Print ISSN: 1991-8941

Online ISSN: 2706-6703

Volume 9, Issue 2

Volume 9, Issue 2, Summer and Autumn 2015, Page 1-84


Thikra M. Muhammed; Muhammad Q. Al-Ani; Saleem O. Almawla

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1-7
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.142883

This study was carried out to determine some hormonal and immunological parameters in women who attended Maternity and Children teaching hospital in Ramadi city , from 1st of August 2014 to 1st of April 2015. Ages of patients ranged from 16 - 49 years . The study included 358 blood samples from pregnant and non-pregnant women . sixty five samples were found to be abnormal thyroid function . The remaining 293 samples from healthy pregnant and not pregnan-pregnant women were used as a controls . Women under study were divided into three groups: Pregnant Women with thyroid disorder( Group I ) , Pregnant Women without thyroid disorder (Group II ,control 1) , and non- Pregnant Women without thyroid disorder (Group III , control 2). The study showed that there was no significant differences in T3 ,T4and FTI levels in patient compared with control 1 ( p-value >0.05) while it showed significant difference between patient and control 2 with p-value (<0.05). the means of T3,T4 and FTI in patient were 4.08 ng/ml, 91.09 μg/dl, 69.55 respectively. While there was no significant difference in level of TSH in cases and control 1 and control 2 with p-value >0.05. The mean level of TSH of patient was 18.65 μIU/ml . A comparison in Immunological parameters between the three groups with each other showed that there was significant increase in levels of Anti thyroxin peroxidase abs and Anti thyroglobulin abs in cases compared with control 2 with p-value <0.05,but didn’t show significant difference between cases and control 1 with p-value >0.05.The mean levels of patients for Anti TPO abs was 302.10 IU/ml and for Anti TG abs was 143.21 IU/ml.

Effects of some demographic factors on the prevalence and contagion transmitting of scabies in Al-Anbar province / Iraq

Wijdan Rabeea Al-Shaha; Sabah Ibrahim Al-Dulaimi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 1-13
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124505

Scabies is one of the main contagious skin diseases which infect human skin epidermis and causes considerable damage all over the world, it is considered as a public health problem in Al-Anbar province population.This study depends on the analysis of recorder information in special document (questionnaire) prepared for this purpose and includes demographic factors such as gender, age , education, occupation , socioeconomic level , residence in prisons …. etc. Which affect disease prevalence and contagion transmitting from (413) scabies patient who were admitted to dermatology clinics in Al-Ramadi general hospital and Al-Falluja general hospital besides some private dermatological clinics in Falluja , Haditha and Rutba cities during the period ( October 2012 – up to the end of March 2013 ).Laboratory diagnosis were done in most scabies cases besides clinical diagnosis either by scraping method test or ink method test to isolate mite females and its eggs from mite burrows or lesions.The results of this study reveals that there is no significant difference between males and females in scabies infection which was (48.18 , 51.82)% respectively , the disease infects all body parts.The infection of disease occur in all months but there is considerable increasing in cold months ( December , October and November ) , the infection ratio was (21.79 , 18.64 , 15.25)% respectively.It reveals also that there is high infection in the age group (pre-school year) , (18-24) and (30-36) year which was (18.40 , 15.50 , 13.80)% respectively, it is found also that there is a decrease in disease infection with the increas of education level, the most ratio of infection is in low education levels ( primary school stage , uneducated level, kid stage) which is (37.29 , 20.10 , 18.40)% respectively.Significant differences are also found between scabies patients according to their occupation, there is a high infection in ( house wife , student , free jop ), the results are (31.23 , 22.76 , 19.61)% respectively.The person economic income is another important demographic factor that significantly affects persons according to their income, it is found that persons with low income are infected compared with those of high income.And it is found that the factor ( in the family arrested person ) is the most important factor for the transmission and prevalence of scabies between peoples, the ratio of infection is (27.12)% compared with another studied factor.

Study of Antibacterial Activity of Ocimumbasilicum Against Staphylococcus aureus in Vitro

Atheer A. Khashan; Amer H. Chyad; Moath A. Aref

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 8-12
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124455

The investigation of inhibitory effect of the alcoholic extract of Ocimum basilicum on the growth of Staph. aureus that was isolated from the skin infected in vitro have been studied. Ocimum basilicum was isolated using 95% ethanol. Out of which the percentage of extraction of 45% of weight of dried powder was prepared in ascending gradient concentrations of the alcoholic extract (10-100 mg/ml) and the effective one was selected by agar diffusion method using Staphylococcus aureus. The diameters of the inhibition zones of the bacterial growth were increased parallel with the concentrations of the alcoholic extract concentrations. Low efficiency detected post using 10-20mg/ml concentrations, medium efficiency post using 40-60 mg / ml, whereas concentrations of 80- 100 mg/ ml were highly effective and influential against growth of the Staphylococcus aureus.

Study The Chemical Kinetics Properties for Adenosine Deaminase Enzyme (Aminohydrolase EC ADA In Breast Cancer Patients

Muna M. Yaseen; Khalid F. Al Rawi; Mohammad Q. Al-Ani

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 13-19
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124458

This study involved(50) women with newly diagnostic breast cancer and before any treatments, their ages ranges between (26-61) years old, the patients (women) subjected to different breast cancer investigations, at this study, we concerned on one of the biochemical tools that used as indicant to breast cancer disease which is Adenosine Deaminase Enzyme (ADA),and study their chemical kinetics properties and with factors that effect on enzyme activity which includes ,The optimal activity were in pH (7.2), as well as the optimal temperatures for activity were 35ºC. and the optimal substrate and enzyme concentration were (0.034Mm) and (0.25µg/ml) respectively, and the incubation time was 30 min. The results of kinetics characterization for ADA results demonstrated Km ,Vmax, Activation energy (Ea) and Temperature coefficient Q10 values were 0.849 mM and 83mMol/l/min, 3927.17cal/mol , 2 respectively.

Exploitation of chloride ion selective electrode for determination of some chloro-oxygenated agents with iodide in the acidic medium.

Ismail K.AlHitti; Marwan A.A. Hassen

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 20-29
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124459

It was confirmed in this research that Cl¯ ISE was successfully used in the determination of chloro-oxygenated agents involving hypochlorite, chlorite, chlorate and perchlorate in their individual and mixture aqueous solutions. The results obtained are comparable to those obtained by Pt electrode since the reactions are oxidation-reduction reactions at which Pt electrode responds directly to potential change of these reactions. The response of Cl¯ ISE was slower than the response of Pt electrode, because with Cl¯ ISE the liberated Cl¯ was distributed in the solution toward the electrode membrane where the potential response takes place as a result of ion exchange with chloride electrode membrane. As a result the error percentages are positive with Cl¯ ISE. In case of Pt electrode it is directly responded to potential difference through potentiometric titration therefore, the response at equivalence point is clear. The potentiometric titration with both electrodes gave clear jump at equivalence point and the titration curves are in S forms. Good and encouraging results were obtained with concentrated solutions as well as with diluted solutions of these agents. While the first and second derivatives offered more accurate equivalence points. The results obtained with individuals and mixtures of the chloro-oxygenated agents were almost the same or close to each other and the variance was attributed to practical errors. Both electrodes were applied for determination of hypochlorite in commercial bleaching solution. The electrodes offered result lower than that on bottle label. These may be due to wasting of the compound by high temp., transferring and agitation of the solution.

Synthesis of organo-nanoclay from bentonite Iraqi

Mohammad A.Talaq; Ahmed S. Abdulhameed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 30-35
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124460

In this study, bentonite clay was modified to organo-nanoclay by interaction ofcetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). Organoclayhas been characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR) and solid state UV-Vis spectroscopy, while properties for clay characterized by microscopy (EFTEM),X-ray diffraction (XRD). The analysis confirmed the interaction and the nano properties of the synthesized material.

Effect of amygdalin and magnetic water to inhibition of colon cancer induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine in rats.

A. A. Thaker; Fadel M. Abid; Ahmad S. Farhan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 32-40
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124507

Objective: The present study was undertaken to investigate the chemopreventive efficacy of amygdalin and magnetic water during the initiation phase of 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) induced colon carcinogenesis in a rat model.Methods: Seven groups of ten rats each were selected for the study. Group I animals treated as control. Group II rats received for DMH (20 mg/kg body weight) injections subcutaneously once a week for 16 consecutive weeks and then kept without any treatment till the end of the experimental period. Group III rats received amygdalin (20mg/100mg) daily via Oro-gastric tube. Groups IV was given magnetic water freely. Group V was given DMH+Amg. Group VI was given DMH+M.W. Finally, group VII was given DMH+Amg+M.W. Histological changes in the colon were studied.Results: In the study of light microscope the following results were observed: In DMH group was observed hyperplastic aberrant crypt foci of colorectal mucosa and hyperchromatic nuclei. The larger gland are significantly more pleomorphic and hyperchromatic. A mucinous carcinoma with a wide infiltration of submucosa. While a normal appearance of histological structure of colon in other groups were observed.Conclusion: From these results we can conclude that the treatment 1,2-dimethylhydrazine has a negative effect, and the amygdalin and magnetic water reflects an important role in the inhibition of colon cancer.

Effect of Magnetic Field on Peroxidase Activity and Growth of Panicum miliaceum L. Seeds

Abdulhakeem D. Hussien; Gazi M. Aziz; Khalid F. Al-Rawi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 36-42
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124462

In latest years in agricultural sector, physical techniques based on magnetic field are being designed. The present work studied the impact of magnetic field on the germination of fresh and partially-aged Panicum miliaceum L. (PM) seeds. The germinated PM seeds were categorized into 6 groups. Groups 1,2 and 3 were fresh seeds, and Groups 4, 5 and 6 (LV30%) were left for 6 days to lose about 30% of their viabilityLV30% seeds. Groups 1 and 4 were normal unexposed seeds. Groups 2 and 5 were seeds exposed to magnetic field intensity of 100mT, while those of 3 and 6 to 200mT for 60 minutes. Germination was monitored on days 2, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14 and 16. The effect of magnetic field on the % germination, growth characteristics of radical and shoot, protein concentration and peroxidase activity in fresh and LV30%were studied. Both the exposed and unexposed seeds lost their viability by 16 days of ageing in fresh and 14 days in (LV30%). Exposed seeds to magnetic fields 100 and 200 mT revealed significant increase in the length of root and shoot compared to normal unexposed seeds. The magnetically exposed aged seeds had significantly higher protein than in the unexposed aged seeds. The peroxidase activity decreased with ageing and the magnetically exposed seeds showed higher activity than the corresponding aged unexposed normal seeds. The present study suggests the magnetic field could accelerate the germination of PM seeds, accelerate their growth characteristics and increase soluble protein content. In addition the peroxidase activity significantly improved.

دراسة موسمیة للطفیل Aphidius matricariae ( Haliday ) وحشرتی مَنﱢ الخوخ الأخضر Myzus persicae ومَنﱢ الباقلاء الأسود Aphis fabae وتأثیر عوامل المناخ علیها فی محافظة نینوى

Waad H. Awad; Juhaina I. Mohammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 41-46
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124508

The results shown by the study that aphids were present in varying numbers Fadiliyah area fields and the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry / University of Mosul fields. On Vegetable plants and trees with a stone core and this variation is caused by reciprocal factors of weather conditions and factors biome , including the insect green peach aphids and Black aphids peas as the numbers of insect reached green aphids peach 60 insect / 50 leaf and so On 06/14/2012 at temperature 33 , 7 and 30% moisture ,the proportion of parasitism The intruder Aphidius matricariae was75%, while insect of black peas aphids to appear in small numbers at the beginning of the month of July and the number of insect 14 /50 and the leaf ,temperature at 38.3 and 39.5 , the rate of moisture ,intrusion was zero % ,The numbers of the pest continued to fluctuate as well as the proportion of parasitism to when I got to the first peak as the numbers of insect reached green peach aphids 384 insect / 50 paper in mid November at a temperature of 24 c and relative humidity of 82% also rose with the numbers of the pest rate of parasitism reached at the height of the first lesion 52 % .The insect Black peas aphids reached the first peak at the beginning of the month of December as the number of insect amounted to 744 insect / 50 paper plant, as the rate of temperature 18 C and the average humidity 67% and 90% intrusion. After that usually the number of insect and spam swing another ball and went to the second peak for each of the insect green peach aphids and Black peas aphids the lion at the beginning of the month of April, reaching numbers 938 and 896 in both aphid insect / 50 leaf each of them respectively, while the temperature was 28 C,The average relative humidity was 29% ratio for an intruder snooping Aphidius matricariae stood at 86.43 and 75.10 for each of the Both aphids respectively, then usually the numbers to go down again and usually swing aga

Design and improvement high pass filters for microwave region

Suaad I. Awaad; Saeed N. Turkey

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 43-47
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124464

In the present work theoretically optimization design of wide and narrow band pass filters have been suggested over the range (8.5-11.5)×〖10〗^6 nm.) within Microwave region to use in modern optical laser system. These design based on quarterwave stack, for the numerical calculation, we used Sio2 as the substrate, Zinc oxide (Zno) and Silicon Si) as low and high refractive index respectively. For the normal incidence at the wavelength design 10×〖10〗^6 nm, the results shows that the transmittance for the suggested design, (A/(HL)ZHH(LH)Z/Sio2), was (99.99 %). Also the number of order and the effect of incidence angle were investigated. The results shows that the transmittance maximum value at Z=2 and the full width at half maximum decreases in the normal incident .while when the angle of incidence increase the transmittance of Electric polarization(TE) will decreases and the transmittance of Magntic polarization(TM) increase with shifting of wavelength design toward shorter wavelengths of electromagnetic spectrum.

دراسة البکتریا المنتجة لانزیم السلیولیز المعزولة من بیئات مختلفة وایجاد الظروف المثلى لانتاج الانزیم.

Ali a.abd; Ahmed Mohammed turkey; Ahmed A. Sulaiman

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 47-55
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124509

One hundred eighty samples were collected from (soil, insect intestine, leaves, stomach of ruminants, and sewage water) and only five isolates were selected depend on its ability to lyses cellulose and they were one from each isolation source , the selected isolates were belonged to (Staphylococcus sciuri , Streptococcus parasanguinis , Sphingomonaspaucimobilis , Rhizobium radiobacter , Escherichia coli ) with lyses zone (42,28,39,35,32 mm respectively). The PH effect change showed that best activity for cellulase enzyme was 6.627 IU/ml at PH 6 when local isolate Staph. Sciuri was used, and the enzyme activity were 5.857,5.518,5.996 IU/ml for strep. parasanguinis , Sphingo. paucimobilis , Rhizo. Radiobacter respectively at PH 7, while local isolate E. coli gave best cellulase activity at PH 6.5 reached to 4.963 IU/ml. Efficiency of five isolates were varied in their ability of cellulase activity in liquid media under different temperature, best activity of enzyme for local isolates Sphingo. Paucimobilis and Staph. Sciuri 30 C°, while best enzyme activity was recorded at 25C° for local isolates Strep. Parasanguinis and E. coli, and optimum temperature for enzyme production for Rhizo. Radiobacter was 50 C°. Also aeration and agitation effect was studied for their effect on cellulase activity, and the results showed increasing in activity of enzyme at 50 rpm in local isolates Strep. parasanguinis , Sphingo. paucimobilis , Rhizo. Radiobacter and E. coli while the best enzyme activity for Staph. Sciuri was at 100 rpm. Results also shown that the best productivity of enzyme was after two days of incubation for all isolates.

Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy(SERS) of TMPyP on Ag Nanoparticles.

Nasrin N. Jmail; Qassim M.J. AbdulAziz; J.H Rice

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 48-55
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124466

This work was aimed to study the role of interaction between silver nanoparticles, TMPyP and Graphen Oxide(GO) on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) signals. Silver nanoparticles(AgNPs) prepared by chemical reduction of AgNO3. SERS substrates show remarkable difference in spectral features due to the different enhancement contributions from the local chemical groups. Closely spaced NPs result in the enhancement of electromagnetic coupling between NPs leading to strong confinement of local electric field leading to large SERS enhancement. Graphene Oxide/TMPyP interaction nanostructures forming a composite with strong interaction, this came with identical results obtained in NanoPhotonics Research Group in UCD1. Depending on the quantum mechanics, this indicates match the energy levels between the reactants and increase the free electrons in the outer shells which enhances the surface plasmons signal.


Mohammed G. Hamad; Dina A. Mohammed; Tahrir N. Aldelaimi; Saddam J. Nasser

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 56-61
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124469

To assess of the microleakage of anterior fillings after the application of laser dental treatment, eight samples of each group were taken .The first group samples are taken to examine the filling with the acid and bonding are used; while the second group samples, the laser and bonding are used; then the third group samples were taken where the laser, acid and bonding were in use.The adhesion resulted for the first group samples was not good because the depth of leakage was high which indicated dye penetration approximating the tooth cavity floor portion.It was noted that the adhesion quality of fillings measured of second group samples was good because the depth of leakage was medium in touching the enamel layer.Adhesion checked for the third group samples shows fillings of high strength since no leakage, penetration of dye

Physiological and Molecular Study for Uromodulin Gene Effect and its Relation with Recurrent UTI in Sample of Anbar Province Females

Hanan H. saleh; Samir M. Khalif; Ahmed A. Suleiman

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 56-62
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124510

The current study Included (100) women suffering from recurrent infection of the urinary tract revisions for hospitals and civil laboratories in Anbar province, the category of age among women (10-50 years), in addition to (40) women do not have any history of infection in the same age group as a control sample for comparison. The study achieved in period between 03/09/2013 to 27/12/2014 .The highest recorded rate of infection in the age ranged between (21-35 years) (48%), also the high incidence observed were among married women (62%), and most infection were in women of villages and rural areas(67%). The current study involved measuring the level of concentration of Tamm horsfall protein (THP) the study showed a significant decrease at P≤0.05 in (43%) and the rate of individuals (6.2 ± 38.3) Ng / ml compared with control sample, which was (7.4 ± 256.2) Ng / ml. The study also included molecular tests (for women suffering from UTI and THP concentration disorders) using Polymerase Chain Reaction technique and using three specific primers for the detection of any trouble in Uromodulin gene and its relationship to UTI. The results showed a significant increase P≤0.05 for the study sample represents (24,19,18) absence time of primers bands in some cases to appear different bands from the expected size compared with the control sample that did not show any of the previous cases.

Studying of Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) spectrum of Ag nano thinfilm with Rhodamine6G and Graphen oxide.

Nasrin N. Jmail; Qassim M.J. AbdulAziz; J.H Rice

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 62-66
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124471

Ag nano thinfilm with thickness 10 nm prepared on the clean coverslips glass, was done by using deposition vacuum system and the surface morphology done by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Nd-YAG (532 nm) green laser and a 50x objective was used as a excitation source. Composites of Rh6G, GO and silver nano thinfilm showed a good substrate for SERS signals. Strong SERS signals indicating match the energy levels of materials interacting with each other and increase the free electrons in external shells, depending on the quantum mechanics.

Study of the impact of the use of certain infertility medications on the functions of Kidney

Muthana Mohammed Awad; Halah Mahdi Hamad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 63-72
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.127654

The present study work investigates the effect of infertility drugs, clomiphene citrate (CC) and humegon, on the function of vital body organs. This study has been accomplished using 60 albino rats (30 male, 30 female), which have been divided into three groups 20 animal (10 male, 10 female) for each group. The first group fed daily with 50mg of clomiphene citrate by intragastric gavage for 30 days. The second group fed daily with 50mg of clomiphene citrate for 30 days, and then injected with 75 IU of humegon for 10 days. The animals were killed after the scheduled time and the required tests have been conducted in the laboratories of college of science and Al-Ramady teaching Hospital. Many biochemical and histological changes were induced in these animals when treated with CC or CC with humegon. The biochemical tests included, Uric acid, Creatinine and Electrolytes. The treated animals showed a significant decrease in Uric acid, Creatinine and Electrolytes. The light microscopic examination of Kidney showed glomerular hypertrophy, tubular necrosis, inflammatory infiltration and dilated blood vessels.

Quasi Cancellation R-Modules

Nada Khalid Aldaban; Mahera Rabia Alnima

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 67-73
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124476

Let R be a commutative ring with identity, and let M be a unitary left R-module. In this work, we introduce quasi cancellation R-module (weakly quasi cancellation R-module) concept as a generalization of cancellation R-module (weakly cancellation R-module) concept we generalize some properties of cancellation (weakly cancellation) R-modules to quasi cancellation (weakly quasi cancellation) R-modules. Furthermore, we give some conditions under which R-module M is quasi cancellation R-module.

Using Multiplex PCR Technique for Detection of Some Pathogenic Gram Positive bacteria and Determination of Its Antibiotic Resistance

Ahmed M. Turkey; Ahmed A. Sulaiman

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 73-80
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.127656

450 samples were collected from different pathological cases (urine, wounds, Burns, stool, and nasal and pharyngeal swabs) from November 2014 through February 2015. 60 samples were diagnosed as Staph. aureus and 35 samples were Strep. pyogenes using phenotypic, cultural and biochemical diagnosis features and definitely diagnosed with Vaitek test. Results of antibiotic resistance against different antibiotics showed variations in their resistance to these antibiotics, and 10 isolates were selected of each gender on the basis of variation in antibiotic resistance. A number of primers were designed to detect bacteria use distinct gene and also to detects resistance to antibiotics using multiplex PCR. Agarose gel electrophoresis for polymerization reaction showed that all Staph. aureus isolates had femA which might be used as detection marker where all Strep. pyogenes had Tu(tuf), in the same reaction of multiplex PCR ,detection of seven genes related with resistance to different antibiotic groups (Amp, tetR, Tri, Gen, Imp, Qnl and mecA) were done, all Staph. aureus contained Imp,Gen,mecA, tetR,Tri, and Qnl genes while its varied in their contain of Amp gene . Also all Strep. pyogenes had Tri,Gen,Amp and mecA genes while its varied in their contain of Qnl which not detected in all isolates. From this study it's easy to use multiplex PCR to detect pathogenic bacteria along with their antibiotic resistance without need to long routine work.

Mathematical Modeling of Determining the Average of Uranium Concentration in the Urine for the Radiation Workers According to the Number of Working Years.

Ghassan E. Arif; Ammar A. Battawy; Zakariya A. Hussein; Nada F. Tawfiq

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 74-79
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124503

In our work, we have used mathematical modeling to determine the uranium concentrations in the urine samples of workers in radiation field according to the number of working years. The work aims at constructing a mathematical model to determine the uranium concentrations in the urine of the radiation workers based on the number of working years. The obtained values, which have been determined by the constructed model, gave reasonable results and a good agreement with the other experimental results .

New Stenographic method to hiding information in digital image

Falath M.Mohammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 80-84
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.124504

Steganography is the art of hiding information in different cover media, then sending & displaying the hidden information especially in public places, Therefore, different methods have been proposed so far for hiding information. In this paper new method was proposed called keyboard method because it works in manner like the keyboard. It is insure that no change on image which must send to another side.

Induced Photodegradation of Poly (Vinyl Chloride) by using Cobalt (II) – Complex [Co (C20H26N6O4)]Cl2

Omar Shihab; Hameed Ali; Nasreen K. Abdo

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 146-158
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2015.175937

Photo degradation process for polymers is very important method to treatment the waste of polymeric materials since it provides quick and safe termination of this waste with lowest costs in addition to the minimization of harmful effects on the environment rather than other ways This study adopts the safe acceleration of Photodegradation of the plastic west which is made from poly (vinyl Chloride) , by adding metallic complexes of divalent cobalt with ligands of Mannich bases , complex prepare M1 = [Co(C20H26N6O4)Cl2 added to the poly ( vinyl chloride ) films which made with 70±5 µm thickness , with weight percentage ratios ( 0.025 , - , 0.4). Both pure and with additives films are expose to ultra violet radiation with 365 nm. Wave length, 18 watt power with period starting with 20 hours, and ended at 120 hours. The ultra-violet measurement U.v-Vis, infrared measurement FT-IR techniques are used to study the Photodegradation process by calculate the degradation speed constant Kd, noting growth of both the carbonyl index ICo and hydroxyl IOH index. Also monitor the change with the average molecular weight of films during irradiance periods. The ultra-violet results it can show that, the degradation speed constant Kd is direct proportional with the irradiance time and the concentrations of the additives. While the results of infrared measurement illustrate, the growth of carbonyl index and hydroxyl index are direct proportional with irradiance time and also with the concentration of additives. But the growth of carbonyl index ICo is associated with the great change during the irradiance periods, than the hydroxyl index IOH. The viscosity measurements show, the average molecular weight is inversely proportion with each of the irradiance time, and the concentration of additives. Also by calculation of degradation degree α, and numerical average of chain cutting S, proves that, there are cross-linking and the chain breaking occurs randomly.



Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 159-168
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.175957

The aim of this study is to design and prepare set of compounds can work as patent inhibitors of xanthine oxidase .The designing of inhibitors was carried out via MOE software and then after choosing the best theoretical inhibitor we prepared, dentified and characterize them by FT-IR, 1HNMR and13CNMR spectroscopy, and C.H.N elements data and the effectiveness of the prepared compounds to inhibit the enzyme XO in vitro.



Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 169-180
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.175961

Purification of the alkaline phosphatase from serum for people living with polycystic ovaries were used gel filtration technique using the gel Sephadex column G100 with dimensions (20 × 2) cm, for the purpose of purification of alkaline phosphatase the use of a buffer of the (Tris -HCl) with a pH (7.2) to separate، enzyme kinetics, where studied the effect of different concentrations of substrate (sodium bi-article basis Phenyl phosphatases), results showed increasing the activity of alkaline phosphatases when increased substrate concentration. The resulting shape is hyperbolic. Km (1.14) mM, also studied the effect of pH and found that the optimal pH of the enzyme is (10). The optimum temperature was 37 ° C and the effect of reaction time was 20 minutes. The effect of Ascorbic acid show it works as an Inhibitor to the purified enzyme as that type of inhibition is non-competitive inhibitor type.

Effect of Microwaves on Some Homo, Co-Polymers and Blended Polymers

Dhari M. Abdulla; Ahmed k. Mohammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 181-185
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.175963

In this work, the used three main polymers in industry, they are (Poly styrene, Poly vinyl chloride, and Poly methyl metha acrylate) studied under the microwave radiation. The Homo Polymers and Co-Polymers and Blended Polymers using a hand molding casting. Degradation studies were carried out using commercial microwave oven at Different Microwaves power of (120,180,220,280,320W) At a fixed time (5 sec) for all experimental. The specimens were exposed to microwave radiation with multiple time (0.0, 5, 10, 15, 20) second, A degradation were followed via the decreases in average of molecular weights (Mw', Mn) and Increase and decrease of the measurements of the mechanical properties of which have been tested.

Determination of some Heavy Metals in regions from Al-Fallujah city

Muthana Abd Al Jabbar Shanshal; Omer Hamad Shehab; Saja Saadoon Faris

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 186-191
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.175965

The Objective of the present work is to estimate the concentration levels of some heavy metals (Co, Ni, Cr, Pb , Fe Zn and Cu) in the soil of region from Al-Fallujah city by sampling (20)soil sample were collected from different schools of Al-Fallujah city , one sample for each area with a depth(5-20)cm . Preparation of samples after collecting for measuring by ICP-OEA was conducted . After getting the results, comparing with the international limits for heavy metals in soil was done.From the results we can found that most of heavy metals )Co, Ni, Cr, Pb, Zn and Cu) increasing in the study regions because of human activities and diffusion of electric energy generators that was lead to increasing concentrations of heavy metals, as a by-product released from combustion of fuel was contribute by increasing concentrations of some elements especially of lead element that is addition to fuel as anti-knocking agent .Then its cause an increasing of concentration elements in the atmosphere then precipitate on the soil m while concentration of Iron was low in the regions study .



Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 202-207
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.175980

From the idea of glass recycling of  waste  product and  making it as protective shielding against gamma radiation , Were brought the crash of  bottle glass from state company for glass industry in anbar province, Due to the aim of this search is to replace the toxic materials by a new material not toxic on the human. Lead powder and Barium  sulfate  with different weights of (0,0.2,0.4,0.6, 0.8,1)gm were mixture with the bottle glass. Where was the use of the source of cesium -137 in the examination of the samples was adopted the intensity and Build up factor as the main factors to judge the strength of the shield and the results show that the process is less intensity values ​​to increase the proportion of lead or barium sulfate in samples processed for the crach of glass bottles. The Buildup factor values ​​they range between up and down and in different proportions.

Effect of some different solutions on hardness property for polymer blend composite reinforced with Kevlar fibers

Samah Salim AbdulAzeez; Mohammed Ghazi Hammed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 192-201
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.175981

This research includes study the effect of solution absorptions on hardness property for polymer composite blends. Epoxy, unsaturated polyester resins and their mixture were used as matrix for Kevlar fibers in order to make composite material that undergo previous test. The composite material slates include three groups; epoxy resin composite, unsaturated polyester resin and mixture of (75%) epoxy resin and (25%) unsaturated polyester resin. All these types reinforced with two layers of industrial Kevlar fibers with volume fraction (20%) by use hand layup method. The composite materials cutting off into small samples to undergo hardness test depending on American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the properties of tests apparatuses used. These samples divided into two groups; the first immersion in distilled water and acidic solution of (HCl) with (1.5 N) for (30) days; while the second group leave dry. The two groups undergo the hardness test and the results compared with each other. The results for the first group showed an increase in absorption rate in the beginning of immersion until the day (17th) (the weight became high) the weight became constant. Also, we find that the relationship between absorption rate and root square for time was linear, then change and became curved until reach saturation state. On the other hand, the hardness property for these samples showed high improved when these samples were reinforced with Kevlar fibers with volume fraction (20%) comparisons with unreinforced samples. Also, the hardness property for the immersion samples showed decreased in its values



Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 208-213
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.175982

This work is production polymer Hybrid Composites by Hand lay-up method. The samples have done when Epoxy resin was used as a matrix and (Glass، Nylone-6، and Rock wool) fibers as reinforcement materials with volume fraction 30%. Adhesive wear rate and hardness property for sample were studied before and after γ-irradiation with (30 KGy) and exposure time intervals (5,9,16) days. Experimental results showed that، the value of wear rate for samples after γ-irradiation is less than that in normal condition، and these values indecreases with increasing the exposure time intervals to γ-irradiation. Hardness values of samples after γ-irradiation more than that their values at normal condition، and there values increase with increasing the time intervals of irradiation.

Variation of the heavy elements Concentration in Some Wells and Springs water between Haditha Dam and the Site of Al-Baghdadi Dam (North West Iraq)

Kamal Nadda; Qusai Y. Al-Kubisi; Kamal K. Ali

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 214-220
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.175983

The Study area is located in the northwestern part of Anbar Governorate, between latitude 33° 51.9 -34° 19, and longitudes 42° 15.83 - 42° 40.3. The research is concerned with the study of Heavy metal variation in (8) wells and (4) springs between Haditha dam and Al-Baghdadi dam. Nine Heavy metals were analyzed for groundwater and springs samples include (Zn2+, Fe2+, Cd2+, Mn2+, Pb+2, B2+and As2+). For periods August 2011 -March 2012. This study shows a spatial and temporal variation in heavy metals while all the samples of wells were not exceeding the permissible limits. The results also show a variation in depth and origin of wells and springs, this variation is reflected by different concentration of heavy metals, in addition to some human activities, which raise the level of concentrations.


Muhaned B. Awad; Waad H. Awad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2015, Volume 9, Issue 2, Pages 81-84
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2017.176937

This study was conducted at the Biological Control Unit laboratories /College of Agriculture/University of Baghdad , during the period from June 2012 to January 2014. To identify the value of the most important biological indicators of the Local mealybug predator Nephus jaderiensis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). The predator is one of the important natural enemies of citrus mealybug Planococcus citri Risso (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) which regarded for long time as a key pest of fruit trees especially citrus causing significant economic losses. Study of predation efficiency showed that the consumption of male and female predators were also different being 13.3 , 6.0, 7. 5and 1.0 , 18.3 , 7.2 , 7.0 and 2. 5 , 17.1 , 8.1 , 8.5 and 4.8 , 19.4 , 7.2 , 6.6 and 5.2 for the fore mentioned immature stages by the adult females , while 15.1 , 5.1 , 7. 4 and 1.5 , 20.1 , 5.9 , 7.3 and 3.1 , 20.3 , 7.0 , 9.2 and 4.8 , 20.1 , 7.9 , 7.3  and 5.1  for the male . It was concluded that predator Nephus jaderiensis is one of the good against the Predators as mealybug attack the larvae and adults of different roles of predator mealybug and at good rates, indicating its importance as a factor in the organization of important biological pest population. We recommend conducting further field studies of predator to determine the extent of efficiency in the field, according to local conditions and to determine its role in regulating the population of mealybug and study the compatibility of the predator with other control methods to determine its vital role in integrated pest management programs