Print ISSN: 1991-8941

Online ISSN: 2706-6703

Volume 13, Issue 2

Volume 13, Issue 2, Summer and Autumn 2019

Hematological and Immunological Parameters Associated with Vitamin D Deficiency in Pregnant Women

Daua Jameel Hilal; Mohammed Qais Al-Ani; Nuhad Mohammed Hamid

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2019, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 1-9
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171878

The aim of the study is to follow up a number of biochemical, immunological and physiological changes associated with vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women. 50 samples were collected from pregnant women, 50 from control group and 50 from non-pregnant women. A number of laboratory tests were carried out on the withdrawn blood samples. These tests examined the ELISA to measure vitamin D concentration. The concentration of vitamin D in the pregnant women group, control group and the non-pregnant women group (26.31,43.97,50.9) were found to be Nano mole / L respectively, indicating a decrease in vitamin D concentration in pregnant women compared to the control group. The results of the present study showed a significant decrease in the volume of the red blood cells in the three studied groups at the probability level P  


Alcohol extract of Tribulus terrestris ameliorates liver of mice exposed to cadmium acetate

Ahmed Sami Farhan

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2019, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 10-15
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171881

Background: Tribulus terrestris is known as food supplements and therapeutic agent. Objective: This study was presented to evaluate antitoxicity of fruit alcohol extracted from Tribulus terrestris to be used against heavy metal (cadmium) in female of albino mice. Methods: Twenty mice were examined in this experiment, and they were divided into three groups. The first group was a control group, while the second group was quaffed cadmium 6mg/kg, and third group was quaffed cadmium 6mg/kg and fruit alcohol extract of Tribulus terrestris 200mg/kg for ten days. Histological change was studied in the livers of these mice.Results: The histological sections of the liver in the mice exposed to cadmium have shown inflammation and necrosis in hepatocytes around central vein. Moreover, the liver was also hypertrophy, karyomegaly and increases glycogenesis. The results of the cadmium-exposed mice treated with the extract of Tribulus terrestris showed that the damage in the liver was slight. It showed normal cell shape and hepatic plate. It also showed simple inflammation and hypertrophy in a small space. Conclusion: The fruits of Tribulus terrestris can remove toxicity, protect our bodies (especially liver) against heavy metal such as cadmium.


Contamination, Radioactivity, Fruit, Vegetable, Iraq.

Muthana Shanshal

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2019, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 16-22
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171883

Both Solid State Nuclear Track Detector (SSNTD), CR-39, and Geiger-Muller detector were used to estimate possible nuclear radioactive contamination in plant food consumed in Baghdad and its surrounding cities . The results indicate the absence of such contamination, with the exception of two samples in the Districts of Abughraib (Spinach) and Zaafraniya (Potato). However, in both these cases the detected dose was lower than the tolerated dose limit as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO).


Assessment of CO2 with Weather Factors and its Percentage for Indoor and Outdoor

Khalid. A. Abbas; Abdulrahman. KH. Suliman; Karzan. N. Saleh; Adam. T. Hamad

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2019, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 23-31
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.171890

In this paper, measurements of CO2 rate and its relation to temperature, humidity and wind speed were carried out at 13 different locations in Erbil city during March [ 2017 to 2018], it was found that CO2 rate is the same as global level (418ppm) for outdoor. Measurements of CO2 rates for indoor environment showed that using kerosene heaters (during winter season) caused a rapid increase of CO2 rate in a short time, which has harmful side effect on human health.


Fe2O3-GaSb Synthesis as coaxial Nanowires for Optical Applications

Sameer O. Nawaf

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2019, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 32-39
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.172114

A theoretical study shows the effect of the Gallium antimonide (GaSb) shell on several visual properties of the Iron (III) oxide (ferric oxide) Fe2O3 core as a nanowire using the Mie-Lorentz Scattering theory. The thickness of GaSb shell was fixed at around 20 nm with Fe2O3 core diameter of 20 nm. The study indicated that the nanowires of the Iron (III) oxide core have transmittance approximately 95% in the visible spectrum. Absorbance and low absorption coefficient in the Infrared (IR) are observed. Electronic transitions of the allowed direct type by the coaxial nanowire and reducing in the energy gap after adding the shell around the Fe2O3 to energy gap about 1.7 eV are also seen.


Fabrication of Highly Sensitive NH3 Sensor Based on Mixed In2O3 – AgxO Nanostructural Thin Films deposited on porous silicon

Hajar H. Nayel; Hamid S. AL-Jumaili

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2019, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 40-47
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.172118

A highly sensitive NH3 gas sensor of mixed In2O3 – AgxO nanostructure thin films deposited on porous silicon were synthesized by chemical spray pyrolysis technique. The structure of the sensor thin films is analyzed by XRD, AFM and FE-SEM techniques. The nanostructure polycrystalline thin films with average grain size between (93.56 and 57.75) nm, from AFM results. The sensitivity of the synthesized gas sensors toward 400 ppm NH3 is obtained a high value in the low operating temperature, which ranged between (77.57%-98.66%) with low response and recovery times, ranged between (11.9-15.19) s and (8.6-25.22) s respectively. These high sensor properties are due to the porous silicon substrate.


Drug and Environment Parameters of Pharmacy Places

Abdulrahman Suliman; Shida. A. Kaki; Lary. H. Slewa; Hoshang. O. Ibrahim; Karzan. N. Salih

Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2019, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 48-54
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.172126

This study consists of two parts; the first part is measuring the temperature and relative humidity of twenty pharmacy shops and pharmacy refrigerators in Erbil city. The temperature inside nine types of different drug bottles is also measured. The results show that temperature and humidity inside pharmacy places and refrigerators are higher than the standard temperature (25C) and relative humidity (35%) of drugs. The temperature inside the drug bottles would be higher if compared with environment temperature. Second parts, the optical properties of the drug bottles are studied by using UV-VIS spectrophotometer, where they are used to analyze the optical properties of the drug bottles. The result shows a maximum value of transmittance ranging from 0% to 88% depending on the types of the drug bottles. Optical transmittance of 25–88% in the visible range has been observed in all samples, high UV transmittance (5%-70%) in %77 samples and infrared (up to 38%-88 % are observed in %88 samples.).




Journal of University of Anbar for Pure Science, 2019, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 55-63
DOI: 10.37652/juaps.2022.172129

Throughout the past few years, several researchers have introduced various methods and various algorithms for a precise and dependable sketch-based image retrieval system. In this paper, a proposed sketch-based image retrieval system is introduced. The framework goes over two phases: creating the sketch dataset phase and implementing SIFT (scale invariant feature transform) algorithm. The sketch dataset was created by selecting 100 colored image passed through canny edge detection operator. The system tends to enter a line-based/hand-drawing sketch and applies the SIFT algorithm to match between the input sketch and all sketches in the dataset. SIFT is one of the main efficient algorithms that are used to make description and matching, since it works on large keypoints. This system retrieves images depending on sketch image, and the result of matching will retrieve images that are approximate the entered sketch. The proposed system is assessed according to the measures that are utilized in detection, description and matching grounds, which are precision, recall and accuracy measures. The system showed (96 %) accuracy for line based sketches and (84%) for hand drawing where the detection was identical.