Print ISSN: 1991-8941

Online ISSN: 2706-6703

Volume 12, Issue 3

Volume 12, Issue 3, Summer and Autumn 2018

Hypercholesterolemia as a risk factor for coronary heart disease

Hadeel Al-daraji; Akeel H. Ali Al-Assie; Rada H. Hussien

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 1-8
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171821

Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic disorder, an expression of a defect in the gene that is responsible for the production of LDL-C receptor. The current study was designed to determine the FH patients in the city of Sulaymaniyah for both sexes. The study included 213 samples, the number of males was 99 and the number of females was 114, both sexes ranged from (30-79) years.The results of cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) in patients with hypercholesterolemia showed highly significant (P ˂ 0.01) for cholesterol and the concentration level in patients with hypercholesterolemia compared to the level of concentration of healthy.As concerns the effect of hypercholesterolemia on coronary heart disease, the results showed a significant increase (P ˂ 0.01) in cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-C with a significant decrease in HDL-C concentration in people with heart disease compared with healthy people. triglyceride in patients with compared healthy people. (HDL-C and LDL-C) showed a significant decrease (P ˂ 0.01) in the concentration of HDL-C in patients with hypercholesterolemia compared to their level of concentration in healthy individuals, in relation to low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) -C is the other (P ˂ 0.01) in.


Experimental and Theoretical Study of The Adsorption Behavior and Electrical properties For Some Substituted Benzoic Acid And The Complexation Surface Model From Electrical Conductivity

Khaleel Al-Niemi; Feda H. Merai; Ammar A. Hamdoon

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 1-20
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171820

The study including the isotherm adsorption of some substituted of benzoic acid from solutions by using activated charcoal prepared by chemical treatment. This study gives a clear effect of the substituted group on the adsorption as well as obtained a higher adsorption at diluated concentration.The relation between the efficiency of adsorption and distribution coefficient was calculated and study the changing in electrical properties after adsorption to arrive to the models of how the acid molecules binding with surface of charcoal. This results refrecement with theoretical study for the factors affecting adsorption process which enforcement with experimental results.


Hormonal and Biochemical Factors in Serum of Pre- and Post-menopausal Iraqi Women with Breast Cancer.

Susan Ali

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 9-17
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171832

Objective: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women next to cervical cancer. Multiple factors are associated with an increased risk of developing breast carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hormonal and biochemical parameters of pre- and postmenopausal women affected with breast cancer. Methods: This study included 30 patients with per-treatment BC stage III consisted of (15 premenopausal and 15 postmenopausal women), also 40 women (20 premenopausal and 20 postmenopausal) were age matched apparently healthy control subjects on routine checkup. Premenopausal women (patients and control) were age ranged (40±8) years and postmenopausal women with mean age ranged (60±10) years. Patients and control have biochemical assay of lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyl transferase , superoxide dismutase , prolactin , estrogen and lipid profile (total cholecterol, triacylglycerol, high density lipoprotein-cholecterol, very low density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein- cholesterol). Samples were collected from January 2017 to June 2017 of Tikrit Teaching Hospital. Results and Conclusions:- Levels of lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyl transferase , prolactin , estrogen and lipid profile (except high density lipoprotein- cholecterol ) were increased in serum of pre- and postmenopausal patients when compared with control but superoxide dismutase and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol , were decreased in serum of pre- and pos-tmenopausal patients when compared with control . These data showed that lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, γ-glutamyl transferase, superoxide dismutase, estrogen and triacylglycerol will be reliable markers in breast cancer and can be used as differential diagnostic in both of pre- and postmenopausal women.


Spectrophotometric determination of sulphite and thiamin hydrochloride via Xylenol orange dye

Basima Saleem

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 18-27
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171835

a simple, acurate and rapid spectrophotometric method for determination of sulphite and thiamine hydrochloride (B1) is described. This method used proton transfer reaction between sulphite ion with xylenol orange at pH(7.6) to develop red colour adduct that of maximum absorption at 580 nm. This adduct was used for determination of thiamine hydrochloride by bleaching the red colour product (xylenol orange-sulphite) at the optimum conditions established for the determination of sulphite. Beer’s law is obeyed in the concentration range (10-1000) μg/25ml (i.e. 0.4-40) of sulphite and 10-2000, μg/25ml (i.e. 0.4-80) for thiamine hydrochloride at the selected wavelength, the molar absorbtivity 2.8×104 for SO32- and 2.69×104 for thiamine hydrochloride, Sandell's index for sensitivity 0.002857 μg .cm-2 for sulphite and 0.012537 μg .cm-2 for B1. Good recoveries of sulphite and thiamine hydrochloride from water samples and pharmaceutical formations are achieved using the proposed method.


Calculation of Charge Density, Charge Radii and Form Factor for some Exotic Calcium Isotopes Using OXBASH Code

Akram M. Ali; Amenah Khamees

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 28-37
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171838

This work is concerned to give information of shell model calculations, limited to fp-shell with an accuracy and applicability in the work. The form factors have been calculated for J+=0+,2+,4+,6+,8+ for each nuclei depending on charge density q≤3 fm-1 using the harmonic oscillator potential based on GX1A effective interaction with ep=1.16e and en=0.7e. For charge density, the differences between proton and neutron densities increased with neutron increase while neutron radius increased as neutron number increase as an extension of neutron densities outwards on the nuclear surface (3< r  


Diabetes Classification Using ID3 and Naïve Bayes Algorithms

Khalid Jassim; Hadeel M. Saleh

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 38-46
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171841

Diabetes can be defined as a chronic disease identified by high levels of blood glucose that result from issues in the way insulin is generated, the way insulin works, or both those reasons. The aim of this research is to propose a technique using the Decision Tree (ID3) and Naive Bayes to categorize diabetes and reduce classification errors by increasing the accuracy of the classification. The results of the proposed method were evaluated by comparing them with other results through the application of the proposed system to Pima India Diabetes data set, obtained from the UCI database site. The experimental results show that the ID3 recorded a precision ratio of 91% and the naive class corrected it to 94% for the same number of the test group.


Overview for Internet of Things: Basics, Components and Applications

Safa Ahmed; Nahla Fadhil Alwan; Ammar Mohamed Ali

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 47-58
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171846

There are significant developments in the field of remote sensing, communications, and control in the world today. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the result of cooperation between them. It is a system of interconnected computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, and things that are capable of sensing and are able to communicate with each other and with machines linked to a network intelligently to take advantage of the data collected through the sensors imbedded into devices. The resulting data can be collected and analyzed in order to reveal insights and propose measures that will produce cost savings, increase efficiency or improve products and services. As IoT is expected to grow and spread rapidly in the coming years, this will improve the quality of consumers' lives and productivity of enterprises. The future is the IoT, which will change the real world objects to smart virtual entities. It is one of the platforms of smart modern cities and intelligent power management systems. This research aims to provide a comprehensive review of the IoT, its main components, and architecture, along with its applications, features and challenges.



Ammar Baghdadi

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 59-70
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171855

The article gives a definition of the concept of a modified category and formulates the problem of developing a theory of modified categories that opens the way to building high-performance brain-like computers of parallel action. Analyzing the structure of the category, we discovered in it some abnormality, which gave rise to a correction of the classical category concept. Having developed such an adjustment, we received a modified category, which seems to be better for the theoretical construction starting point role of the parallel action brain-like computers basis creation. We characterize the classical category, after that we will realize its predicate interpretation. As a result, we obtain a predicate category one of the special cases of classical category. Any algebra, satisfying all the above requirements, will be regarded as an objectless classical category. It is possible to develop a theory of modified categories in parallel with the theory of classical categories. The theory of modified categories will prove to be an interesting object for theoretical research and an important tool for practical applications. It turns out that the diagrams of the theory of modified categories after their predicate interpretation coincide with the logical networks of brain-like computers. This gives us hope that the theory of modified categories will eventually become the theoretical basis for constructing of brain-like computers of parallel action.


Textual Analysis Applications: Subject Review

Abeer Al-Mashhsdany; Safa A. Ahmed

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2018, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 71-83
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171861

This paper is a literature survey about applications of textual analysis. It aims to provide brief description about the common textual analysis applications. The paper talks about the dictionary which is mostly, one of the main components for textual analysis applications. The paper highlights a number of related examples that were proved in previous published papers. Common features for the related examples are illustrated. And their results are discussed. It will be shown that “morphological and syntactic analysis” is a proved approach. Also, it will be shown that text similarity based on “morphological and syntactic analysis” approach has more accurate results than text similarity based on semantic approach