph of the specimen surface have taken by using optical microscope and digital camera. Shoor Hardness test was used to obtain the change of Hardness properties after pot in solvent. The result obtained illustrate the different effect of these solution in the surface of specimen that effect in hardness and diffusion coefficient.

THE REPELLENT EFFECT OF AQUOUS, ALCOHOLIC AND OIL OF SEED EXTRACTS OF THE HARMAL PLANT PEGANUM HARMALA ON ADULT MOSQUITO CULEX PIPIENS MOLESTUS ( FORSKAL ) (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE)

NAGHAM K. MAHDI; SABAH I. HUMMADI; OMAR H. SHUHAB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 69-74

The research is done to investigate the repellent effect of aquous, alcoholic and oil of seed extracts
of the plant Peganum harmala for the percentages (2, 4, 10, 15, 20)% on adult mosquito by using pigeons as food
source. Also the research investigates the repellent effect of oil extract on the hands of volunteers in comparison
with commercial (of Insect repellent) . Results showed that the oil extract have higher repellent effects than those of
alcoholic and aquous extracts, the repellence percentage were (83.33, 76.67, 56.76)% respectively; result also
showed that alkaloids of P. harmala had repellent effects on mosquitoe adults. The percentage of repellence on
adults due to alkaloid was 68% at 2% concentration. It's also found that when the hands of the volunteers treated
with the oil extract gave 80% protection during 60 sec. while commercial repellent gave 100% protection during the
same period.

ON GENERALIZED ALMOST CONTRA CONTINUOUS FUNCTIONS AND SOME RELATIONS WITH ANOTHER KINDS OF CONTINUITY ON INTUITIONISTIC TOPOLOGICAL SPACES

Yunis J. Yaseen; Ali M. Jasim

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 72-83

We study in this paper the concept of almost contra continuous functions and generalized
them in intuitionistic topological spaces and we studied the relations of each kind of these function by
properties, examples and a diagram to summarize these functions. Also we study some relation
between almost contra continuous function and some continuous functions

PREPARATION AND STUDY OF PHOTO-THERMAL DEGRADATION FOR THE COMPOUND BIS(P-DITHIOCHLOROTO)SE(II)

MAYEE F. ABDULRAHMAN; WAJEEH Y. MOHAMMED; ISMAIL KH. AL-KATEEB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 75-87

Preparation and photo degradation have been studied for compound of Bis(pdithiochloroto)
selenium(II) (C14H10CL2S4Se) . Two wavelengths of (253.7,356.0)nm for different
periods time (5,10,15,….,120)min. have been used . The thermal degradation has been studied for the
compound with different period's temperatures (283,293,303,313,323)K at periods of (2, 4, 6, 8, and 10)
hour. Many experimental reaction have been done to determine the effective factors for degradation of
the compound. Photo and thermal decomposition rates were estimated by using the change in (pH)
values. The results showed that the photo decomposition for compound of Bis(p-dithiochloroto)Se(II)
increased by increasing irradiation time. The (pH) values decreases to reach its minimum value at
(25)min. then it increased as irradiation continues because the number of the released hydrogen ion will
be high in the beginning of the reaction. The study showed a little effects on thermal decomposition at
low temperature (283,293) K as indicated by (pH). However there was a decrease in pH values at high
temperatures (283,313,323)oK and early periods due to a released Hydrogen ions. The (pH) values
increased by increasing temperature and period of time.Different techniques such as UV-Visible
spectrophotometry and Infrared spectrophotometry have been used to analyze final product. Also
qualitative analytical methods have been used to identify the final products. The techniques showed that
the final degradation is that dithio P-chloro benzoic acid (C7H5S2Cl

A STUDY ON THE INFLUENCE OF SHAPE OF BURNER ON THE MEASUREMENT OF THE LAMINAR BURNING VELOCITY

AHMED ALI NAJEEB

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 88-95

In this research, three burners are manufactured in different shapes (rectangular, square and
circular). By optical Schielren system, velocity of laminar flame diffusion is measured for the three burners to the
Iraqi Liguid Petrol Gas (LPG) and the beforehand mixed air at the laboratory condition (1 atm, 298o K) and for
wide and equal range of equivalent ratios (Ф) in the three burners, and using the equivalent ratios as a comparison
factor in this research. The experimental results were performed and the effect of the shape of burners on the
laminar flame speed was studied. The results in this research gave a good agreement with the litretures.The
agreement refers that there is a good accuracy in the method of calculation and measurement used in this research

Delineation of Shallow Groundwater Aquifer in the Piedmont Area (Uttaranchal –India) Using Surface Resistivity and Hydrogeological Data

Ibrahim J Abdulleh; Mufid al-hadithi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 88-94

Seventy Vertical Electrical Soundings (VES) have been conducted in the study area using Schlumberger configuration with maximum electrode spacing (AB/2) of about 900 m and at the station interval of about 2 km and less. An automatic computerized interpretation method has been used to obtain true resistivity and layer depth from the measured apparent resistivity data at each site. For the geological interpretation, the resistivity values are correlated with the known lithology from available borehole data in the study area. This correlation helps in defining the resistivity ranges for various layers in the area which ranging 22 -165 Ohm-m. The lattest indicate water bearing sand with gravel and form the shallow aquifer in the Bhabhar and Tarai zones. The thickness of this aquifer varies between 2 to 8m in the Bhabhar and 5 to15 m in the Tarai. The depth to the shallow aquifer zone varies from 17 to 32 m in the foothills (Bhabhar zone) and 1 m to 7 m in the Tarai. Due to occurrence of the finer materials in the Tarai belt, the groundwater occurs under confined, semi- confined and unconfined condition.

COUNTER MODE DEVELOPMENT FOR BLOCK CIPHER OPERATIONS

Ali M. Sagheer; Ahmed T. Suod

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 95-104

There are two basic types of symmetric cipher: block ciphers and stream ciphers. Block ciphers operate on blocks of plaintext and ciphertext—usually of 64 bits but sometimes longer. Stream ciphers operate on streams of plaintext and ciphertext one bit or byte (sometimes even one 32-bit word) at a time. The Block cipher modes of operation can be applied as both stream and block cipher.In this paper we introduce three developments of Counter Mode of Operation of Block cipher. These developments merge between advantages of Counter Mode with other Modes. This gives a good secure Modes for General purpose block-oriented transmission Authentication, Random access, Stream-oriented transmission over noisy channel.

STABILITY OF UNSYMMETRICAL DIMETHYLHYDRAZINE(UDMH

NABEEL AREF TAWFEEQ SATTAR SALIM IBRAHEAM; NABEEL AREF TAWFEEQ

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 96-103

This research studying the stability of unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine (UDMH) used
in many uses. This material unstable against different variable such as heat and oxygen gas present in the
air. Results refers that the increases of temperature and oxygen presenting affecting on the stability of this
material by exiting oxidation reactions. Oxidation of this material for six months decreases its
concentration approximately to the half. According to the conclusions obtained from the laboratory tests,
we find that the unsymmetrical Dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) is directly affected by oxygen in the
atmosphere and the increase of temperature leads to activating the oxidation reactions and this forces us
to store the fuel inert atmosphere (Nitrogen, Helium or Argon) at low temperature as possible.

O-AMINOPHENOL SEPARATION AND PRECIPITATION BY PH CONTROLLER

NABEEL AREF TAWFEEK

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 104-107

Chemical reduction of orthonitrophenol by using Tin-Hydrochloric acid system yielding a
mixture of Tin salts and orthoaminophenol as an organometalic complexes. Separation process of
orthoaminophenol in a pure and free form is the more difficult step while using precipitating process at
suitable pH permits us to separate orthoaminophenol in a pure form with good yield and also reducing
material losses without any needs to use solvent extraction with high cost organic solvents like
diethylether and such.

SYNTHESIS DERIVATIVES 1, 6 - DI - O- ESTER - D- GLUCITOL AND STUDY THAT IS USED CAPABILITY AS DETERGENTS AND EMULSIONS

ABDULLAH; NABEEL YASEEN AL-HETEE; YOUSIF ALI AL-FOTAHI

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 108-115

ABSTRACT:This work includes synthesis of new esters compounds for - D - glucitol on the primary
hydroxyl group ( C1 , C6 ) in the glucitol molecule by the reaction of glucitol with pure fatty acid esters
as ( Methyl butyrate , Methyl hexanoate , Methyl octanoate , Methyl laurate , Ethyl palmitate , Methyl
stearate ) to obtain 1 , 6 – di – O – ester – D – glucitol ( A-F ) or with crude Oil ( tri glyceride ) as ( Palm oil,
Olive oil , corn oil , Sun flower oil,Cotton oil ) to obtain mixture esters compounds 1 , 6 – di – O – ester – D
– glucitol ( G - K ) These compounds prepared by Transesterification method also detected the reaction flow
of ( T.L.C ) technique . These compounds characterized spectrometric by ( I . R ) , ( 1H – NMR ) , (
13C – NMR ) and elemental analysis ( C.H.N.S ) .Also this work includes studying some physical properties
for preparing ester compounds as foam test , surface tension to know that is used capability as Detergents and
Emulsions . This studying shows that the prepared compounds are having good detergent and emulsion
properties and on the other field the studying biological activity for prepared compound this test proved been
posess some compound biological activity and can be utilized as antibacterial

EXTRACTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ATROPIN FROM DATURA INNOXIA AND STUDYING EFFECT ON SOME ENZYMES.

FIRAS.T.MAHER; AYAD S. HAMMED; TAPPAN K..KAKAH AULA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 116-126

The work included extraction and identification of atropine.The alkaloid of atropine was
extracted from Datura Innoxia using water extraction method.The purification of atropine was
accomplished using several chromatographic Thin Layer chromatography (TLC),HPLC method and
spectroscopic methods (UV,IR)
The results obtained above are compatable with atropine structural formula.The enzymetic activity study
of atropine extract have been carried out against acid phosphatase enzyme (ACP), the result obtained
medicated that شtropine showed good activition against (ACP) enzyme.
The presence of atropine extract showed lowering the concentration of Uric acid , Urea and Sugar in the
blood serum.
Finlly,the atropine extracted was evaluated for its antibacterial activity against Gram positive (G+)
(Staphylococcus aureus,Lactobacillus) and Gram negative (G-) (Escherechia Coli , Proteusral), the
result obtained indicated that atropine extract exhibited reasonable antibacterial activity

PROPOSED SHRINKAGE FUNCTION FOR A SINGLE OBSERVATION IN N(Θ,1) PROBLEM

AMER FADHEL NASSAR

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 127-133

In this search, Shrinkage Function has been suggested for a Single Observation in
N(θ,1) problem. We proved that there is a relationship between Shrinkage Estimator and Normal Bayes
Estimator. properties of Proposed Estimator, optimal case, properties of CSE(1), optimal points, two
theorems have been put into focus

USING OF CONTOUR MAPS FOR PRESENTATION OF COMPOUND STATISTICAL TABULATE TO STUDY THE PERCENTAGE OF SUCCESS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF BAGHDAD FOR THE PERIOD 1999-2008

LAMYA Z. HUMMADY; AHMED SH. AL-BANNA

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 134-142

Two and three dimension contour maps were constructed to exhibit the compound
statistical tabulate, depending on surfer program application. The percentage of success in the department
of geology at university of Baghdad for the period 1999-2008 is considered as an application of this
approach. Surfer program maps show clearly the regional (long wavelength variation within many years
and subjects) and local (short wavelength variation with certain year or subject) changes in the
percentage of success in the department of geology. It is observed from the regional maps that the
percentage of success decreased with the time progress, especially in the first attempt examination. At the
same time many local variation were detected. It is believed that the administration decisions may be
caused some local changes in certain years, while the other local observation may be related to teaching
staff changes for certain scientific subjects

Hydrogeochemical study of ground water wells in formation Ummordomah – western of Iraq .

Falah Hassan Abbas

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 143-149

Hydrochemical parameters were used on the resuits of grouudwater analysis of ummerr dthumwFormation . it shows that it is useful for both human of irrigation actirities . Due to high hydrodynamic activity , alittle hydrocarbonates were appear . The origin of most water in these wells are from rainfall except some wells are marine . The chemical type of most waters are sodium – sulfate except some waters , which are of magnesium – chloride origin .

URANIUM CONCENTRATIONS MEASURMENTS IN A PRIMARY MATERIALS FOR GLASS MANFUCTURING USING NUCLEAR TRACE REAGENT(PM-355)

AHMED S. OBEAD; ALI M. MOHAMMED; SATTAR R. MAJEED

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2010, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 150-155

ABSTRACT:In this study , the concentrations of uranium were measured by using 36 samples equally
distributed on the raw materials taken from the Glass & Ceramic Company in AL-Anbar
Governorate. These samples were measured by using fission tracks registration in (PM-355) track
detector that caused by the bombardment of (U) with thermal neutrons from (241 Am-Be) neutron source
that has flux of (5 ×103 n cm-2 s-1). The values of the concentrations were calculated by a comparison with
standard samples. The results shows that the uranium concentrations were as fallow : sodium sulphate
(1.564- 2.253 ppm) , Flint (1.797-1.979 ppm), Sand (1.964-2.518 ppm), sodium carbonate (1.153 –
1.734 ppm ) , Limston (1.197 -1.797ppm) , and Dolomite (1.481 –2.047